Olive Leaf


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The Guide to the Scriptures in PDF







© 2001 – 2005 Intellectual Reserve, Inc., All rights reserved.






Alphabetical Listing of Topics


Triple Combination Index


Topical Guide


Bible Dictionary


Selections from the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible


Maps (text only)


Photographs (text only)






      The Guide to the Scriptures defines selected doctrines, principles, people, and places found in the Holy Bible, the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price. It also provides key scriptural references for you to study for each topic. The Guide can help you in your individual and family study of the scriptures. It can help you answer questions about the gospel, study topics in the scriptures, prepare talks and lessons, and increase your knowledge and testimony of the gospel.


The Guide has four sections: (1) an alphabetical listing of topics, (2) selections from the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible (JST), (3) maps, with an index of place-names, and (4) photographs of scriptural sites.


1.   The alphabetical listing of topics. This section gives a short definition of each topic and lists the most significant scriptural references about that topic. Each reference is preceded by a short quotation or summary of the scripture. The scriptural references appear in the following order: Old Testament, New Testament, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and Pearl of Great Price.


2.   Selections from the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible. In 1830, the Lord instructed the Prophet Joseph Smith to begin work on a revision or translation of the King James Version of the Bible. The Prophet's purpose was to restore some of the plain and precious truths that had been lost from the original texts of the Bible. He completed most of the work by July 1833. However, until his death in 1844, he continued to make modifications while preparing the manuscript for printing. Although the entire volume was not completed, nor has it been officially adopted by the Church, the Joseph Smith Translation contains many insights into the meanings of scriptures and is a valuable aid to understanding the Bible. Some of the more important revisions are included in the Guide to the Scriptures. (For more information, see the topic "Joseph Smith Translation" in the alphabetical listing of topics.)


The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints uses as its official English translation the King James Version of the Bible. It played a key role in the restoration of the gospel and continues to have a significant influence in all nations and among kindreds, tongues, and peoples.


3.   Maps with an index of place-names. The maps include only the more important geographical locations that appear in the scriptures. By knowing the geography of the lands discussed in the scriptures, you can better understand scriptural events. The Guide includes eight maps of Bible lands and four maps of areas important in the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. To find a location, turn to the index. The index will refer you to the appropriate map and the location's coordinates on that map.


4.   Photographs of scriptural sites. These thirty-two photographs of important scriptural sites can introduce you to lands where Jesus walked, where his prophets lived and taught, and where many scriptural events took place. The photographs are accompanied by short descriptions of both the photographs themselves and the most important scriptural events that took place in the area. These can help you discover the close relationship between the scriptures and the lands where they came into being.


To further help you in your scripture study, the Guide contains several other helpful features. For example, if you turn to the entry "Jesus Christ" in the alphabetical listing, you will find a comprehensive list of every topic in the Guide that provides information relating directly to the Savior and his ministry. This is the only topic in the Guide with such an extensive list, which emphasizes the importance of Christ to all mankind. In addition, under the topic "Chronology," some of the most important events in biblical and Book of Mormon times are listed, along with approximate dates. The topic "Gospels" includes a harmony of the Gospels. This harmony compares the teachings of the Savior as found in Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, and latter-day revelation.


The following abbreviations for books of scripture are used in the Guide:



Old Testament

Genesis                                    Gen.

Exodus                                     Ex.

Leviticus                                    Lev.

Numbers                                   Num.

Deuteronomy                             Deut.

Joshua                                      Josh.

Judges                                      Judg.

Ruth                                         Ruth

1 Samuel                                  1 Sam.

2 Samuel                                  2 Sam.

1 Kings                                     1 Kgs.

2 Kings                                     2 Kgs.

1 Chronicles                              1 Chr.

2 Chronicles                              2 Chr.

Ezra                                         Ezra

Nehemiah                                  Neh.

Esther                                       Esth.

Job                                           Job

Psalms                                     Ps.

Proverbs                                    Prov.

Ecclesiastes                             Eccl.

Song of Solomon                       Song

Isaiah                                        Isa.

Jeremiah                                   Jer.

Lamentations                             Lam.

Ezekiel                                     Ezek.

Daniel                                       Dan.

Hosea                                       Hosea

Joel                                          Joel

Amos                                        Amos

Obadiah                                    Obad.

Jonah                                        Jonah

Micah                                       Micah

Nahum                                      Nahum

Habakkuk                                  Hab.

Zephaniah                                 Zeph.

Haggai                                      Hag.

Zechariah                                  Zech.

Malachi                                     Mal.


New Testament

Matthew                                    Matt.

Mark                                         Mark

Luke                                         Luke

John                                         John

Acts of the Apostles                   Acts

Romans                                    Rom.

1 Corinthians                             1 Cor.

2 Corinthians                             2 Cor.

Galatians                                  Gal.

Ephesians                                 Eph.

Philippians                                Philip.

Colossians                                Col.

1 Thessalonians                         1 Thes.

2 Thessalonians                         2 Thes.

1 Timothy                                  1 Tim.

2 Timothy                                  2 Tim.

Titus                                         Titus

Philemon                                   Philem.

Hebrews                                    Heb.

James                                       James

1 Peter                                      1 Pet.

2 Peter                                      2 Pet.

1 John                                       1 Jn.

2 John                                       2 Jn.

3 John                                       3 Jn.

Jude                                         Jude

Revelation                                 Rev.


Book of Mormon

1 Nephi                                     1 Ne.

2 Nephi                                     2 Ne.

Jacob                                        Jacob

Enos                                         Enos

Jarom                                       Jarom

Omni                                        Omni

Words of Mormon                      W of M

Mosiah                                      Mosiah

Alma                                         Alma

Helaman                                   Hel.

3 Nephi                                     3 Ne.

4 Nephi                                     4 Ne.

Mormon                                    Morm.

Ether                                        Ether

Moroni                                      Moro.


Doctrine and Covenants          D&C

Official Declaration–1                  OD-1

Official Declaration–2                  OD-2


Pearl of Great Price

Moses                                      Moses

Abraham                                   Abr.

Joseph Smith–Matthew              JS-M

Joseph Smith–History                JS-H

The Articles of Faith                   A of F


Joseph Smith Translation        JST







How to Use A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z



How to Use. The Guide to the Scriptures is an alphabetical listing of gospel topics. It gives a short definition of each topic and provides the most significant scriptural references about that topic. Each reference is preceded by a short quotation or summary of the scripture. The scriptural references appear in the following order: Old Testament, New Testament, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and Pearl of Great Price. The following diagram explains a sample entry:





 AARON, BROTHER OF MOSES. See also Aaronic Priesthood; Moses


In the Old Testament, a son of Amram and Jochebed, of the tribe of Levi (Ex. 6:16–20); the elder brother of Moses (Ex. 7:7).


Was appointed by the Lord to assist Moses in bringing the children of Israel out of Egypt and to be his spokesman, Ex. 4:10–16, 27–31; 5:1—12:51. On Mount Sinai, Moses received directions about the appointment of Aaron and his four sons to the Aaronic Priesthood, Ex. 28:1–4. Made a golden calf at the people's request, Ex. 32:1–6, 21, 24, 35. Died on Mount Hor at the age of 123, Num. 20:22–29 (Num. 33:38–39). The Lord confirmed a priesthood also upon Aaron and his seed, D&C 84:18, 26–27, 30. Those who magnify priesthood callings become the sons of Moses and of Aaron, D&C 84:33–34. The Lord will justify the righteous actions of those called of the Father as was Aaron, D&C 132:59.



 AARON, SON OF MOSIAH. See also Mosiah, Son of Benjamin; Mosiah, Sons of


In the Book of Mormon, a son of King Mosiah. Aaron served as a missionary whose diligent efforts helped to convert many souls to Christ.


Was an unbeliever who sought to destroy the Church, Mosiah 27:8–10, 34. An angel appeared to him and his companions, Mosiah 27:11. Repented and began preaching the word of God, Mosiah 27:32—28:8. Refused to be named king and went instead to the land of the Lamanites to preach the word of God, Alma 17:6–9. Fasted and prayed for guidance, Alma 17:8–11. Taught King Lamoni's father, Alma 22:1–26. Went to preach to the Zoramites, Alma 31:6–7.



 AARONIC PRIESTHOOD. See also Aaron, Brother of Moses; Law of Moses; Priesthood


The lesser priesthood (Heb. 7:11–12; D&C 107:13–14). Its offices are bishop, priest, teacher, and deacon (D&C 84:30; 107:10, 14–15, 87–88). Anciently, under the law of Moses, there were high priests, priests, and Levites. The Aaronic Priesthood was revealed to Moses because the ancient Israelites rebelled against God. They refused to be sanctified and receive the Melchizedek Priesthood and its ordinances (D&C 84:23–25). The Aaronic Priesthood deals with the temporal and outward ordinances of the law and the gospel (1 Chr. 23:27–32; D&C 84:26–27; 107:20). It holds the keys of the ministering of angels, of the gospel of repentance, and of baptism (D&C 13).  The Aaronic Priesthood was restored to the earth in this dispensation on 15 May 1829. John the Baptist conferred it on Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery on the banks of the Susquehanna River, near Harmony, Pennsylvania (D&C 13; JS-H 1:68–73).


And he shall have the covenant of an everlasting priesthood, Num. 25:13. The Lord shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them, Mal. 3:3 (3 Ne. 24:3). No man taketh this honor unto himself, Heb. 5:4. Perfection does not come by the Levitical Priesthood, Heb. 7:11. This priesthood shall never be taken from the earth until the sons of Levi do offer an offering, D&C 13:1. Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were ordained unto the Aaronic Priesthood, D&C 27:8. The lesser priesthood holds the key of the ministering of angels, D&C 84:26 (D&C 13:1). There are two priesthoods, namely, the Melchizedek and Aaronic, D&C 107:1. The second priesthood is called the Priesthood of Aaron, D&C 107:13.



 ABED-NEGO. See also Daniel


In the Old Testament, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego were three Israelite youths who, along with Daniel, were brought into the palace of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. Abed-nego's Hebrew name was Azariah. The four young men refused to defile themselves by partaking of the king's meat and wine (Dan. 1). Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego were thrown into a fiery furnace by the king but were preserved by the Son of God (Dan. 3).



 ABEL. See also Adam; Cain


In the Old Testament, a son of Adam and Eve.


Offered to God a more excellent sacrifice than his brother Cain, Gen. 4:4–5 (Heb. 11:4; Moses 5:16–21). Was murdered by Cain, Gen. 4:8 (Moses 5:32). Received the priesthood from Adam, D&C 84:16. Satan plotted with Cain to murder Abel, Moses 5:28–31 (Hel. 6:27).



 ABINADI. See also Martyr, Martyrdom


A Nephite prophet in the Book of Mormon.

Prophesied that God would punish the people of wicked King Noah unless they repented, Mosiah 11:20–25. Was imprisoned for prophesying the destruction of King Noah and his people, Mosiah 12:1–17. Taught King Noah's wicked priests of the law of Moses and of Christ, Mosiah 12–16. Alma the Elder believed and wrote his words, Mosiah 17:2–4. Was burned to death by King Noah, Mosiah 17:20.





In the scriptures, something that causes disgust or hatred to the righteous and pure.


Lying lips are abomination to the Lord, Prov. 12:22. Pride is abominable in the sight of the Lord, Jacob 2:13–22. The wicked are consigned to a view of their own abominations, Mosiah 3:25. Unchastity is most abominable above all sins save murder and denying the Holy Ghost, Alma 39:3–5. The indignation of the Lord is kindled against their abominations, D&C 97:24.



 ABOMINABLE CHURCH. See Devil–The church of the devil



 ABRAHAM. See also Abrahamic Covenant


A son of Terah, born in Ur of the Chaldees (Gen. 11:26, 31; 17:5). A prophet of the Lord with whom the Lord made eternal covenants, through which all the nations of the earth are blessed. Abraham was originally named Abram.


Migrated to Haran, where Terah died, Gen. 11:31–32 (Abr. 2:1–5). Was called by God to journey to Canaan and to receive a divine covenant, Gen. 12:1–8 (Abr. 2:4, 15–17). Journeyed to Egypt, Gen. 12:9–20 (Abr. 2:21–25). Settled in Hebron, Gen. 13:18. Rescued Lot, Gen. 14:1–16. Met with Melchizedek, Gen. 14:18–20. Hagar bore his son Ishmael, Gen. 16:15–16. His name was changed to Abraham, Gen. 17:5. The Lord told Abraham and Sarah that they would have a son, Gen. 17:15–22; 18:1–14. Sarah bore his son Isaac, Gen. 21:2–3. Was commanded to sacrifice Isaac, Gen. 22:1–18. Sarah died and was buried, Gen. 23:1–2, 19. Abraham died and was buried, Gen. 25:8–10. Abraham's willingness to offer Isaac was a similitude of God and his Only Begotten Son, Jacob 4:5. Paid tithes to Melchizedek, Alma 13:15. Foresaw and testified of Christ's coming, Hel. 8:16–17. Received the priesthood from Melchizedek, D&C 84:14. The faithful become the seed of Abraham, D&C 84:33–34 (Gal. 3:27–29). Received all things by revelation, D&C 132:29. Has received his exaltation, D&C 132:29. Sought for the blessings of the fathers and for appointment unto the priesthood, Abr. 1:1–4. Was persecuted by false priests of Chaldea, Abr. 1:5–15. Was saved by the Lord, Abr. 1:16–20. Learned about the sun, moon, and stars, Abr. 3:1–14. Learned about pre-earth life and the Creation, Abr. 3:22–28.


 The book of Abraham: Ancient records written by Abraham that came into the possession of the Church in 1835. The records and some mummies were discovered in Egyptian catacombs by Antonio Lebolo, who willed them to Michael Chandler. Chandler exhibited them in the United States in 1835. Some friends of Joseph Smith bought them from Chandler and gave them to the Prophet, who translated them. Some of these records are now found in the Pearl of Great Price.


Chapter 1 records Abraham's experiences in Ur of the Chaldees, where wicked priests tried to sacrifice him. Chapter 2 tells of his journey to Canaan. The Lord appeared to him and made covenants with him. Chapter 3 records that Abraham saw the universe and perceived the relationships between heavenly bodies. Chapters 4–5 are another account of the Creation.


 The seed of Abraham: People who, by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel of Jesus Christ, receive the promises and covenants made by God to Abraham. Men and women may receive these blessings if they are literally of Abraham's lineage or if they are adopted into his family by embracing the gospel and being baptized (Gal. 3:26–29; 4:1–7; D&C 84:33–34; 103:17; 132:30–32; Abr. 2:9–11). Literal descendants of Abraham may lose their blessings by disobedience (Rom. 4:13; 9:6–8).



 ABRAHAMIC COVENANT. See also Abraham; Circumcision; Covenant


Abraham received the gospel and was ordained to the higher priesthood (D&C 84:14; Abr. 2:11), and he entered into celestial marriage, which is the covenant of exaltation (D&C 131:1–4; 132:19, 29). Abraham received a promise that all of the blessings of these covenants would be offered to his mortal posterity (D&C 132:29–31; Abr. 2:6–11). Together, these covenants and promises are called the Abrahamic covenant. The restoration of this covenant was the restoration of the gospel in the last days, for through it all the nations of the earth are blessed (Gal. 3:8–9, 29; D&C 110:12; 124:58; Abr. 2:10–11).



 ABRAM. See Abraham





The Lord has said that all people are responsible for their own motives, attitudes, desires, and actions.


The age of accountability is the age at which children are considered to be responsible for their actions and capable of committing sin and repenting.


I will judge every one according to his ways, Ezek. 18:30. They shall give account of every idle word, Matt. 12:36. Give an account of thy stewardship, Luke 16:2. Every one of us shall give an account of himself to God, Rom. 14:12. The dead will be judged according to their works, Rev. 20:12. Our words, works, and thoughts will condemn us, Alma 12:14. We are our own judges, whether to do good or evil, Alma 41:7. Ye are permitted to act for yourselves, Hel. 14:29–31. This thing shall ye teach—repentance and baptism unto those who are accountable, Moro. 8:10. All must repent and be baptized who have arrived at the years of accountability, D&C 18:42. Satan cannot tempt little children, until they begin to become accountable before me, D&C 29:46–47. Children shall be baptized when eight years old, D&C 68:27. Every man will be accountable for his own sins in the day of judgment, D&C 101:78. It is given unto men to know good from evil; wherefore they are agents unto themselves, Moses 6:56. Men will be punished for their own sins, A of F 1:2.



 ACCOUNTABILITY, AGE OF. See Account, Accountable, Accountability; Baptism, Baptize—Baptism not for infants; Child, Children; Infant Baptism





This book is the second of a two-part work written by Luke to Theophilus. The first part is known as the Gospel According to Luke. Chapters 1–12 record some of the major missionary activities of the Twelve Apostles under the direction of Peter immediately following the Savior's death and resurrection. Chapters 13–28 outline some of the Apostle Paul's travels and missionary work.



 ADAM. See also Adam-ondi-Ahman; Archangel; Eden; Eve; Fall of Adam and Eve; Michael


The first man created on earth.


  Adam is the father and patriarch of the human race on the earth. His transgression in the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3; D&C 29:40–42; Moses 4)caused him to "fall" and become mortal, a step necessary in order for mankind to progress on this earth (2 Ne. 2:14–29; Alma 12:21–26). Adam and Eve should therefore be honored for their role in making our eternal growth possible. Adam is the Ancient of Days and is also known as Michael (Dan. 7; D&C 27:11; 107:53–54; 116; 138:38). He is the archangel and will come again to the earth as the patriarch of the human family, preparatory to the second coming of Jesus Christ (D&C 29:26).


God created man in his own image, Gen. 1:26–28 (Moses 2:26–28; Abr. 4:26–28). God gave man dominion over all things and commanded him to multiply and fill the earth, Gen. 1:28–31 (Moses 2:28–31; Abr. 4:28–31). God placed Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden and forbade them to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, Gen. 2:7–9, 15–17 (Moses 3:7–9, 15–17; Abr. 5:7–13). Adam named every living creature, Gen. 2:19–20 (Moses 3:19–20; Abr. 5:20–21). Adam and Eve were married by God, Gen. 2:18–25 (Moses 3:18–25; Abr. 5:14–21). Adam and Eve were tempted by Satan, partook of the forbidden fruit, and were cast out of the Garden of Eden, Gen. 3 (Moses 4). Adam was 930 years old at his death, Gen. 5:5 (Moses 6:12). Adam was the first man, D&C 84:16. Before his death Adam called his righteous posterity together at Adam-ondi-Ahman and blessed them, D&C 107:53–57. Adam offered sacrifice, Moses 5:4–8. Adam was baptized, received the Holy Ghost, and was ordained to the priesthood, Moses 6:51–68.



 ADAM-ONDI-AHMAN. See also Adam


The place where Adam blessed his righteous posterity three years before he died (D&C 107:53–56) and where he will come before the time of the Second Coming (D&C 116).



 ADMINISTRATION TO THE SICK. See also Anoint; Hands, Laying on of; Heal, Healings; Oil; Priesthood


A blessing given to the sick by men who hold the Melchizedek Priesthood, involving the use of consecrated oil.


Lay thy hand upon her, Matt. 9:18. Jesus laid his hands upon a few sick folk and healed them, Mark 6:5. Christ's Apostles anointed with oil many that were sick and healed them, Mark 6:13. The elders are to anoint and heal the sick, James 5:14–15. Ye shall not heal the sick except it be required of you by them who desire, D&C 24:13–14. Elders shall lay their hands upon the sick, D&C 42:44. Lay your hands upon the sick, and they shall recover, D&C 66:9.



 ADOPTION. See also Abraham–The seed of Abraham; Children of Christ; Israel; Sons and Daughters of God


The scriptures speak of two types of adoption.


  (1) A person who is of non-Israelite lineage becomes a member of the family of Abraham and the house of Israel by having faith in Jesus Christ, repenting, being baptized by immersion, and receiving the Holy Ghost (2 Ne. 31:17–18; D&C 84:73–74; Abr. 2:6, 11).


  (2) All who have received the saving ordinances of the gospel become sons and daughters of Jesus Christ by continued obedience to his commandments (Rom. 8:15–17; Gal. 3:24–29; 4:5–7; Mosiah 5:7–8).



 ADULTERY. See also Chastity; Fornication; Homosexuality; Sensual, Sensuality; Sexual Immorality


The unlawful sexual association of men and women. Although adultery generally refers to sexual intercourse between a married person and someone other than his or her spouse, in the scriptures it may also refer to the unmarried.


  Sometimes adultery is used as a symbol for the apostasy of a nation or a whole people from the ways of the Lord  (Num. 25:1–3; Ezek. 16:15–59; Jer. 3:6–10; Hosea 4).


Joseph would not do this great wickedness, and sin against God, Gen. 39:7–12. Thou shalt not commit adultery, Ex. 20:14. Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery in his heart, Matt. 5:28. Neither fornicators nor adulterers shall inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Cor. 6:9–10. God will judge whoremongers and adulterers, Heb. 13:4. Adultery is most abominable above all sins save it be the shedding of innocent blood or denying the Holy Ghost, Alma 39:3–5. He that committeth adultery, and repenteth not, shall be cast out, D&C 42:23–26. If any shall commit adultery in their hearts, they shall not have the Spirit, D&C 63:14–16.






 ADVERSITY. See also Chasten, Chastening; Endure; Persecute, Persecution; Tempt, Temptation


Through adversity—trials, troubles, and distress—man can have many experiences that lead to spiritual growth and eternal progress by turning to the Lord.


God himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations, 1 Sam. 10:19. They cried unto the Lord in their trouble, Ps. 107:6, 13, 19, 28. Though the Lord give you the bread of adversity, yet shall not thy teachers be removed, Isa. 30:20–21. It must needs be, that there is an opposition in all things, 2 Ne. 2:11. If they never should have bitter they could not know the sweet, D&C 29:39. Thine adversity shall be but a small moment, D&C 121:7–8. All these things shall give thee experience, and shall be for thy good, D&C 122:5–8. They taste the bitter, that they may know to prize the good, Moses 6:55.



 ADVOCATE. See also Jesus Christ


Jesus Christ is our Advocate with the Father (Moro. 7:28) and pleads our cause with him.


Jesus Christ is our advocate with the Father, 1 Jn. 2:1 (D&C 110:4). Jesus shall make intercession for all, 2 Ne. 2:9 (Heb. 7:25). Jesus gained victory over death, giving him power to make intercession for the children of men, Mosiah 15:8. I am your advocate with the Father, D&C 29:5. Jesus Christ is pleading your cause, D&C 45:3–5.



 AGENCY. See also Account, Accountable, Accountability; Free, Freedom


The ability and privilege God gives people to choose and to act for themselves.


Of every tree thou mayest freely eat, Gen. 2:16. Man could not act for himself save it should be that he was enticed, 2 Ne. 2:15–16. Men are free to choose liberty and eternal life or captivity and death, 2 Ne. 2:27. Ye are free; ye are permitted to act for yourselves, Hel. 14:30. A third part of the hosts of heaven turned he away because of their agency, D&C 29:36. It must needs be that the devil should tempt men, or they could not be agents, D&C 29:39. Let every man choose for himself, D&C 37:4. Every man may act according to the moral agency which I have given unto him, D&C 101:78. Satan sought to destroy the agency of man, Moses 4:3. The Lord gave unto man his agency, Moses 7:32.



 AGRIPPA. See also Paul


In the New Testament, the son of Herod Agrippa I and brother of Bernice and Drusilla. He was king of Chalcis, located in the Lebanons. He listened to the Apostle Paul and was almost persuaded to be a Christian (Acts 25–26; JS-H 1:24).



 AHAB. See also Jezebel


In the Old Testament, one of the most wicked and powerful kings of northern Israel. He married Jezebel, a Sidonian princess, through whose influence the worship of Baal and Ashtaroth was established in Israel (1 Kgs. 16:29–33; 2 Kgs. 3:2) and an attempt was made to do away with the prophets and the worship of Jehovah (1 Kgs. 18:13).


Reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years, 1 Kgs. 16:29 (1 Kgs. 16–22). Did evil in the sight of the Lord above all that were before him, 1 Kgs. 16:30. Was slain in battle, 1 Kgs. 22:29–40.



 ALCOHOL. See Word of Wisdom



 ALMA, SON OF ALMA. See also Alma the Elder; Amulek; Mosiah, Sons of


In the Book of Mormon, the first chief judge and prophet in the Nephite nation. In his early years he sought to destroy the Church (Mosiah 27:8–10). However, an angel appeared to him and he was converted to the gospel (Mosiah 27:8–24; Alma 36:6–27). Later he gave up his position as chief judge in order to teach the people (Alma 4:11–20).


 The book of Alma: A separate book in the Book of Mormon, comprising an abridgment of the records of the prophets Alma, the son of Alma, and his son Helaman. The events depicted in the book take place from approximately 91 to 52 B.C. The book contains 63 chapters. Chapters 1–4 describe the rebellion of the followers of Nehor and Amlici against the Nephites. The resulting wars were among the most destructive to that point in Nephite history. Chapters 5–16 contain the account of Alma's early missionary journeys, including his sermon on the Good Shepherd (Alma 5)and his preaching with Amulek in the city Ammonihah. Chapters 17–27 contain the record of the sons of Mosiah and their ministry among the Lamanites. Chapters 28–44 contain some of Alma's most important sermons. In chapter 32 Alma compared the word to a seed; in chapter 36 he recounted his conversion story to his son Helaman. Chapters 39–42 record Alma's counsel to his son Corianton, who had become involved in moral transgression; this important sermon explains justice, mercy, resurrection, and the Atonement. Chapters 45–63 describe Nephite wars of that time period and migrations under Hagoth. Such great leaders as Captain Moroni, Teancum, and Lehi helped to preserve the Nephites through their courageous and timely actions.





A Nephite prophet in the Book of Mormon who organized the Church in the days of wicked King Noah.


Was a priest of wicked King Noah and a descendant of Nephi, Mosiah 17:1–2. After hearing and believing Abinadi, was cast out by the king. He fled, hid, and wrote Abinadi's words, Mosiah 17:3–4. Repented and taught the words of Abinadi, Mosiah 18:1. Baptized at the waters of Mormon, Mosiah 18:12–16. Organized the Church, Mosiah 18:17–29. Arrived with his people in Zarahemla, Mosiah 24:25. Was given authority over the Church, Mosiah 26:8. Judged and led the Church, Mosiah 26:34–39. Conferred the office of high priest on his son, Alma 4:4 (Mosiah 29:42,; Alma 5:3).



 ALMS, ALMSGIVING. See also Fast, Fasting; Offering; Poor; Welfare


Offerings to help the poor.


Do not your alms before men, Matt. 6:1–4 (3 Ne. 13:1–4). This poor widow hath cast more in than all they, Mark 12:41–44. It is more blessed to give than to receive, Acts 20:33–35. I would that ye should impart of your substance to the poor, Mosiah 4:26. The people of the Church should impart of their substance, every one according to that which he has, Mosiah 18:27.



 ALPHA AND OMEGA. See also Jesus Christ


Alpha is the first letter in the Greek alphabet; Omega is the last. They are also names given to Jesus Christ and are used as symbols to show that Christ is both the beginning and the end of all creation (Rev. 1:8; D&C 19:1).



 ALTAR. See also Sacrifice


A structure used for sacrifices, offerings, and worship.


Noah built an altar unto the Lord and offered burnt offerings, Gen. 8:20. Abram built an altar unto the Lord, Gen. 12:7–8. Abraham bound Isaac his son on the altar, Gen. 22:9 (Gen. 22:1–13). Jacob built there an altar and called the place El-beth-el, Gen. 35:6–7. Elijah built an altar and challenged the priests of Baal, 1 Kgs. 18:17–40. If thou bring thy gift to the altar, first be reconciled to thy brother, Matt. 5:23–24. I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, Rev. 6:9 (D&C 135:7).  Lehi built an altar of stones and gave thanks unto the Lord, 1 Ne. 2:7. Abraham was saved from death on an altar of Elkenah, Abr. 1:8–20.



 AMALEKITES (Book of Mormon)


A group of Nephite apostates who led the Lamanites to battle against the Nephites (Alma 21–24, 43).



 AMALEKITES (Old Testament)


An Arab tribe that lived in the desert of Paran between the Arabah and the Mediterranean. They were constantly at war with the Hebrews from the time of Moses (Ex. 17:8) to Saul and David (1 Sam. 15; 27:8; 30; 2 Sam. 8:11–12).





In the Book of Mormon, a Nephite traitor who gained power among the Lamanites and led them against the Nephites (Alma 46–51).



 AMEN. See also Prayer


Means "may it be so" or "so it is."  Amen is said to show hearty or solemn acceptance and agreement (Deut. 27:14–26) or truthfulness (1 Kgs. 1:36). Today at the end of prayers, testimonies, and talks, those who heard the prayer or message say an audible amen to indicate agreement and acceptance.


In Old Testament times, a person was to say amen when making an oath (1 Chr. 16:7, 35–36; Neh. 5:13; 8:2–6). Christ is called "the Amen, the faithful and true witness" (Rev. 3:14). Amen also served as the token of a covenant in the School of the Prophets (D&C 88:133–35).





A man in the Book of Mormon who led a group of Nephites who desired a king during the reign of the judges. These Nephites, called Amlicites, openly rebelled against God, for which they were cursed (Alma 2–3).





In the Book of Mormon, a strong and mighty man who led an expedition from Zarahemla to the land of Lehi-Nephi (Mosiah 7:1–16). He was shown ancient records, and explained what a seer is (Mosiah 8:5–18). He later helped to free King Limhi and his people from the Lamanites and bring them back to Zarahemla (Mosiah 22).



 AMMON, SON OF MOSIAH. See also Anti-Nephi-Lehies; Mosiah, Son of Benjamin; Mosiah, Sons of


In the Book of Mormon, a son of King Mosiah. Ammon served as a missionary whose diligent efforts helped to convert many souls to Christ.


Was an unbeliever who sought to destroy the Church, Mosiah 27:8–10, 34. An angel appeared to him and his companions, Mosiah 27:11. Repented and began preaching the word of God, Mosiah 27:32—28:8. Refused to be named king and went instead to the land of the Lamanites to preach the word of God, Alma 17:6–9. Fasted and prayed for guidance, Alma 17:8–11. Was taken bound to King Lamoni, Alma 17:20–21. Saved Lamoni's flocks, Alma 17:26–39. Preached to Lamoni, Alma 18:1—19:13. Thanked God and was overpowered with joy, Alma 19:14. His converts never fell away, Alma 23:6. Rejoiced in being an instrument in God's hands in bringing thousands to the truth, Alma 26:1–8 (Alma 26:1–37). Led the people of Anti-Nephi-Lehi to safety, Alma 27. Felt great joy in meeting his brethren, Alma 27:16–18.





A prophet of the Old Testament who prophesied from approximately 792 to 740 B.C. in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and Jeroboam, king of Israel.


 The book of Amos:  A book in the Old Testament. Many of Amos's prophecies warn Israel and her neighboring nations to return to righteousness.


Chapters 1–5 call Israel and her neighboring nations to repentance. Chapter 3 explains that the Lord reveals his secrets to the prophets and that because of transgression, Israel will be destroyed by an adversary. Chapters 6–8 prophesy the downfall of Israel many years before the Assyrian invasion. Chapter 9 prophesies that Israel will be restored to her own land.



 AMULEK. See also Alma, Son of Alma


In the Book of Mormon, a missionary companion of Alma, son of Alma.


Was visited by an angel, Alma 8:20; 10:7. Received Alma into his home, Alma 8:21–27. Preached with power to the people of Ammonihah, Alma 8:29–32; 10:1–11.  Was a descendant of Nephi, Lehi, and Manasseh, Alma 10:2–3. Testified of truth, Alma 10:4–11. Called people to repentance and was rejected, Alma 10:12–32. Contended with Zeezrom, Alma 11:20–40. Taught of resurrection, judgment, and restoration, Alma 11:41–45. Wanted to stop martyrdom of believers, Alma 14:9–10. Was imprisoned with Alma, Alma 14:14–23. Broke free of prison bonds through faith, Alma 14:24–29. Testified of the Atonement, mercy, and justice, Alma 34:8–16. Taught about prayer, Alma 34:17–28. Encouraged people not to procrastinate repentance, Alma 34:30–41. The faith of Alma and Amulek caused prison walls to tumble, Ether 12:13.





A Christian disciple at Damascus who baptized Paul (Acts 9:10–18; 22:12).





In the New Testament, he and his wife, Sapphira, lied to the Lord by holding back a portion of money that they had consecrated to the Lord. When Peter confronted them, they both fell to the ground and died (Acts 5:1–11).








In the New Testament, brother of Simon Peter and one of the Twelve Apostles called by Jesus during his mortal ministry (Matt. 4:18–19; Mark 1:16–18, 29).





There are two kinds of beings in heaven who are called angels: those who are spirits and those who have bodies of flesh and bone. Angels who are spirits have not yet obtained a body of flesh and bone, or they are spirits who have once had a mortal body and are awaiting resurrection. Angels who have bodies of flesh and bone have either been resurrected from the dead or translated.


  There are many references in scripture to the work of angels. Sometimes angels speak with a voice of thunder as they deliver God's messages (Mosiah 27:11–16). Righteous mortal men may also be called angels (JST, Gen. 19:15). Some angels serve around the throne of God in heaven (Alma 36:22).


  The scriptures also speak of the devil's angels. These are those spirits who followed Lucifer and were thrust out of God's presence in the premortal life and cast down to the earth (Rev. 12:1–9; 2 Ne. 9:9, 16; D&C 29:36–37).


Jacob saw angels of God ascending and descending, Gen. 28:12. Angels of God met Jacob, Gen. 32:1–2. Gideon saw an angel of the Lord face to face, Judg. 6:22. An angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, 2 Sam. 24:16. An angel touched Elijah and said to him, Arise and eat, 1 Kgs. 19:5–7. Daniel saw the angel Gabriel in a vision, Dan. 8:15–16. The angel Michael helped Daniel, Dan. 10:13. The angel Gabriel was sent from God, Luke 1:19, 26–27. The devil's angels will be reserved in chains unto the judgment, Jude 1:6 (2 Pet. 2:4). People saw angels descending out of heaven, 3 Ne. 17:24. Moroni wrote about the ministering of angels, Moro. 7:25–32. The Aaronic Priesthood holds the keys of the ministering of angels, D&C 13. Moroni, John the Baptist, Peter, James, John, Moses, Elijah, and Elias all ministered to Joseph Smith as angels, D&C 27:5–12. Ye are not able to abide the ministering of angels, D&C 67:13. Michael, the archangel, is Adam, D&C 107:54. Angels are resurrected personages, having bodies of flesh and bones, D&C 129. There are no angels who minister to this earth but those who belong to it, D&C 130:5. Men who do not obey God's law of eternal marriage neither marry nor are given in marriage; but are appointed angels in heaven, D&C 132:16–17.



 ANGER. See also Love; Hate, Hatred


Anger is the display of temper. The Lord cautioned his Saints to control their anger (Matt. 5:22). Neither parent nor child should abuse others in the family. In the scriptures, anger often has the figurative image of fire (2 Ne. 15:25; D&C 1:13).


And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell, Gen. 4:5. The Lord is slow to anger, and of great mercy, Ps. 145:8. A soft answer turneth away wrath, Prov. 15:1. A wrathful man stirreth up strife, but he that is slow to anger appeaseth strife, Prov. 15:18 (Prov. 14:29). For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, Isa. 48:9. I have spread out my hands unto a people that provoketh me to anger continually, Isa. 65:2–3. Whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also, Matt. 5:39. Ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath, Eph. 6:4. Because I have told you the truth, ye are angry with me, Mosiah 13:4. I will visit this people in mine anger, Alma 8:29. Against none is his wrath kindled save those who confess not his hand in all things, D&C 59:21. I, the Lord, am angry with the wicked, D&C 63:32.





In the New Testament, a prophetess of the tribe of Asher. At the time of Jesus' birth, she was an aged widow. She saw the infant Jesus at his presentation in the temple and recognized him as the Redeemer (Luke 2:36–38).



 ANNAS. See also Caiaphas


In the New Testament, a man of great influence in the Sanhedrin. Jesus, when arrested, was first brought to him (John 18:13); he also took a leading part in the trial of the Apostles (Acts 4:3–6).



 ANOINT. See also Administration to the Sick; Oil


In ancient times, the Lord's prophets anointed with oil those who would perform special duties, such as Aaron or the priests or the kings who would rule over Israel.  In the Church today, to anoint is to place a drop or two of consecrated oil on a person's head as part of a special blessing. This can be done only under the authority and power of the Melchizedek Priesthood. After the anointing, a person acting by authority of that same priesthood may seal the anointing and give a special blessing to the one anointed.


Anoint them, and consecrate them that they may minister unto me, Ex. 28:41 (Lev. 8:6–12, 30). Anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, 1 Sam. 9:16; 10:1. The elders are to anoint and bless the sick, James 5:14–15 (D&C 42:44).



 ANOINTED ONE. See also Jesus Christ; Messiah


Jesus is called the Christ (a Greek word) or the Messiah (an Aramaic word). Both words mean "the anointed."  He is the one anointed of the Father to be the Father's personal representative in all things pertaining to the salvation of mankind.


The Lord has anointed me, Isa. 61:1–3. He has anointed one to preach the gospel, Luke 4:16–22. Jesus was anointed by God the Father, Acts 4:27. God anointed Jesus of Nazareth, Acts 10:38.



 ANTICHRIST. See also Devil


Anyone or anything that counterfeits the true gospel plan of salvation and that openly or secretly opposes Christ. John the Revelator described the antichrist as a deceiver (1 Jn. 2:18–22; 4:3–6; 2 Jn. 1:7). The great antichrist is Lucifer, but he has many assistants, both spirit beings and mortals.


The son of perdition opposes and exalts himself above all that is called God, 2 Thes. 2:1–12. He deceives them that dwell on the earth by the means of miracles, Rev. 13:13–17. Sherem denied Christ and deceived many, Jacob 7:1–23. Nehor taught false doctrines, established a church, and introduced priestcraft, Alma 1:2–16. Korihor ridiculed Christ, the Atonement, and the spirit of prophecy, Alma 30:6–60.



 ANTI-NEPHI-LEHIES. See also Ammon, Son of Mosiah; Helaman, Sons of; Mosiah, Sons of


In the Book of Mormon, a name given to the Lamanites who were converted by the sons of Mosiah. After their conversion, these people, who were also called the people of Ammon, were faithful throughout their lives (Alma 23:4–7, 16–17; 27:20–27).


They took the name of Anti-Nephi-Lehies, Alma 23:16–17; 24:1. They refused to shed blood and buried their weapons, Alma 24:6–19. Their sons prepared for war and chose Helaman as their leader, Alma 53:16–19; 56–58 (these sons were also known as the 2,000 stripling warriors).



 APOCALYPSE. See also Revelation of John


The book of Revelation, the last book in the New Testament; can also mean any remarkable revelation; from a Greek word meaning "revealed" or "uncovered. "



 APOCRYPHA. See also Bible; Scriptures


Sacred books of the Jewish people that were not included in the Hebrew Bible but are retained in the Bibles of some Christian churches. These books are often valuable in linking the Old and New Testaments and are regarded in the Church as useful reading.



The Apocrypha are mostly translated correctly but with incorrect interpolations, D&C 91:1–3. The Apocrypha can benefit those enlightened by the Spirit, D&C 91:4–6.



 APOSTASY. See also Rebellion; Restoration of the Gospel


A turning away from the truth by individuals, the Church, or entire nations.


 General apostasy:  Israel had to guard against their hearts turning away from the Lord, Deut. 29:18. Where there is no vision, the people perish, Prov. 29:18. They have broken the everlasting covenant, Isa. 24:5. The winds beat upon that house, and it fell, Matt. 7:27. I marvel that ye are so soon removed unto another gospel, Gal. 1:6. They commenced in the good path but lost their way in the mist, 1 Ne. 8:23 (1 Ne. 12:17). After they had tasted of the fruit, they fell away into forbidden paths, 1 Ne. 8:28. Nephite apostasy caused a stumbling block for nonbelievers, Alma 4:6–12. Many members of the Church became proud and persecuted other members, Hel. 3:33–34 (Hel. 4:11–13; 5:2–3). When the Lord prospers his people, they sometimes harden their hearts and forget him, Hel. 12:2; 13:38. The Nephites hardened their hearts and fell under Satan's power, 3 Ne. 2:1–3. Moroni prophesied about apostasy in the last days, Morm. 8:28, 31–41. Apostasy will precede the Second Coming, D&C 1:13–16.


 Apostasy of the early Christian church:  This people draw near me with their mouth, Isa. 29:10, 13. Darkness shall cover the earth, Isa. 60:2. The Lord will send a famine of hearing the words of the Lord, Amos 8:11. There shall arise false Christs and false prophets, Matt. 24:24. Grievous wolves shall enter in among you, Acts 20:29. I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him, Gal. 1:6. There will be a falling away before the Second Coming, 2 Thes. 2:3. Some people err concerning the truth, 2 Tim. 2:18. Some people have a form of godliness but deny the power thereof, 2 Tim. 3:5. The time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, 2 Tim. 4:3–4. There will be false prophets and false teachers among the people, 2 Pet. 2:1. Certain men crept in denying the only Lord God, Jude 1:4. Some men said they were Apostles and were not, Rev. 2:2. Nephi saw the formation of a great and abominable church, 1 Ne. 13:26. The Gentiles have stumbled and built up many churches, 2 Ne. 26:20. They have strayed from mine ordinances and have broken mine everlasting covenant, D&C 1:15. Darkness covers the earth and gross darkness the minds of the people, D&C 112:23. Joseph was told that the churches were all wrong; their hearts were far from God, JS-H 1:19.



 APOSTLE. See also Disciple; Revelation


In Greek, Apostle means "one sent forth."  It was the title Jesus gave to the Twelve whom he chose and ordained to be his closest disciples and helpers during his ministry on earth (Luke 6:13; John 15:16). He sent them forth to represent him and to minister for him after his ascension into heaven. Both anciently and in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the restored Church today, an Apostle is a special witness of Jesus Christ in all the world to testify of his divinity and of his resurrection from the dead (Acts 1:22; D&C 107:23).


Christ's church is built on the foundation of Apostles and prophets, Eph. 2:20; 4:11. Lehi and Nephi saw the twelve Apostles following Jesus, 1 Ne. 1:10; 11:34. Apostles are to judge the house of Israel, Morm. 3:18. Those who do not heed the words of the prophets and Apostles shall be cut off, D&C 1:14 (3 Ne. 12:1). The calling and mission of the Twelve were revealed, D&C 18:26–36. Joseph Smith was ordained an Apostle, D&C 20:2; 21:1. Apostles are special witnesses of Christ's name and bear the keys of the ministry, D&C 27:12 (D&C 112:30–32). Twelve Apostles form a quorum equal in authority to the First Presidency, D&C 107:23–24. The Twelve are a Traveling Presiding High Council, D&C 107:33. Apostles hold the keys of missionary work, D&C 107:35.  Some of the duties of Apostles are described, D&C 107:58. I say unto all the Twelve: follow me, and feed my sheep, D&C 112:14–15. We believe in Apostles, A of F 1:6.


 Selection of Apostles: Apostles are chosen by the Lord (John 6:70; 15:16).


Of his disciples, Jesus chose twelve Apostles, Luke 6:13–16. Matthias was chosen to be an Apostle, Acts 1:21–26. Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer were commanded to search out the Twelve, D&C 18:37–39.



 ARCHANGEL. See also Adam; Michael


Michael, or Adam, is the archangel or chief angel.


The Lord shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, 1 Thes. 4:16. Michael is the archangel, Jude 1:9 (D&C 29:26; 88:112; 128:20–21).



 ARK. See also Flood at Noah's Time; Noah, Bible Patriarch; Rainbow


In the Old Testament, the boat built by Noah to preserve life during the great flood.


Make thee an ark of gopher wood, Gen. 6:14. The ark rested on the mountains of Ararat, Gen. 8:4. The Jaredite barges were tight like the ark of Noah, Ether 6:7.



 ARK OF THE COVENANT. See also Tabernacle


Also known as the Ark of Jehovah and the Ark of the Testimony, the Ark of the Covenant was an oblong chest or box made of wood overlaid with gold. It was the oldest and most sacred of the religious symbols of the Israelites. The Mercy Seat which formed its covering was regarded as the earthly dwelling place of Jehovah (Ex. 25:22). Upon the completion of the tabernacle, the ark was placed in the Holy of Holies, the most holy place in the structure (1 Kgs. 8:1–8).


Moses made the ark at God's command, Ex. 25. The children of Levi were charged to take care of the ark, Num. 3:15, 31. The ark of the covenant went before them, Num. 10:33. Take this book of the law, and put it in the ark of the covenant, Deut. 31:24–26. The waters of Jordan were cut off before the ark of the covenant, Josh. 3:13–17; 4:1–7. Priests took the ark of the covenant in conquering Jericho, Josh. 6:6–20. Philistines captured the ark of God, 1 Sam. 5.  The Lord blessed the house of Obed-edom because of the ark of God, 2 Sam. 6:11–12. Uzza was slain by the Lord when he disobediently attempted to steady the ark, 1 Chr. 13:9–12 (D&C 85:8). Build ye the sanctuary of the Lord God, to bring the ark of the covenant, 1 Chr. 22:19. The contents of the ark of the covenant are described, Heb. 9:4.



 ARMAGEDDON. See also Gog; Magog; Second Coming of Jesus Christ


The name Armageddon is derived from the Hebrew Har Megiddon, meaning the "mountain of Megiddo."  The valley of Megiddo is in the western portion of the plain of Esdraelon, fifty miles (eighty kilometers) north of Jerusalem, and is the site of several crucial battles in Old Testament times. A great and final conflict that will take place near the time of the second coming of the Lord is called the battle of Armageddon because it will begin in the same locale. (See Ezek. 39:11; Zech. 12–14,especially 12:11; Rev. 16:14–21.)





A covering worn to protect the body from blows or thrusts of weapons. The word is also used to mean spiritual attributes that protect a person from temptation or evil.


Put on the whole armor of God, Eph. 6:10–18 (D&C 27:15–18).



 ARTICLES OF FAITH. See also Pearl of Great Price; Smith, Joseph, Jr.


Thirteen basic points of belief to which members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints ascribe.


  Joseph Smith first wrote them in a letter to John Wentworth, editor of the Chicago Democrat, in answer to his request to know what members of the Church believed. The letter became known as the Wentworth Letter and was first published in the Times and Seasons in March 1842. On 10 October 1880, the Articles of Faith were formally accepted as scripture by the vote of the members of the Church and were included as part of the Pearl of Great Price.





In the Old Testament, the third king of Judah. The scriptures record that his "heart was perfect with the Lord all his days" (1 Kgs. 15:14). During his reign he raised the army to a state of efficiency, threw off the Ethiopian yoke, removed the false idols, and invited the people to make a covenant to seek Jehovah (1 Kgs. 15–16; 2 Chr. 14–16).  However, when he became diseased in his feet, he did not seek the Lord's help and died (1 Kgs. 15:23–24; 2 Chr. 16:12–13).



 ASCENSION. See also Jesus Christ; Second Coming of Jesus Christ


The formal departure of the Savior from the earth, forty days after his resurrection. The Ascension took place from a point on the Mount of Olives in the presence of the disciples (Mark 16:19; Luke 24:51). At that time two angels from heaven testified that in the future the Lord would return "in like manner" (Acts 1:9–12).



 ASHER. See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, a son of Jacob and Zilpah, Leah's handmaiden (Gen. 30:12–13).


 The tribe of Asher:  Jacob blessed Asher (Gen. 49:20), and Moses blessed the descendants of Asher (Deut. 33:1, 24–29). These descendants were called "mighty men of valour" (1 Chr. 7:40).



 ASK. See also Prayer


To inquire, question, or petition God for a special favor.


Ask, and it shall be given you, Matt. 7:7. If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, James 1:5 (JS-H 1:7–20). Ask me in faith, 1 Ne. 15:11. If ye cannot understand these words, it will be because ye ask not, 2 Ne. 32:4. Ask in sincerity of heart, Mosiah 4:10. God doth grant unto you whatsoever ye ask that is right, in faith, Mosiah 4:21. Ask God if these things are not true, Moro. 10:4. They love darkness rather than light; therefore, they will not ask of me, D&C 10:21. Ye are commanded in all things to ask of God, D&C 46:7.





An ancient empire which, with its rival Babylon, ruled much of the old states of Syria and Palestine throughout most of Old Testament times. Even though the Assyrians were a major power from the mid-12th century B.C. until the close of the 7th century B.C., they were never able to build a stable political structure. They ruled by terror, crushing their enemies by fire and sword or weakening them by deporting large portions of a population to other parts of their empire. Their subjects never ceased to be their foes, and the whole course of the empire was marked by incessant revolts. (See 2 Kgs. 18–19; 2 Chr. 32; Isa. 7:17–20; 10; 19; 37.)



 ATONE, ATONEMENT. See also Blood; Children of Christ; Cross; Crucifixion; Fall of Adam and Eve; Forgive; Gethsemane; Grace; Immortal, Immortality; Jesus Christ; Justification, Justify; Merciful, Mercy; Plan of Redemption; Redeem, Redeemed, Redemption; Remission of Sins; Repent, Repentance; Resurrection; Sacrament; Sacrifice; Salvation; Sanctification; Sons and Daughters of God


To reconcile man to God.


As used in the scriptures, to atone is to suffer the penalty for an act of sin, thereby removing the effects of sin from the repentant sinner and allowing him to be reconciled to God. Jesus Christ was the only one capable of making a perfect atonement for all mankind. He was able to do so because of his selection and foreordination in the Grand Council before the world was formed (Ether 3:14; Moses 4:1–2; Abr. 3:27), his divine Sonship, and his sinless life. His atonement included his suffering for the sins of mankind in the Garden of Gethsemane, the shedding of his blood, and his death and subsequent resurrection from the grave (Isa. 53:3–12; Mosiah 3:5–11; Alma 7:10–13). Because of the Atonement, all people will rise from the dead with immortal bodies (1 Cor. 15:22). The Atonement also provides the way for us to be forgiven of our sins and live forever with God. But a person who has reached the age of accountability and received the law can receive these blessings only if he has faith in Jesus Christ, repents of his sins, receives the ordinances of salvation, and obeys the commandments of God. Those who do not reach the age of accountability and those without the law are redeemed through the Atonement (Mosiah 15:24–25; Moro. 8:22). The scriptures clearly teach that if Christ had not atoned for our sins, no law, ordinance, or sacrifice would satisfy the demands of justice, and man could never regain God's presence (2 Ne. 2; 9).


This is my blood, shed for many for the remission of sins, Matt. 26:28. His sweat was as it were great drops of blood, Luke 22:39–44. I will give my flesh for the life of the world, John 6:51. I am the resurrection, and the life, John 11:25. Christ is the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey, Heb. 5:9. We are sanctified by the shedding of the blood of Christ, Heb. 9; 10:1–10. Christ also hath once suffered for sins, 1 Pet. 3:18. The blood of Jesus Christ cleanses us from all sin, 1 Jn. 1:7. He was lifted up upon the cross and slain for sins, 1 Ne. 11:32–33.

Redemption comes to those who have a broken heart and contrite spirit, 2 Ne. 2:3–10, 25–27. He offered himself a sacrifice for sin, 2 Ne. 2:7. The Atonement ransoms men from the Fall and saves them from death and hell, 2 Ne. 9:5–24. It must needs be an infinite atonement, 2 Ne. 9:7. Be reconciled unto God through the Atonement of Christ, Jacob 4:11. His blood atones for the sins of those who have ignorantly sinned, Mosiah 3:11–18. Man received salvation through the atonement, Mosiah 4:6–8. Were it not for the Atonement, they must unavoidably perish, Mosiah 13:27–32. He shall atone for the sins of the world, Alma 34:8–16. God himself atoneth for the sins of the world, to bring about the plan of mercy, Alma 42:11–30. I am the God of the whole earth, slain for the sins of the world, 3 Ne. 11:14. I, God, have suffered these things for all, D&C 19:16. Little children are redeemed through mine Only Begotten, D&C 29:46–47. Behold the sufferings and death of him who did no sin, D&C 45:3–5. This thing is a similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten, Moses 5:7. Through the Atonement of Christ, all mankind may be saved, A of F 1:3.



 AUTHORITY. See also Call, Called of God, Calling; Keys of the Priesthood; Ordain, Ordination; Power; Priesthood


The permission granted to men on earth called or ordained to act for and in behalf of God the Father or Jesus Christ in doing God's work.


I have sent thee, Ex. 3:12–15. Speak all that I command thee, Ex. 7:2. He gave the twelve disciples power, Matt. 10:1. Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, John 15:16. Nephi and Lehi preached with great authority, Hel. 5:18. Nephi, the son of Helaman, was a man of God, having great power and authority from God, Hel. 11:18 (3 Ne. 7:17). Jesus gave power and authority to twelve Nephites, 3 Ne. 12:1–2. Joseph Smith was called of God and ordained, D&C 20:2. No one shall preach my gospel or build up my Church unless he is ordained and it is known to the Church that he has authority, D&C 42:11. Elders are to preach the gospel, acting in authority, D&C 68:8. The Melchizedek Priesthood has authority to administer in spiritual things, D&C 107:8, 18–19. What is done by divine authority becomes law, D&C 128:9. Any who preach or administer for God must be called of God by those in authority, A of F 1:5.






 BAAL. See also Idolatry


A male sun-god worshiped principally in Phoenicia (1 Kgs. 16:31) but also worshiped in different ways in various places: by the Moabites as Baal-peor (Num. 25:1–3), at  Shechem as Baal-berith (Judg. 8:33; 9:4), at Ekron as Baal-zebub (2 Kgs. 1:2). Baal may be the same as Bel of Babylon and Zeus of Greece. The word Baal expresses the relationship between a lord and his slave. The usual symbol for Baal was a bull. Ashtoreth was the goddess generally worshiped along with Baal.


Baal was sometimes combined with another name or word to indicate a connection with Baal, such as a place where he was worshiped or a person with attributes like those of Baal. Later, because Baal came to have very evil meanings, the word Bosheth replaced it in those combined names. Bosheth means "shame. "



 BABEL, BABYLON. See also Nebuchadnezzar; World


The capital of Babylonia.


Babel was founded by Nimrod and was one of the oldest cities in the land of Mesopotamia, or Shinar (Gen. 10:8–10). The Lord confounded the languages at the time the people were building the Tower of Babel (Gen. 11:1–9; Ether 1:3–5, 33–35). Babylon later became Nebuchadnezzar's capital. He built an enormous city of which the ruins still remain. Babylon became a very wicked city and has since come to symbolize the wickedness of the world.


Flee out of the midst of Babylon, Jer. 51:6. Babylon will be established and will fall, Rev. 17–18. Babylon shall be destroyed, 2 Ne. 25:15. Babylon shall fall, D&C 1:16. I will not spare any that remain in Babylon, D&C 64:24. Go ye out from Babylon, D&C 133:5, 7, 14.



 BACKBITING. See Evil Speaking





A prophet in the Old Testament who wanted to curse Israel for money. He was commanded by the Lord not to curse Israel ( Num. 22–24).


Balaam's ass refused to go forward because an angel stood in its path, Num. 22:22–35.





An aromatic gum or spice used for healing wounds (Gen. 43:11; Jer. 8:22; 46:11; 51:8). A bush producing the resin from which the balm was made grew so plentifully in Gilead in Old Testament times that the balm came to be known as the "balm of Gilead" (Gen. 37:25; Ezek. 27:17).



 BAPTISM, BAPTIZE. See also Born Again, Born of God; Holy Ghost; Infant Baptism; Ordinances


From a Greek word meaning to "dip" or "immerse."  Baptism by immersion in water by one having authority is the introductory ordinance of the gospel and is necessary to become a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is preceded by faith in Jesus Christ and by repentance. It must be followed by receiving the gift of the Holy Ghost in order to be complete (2 Ne. 31:13–14). Baptism by water and the Spirit is necessary before a person can enter the celestial kingdom. Adam was the first to be baptized (Moses 6:64–65). Jesus also was baptized to fulfill all righteousness and to show the way for all mankind (Matt. 3:13–17; 2 Ne. 31:5–12).

  Because all on the earth do not have the opportunity to accept the gospel during mortality, the Lord has authorized baptisms performed by proxy for the dead. Therefore, those who accept the gospel in the spirit world may qualify for entrance into God's kingdom.


 Essential: Suffer it to be so now to fulfill all righteousness, Matt. 3:15. Jesus came and was baptized of John, Mark 1:9. The Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God, being not baptized, Luke 7:30. Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God, John 3:5. Repent, and be baptized every one of you, Acts 2:38. He commands all men that they must be baptized in his name, 2 Ne. 9:23–24. Men must follow Christ, be baptized, receive the Holy Ghost, and endure to the end to be saved, 2 Ne. 31. Christ's doctrine is that men should believe and be baptized, 3 Ne. 11:20–40. They who believe not on your words and are not baptized in water in my name shall be damned, D&C 84:74. God explained to Adam why repentance and baptism are necessary, Moses 6:52–60.


 Baptism by immersion: Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water, Matt. 3:16 (Mark 1:10). John was baptizing because there was much water there, John 3:23. Philip and the eunuch went down  into the water, Acts 8:38. We are buried with him by baptism, Rom. 6:4 (Col. 2:12).  Follow your Lord and your Savior down into the water, 2 Ne. 31:13. Alma, Helam, and others were buried in the water, Mosiah 18:12–16. And then shall ye immerse them in the water, 3 Ne. 11:25–26. The proper manner of baptism is explained, D&C 20:72–74. They were baptized after the manner of his burial, being buried in the water in his name, D&C 76:50–51. Adam was laid under the water and was brought forth out of the water, Moses 6:64. Baptism is by immersion for the remission of sins, A of F 1:4.


 Baptism for remission of sins: Arise and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, Acts 22:16. After baptism comes a remission of your sins by fire and by the Holy Ghost, 2 Ne. 31:17. Come and be baptized unto repentance that ye may be washed from your sins, Alma 7:14. Blessed are they who shall believe and be baptized, for they shall receive a remission of their sins, 3 Ne. 12:1–2. Declare repentance and faith on the Savior and remission of sins by baptism, D&C 19:31. We believe in baptism by immersion for the remission of sins, A of F 1:4.


 Proper authority: Go ye and teach all nations, baptizing in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, Matt. 28:19 (D&C 68:8). Limhi and many of his people were desirous to be baptized, but there was none in the land that had authority from God, Mosiah 21:33. I give unto you power that ye shall baptize, 3 Ne. 11:19–21. The Aaronic Priesthood holds the keys of baptism by immersion for the remission of sins, D&C 13:1. They are they who are ordained of me to baptize in my name, D&C 18:29. John the Baptist gave Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery the authority to baptize, JS-H 1:68–69.


 Qualifications for baptism: Repent ye, and be baptized in the name of my Beloved Son, 2 Ne. 31:11. Ye  must repent and be born again, Alma 7:14. See that ye are not baptized unworthily, Morm. 9:29. Teach parents that they must repent and be baptized and humble themselves, Moro. 8:10. Qualifications for those desiring baptism are set forth, D&C 20:37. Children shall be baptized for the remission of their sins when eight years old, D&C 68:25, 27.


 Covenants made through baptism: Ye have entered into a covenant with him that ye will serve him and keep his commandments, Mosiah 18:8–10, 13. Those who repent, take on Christ's name, and determine to serve him shall be received by baptism, D&C 20:37.


 Baptism for the dead: What shall they do which are baptized for the dead, 1 Cor. 15:29. Baptisms for the dead are performed for the remission of sins, D&C 124:29; 127:5–9; 128:1; 138:33.


 Baptism not for infants: It is solemn mockery before God that ye should baptize little children, Moro. 8:4–23. Children shall be baptized when eight years old, D&C 68:27. All children who die before the years of accountability are saved in the celestial kingdom, D&C 137:10.



 BAPTIST. See John the Baptist





Name of the man released instead of Jesus at the time of the Crucifixion. Barabbas was an insurrectionist, a murderer, and a robber (Matt. 27:16–26; Mark 15:6–15; Luke 23:18–25; John 18:40).





Name given to Joseph (also called Joses), a Levite of Cyprus, who sold his land and gave the proceeds to the Apostles (Acts 4:36–37). Though not one of the original Twelve Apostles, he did become an Apostle (Acts 14:4, 14) and served on several missionary journeys (Acts 11:22–30; 12:25; 13–15; 1 Cor. 9:6; Gal. 2:1, 9; Col. 4:10).



 BARTHOLOMEW. See also Nathanael


In the New Testament, one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ (Matt. 10:2–4).



 BATHSHEBA. See also David


Wife of Uriah; later, wife of David and mother of Solomon. King David committed adultery with her. He also arranged for her husband's death in battle (2 Sam. 11), which sin had eternal consequences for David (D&C 132:39).



 BEATITUDES. See also Sermon on the Mount


A series of teachings that Jesus gave in the Sermon on the Mount that describe a refined and spiritual character (Matt. 5:3–12; Luke 6:20–23). The Beatitudes are arranged in such a way that each statement builds upon the one that precedes it. A more comprehensive and accurate record of the Beatitudes is found in 3 Ne. 12.



 BEGINNING. See also Create, Creation; Jesus Christ; Premortal Life


Generally refers to the time before this mortal life—that is, the premortal life. Sometimes Jesus Christ is referred to as the Beginning.


In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth, Gen. 1:1 (Moses 2:1). In the beginning was the Word, John 1:1. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, 3 Ne. 9:18. Christ is the beginning and the end, D&C 19:1. The new and everlasting covenant was from the beginning, D&C 22:1. Man was in the beginning with God, D&C 93:23, 29. Noble and great spirits were chosen in the beginning to be rulers, D&C 138:55. Mine Only Begotten was with me from the beginning, Moses 2:26.



 BEGOTTEN. See also Born Again, Born of God; Children of Christ; Only Begotten; Sons and Daughters of God


To be born. To beget is to give birth, to procreate, or to call into being. In the scriptures, these words are often used to mean being born of God. Although Jesus Christ is the only child begotten of the Father in mortality, all people may be spiritually begotten of Christ by accepting him, obeying his commandments, and becoming new persons through the power of the Holy Ghost.


This day have I begotten thee, Ps. 2:7 (Acts 13:33; Heb. 1:5–6; 5:5). His glory was of the only begotten of the Father, John 1:14 (2 Ne. 25:12; Alma 12:33–34; D&C 76:23). God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, John 3:16 (D&C 20:21). Christ has spiritually begotten his people, Mosiah 5:7. Those who are begotten through the Lord are the Church of the Firstborn, D&C 93:22.



 BELIEF, BELIEVE. See also Faith; Jesus Christ; Trust; Unbelief


To have faith in someone or to accept something as true. A person must repent and believe in Jesus Christ in order to be saved in the kingdom of God (D&C 20:29).


Believe in the Lord your God; believe his prophets, 2 Chr. 20:20. Daniel was not hurt in the lions' den because he believed in God, Dan. 6:23. As thou hast believed, so be it done unto thee, Matt. 8:13. Whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive, Matt. 21:22. Be not afraid, only believe, Mark 5:36. All things are possible to him that believes, Mark 9:23–24. He that believes and is baptized shall be saved, Mark 16:16 (2 Ne. 2:9; 3 Ne. 11:33–35). He that believes in the Son has everlasting life, John 3:16, 18, 36 (John 5:24; D&C 10:50). We believe and are sure that thou art the Christ, John 6:69. He that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live, John 11:25–26. We who have believed do enter into rest, Heb. 4:3.  Believe on Jesus Christ, and love one another, 1 Jn. 3:23. The Messiah will destroy none who believe in him, 2 Ne. 6:14. The Jews will be persecuted until they are persuaded to believe in Christ, 2 Ne. 25:16. If ye believe these things, see that ye do them, Mosiah 4:10. The Son will take upon him the transgressions of those who believe on his name, Alma 11:40. Blessed is he who believes in the word of God without being compelled, Alma 32:16. If ye can no more than desire to believe, let this desire work in you, Alma 32:27. If ye believe on Christ's name, ye will repent, Hel. 14:13. Those who believe in Christ believe in the Father also, 3 Ne. 11:35.

Never has man believed in the Lord as the brother of Jared did, Ether 3:15. Every thing that persuades to believe in Christ is sent by the power of Christ, Moro. 7:16–17. Those who believe on the Lord's words will be given a manifestation of the Spirit, D&C 5:16. Those who believe on the Lord's name will become sons of God, D&C 11:30 (John 1:12). To some it is given to believe on  others' words, D&C 46:14. Signs follow those who believe, D&C 58:64 (D&C 63:7–12). Those who believe, repent, and are baptized shall receive the Holy Ghost, Moses 6:52.



 BELSHAZZAR. See also Babel, Babylon


In the Old Testament, the last king of Babylon, reigning before Cyrus conquered Babylon; the son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 5:1–2).



 BENJAMIN, FATHER OF MOSIAH. See also Mosiah, Son of Benjamin


A Book of Mormon prophet and king (Mosiah 1–6).


Dealt with serious problems in establishing peace in the land, Omni 1:23–25 (W of M 1:12–18). Taught his sons, Mosiah 1:1–8. Conferred the kingdom on his son Mosiah, Mosiah 1:9–18. His people gathered to hear his final address, Mosiah 2:1–8. Addressed his people, Mosiah 2:9—4:30. His people made a covenant with the Lord, Mosiah 5–6.



 BENJAMIN, SON OF JACOB. See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, the second son of Jacob and Rachel (Gen. 35:16–20).


 The tribe of Benjamin:  Jacob blessed Benjamin (Gen. 49:27). The descendants of Benjamin were a warlike race. Two important Benjaminites were Saul, the first Israelite king (1 Sam. 9:1–2), and Paul, the New Testament Apostle (Rom. 11:1).





The village in which Jesus Christ stayed during the last week of his mortal life (Matt. 21:17; Mark 11:11). Located on the southeast slope of Mount Olivet, Bethany was the home of Lazarus, Mary, and Martha (John 11:1–46; 12:1).





In Hebrew, means "house of God" and is one of the most sacred spots in Israel. It is located about ten miles north of Jerusalem. Here Abraham built his altar at the time of his first arrival in Canaan (Gen. 12:8; 13:3). Here Jacob saw in vision a ladder reaching up into heaven (Gen. 28:10–19). It was also a holy place in the days of Samuel (1 Sam. 7:16; 10:3).





A small city located five miles south of Jerusalem. In Hebrew, Bethlehem means "house of bread " ; it is also called Ephrath, meaning "fruitful."  Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2; Matt. 2:1–8). It is the burial place of Rachel (Gen. 35:19; 48:7).


Ruth and Boaz lived there, Ruth 1:22. Samuel anointed David there, 1 Sam. 16:1–13; 17:12, 15; 20:6, 28. Herod had the children slain there, Matt. 2:16.



 BIBLE. See also Apocrypha; Canon; Ephraim–The stick of Ephraim or Joseph; Judah–The stick of Judah; New Testament; Old Testament; Scriptures


A collection of Hebrew and Christian writings that contains divine revelations. The word bible means "the books."  The Bible is the work of many prophets and inspired writers acting under the influence of the Holy Spirit (2 Pet. 1:21).


  The Christian Bible has two divisions, commonly known as the Old and New Testaments. The Old Testament consists of the books of scripture used among the Jews of Palestine during the Lord's mortal ministry. The New Testament contains writings belonging to the Apostolic age and regarded as having the same sanctity and authority as the Jewish scriptures. The books of the Old Testament are drawn from a national literature extending over many centuries and were written almost entirely in Hebrew, while the books of the New Testament are the work of a single generation and were written mainly in Greek.


  In the Old Testament the word testament represents a Hebrew word meaning "covenant." The Old Covenant is the law that was given to Moses when Israel rejected the fulness of the gospel had by God's people from the beginning of mortality. The New Covenant is the gospel as taught by Jesus Christ.


  In the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) the books were divided into three groups: the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings. The Bible used by the Christian world classifies the books according to subject matter, such as historical, poetical, and prophetical.


  The books of the New Testament are generally in this order: the four Gospels and Acts; the epistles of Paul; the general epistles of James, Peter, John, and Jude; and the Revelation of John.


  The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reveres and respects the Bible and affirms also that the Lord continues to give additional revelation through his prophets in the last days that supports and verifies the biblical account of God's dealings with mankind.


The stick of Judah (the Bible) and the stick of Joseph (the Book of Mormon) will become one in the Lord's hand, Ezek. 37:15–20. The Bible's truthfulness will be established by latter-day scripture, 1 Ne. 13:38–40. The Bible will be joined by the Book of Mormon in putting down false doctrine, 2 Ne. 3:12. A Bible! A Bible! We have got a Bible, 2 Ne. 29:3–10. All who believe the Bible will also believe the Book of Mormon, Morm. 7:8–10. Elders shall teach the principles of my gospel, which are in the Bible and the Book of Mormon, D&C 42:12. We believe the Bible to be the word of God as far as it is translated correctly, A of F 1:8.



 BIBLE, JOSEPH SMITH TRANSLATION (JST). See Joseph Smith Translation (JST)



 BIRTH CONTROL. See also Family; Marriage, Marry


Controlling the number of children born to a couple by limiting or preventing conception.


Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, Gen. 1:28 (Moses 2:28). Children are an heritage of the Lord, Ps. 127:3–5. Lehi's family were to raise up seed unto the Lord, 1 Ne. 7:1. Marriage is ordained of God unto man, D&C 49:15–17. The exalted will receive a fulness and a continuation of the seeds forever and ever, D&C 132:19, 63.



 BIRTHRIGHT. See also Covenant; Firstborn


A right of inheritance belonging to the firstborn son. In a broad sense, the birthright includes any or all rights or inheritance transmitted to a person when he is born into a family and culture.


Sell me this day thy birthright, Gen. 25:29–34 (Gen. 27:36). The firstborn sat according to his birthright, Gen. 43:33. He set Ephraim before Manasseh, Gen. 48:14–20 (Jer. 31:9). The birthright was Joseph's, 1 Chr. 5:2. Esau sold his birthright, Heb. 12:16. Ye are lawful heirs, D&C 86:9. Zion has a right to the priesthood by lineage, D&C 113:8 (Abr. 2:9–11).



 BISHOP. See also Aaronic Priesthood


Means "overseer," an office or position of responsibility. Bishop is an ordained office in the Aaronic Priesthood (D&C 20:67; 107:87–88), and a bishop is a common judge in Israel (D&C 107:72, 74).


The Holy Ghost has made you overseers, Acts 20:28. Qualifications are set forth for bishops, 1 Tim. 3:1–7 (Titus 1:7). A bishop is to be ordained, D&C 20:67. Edward Partridge was to serve as a bishop unto the Church, D&C 41:9. A bishop is to discern spiritual gifts, D&C 46:27, 29. A high priest may officiate in the office of bishop, D&C 68:14, 19 (D&C 107:17). A bishop is appointed of the Lord, D&C 72:1–26. A bishop is to care for the poor, D&C 84:112. A bishop is to administer all temporal things, D&C 107:68. A bishop is president of the Aaronic Priesthood, D&C 107:87–88.



 BLASPHEME, BLASPHEMY. See also Profanity; Unpardonable Sin


Speaking disrespectfully or irreverently of God or sacred things.


  Jesus was charged several times by the Jews with speaking blasphemy because he claimed the right to forgive sins (Matt. 9:2–3; Luke 5:20–21), because he called himself the Son of God (John 10:22–36; 19:7), and because he said they would see him sitting on the right hand of power and coming in the clouds of heaven (Matt. 26:64–65). These charges would have been true if he had not actually been all that he said he was. The charge brought against him by the false witnesses at the trial before the Sanhedrin (Matt. 26:59–61) was of blasphemy against God's temple. Blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, which is willfully denying Christ after having received a perfect knowledge of him, is the unforgivable sin (Matt. 12:31–32; Mark 3:28–29; D&C 132:27).


He that blasphemes the name of the Lord shall be put to death, Lev. 24:11–16. The Lord's enemies will not be left to blaspheme his name, D&C 105:15. Vengeance will come upon those who blaspheme against the Lord, D&C 112:24–26.



 BLESS, BLESSED, BLESSING. See also Administration to the Sick; Grace; Law; Patriarchal Blessings; Thankful, Thanks, Thanksgiving


To confer divine favor upon someone. Anything contributing to true happiness, well-being, or prosperity is a blessing.


All blessings are based on eternal laws (D&C 130:20–21). Because God wants his children to find joy in life (2 Ne. 2:25), he grants blessings to them as a result of their obedience to his commandments (D&C 82:10), in answer to a prayer or priesthood ordinance (D&C 19:38; 107:65–67), or through his grace (2 Ne. 25:23).


A well-known list of statements about blessedness is the Beatitudes (Matt. 5:1–12; 3 Ne. 12:1–12).


 General:  I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, Gen. 12:2–3 (1 Ne. 15:18; Abr. 2:9–11). Blessings are upon the head of the just, Prov. 10:6. A faithful man shall abound with blessings, Prov. 28:20. The Lord will open the windows of heaven and pour you out a blessing, Mal. 3:10 (3 Ne. 24:10). The Beatitudes promise blessings, Matt. 5:1–12 (3 Ne. 12:1–12). Blessed are they who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb, Rev. 19:9. He that is righteous is favored of God, 1 Ne. 17:35 (Mosiah 10:13). If ye will hearken, I leave unto you a blessing, 2 Ne. 1:28. I leave unto you the same blessing, 2 Ne. 4:9. He immediately blesses you, Mosiah 2:24. The Lord blesses and prospers those who put their trust in him, Hel. 12:1. Assist to bring forth my work, and you shall be blessed, D&C 6:9. Pray always, and great shall be your blessing, D&C 19:38. Be baptized, and you shall receive my Spirit and a blessing so great as you have never known, D&C 39:10. After much tribulation come the blessings, D&C 58:4. Men obey not; I revoke and they receive not the blessing, D&C 58:32. Ye have not understood how great blessings the Father has prepared for you, D&C 78:17. From the high priesthood comes the administering of ordinances and blessings upon the church, D&C 107:65–67. There is a law upon which all blessings are predicated, D&C 130:20. All who will have a blessing at my hands shall abide the law, D&C 132:5. Blessings are held in reserve for them that love the Lord, D&C 138:52. Abraham sought for the blessings of the fathers and the right to administer the same, Abr. 1:2.


 Blessing of children:  He took them up in his arms and blessed them, Mark 10:16. He took their little children, one by one, and blessed them, 3 Ne. 17:21. Elders are to bless children in the name of Jesus Christ, D&C 20:70.



 BLOOD. See also Atone, Atonement; Jesus Christ; Sacrifice


Regarded by the ancient Israelites and many cultures today as the seat of life or vital energy of all flesh. In Old Testament times the Lord forbade Israel to eat blood as food (Lev. 3:17; 7:26–27; 17:10–14).


  The atoning power of a sacrifice was in the blood because the blood was regarded as essential to life. Animal sacrifice in the Old Testament was a symbol of the great sacrifice later performed by Jesus Christ (Lev. 17:11; Moses 5:5–7). Jesus Christ's atoning blood cleanses the repentant from sin (1 Jn. 1:7).


His sweat was as it were great drops of blood, Luke 22:44. We are sanctified by the shedding of the blood of Christ, Heb. 10:1–22. Blood came from every pore, Mosiah 3:7 (D&C 19:18). The Lord's blood was shed for the remission of sins, D&C 27:2. Jesus wrought a perfect atonement through shedding his blood, D&C 76:69. By the blood ye are sanctified, Moses 6:60.



 BOASTING. See Pride



 BOAZ. See also Ruth


Husband of Ruth (Ruth 4:9–10); great-grandfather of David, the king of Israel (Ruth 4:13–17); and progenitor of Christ, the King of Kings (Luke 3:32).



 BODY. See also Death, Physical; Mortal, Mortality; Resurrection; Soul


The mortal, physical structure of flesh and bones created in God's image that is combined with a spirit to make up a living person. The physical bodies of all men and women will be reunited eternally with their spirits in the resurrection. The scriptures sometimes refer to a body and spirit joined together as a soul (Gen. 2:7; D&C 88:15; Moses 3:7, 9, 19; Abr. 5:7).


The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, Gen. 2:7 (Moses 3:7). Handle me and see, for a spirit has not flesh and bones, Luke 24:39. I discipline my body and bring it into subjection, 1 Cor. 9:27.  There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body, 1 Cor. 15:44. The body without the spirit is dead, James 2:26. The mortal body will be raised as an immortal body, Alma 11:43–45. Every part of the body shall be restored, Alma 41:2. Jesus showed his resurrected body to the Nephites, 3 Ne. 10:18–19; 11:13–15. The Father has a body of flesh and bones as tangible as man's; the Son also, D&C 130:22. God created male and female in the image of his own body, Moses 6:9 (Gen. 9:6).



 BOOK OF COMMANDMENTS. See also Doctrine and Covenants; Revelation


In 1833, a number of the revelations received by the Prophet Joseph Smith were prepared for publication under the title A Book of Commandments for the Government of the Church of Christ. The Lord continued to communicate with his servants, and an enlarged compilation of revelations was published two years later as the Doctrine and Covenants.


D&C 1 is the Lord's preface to the book of his commandments, D&C 1:6. The Lord challenged the wisest person to duplicate the least of his revelations in the Book of Commandments, D&C 67:4–9. Stewards were appointed to publish the revelations, D&C 70:1–5.



 BOOK OF LIFE. See also Book of Remembrance


In one sense the Book of Life is the total of a person's thoughts and actions—the record of his life. However, the scriptures also indicate that a heavenly record is kept of the faithful, including their names and accounts of their righteous deeds.


The Lord will blot sinners out of his book, Ex. 32:33. He that overcomes will not be blotted  out of the book of life, Rev. 3:5. Another book was opened, which is the book of life, Rev. 20:12 (D&C 128:6–7). The names of the righteous shall be written in the book of life, Alma 5:58. Your prayers are recorded in the book of the names of the sanctified, D&C 88:2.



 BOOK OF MORMON. See also Canon; Ephraim–The stick of Ephraim or Joseph; Gold Plates; Mormon, Nephite Prophet; Plates; Scriptures; Smith, Joseph, Jr.; Witnesses of the Book of Mormon


One of the four volumes of scripture accepted by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. It is an abridgment by an ancient prophet named Mormon of the records of the ancient inhabitants of the Americas. It was written to testify that Jesus is the Christ.  Concerning this record, the Prophet Joseph Smith, who translated it by the gift and power of God, said: "I told the brethren that the Book of Mormon was the most correct of any book on earth, and the keystone of our religion, and a man would get nearer to God by abiding by its precepts, than by any other book" (see the introduction at the front of the Book of Mormon).


  The Book of Mormon is a religious record of three groups of people who migrated from the Old World to the American continents. These groups were led by prophets who recorded their religious and secular histories on metal plates. The Book of Mormon records the visit of Jesus Christ to the people in the Americas following his resurrection. A two hundred-year era of peace followed that visit of Christ.


  Moroni, the last of the Nephite prophet-historians, sealed up the abridged records of these people and hid them in about A.D. 421. In 1823, the resurrected Moroni visited Joseph Smith and later delivered to him these ancient and sacred records to be translated and brought forth to the world as another testament of Jesus Christ.


Joseph is a fruitful bough whose branches run over the wall, Gen. 49:22–26. Truth shall spring out of the earth, Ps. 85:11 (Morm. 8:16; Moses 7:62). The Lord will lift up an ensign to the nations and will hiss unto them, Isa. 5:26. A voice shall speak out of the ground, Isa. 29:4 (2 Ne. 26:14–17). The vision of all has become as the words of a book that is sealed, Isa. 29:11 (Isa. 29:9–18; 2 Ne. 27:6–26). The sticks of Joseph and of Judah shall be one in the Lord's hand, Ezek. 37:15–20. Other sheep I have, which are not of this fold, John 10:16 (3 Ne. 15:16–24). The Book of Mormon and the Bible will grow together, 2 Ne. 3:12–21. The Lord's words will hiss forth unto the ends of the earth, 2 Ne. 29:2. The Lord covenanted with Enos to bring forth the Book of Mormon to the Lamanites, Enos 1:15–16. The Book of Mormon was written for the intent that we may believe the Bible, Morm. 7:9. The Book of Mormon shall stand as a testimony against the world, Ether 5:4. Ask God if these things are not true, Moro. 10:4. Christ bore testimony that the Book of Mormon is true, D&C 17:6. The Book of Mormon contains the fulness of the gospel of Jesus Christ, D&C 20:9 (D&C 20:8–12; 42:12). We believe the Book of Mormon to be the word of God, A of F 1:8.



 BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE. See also Book of Life; Genealogy


A book begun by Adam in which were recorded the works of his descendants; also any similar records kept by prophets and faithful members since that time. Adam and his children kept a book of remembrance, in which they wrote by the spirit of inspiration, and a book of the generations, which contained a genealogy (Moses 6:5, 8). Such records may well have a part in determining our final judgment.


A book of remembrance was written, Mal. 3:16–18 (3 Ne. 24:13–26). All they who are not found written in the book of remembrance shall find no inheritance in that day, D&C 85:9. The dead were judged by the books that contained the record of their works, D&C 128:7. Let us present a book containing the records of our dead, D&C 128:24. A book of remembrance was kept, Moses 6:5–8. We have a book of remembrance, Moses 6:46. Abraham endeavored to write a record for his posterity, Abr. 1:31.



 BORN AGAIN, BORN OF GOD. See also Baptism, Baptize; Begotten; Children of Christ; Conversion, Convert; Natural Man; Sons and Daughters of God


To have the Spirit of the Lord cause a mighty change in a person's heart so that he has no more desire to do evil, but rather desires to seek the things of God.


I will put a new spirit within you, Ezek. 11:19 (Ezek. 18:31; 36:26). Those who believed on Christ's name were born, not of blood, but of God, John 1:12–13. Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God, John 3:3–7. We can be born again by the word of God, 1 Pet. 1:3–23. Whosoever is born of God does not continue in sin, JST, 1 Jn. 3:9. For whatsoever is born of God overcomes the world, 1 Jn. 5:4. Those who are born of Christ covenant with God, Mosiah 3:19; 5:2–7. All people must be born again; yea, born of God, Mosiah 27:25–26 (Alma 5:49). Have ye spiritually been born of God? Alma 5:12–19. If ye are not born again, ye cannot inherit the kingdom of heaven, Alma 7:14. Whosoever believes on my words shall be born of me, even of water and of the Spirit, D&C 5:16. Ye must be born again into the kingdom of heaven, Moses 6:59.



 BRASS PLATES. See also Plates


A record of the Jews from the beginning to 600 B.C., containing many writings of the prophets (1 Ne. 5:10–16). This record was kept by Laban, one of the Jewish elders in Jerusalem. While Lehi and his family were in the wilderness, Lehi sent his sons back to Jerusalem to obtain this record (1 Ne. 3–4). (For further information, see "A Brief Explanation about the Book of Mormon," which is in the Book of Mormon.)



 BREAD OF LIFE. See also Jesus Christ; Sacrament


Jesus Christ is the Bread of Life. The bread of the sacrament symbolically represents Christ's body.


I am the bread of life, John 6:33–58. Eat and drink of the bread and water of life, Alma 5:34. Bread is in remembrance of Christ's body, 3 Ne. 18:5–7. Bread is an emblem of Christ's flesh, D&C 20:40, 77 (Moro. 4:1–3).



 BREASTPLATES. See also Urim and Thummim


The scriptures mention two types of breastplates: (1) The front part of a soldier's protective clothing or armor. In a symbolic sense, Saints should wear a breastplate of righteousness to protect themselves against evil (Isa. 59:17; Eph. 6:14). (2) An article of clothing worn by the high priest in the law of Moses (Ex. 28:13–30; 39:8–21). It was made of linen and bore twelve precious stones. It is sometimes referred to in connection with the Urim and Thummim (D&C 17:1; JS-H 1:35, 42, 52).



 BRETHREN, BROTHER. See also Man, Men; Sister


As children of our Heavenly Father, all men and women are spiritually brothers and sisters. In the Church, male members and friends of the Church are often addressed as brothers.


When thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren, Luke 22:32. He who loves not his brother abides in death, 1 Jn. 3:10–17. Think of your brethren like unto yourselves, Jacob 2:17. Let every man esteem his brother as himself, D&C 38:24–25. Strengthen your brethren in all your conversations, D&C 108:7.



 BRIDEGROOM. See also Jesus Christ


Jesus Christ is symbolized in the scriptures as the Bridegroom. The Church is his symbolic bride.


Ten virgins went forth to meet the Bridegroom, Matt. 25:1–13. He that has the bride is the Bridegroom, John 3:27–30. Blessed are they who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb, Rev. 19:5–10. Be ready at the coming of the Bridegroom, D&C 33:17. Make ready for the Bridegroom, D&C 65:3.



 BROKEN HEART. See also Heart; Humble, Humility; Meek, Meekness; Repent, Repentance; Sacrifice


To have a broken heart is to be humble, contrite, repentant, and meek—that is, receptive to the will of God.


I dwell with him that is of a contrite and humble spirit, Isa. 57:15. Christ offered himself for those who have a broken heart and a contrite spirit, 2 Ne. 2:7. Offer for sacrifice unto the Lord a broken heart and contrite spirit, 3 Ne. 9:20 (D&C 59:8). Only those with broken hearts and contrite spirits are received unto baptism, Moro. 6:2. Jesus was crucified for the remission of sins unto the contrite heart, D&C 21:9. He whose spirit is contrite is accepted, D&C 52:15. The Holy Spirit is promised to those who are contrite, D&C 55:3. My Spirit is sent forth to enlighten the humble and contrite, D&C 136:33.








In the New Testament, the title by which some Roman emperors were known. It is used in the scriptures as a symbol of worldly government or power.


Render unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's, Matt. 22:21 (Mark 12:17; Luke 20:25; D&C 63:26).



 CAIAPHAS. See also Annas; Sadducees


In the New Testament, a high priest and son-in-law of Annas. Caiaphas took an active part in opposing Jesus and his disciples (Matt. 26:3–4; John 11:47–51; 18:13–14).



 CAIN. See also Abel; Adam; Murder; Secret Combinations


A son of Adam and Eve who slew his younger brother Abel (Gen. 4:1–16).


His offering was rejected by the Lord, Gen. 4:3–7 (Moses 5:5–8, 18–26). Killed his brother Abel, Gen. 4:8–14 (Moses 5:32–37).  The Lord set a curse and a mark upon him, Gen. 4:15 (Moses 5:37–41). Adam and Eve had many sons and daughters before he was born, Moses 5:1–3, 16–17. Loved Satan more than God, Moses 5:13, 18. Entered into an unholy covenant with Satan, Moses 5:29–31.





One of those sent by Moses to search the land of Canaan in the second year after the Exodus. He and Joshua alone brought back a true report of the land (Num. 13:6, 30; 14:6–38). They alone of all who had left Egypt survived the 40 years in the wilderness (Num. 26:65; 32:12; Deut. 1:36) and entered Canaan (Josh. 14:6–14; 15:13–19).



 CALL, CALLED OF GOD, CALLING. See also Authority; Choose, Chose, Chosen (verb); Chosen (adjective or noun); Ordain, Ordination; Steward, Stewardship


To be called of God is to receive an appointment or invitation from him or his duly authorized Church leaders to serve him in a particular way.


He laid his hands upon him and gave him a charge, Num. 27:23. I ordained thee a prophet, Jer. 1:5. I have chosen you and ordained you, John 15:16. Paul was called to be an Apostle, Rom. 1:1. No man takes this honor unto himself, but he that is called of God, Heb. 5:4. Jesus was called of God after the order of Melchizedek, Heb. 5:10. I have been called to preach the word of God according to the spirit of revelation and prophecy, Alma 8:24. Priests were called and prepared from the foundation of the world, Alma 13:3. If ye have desires to serve God, ye are called, D&C 4:3. Stand fast in the work to which I have called you, D&C 9:14. You need not suppose that you are called to preach until you are called, D&C 11:15. Elders are called to bring to pass the gathering of the elect, D&C 29:7. No one shall preach my gospel or build up my Church unless he is ordained, D&C 42:11. There are many called, but few are chosen, D&C 121:34. Man must be called of God, A of F 1:5.



 CALLING AND ELECTION. See also Election


Righteous followers of Christ can become numbered among the elect who gain the assurance of exaltation. This calling and election begins with repentance and baptism. It becomes complete when they "press forward, feasting upon the word of Christ, and endure to the end" (2 Ne. 31:19–20). The scriptures call this process making our calling and election sure (2 Pet. 1:4–11; D&C 131:5–6).


Ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, Ex. 19:5–6 (Rev. 1:6).  God hath from the beginning chosen the elect for salvation, 2 Thes. 2:13. Give diligence to make your calling and election sure, 2 Pet. 1:10. The Lord may seal you his, Mosiah 5:15. I covenant with thee that thou shalt have eternal life, Mosiah 26:20. Faithful priesthood holders become the church and kingdom and the elect of God, D&C 84:33–34. The more sure word of prophecy means knowing that one is sealed up unto eternal life, D&C 131:5–6. I seal upon you your exaltation, D&C 132:49.



 CALVARY. See Golgotha





In Old Testament times, the fourth son of Ham (Gen. 9:22; 10:1, 6) and grandson of Noah. Canaanite refers to someone from the land where Canaan originally lived and also to his descendants. Canaanite was also a name for the people who inhabited the lowland along the Mediterranean coast of Palestine. This name was sometimes used to describe all the non-Israelite inhabitants of the country west of Jordan, whom the Greeks called Phoenicians.



 CANON. See also Bible; Book of Mormon; Doctrine and Covenants; Pearl of Great Price; Scriptures


A recognized, authoritative collection of sacred books. In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the canonical books are called the standard works and include the Old and New Testaments, the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price.





Punishment by death for a crime committed, especially associated with punishment for murder.


Whoso sheds man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed, Gen. 9:6 (JST, Gen. 9:12–13). The murderer shall surely be put to death, Num. 35:16. Murderers who deliberately kill shall die, 2 Ne. 9:35. Thou art condemned to die according to the law, Alma 1:13–14. He that murdered was punished unto death, Alma 1:18. The law requires the life of him who has murdered, Alma 34:12. He that kills shall die, D&C 42:19.


 CAPTIVITY. See also Free, Freedom


To be in physical or spiritual bondage.


The house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity, Ezek. 39:23. He that leads into captivity shall go into captivity, Rev. 13:10. The wicked will be brought down into the captivity of the devil, 1 Ne. 14:4, 7. Men are free to choose liberty and eternal life or captivity and death, 2 Ne. 2:27. The will of the flesh gives the spirit of the devil power to captivate, 2 Ne. 2:29. Have you sufficiently retained in remembrance the captivity of your fathers? Alma 5:5–6. They who harden their hearts are taken captive by the devil, Alma 12:11. Watch and pray always, lest ye be tempted by the devil, and ye be led away captive by him, 3 Ne. 18:15.



 CARNAL. See also Fall of Adam and Eve; Natural Man; Sensual, Sensuality


Something that is not spiritual; specifically the word may be used to mean either mortal and temporal (D&C 67:10) or worldly, fleshly, and sensual (Mosiah 16:10–12).


To be carnally-minded is death, 2 Ne. 9:39. The devil lulls men away into carnal security, 2 Ne. 28:21. They had viewed themselves in their own carnal state, Mosiah 4:2. He that persists in his own carnal nature remains in his fallen state, Mosiah 16:5. All must be born of God, changed from their carnal and fallen state, Mosiah 27:25. Mankind had become carnal, sensual, and devilish, Alma 42:10. Those who follow after their own will and carnal desires must fall, D&C 3:4. Man cannot see God with a carnal mind, D&C 67:10–12. Men began to be carnal, sensual, and devilish, Moses 5:13; 6:49.



 CARTHAGE JAIL (USA). See also Smith, Hyrum; Smith, Joseph, Jr.


Joseph and Hyrum Smith were murdered by a mob on 27 June 1844 at the jail in Carthage, Illinois, United States of America (D&C 135).



 CELESTIAL GLORY. See also Degrees of Glory; Eternal Life; Exaltation


The highest of the three degrees of glory that a person can attain after this life. Here the righteous will dwell in the presence of God the Father and his Son Jesus Christ.


The glory of the celestial is one, 1 Cor. 15:40 (D&C 76:96). Paul was caught up to the third heaven, 2 Cor. 12:2. Celestial glory was shown in vision, D&C 76:50–70. If Saints desire a place in the celestial world, they must prepare, D&C 78:7. He who is not able to abide the law of a celestial kingdom cannot abide a celestial glory, D&C 88:15–22. In the celestial glory there are three heavens; conditions are set forth for attaining the highest, D&C 131:1–2. Children who die before the age of accountability are saved in the celestial kingdom, D&C 137:10.



 CELIBACY. See Marriage, Marry





An officer in the Roman army in command of a company of 50 to 100 men. Such a company formed one sixtieth part of a Roman legion. (See Matt. 8:5; Luke 23:47; Acts 10:1–8.)



 CHARITY. See also Compassion; Love; Service; Welfare


The pure love of Christ (Moro. 7:47); the love that Christ has for the children of men and that the children of men should have for one another (2 Ne. 26:30; 33:7–9; Ether 12:33–34); the highest, noblest, strongest kind of love, not merely affection.


Knowledge puffs up, but charity edifies, 1 Cor. 8:1. Charity, a pure love, excels and exceeds almost all else, 1 Cor. 13. The end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, 1 Tim. 1:5. Add to brotherly kindness charity, 2 Pet. 1:7.  The Lord has commanded that all men should have charity, 2 Ne. 26:30 (Moro. 7:44–47). See that ye have faith, hope, and charity, Alma 7:24. The love that the Lord has for men is charity, Ether 12:33–34. Without charity men cannot inherit that place prepared in the Father's mansions, Ether 12:34 (Moro. 10:20–21). Moroni wrote Mormon's words on faith, hope, and charity, Moro. 7. Charity qualifies men for the Lord's work, D&C 4:5–6 (D&C 12:8). Clothe yourselves with the bond of charity, D&C 88:125. Let thy bowels be full of charity, D&C 121:45.



 CHASTEN, CHASTENING. See also Adversity


Correction or discipline given to individuals or groups in order to help them improve or become stronger.


Despise not the chastening hand of the Almighty, Job 5:17 (Prov. 3:11). Blessed is the man whom thou chastens, O Lord, Ps. 94:12. All scripture is given for reproof, for correction, 2 Tim. 3:16. The Lord chastens those whom he loves, Heb. 12:5–11. The Lord sees fit to chasten his people, Mosiah 23:21–22. Except the Lord chasten his people, they will not remember him, Hel. 12:3. The Lord did talk with the brother of Jared, and chastened him, Ether 2:14. They were chastened that they might repent, D&C 1:27. Whom I love I also chasten that their sins may be forgiven, D&C 95:1. All those who will not endure chastening cannot be sanctified, D&C 101:2–5. My people must needs be chastened until they learn obedience, D&C 105:6. He that will not bear chastisement is not worthy of my kingdom, D&C 136:31.



 CHASTITY. See also Adultery; Fornication; Sensual, Sensuality; Virtue


Sexual purity of men and women.


Joseph resisted the advances of Potiphar's wife, Gen. 39:7–21 (D&C 42:24; 59:6). Thou shalt not commit adultery, Ex. 20:14. A virtuous woman is a crown to her husband, Prov. 12:4 (Prov. 31:10). Know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost? 1 Cor. 6:18–19. Be thou an example in purity, 1 Tim. 4:12. No unclean thing can dwell with God, 1 Ne. 10:21. For I, the Lord God, delight in the chastity of women, Jacob 2:28. Sexual sin is an abomination, Alma 39:1–13. Chastity and virtue are most dear and precious above all things, Moro. 9:9. We believe in being chaste, A of F 1:13.





Figures representing heavenly creatures, the exact form being unknown. Cherubim have been called to guard sacred places.


The Lord placed cherubim to keep the way of the tree of life, Gen. 3:24 (Alma 12:21–29; 42:2–3; Moses 4:31). Symbolic representations of cherubim were placed on the mercy seat, Ex. 25:18, 22 (1 Kgs. 6:23–28; Heb. 9:5). Cherubim are mentioned in the visions of Ezekiel, Ezek. 10; 11:22.



 CHILD, CHILDREN. See also Account, Accountable, Accountability; Atone, Atonement; Bless, Blessed, Blessing–Blessing of children; Family; Infant Baptism; Salvation–Salvation of children


A young person, one who has not yet reached puberty. Fathers and mothers are to train their children to obey God's will. Children are without sin until they reach the age of accountability (Moro. 8:22; D&C 68:27).


Children are a heritage from the Lord, Ps. 127:3–5. Train up a child in the way he should go, Prov. 22:6. Suffer little children, and forbid them not to come unto me, Matt. 19:14. Obey your parents, Eph. 6:1–3 (Col. 3:20). Without the Fall, Adam and Eve would have had no children, 2 Ne. 2:22–23. Teach children to walk in truth and soberness, Mosiah 4:14–15. Little children have eternal life, Mosiah 15:25. Jesus took the little children and blessed them, 3 Ne. 17:21. All thy children shall be taught of the Lord, and great shall be the peace of thy children, 3 Ne. 22:13 (Isa. 54:13). Little children do not need repentance or baptism, Moro. 8:8–24. Little children are redeemed from the foundation of the world through mine Only Begotten, D&C 29:46–47. Parents should teach children gospel principles and practices, D&C 68:25, 27–28. Children are holy through the atonement of Christ, D&C 74:7. Parents are commanded to bring up their children in light and truth, D&C 93:40. Children who die before the age of accountability are saved in the celestial kingdom, D&C 137:10.



 CHILDREN OF CHRIST. See also Begotten; Born Again, Born of God; Jesus Christ; Sons and Daughters of God

Those who have accepted the gospel of Jesus Christ.


Whosoever shall humble himself as this little child is greatest, Matt. 18:1–4. Believe in the light that ye may be the children of light, John 12:36. Put off the natural man and become as a child, Mosiah 3:19; 27:25–26. Because of the covenant ye shall be called the children of Christ, Mosiah 5:7. If ye will lay hold upon every good thing, ye certainly will be a child of Christ, Moro. 7:19. As many as received me, gave I power to become my sons, D&C 39:4. Fear not, little children, for you are mine, D&C 50:40–41. Thou art one in me, a son of God, Moses 6:68.



 CHILDREN OF GOD. See Man, Men; Sons and Daughters of God






 CHOICE. See Agency; Choose, Chose, Chosen



 CHOOSE, CHOSE, CHOSEN (verb). See also Agency; Call, Called of God, Calling; Free, Freedom


When the Lord selects, or chooses, an individual or group, he usually also calls them to serve.


Choose you this day whom ye will serve, Josh. 24:15 (Alma 30:8; Moses 6:33). I have chosen thee in the furnace of affliction, Isa. 48:10 (1 Ne. 20:10). Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, John 15:16. God has chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise, 1 Cor. 1:27. He has chosen us before the foundation of the world, Eph. 1:4. We are free to choose liberty and eternal life or captivity and death, 2 Ne. 2:27. Noble and great ones were chosen in the beginning, D&C 138:55–56. Israel was chosen by God, Moses 1:26. Abraham was chosen before he was born, Abr. 3:23.



 CHOSEN (adjective or noun). See also Call, Called of God, Calling


Those selected by God for special responsibilities.


I have made a covenant with my chosen, Ps. 89:3. Many are called, but few are chosen, Matt. 22:14 (Matt. 20:16; D&C 95:5; 121:34, 40). The Saints are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, 1 Pet. 2:9. Christ was God's Beloved and Chosen from the beginning, Moses 4:2.



 CHRIST. See Jesus Christ


 CHRISTIANS. See also Disciple; Saint


A name given to believers in Jesus Christ. Although this term is commonly used throughout the world, the Lord has designated true followers of Christ as Saints (Acts 9:13, 32, 41; 1 Cor. 1:2; D&C 115:4).


The disciples were called Christians, Acts 11:26. If any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed, 1 Pet. 4:16. Because of the covenant ye shall be called the children of Christ, Mosiah 5:7. True believers were called Christians by those who were not members of the Church, Alma 46:13–16.





Two books in the Old Testament. They give a short history of events from the Creation to the proclamation of Cyrus allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem.


 First Chronicles: Chapters 1–9 list genealogies from Adam to Saul. Chapter 10 chronicles the death of Saul. Chapters 11–22 trace the events associated with the reign of David. Chapters 23–27 explain that Solomon was made king and the Levites were set in order. Chapter 28 explains that David commanded Solomon to build a temple. Chapter 29 records David's death.


 Second Chronicles: Chapters 1–9 trace the events associated with the reign of Solomon. Chapters 10–12 tell of the reign of Solomon's son Rehoboam, during which the united kingdom of Israel was divided into the northern and southern kingdoms. Chapters 13–36 describe the reigns of various kings until the capture of the kingdom of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar. The book ends with Cyrus's decree that the captive children of Judah could return to Jerusalem.




The following chronology, or list of events, is not comprehensive and is meant only to give the reader a sense of the sequence of events in biblical and Book of Mormon times:


Events in the days of the early patriarchs: (Because of the difficulty in determining exact dates for the events in this section, dates are not given.)


B.C. (or B.C.E.-Before Common Era)

4000           Adam fell.

                  Enoch ministered

                  Noah ministered; the earth was flooded.

                  The Tower of Babel was built; the  Jaredites traveled to the Promised  Land.

                  Melchizedek ministered.

                  Noah died.

                  Abram (Abraham) was born.

                  Isaac was born.

                  Jacob was born.

                  Joseph was born.

                  Joseph was sold into Egypt.

                  Joseph appeared before Pharaoh.

                  Jacob (Israel) and his family went down  to Egypt.

                  Jacob (Israel) died.

                  Joseph died.

                  Moses was born.

                  Moses led the children of Israel out of  Egypt (the Exodus).  

                  Moses was translated.

                  Joshua died.

                  After Joshua died, the period of the judges began, the first judge being Othniel and the last Samuel; the order and dates of the rest are very  uncertain.

                  Saul was anointed king.


Events of the United Kingdom of Israel:


1095           Saul's reign began.

1063           David was anointed king by Samuel.

1055           David became king in Hebron.

1047           David became king in Jerusalem; Nathan  and Gad prophesied.

1015           Solomon became king of all Israel.

991             The temple was finished.

975             Solomon died; the ten northern tribes  revolted against Rehoboam, his son, and  Israel was divided.


Events of Israel:


975             Jeroboam was king of Israel.

875             Ahab ruled in Samaria over northern  Israel; Elijah prophesied.

851             Elisha worked great miracles.

792             Amos prophesied.

790             Jonah and Hosea prophesied.

721             The Northern Kingdom was destroyed; the ten tribes were taken into captivity; Micah  prophesied.


Events of Judah:


949             Shishak, king of Egypt, plundered  Jerusalem.

740             Isaiah began to prophesy. (Rome was  founded; Nabonassar was king of Babylon in 747; Tiglath-pileser III was king of  Assyria from 747 to 734.)

728             Hezekiah was king of Judah. (Shalmaneser IV was king of Assyria.)

642             Nahum prophesied.

628             Jeremiah and Zephaniah prophesied.

609             Obadiah prophesied; Daniel was carried  away captive to Babylon. (Nineveh fell  in 606; Nebuchadnezzar was king of  Babylon from 604 to 561.)

598             Ezekiel prophesied in Babylon; Habakkuk  prophesied; Zedekiah was king of Judah.

587             Nebuchadnezzar captured Jerusalem.


Events in Book of Mormon History:


600             Lehi left Jerusalem.

588             Mulek departed from Jerusalem for the  promised land.

588             Nephites separated themselves from the  Lamanites (between 588 and 570).

400             Jarom received the plates.

360             Omni received the plates.

148             Abinadi was martyred; Alma  reestablished the Church among the  Nephites.

124             Benjamin gave his final speech to the  Nephites.

100             Alma the Younger and the sons of Mosiah  began their work.

91               The reign of the judges began among the  Nephites.

5                Samuel the Lamanite prophesied of  Christ's birth.


A.D. (or C.E.)

33/34          The resurrected Christ appeared in  America. 385  The Nephite nation was destroyed.

421             Moroni hid the plates.


Events in Jewish History:


537             Cyrus decreed that the Jews could  return from Babylon.

520             Haggai and Zechariah prophesied.

486             Esther lived.

458             Ezra was commissioned to make reforms.

444             Nehemiah was appointed governor of  Judea.

432             Malachi prophesied.

332             Alexander the Great conquered Syria and  Egypt. 323  Alexander died.

277             The Septuagint, the translation of  Jewish scriptures into Greek, was  begun.

167             Mattathias the Maccabee revolted  against Syria.

166             Judas Maccabaeus became leader of the  Jews.

165             The temple was cleansed and  rededicated; Hanukkah originated.

161             Judas Maccabaeus died.

63               Pompey conquered Jerusalem, and the  rule of the Maccabees ended in Israel.

51               Cleopatra reigned.

41               Herod and Phasael were made joint  tetrarchs of Judea.

37               Herod became leader in Jerusalem.

31               The Battle of Actium was fought;  Augustus was emperor of Rome from 31  B.C. to A.D. 14.

30               Cleopatra died.

17               Herod restored the temple.


Events in Christian History:


A.D. (or C.E.-Common Era)

                  Birth of Jesus Christ:

30               Christ's ministry began.

33               Christ was crucified.

35               Paul was converted.

45               Paul took his first missionary journey.

58               Paul was sent to Rome.

61               The history of the Acts of the Apostles closed.

62               Rome was burned; Christians were  persecuted under Nero.

70               Christians retired to Pella; Jerusalem  was sieged and captured.

95               Christians were persecuted by Domitian.


 CHURCH, GREAT AND ABOMINABLE. See Devil–The church of the devil



 CHURCH, NAME OF. See also Church of Jesus Christ; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The; Mormon(s)


In the Book of Mormon, when Jesus Christ visited the righteous Nephites shortly after his resurrection, he said that his church should bear his name (3 Ne. 27:3–8). In modern times the Lord revealed the name of the Church to be "The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints" (D&C 115:4).


 CHURCH, SIGNS OF THE TRUE. See also Church of Jesus Christ; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The; Sign


Doctrines and works of a Church that show it is approved by God and is the means the Lord has established for his children to gain the fulness of his blessings. Some of the signs of the true Church are as follows:


 Correct understanding of the Godhead: God created man in his own image, Gen. 1:26–27. The Lord spoke unto Moses face to face, Ex. 33:11. Eternal life is to know God the Father and Jesus Christ, John 17:3. The Father and Son have bodies of flesh and bones, D&C 130:22–23. The Father and the Son appeared to Joseph Smith, JS-H 1:15–20. We believe in God, the Eternal Father, A of F 1:1.


 First principles and ordinances: Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, John 3:3–5. Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ, Acts 2:38. Then they laid their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost, Acts 8:14–17. Become children of God by faith in Jesus Christ, Gal. 3:26–27. Repent ye, and be baptized in the name of my Beloved Son, 2 Ne. 31:11–21. They who believed were baptized and received the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, D&C 76:50–53. Proper priesthood is needed to baptize and to give the gift of the Holy Ghost, JS-H 1:70–72. The first principles and ordinances of the gospel are described, A of F 1:4.


 Revelation: Where there is no vision, the people perish, Prov. 29:18. The Lord reveals his secrets to his prophets, Amos 3:7. The Church is built upon the rock of revelation, Matt. 16:17–18 (D&C 33:13). Woe unto him who shall say the Lord no longer worketh by revelation, 3 Ne. 29:6. Revelations and commandments come only through the one appointed, D&C 43:2–7. We believe all that God has revealed, A of F 1:9.


 Prophets: The Church is built upon the foundation of Apostles and prophets, Eph. 2:19–20. Apostles and prophets are essential to the Church, Eph. 4:11–16. Joseph Smith was called to be a seer, prophet, and Apostle, D&C 21:1–3. We believe in prophets, A of F 1:6.


 Authority: Jesus gave his disciples power and authority, Luke 9:1–2 (John 15:16). Nephi, the son of Helaman, had great authority from God, Hel. 11:18 (3 Ne. 7:17). The prophet is to receive commandments for the Church, D&C 21:4–5. No one may preach the gospel or build up the Church unless he is ordained by someone who has authority, D&C 42:11. The elders are to preach the gospel, acting in authority, D&C 68:8. Any who preach or administer for God must be called of God by those in authority, A of F 1:5.


 Additional scriptures to come forth: The stick of Judah will be joined with the stick of Joseph, Ezek. 37:15–20. The coming forth of latter-day scripture was foretold, 1 Ne. 13:38–41. We believe that God will yet reveal many great and important things, A of F 1:9.


 Church organization: The Church is built upon the foundation of Apostles and prophets, Eph. 2:19–20. Apostles and prophets are essential to the Church, Eph. 4:11–16. Christ is the head of the Church, Eph. 5:23. Christ's Church must be called in his name, 3 Ne. 27:8. We believe in the same organization that existed in the Primitive Church, A of F 1:6.


 Missionary work: Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, Matt. 28:19–20. Seventy were called to preach the gospel, Luke 10:1. They were desirous that salvation should be declared to every creature, Mosiah 28:3. Elders are to go forth, preaching my gospel, two by two, D&C 42:6. The gospel must be preached unto every creature, D&C 58:64.


 Spiritual gifts: They began to speak with other tongues, Acts 2:4. The elders are to heal the sick, James 5:14. Deny not the gifts of God, Moro. 10:8. Spiritual gifts are listed, D&C 46:13–26 (1 Cor. 12:1–11; Moro. 10:9–18).


 Temples: I will make a covenant and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them forevermore, Ezek. 37:26–27. The Lord shall suddenly come to his temple, Mal. 3:1. Nephi built a temple, 2 Ne. 5:16. The Saints were chastened for failing to build the house of the Lord, D&C 95 (D&C 88:119). The Lord's people always build temples for the performance of holy ordinances, D&C 124:37–44. Building temples and performing ordinances are parts of the great latter-day work, D&C 138:53–54.



 CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST. See also Church, Name of; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The; Church, Signs of the True; Kingdom of God or Kingdom of Heaven; Restoration of the Gospel; Saint


An organized body of believers who have taken upon themselves the name of Jesus Christ by baptism and confirmation. To be the true Church it must be the Lord's Church; must have his authority, teachings, laws, ordinances, and name; and must be governed by him through representatives whom he has appointed.


The Lord added to the Church daily, Acts 2:47. We, being many, are one body in Christ, Rom. 12:5. By one Spirit we are all baptized into one body, 1 Cor. 12:13. The Church is built upon the foundation of Apostles and prophets, Eph. 2:19–20. Apostles and prophets are essential to the Church, Eph. 4:11–16. Christ is the head of the Church, Eph. 5:23. Notwithstanding there were many Churches, they were all one Church, Mosiah 25:19–22. The Church was cleansed and set in order, Alma 6:1–6. Christ's Church must be called in his name, 3 Ne. 27:8. The Church did meet together oft to fast and to pray and to speak, Moro. 6:5. This is the only true and living Church, D&C 1:30. The Church of Christ rose in these last days, D&C 20:1. The Lord calls his servants to build up his Church, D&C 39:13. For thus shall my Church be called in the last days, D&C 115:4.



 CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, THE. See also Church, Name of; Church of Jesus Christ; Church, Signs of the True; Restoration of the Gospel


The name given to the Church of Christ in the latter-days to distinguish it from the Church in other dispensations (D&C 115:3–4).


The Lord will pour down knowledge upon the Latter-day Saints, D&C 121:33. Joseph Smith is the prophet and seer of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, D&C 127:12. The great day of the Lord is at hand for the Latter-day Saints, D&C 128:21, 24. Joseph Smith has helped gather the Latter-day Saints, D&C 135:3. Companies of Latter-day Saints are to be organized for the trip to the western territory of the United States, D&C 136:2. Laws of marriage clarified for the Latter-day Saints, D&C OD-1. The priesthood is given to all worthy male members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, D&C OD-2. The account of the First Vision to all Latter-day Saints, JS-H 1:1.



 CIRCUMCISION. See also Abrahamic Covenant


The token of the Abrahamic covenant for male Israelites during Old Testament dispensations (Gen. 17:10–11, 23–27; JST, Gen. 17:11). Circumcision was performed by cutting off the "flesh of the foreskin" of male infants and adults alike. Those who received it enjoyed the privileges and accepted the responsibilities of the covenant. Circumcision as a token of the covenant was done away with by Christ's mission (Moro. 8:8; D&C 74:3–7).



 CLEAN AND UNCLEAN. See also Filth, Filthiness; Law of Moses; Pure, Purity


In the Old Testament, the Lord revealed to Moses and the ancient Israelites that only certain foods were considered clean or, in other words, fit to be eaten. The distinction that the Israelites drew between clean and unclean foods had a great effect upon their religious and social life. Certain animals, birds, and fish were regarded as clean and acceptable to eat, while others were unclean and were forbidden (Lev. 11; Deut. 14:3–20). Some diseased persons were also considered unclean.


  In a spiritual sense, to be clean is to be free from sin and sinful desires. In this sense the word is used to describe a person who is virtuous and has a pure heart (Ps. 24:4). God's covenant people have always had special instructions to be clean (3 Ne. 20:41; D&C 38:42; 133:5).


He that hath clean hands and a pure heart shall ascend unto the hill of the Lord, Ps. 24:3–5. Do not call any man common or unclean, Acts 10:11–28. Can ye look up to God at that day with a pure heart and clean hands? Alma 5:19. The Lord will chasten Zion until she is clean, D&C 90:36. Be ye clean that bear the vessels of the Lord, D&C 133:4–5, 14 (Isa. 52:11).



 COLOSSIANS, EPISTLE TO. See also Paul; Pauline Epistles


A book in the New Testament. It was originally a letter that the Apostle Paul wrote to the Colossians after he was visited by Epaphras, the evangelist of the Church in Colosse (Col. 1:7–8). Epaphras told Paul that the Colossians were falling into serious error—they thought they were better than other people because they carefully observed certain external ordinances (Col. 2:16), denied themselves certain physical wants, and worshiped angels (Col. 2:18).  These practices made the Colossians feel they were being sanctified. They also felt they understood the mysteries of the universe better than other Church members. In his letter, Paul corrected them by teaching that redemption comes only through Christ and that we are to be wise and serve him.


  Chapter 1 is Paul's greeting to the Colossians. Chapters 2–3 are doctrinal and contain statements on Christ as the Redeemer, the danger of false worship, and the importance of the resurrection. Chapter 4 teaches that Saints are to be wise in all things.



 COMBINATIONS. See Secret Combinations



 COME. See also Disciple; Obedience, Obedient, Obey


In the scriptures, to draw near to someone by following or obeying, such as in the phrase "come unto Christ, and be perfected in him" (Moro. 10:32).


Incline your ear, and come unto me, Isa. 55:3. Come unto me, all ye that labor, Matt. 11:28. Suffer little children to come unto me, Matt. 19:14. If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, Luke 9:23. He that cometh to me shall never hunger, John 6:35. Christ invites all to come unto him, 2 Ne. 26:33. Come unto me and be saved, 3 Ne. 12:20. Come unto Christ, Moro. 10:32. Invite all to come unto Christ, D&C 20:59. Come unto me, and your souls shall live, D&C 45:46.



 COMFORTER. See also Holy Ghost; Jesus Christ


The scriptures speak of two Comforters. The first is the Holy Ghost (John 14:26–27; Moro. 8:26; D&C 21:9; 42:17; 90:11). The Second Comforter is the Lord Jesus Christ (John 14:18, 21, 23). When someone obtains the Second Comforter, Jesus Christ will appear to him from time to time, will reveal the Father, and will teach him face to face (D&C 130:3).



 COMMANDMENTS, THE TEN. See also Commandments of God; Moses


Ten laws given by God through the prophet Moses to govern moral behavior.


  The Hebrew name for these is the "Ten Words."  They are also called the Covenant (Deut. 9:9) or the Testimony (Ex. 25:21; 32:15). God's giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses, and through him to Israel, is described in Ex. 19:9—20:23; 32:15–19; 34:1. The commandments were engraved on two tables of stone, which were placed in the Ark; hence the Ark was called the Ark of the Covenant (Num. 10:33). The Lord, quoting from Deut. 6:4–5 and Lev. 19:18, has summarized the Ten Commandments in "two great commandments" (Matt. 22:37–39).


  The Ten Commandments have been repeated in latter-day revelation (Mosiah 12:32–37; 13:12–24; D&C 42:18–28; 59:5–13; JST, Ex. 34:1–2).



 COMMANDMENTS OF GOD. See also Commandments, the Ten; Law; Obedience, Obedient, Obey; Sin; Word of God


The laws and requirements that God gives to mankind, either individually or collectively. Keeping the commandments will bring blessings of the Lord to the obedient (D&C 130:21).


Noah did according to all that God commanded him, Gen. 6:22. Walk in my statutes, and keep my commandments, Lev. 26:3. Keep my commandments, and live, Prov. 4:4 (Prov. 7:2). If ye love me, keep my commandments, John 14:15 (D&C 42:29). Whatsoever we ask, we receive of him, because we keep his commandments, 1 Jn. 3:22. His commandments are not grievous, 1 Jn. 5:3. Be immovable in keeping the commandments, 1 Ne. 2:10. The Lord gives no commandments save he shall prepare a way, 1 Ne. 3:7. I must do according to the strict commands of God, Jacob 2:10. Inasmuch as ye keep my commandments, ye shall prosper in the land, Jarom 1:9 (Alma 9:13; 50:20). Learn in thy youth to keep the commandments of God, Alma 37:35. These commandments are of me, D&C 1:24. Search these commandments, D&C 1:37. Those who do not keep the commandments cannot be saved, D&C 18:46 (D&C 25:15; 56:2). My commandments are spiritual; they are not natural or temporal, D&C 29:35. Commandments are given so that we may understand the Lord's will, D&C 82:8. I know not, save the Lord commanded me, Moses 5:6. The Lord will prove men to see if they will do all that he commands them, Abr. 3:25.



 COMMON CONSENT. See also Church of Jesus Christ; Sustaining Church Leaders


The principle whereby Church members sustain those called to serve in the Church, as well as other Church decisions requiring their support, usually shown by raising the right hand.


  Jesus Christ stands at the head of his Church. Through the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, he directs Church leaders in important actions and decisions. However, all Church members have the right and privilege of sustaining or not sustaining the actions and decisions of their leaders.

All the people answered with one voice, Ex. 24:3 (Num. 27:18–19). The Apostles and elders assembled with one accord, Acts 15:25. No person is to be ordained without the vote of the Church, D&C 20:65–66. All things are to be done by common consent, D&C 26:2 (D&C 28:13). Let all things be done by united consent, D&C 104:21.



 COMMUNION. See Sacrament



 COMPASSION. See also Charity; Love; Merciful, Mercy


In the scriptures, compassion means literally "to suffer with."  It also means to show sympathy, pity, and mercy for another.


The Lord called upon his people to show compassion, Zech. 7:8–10. Jesus was moved with compassion, Matt. 9:36 (Matt. 20:34; Mark 1:41; Luke 7:13). A certain Samaritan had compassion on him, Luke 10:33. Have compassion for one another, 1 Pet. 3:8. Christ is filled with compassion toward the children of men, Mosiah 15:9. My bowels are filled with compassion toward you, 3 Ne. 17:6. Joseph Smith prayed for the Lord's compassion, D&C 121:3–5.



 CONDEMN, CONDEMNATION. See also Judge, Judgment; Judgment, The Last


To judge or be judged guilty by God.


God will condemn a man of wicked devices, Prov. 12:2. We are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world, 1 Cor. 11:32. Our words, works, and thoughts will condemn us, Alma 12:14. By knowing things and not doing them, men come under condemnation, Hel. 14:19. If we should cease to labor, we should be brought under condemnation, Moro. 9:6. He that forgives not his brother stands condemned before the Lord, D&C 64:9. He who sins against the greater light shall receive the greater condemnation, D&C 82:3. The whole Church is under condemnation until they repent and remember the Book of Mormon, D&C 84:54–57.



 CONFESS, CONFESSION. See also Forgive; Repent, Repentance


The scriptures use confession in at least two ways. In one sense, to confess is to state one's faith in something, such as to confess that Jesus is the Christ (Matt. 10:32; Rom. 10:9; 1 Jn. 4:1–3; D&C 88:104).


  In another sense, to confess is to admit one's guilt, such as in a confession of sins. It is a duty of all persons to confess all their sins to the Lord and obtain his forgiveness (D&C 58:42–43). When necessary, sins should be confessed to the person or persons sinned against. Serious sins should be confessed to a Church official (in most cases the bishop).


He shall confess that he has sinned, Lev. 5:5. They shall confess their iniquity, Lev. 26:40–42. Give glory to the Lord God of Israel, and make confession unto him, Josh. 7:19. People were baptized of him in Jordan, confessing their sins, Matt. 3:5–6. The transgressor who confesses his sins shall be forgiven, Mosiah 26:29. Confess your sins, lest you suffer punishments, D&C 19:20. The repentant will confess and forsake their sins, D&C 58:43. The Lord is merciful to those who confess sins with humble hearts, D&C 61:2. The Lord forgives the sins of those who confess and ask forgiveness, D&C 64:7.



 CONFIDENCE. See also Belief, Believe; Faith; Trust


Having an assurance, belief, trust, or faith in something, especially God and Jesus Christ.


It is better to trust in the Lord than to put confidence in man, Ps. 118:8. The Lord shall be thy confidence, Prov. 3:26. When Christ shall appear, we may have confidence, 1 Jn. 2:28. The wicked Nephites lost the confidence of their children, Jacob 2:35. Then shall thy confidence wax strong in the presence of God, D&C 121:45.



 CONFIRMATION. See Hands, Laying on of



 CONSCIENCE. See also Light, Light of Christ


The inner sense of right and wrong, coming from the Light of Christ in all men (Moro. 7:16). We are born with a natural capacity to distinguish between right and wrong because of the Light of Christ that is given to every person (D&C 84:46). This faculty is called conscience. The possession of it makes us responsible beings. Like other faculties, our consciences may be deadened through sin or misuse.


The scribes and Pharisees were convicted by their own conscience, John 8:9. Their conscience also bears witness, Rom. 2:14–15. Apostates have their conscience seared with a hot iron, 1 Tim. 4:2. Men are instructed sufficiently that they know good from evil, 2 Ne. 2:5. King Benjamin had a clear conscience before God, Mosiah 2:15. The Nephites were filled with joy, having peace of conscience, Mosiah 4:3. Zeezrom was harrowed up under a consciousness of his own guilt, Alma 14:6. We are given joy or remorse of conscience according to our desires, Alma 29:5. A punishment and a just law bring remorse of conscience, Alma 42:18. The Spirit of Christ is given to every man that he may know good from evil, Moro. 7:16. Each individual should have the free exercise of conscience, D&C 134:2. I have a conscience void of offense, D&C 135:4. We claim the privilege of worshiping God according to the dictates of our own conscience, A of F 1:11.



 CONSECRATE, LAW OF CONSECRATION. See also Kingdom of God or Kingdom of Heaven; United Order


To dedicate, to make holy, or to become righteous. The law of consecration is a divine principle whereby men and women voluntarily dedicate their time, talents, and material wealth to the establishment and building up of God's kingdom.


Consecrate yourselves to day to the Lord, Ex. 32:29. All that believed had all things common, Acts 2:44–45. They had all things common among them; therefore there were not rich and poor, 4 Ne. 1:3. The Lord explained the principles of consecration, D&C 42:30–39 (D&C 51:2–19; 58:35–36). One man should not possess more than another, D&C 49:20. Every man was given an equal portion according to his family, D&C 51:3. An order was established so that the Saints could be equal in bonds of heavenly and earthly things, D&C 78:4–5. Every man was to have equal claim according to his wants and needs, D&C 82:17–19. Zion can only be built up by the principles of celestial law, D&C 105:5. The people of Enoch were of one heart and one mind and dwelt in righteousness, and there were no poor among them, Moses 7:18.



 CONSTITUTION. See also Government; Law


In the Doctrine and Covenants, "the Constitution" refers to the Constitution of the United States of America, which was divinely inspired in order to prepare the way for the restoration of the gospel.


Constitutional law should be befriended, D&C 98:5–6. The Lord caused the Constitution to be established, D&C 101:77, 80.





To be urged strongly to do or not to do something, especially by the influence and power of the Holy Ghost.


The spirit within me constrains me, Job 32:18. The love of Christ constraineth us, 2 Cor. 5:14. I was constrained by the Spirit that I should kill Laban, 1 Ne. 4:10. The Spirit constrains me, Alma 14:11. I am constrained according to the covenant, Alma 60:34. Ammaron, being constrained by the Holy Ghost, did hide up the records, 4 Ne. 1:48. That which comes from above must be spoken by constraint of the Spirit, D&C 63:64.



 CONTENTION. See also Rebellion


Strife, arguing, and disputations. Contention, especially between members of the Lord's Church or between family members, is not pleasing to the Lord.


Let there be no strife between me and thee, Gen. 13:8. Pride causes contention, Prov. 13:10. If any man have a quarrel against any, forgive as Christ forgave, Col. 3:13. Avoid foolish questions and contention, Titus 3:9. The Lord commands men not to contend with one another, 2 Ne. 26:32. Ye will not suffer your children to fight and quarrel with one another, Mosiah 4:14. Alma commanded that there be no contention among Church members, Mosiah 18:21. Satan spreads rumors and contention, Hel. 16:22. The devil is the father of contention and stirs up men to contend with one another, 3 Ne. 11:29 (Mosiah 23:15). Establish my gospel, that there may not be so much contention, D&C 10:62–64. Cease to contend with one another, D&C 136:23.



 CONTRITE HEART. See Broken Heart



 CONVERSION, CONVERT. See also Born Again, Born of God; Disciple


Changing one's beliefs, heart, and life to accept and conform to the will of God (Acts 3:19).


  Conversion includes a conscious decision to give up one's former ways and change to become a disciple of Christ.


Repentance, baptism for the remission of sins, the reception of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, and continued faith in the Lord Jesus Christ make conversion complete. A natural man will be changed into a new person who is sanctified and pure, born again in Christ Jesus (2 Cor. 5:17; Mosiah 3:19).


People must be converted and become as little children, Matt. 18:3 (Mosiah 3:19). When thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren, Luke 22:32. They that gladly received his word were baptized, Acts 2:37–41. Convert the sinner from the error of his way, James 5:20. Enos was converted, Enos 1:2–5. King Benjamin's words wrought a mighty change in the people, Mosiah 5:2 (Alma 5:12–14). All mankind must be born again, yea, born of God, Mosiah 27:25. Alma and the sons of Mosiah were converted, Mosiah 27:33–35. Lamoni's father was converted, Alma 22:15–18. By the power and word of God, they had been converted unto the Lord, Alma 53:10. Repentance brings a change of heart, Hel. 15:7. As many as were converted did truly show that they had been visited by the power and Spirit of God, 3 Ne. 7:21. Because of their faith in Christ at the time of their conversion, they were baptized with fire and with the Holy Ghost, 3 Ne. 9:20. They shall go forth and preach repentance, and many shall be converted, D&C 44:3–4.



 CORIANTON. See also Alma, Son of Alma


In the Book of Mormon, a son of Alma, the son of Alma.


Went to the Zoramites, Alma 31:7. Forsook the ministry to go after a harlot, Alma 39:3. Alma instructed him on the state of existence after death, resurrection, and atonement, Alma 39–42. Was called to preach again, Alma 42:31. Went to the land northward in a ship, Alma 63:10.



 CORIANTUMR. See also Jaredites


In the Book of Mormon, a king of the Jaredites and the last survivor of the Jaredite nation.


Was discovered by the people of Zarahemla, Omni 1:21. Was king over all the land, Ether 12:1–2. Was captured by Shared and liberated by his sons, Ether 13:23–24. Battled various enemies, Ether 13:28—14:31. Repented, Ether 15:3. Fought his final battle with Shiz, Ether 15:15–32.



 CORINTHIANS, EPISTLES TO. See also Paul; Pauline Epistles


Two books in the New Testament. They were originally letters that Paul wrote to the Saints in Corinth to correct disorder among them. The Corinthians lived in a society that was morally wicked.


 First Corinthians:  Chapter 1 contains Paul's greetings and a message of thanksgiving. Chapters 2–6 are Paul's corrections of faults of the Corinthian Saints. Chapters 7–12 contain Paul's replies to certain inquiries. Chapters 13–15 are concerned with charity, spiritual gifts, and the resurrection. Chapter 16 contains Paul's counsel to stand strong in the faith.


 Second Corinthians:  Chapter 1 contains Paul's greetings and a message of thanksgiving. Chapter 2 contains personal advice for Titus. Chapters 3–7 deal with the power of the gospel in the lives of the Saints and their leaders. Chapters 8–9 counsel the Saints to be cheerful givers to the poor. Chapters 10–12 are an assertion of Paul's own position as an Apostle. Chapter 13 is an admonition to be perfect.



 CORNELIUS. See also Centurion; Gentiles; Peter


A centurion at Caesarea, baptized by Peter (Acts 10). He was probably the first Gentile to join the Church without first having been converted to Judaism. The baptism of Cornelius and his family marked the opening of the way for the gospel to be preached to the Gentiles. Peter, the chief Apostle, who held the keys of the kingdom of God on the earth at that time, directed this preaching.



 CORNERSTONE. See also Jesus Christ


The main stone forming the corner of the foundation of a building. Jesus Christ is called the chief cornerstone (Eph. 2:20).


The stone that the builders refused has become the head stone of the corner, Ps. 118:22 (Matt. 21:42–44; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:10–12). The Jews rejected the cornerstone, Jacob 4:15–17.



 COUNCIL IN HEAVEN. See also Plan of Redemption; Premortal Life; War in Heaven


The occasion in premortal life when the Father presented his plan to his spirit children who would come to this earth.


The sons of God shouted for joy, Job 38:7. Exalt my throne above the stars of God, Isa. 14:12–13. There was a war in heaven, Rev. 12:7–11. Before they were born, they received their first lessons in the world of spirits, D&C 138:56. Satan rebelled in the premortal life, Moses 4:1–4. Intelligences were organized before the world was created, Abr. 3:22. The Gods took counsel among themselves, Abr. 4:26. The Gods ended the work that they counseled to do, Abr. 5:2.






 COUNSEL (noun). See also Prophet


Admonitions, warnings, advice, and instruction from the Lord and his ordained leaders.


I will give thee counsel, Ex. 18:19. God will guide me with his counsel, Ps. 73:24. When no counsel is given, the people fall, Prov. 11:14. The Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God, Luke 7:30. To be learned is good if they hearken unto the counsel of God, 2 Ne. 9:29. Listen to the counsel of him who has ordained you, D&C 78:2. Receive counsel of him whom I have appointed, D&C 108:1. He aspired to establish his counsel instead of the counsel which I have ordained, D&C 124:84. Hearken to the counsel of my servant Joseph, D&C 124:89. If any man seeks not my counsel, he shall have no power, D&C 136:19.



 COUNSEL (verb)


As used in the scriptures, counsel means to advise or instruct.


I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, Rev. 3:18. Seek not to counsel the Lord, Jacob 4:10. He doth counsel in wisdom over all his works, Alma 37:12. Your sins have come up unto me because you seek to counsel in your own ways, D&C 56:14.





The general appearance of a person's face, which often reflects spiritual attitude and state of mind.

Their countenance witnessed against them, Isa. 3:9. The king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, Dan. 5:6. His countenance was like lightning, Matt. 28:3. His countenance was as the sun, Rev. 1:16. Have ye received God's image in your countenance, Alma 5:14, 19.  Ammon saw that the countenance of the king was changed, Alma 18:12. Fast and pray with a glad heart and a cheerful countenance, D&C 59:14–15. His countenance shone above the brightness of the sun, D&C 110:3.



 COURAGE, COURAGEOUS. See also Faith; Fear


To not be afraid, especially of doing what is right.


Be strong and of a good courage, Deut. 31:6 (Josh. 1:6–7). Be very courageous to keep and to do all that is written, Josh. 23:6. God has not given us the spirit of fear, 2 Tim. 1:7. His heart took courage when he heard, Alma 15:4 (Alma 62:1). The sons of Helaman were exceedingly valiant for courage, Alma 53:20–21. Never had I seen such great courage, Alma 56:45. Courage, brethren, and on, on to the victory, D&C 128:22.



 COVENANT. See also Abrahamic Covenant; New and Everlasting Covenant; Oath; Oath and Covenant of the Priesthood


An agreement between God and man, but they do not act as equals in the agreement. God gives the conditions for the covenant, and men agree to do what he asks them to do. God then promises men certain blessings for their obedience.


  Principles and ordinances are received by covenant. Members of the Church who make such covenants promise to honor them. For example, members covenant with the Lord at baptism and renew those covenants by partaking of the sacrament. They make further covenants in the temple. The Lord's people are a covenant people and are greatly blessed as they keep their covenants with the Lord.


With thee will I establish my covenant, Gen. 6:18. Keep my covenant; then ye shall be a peculiar treasure, Ex. 19:5. Make no covenant with them nor their gods, Ex. 23:32. Keep the sabbath for a perpetual covenant, Ex. 31:16. I will never break my covenant with you, Judg. 2:1. My Saints have made a covenant with me by sacrifice, Ps. 50:5 (D&C 97:8). Remember his holy covenant, Luke 1:72 (D&C 90:24). The power of God descended upon the covenant people of the Lord, 1 Ne. 14:14. The covenant made to Abraham will be fulfilled in latter days, 1 Ne. 15:18 (3 Ne. 16:5, 11–12; 21:7; Morm. 9:37). Benjamin's people were willing to enter into a covenant with God to do his will, Mosiah 5:5. Baptism is a testimony that man has entered into a covenant with God to do his will, Mosiah 18:13.  Ye are children of the covenant, 3 Ne. 20:25–26. Angels fulfill and do the work of the covenants of the Father, Moro. 7:31. The shedding of the blood of Christ is the covenant, Moro. 10:33. Every person who belongs to this Church of Christ shall observe to keep all the covenants, D&C 42:78. Blessed are they who have kept the covenant, D&C 54:6. He who breaks this covenant shall lose his office and standing in the Church, D&C 78:11–12. All those who receive the priesthood receive this oath and covenant, D&C 84:39–40. They are willing to observe their covenants by sacrifice, D&C 97:8. The marriage covenant can be eternal, D&C 132. This shall be our covenant, that we will walk in all the ordinances, D&C 136:4.


 COVET. See also Envy


As used in the scriptures, to covet is to envy someone or to have an excessive desire for something.


Thou shalt not covet, Ex. 20:17 (Deut. 5:21; Mosiah 13:24; D&C 19:25). He that hates covetousness shall prolong his days, Prov. 28:16. They coveted fields and took them, Micah 2:2. Beware of covetousness, Luke 12:15. The law said, Thou shalt not covet, Rom. 7:7. In the last days, men shall be covetous, 2 Tim. 3:1–2. When Laban saw our property, he lusted after it, 1 Ne. 3:25. Thou shalt not covet thine own property, D&C 19:26. Cease to be covetous, D&C 88:123. Do not covet that which is thy brother's, D&C 136:20.





The second elder of the restored Church and one of the Three Witnesses to the divine origin and truthfulness of the Book of Mormon. He acted as scribe while Joseph Smith translated the Book of Mormon from the gold plates (JS-H 1:66–68).


Received a witness of the truth of the translation of the Book of Mormon, D&C 6:17, 22–24. Was ordained by John the Baptist, D&C 13 (D&C 27:8; JS-H 1:68–73, see note to verse 71). After you have obtained faith and have seen them with your eyes, ye shall testify that you have seen them, D&C 17:3, 5. I have manifested unto you, by my Spirit, that the things which you have written are true, D&C 18:2. Was appointed and ordained one of the stewards over the revelations, D&C 70:3. Received the keys of the priesthood with Joseph Smith, D&C 110.



 CREATE, CREATION. See also Beginning; Earth; Jesus Christ; Sabbath Day; Spirit Creation


To organize. God, working through his Son, Jesus Christ, organized the elements in nature to form the earth. Heavenly Father and Jesus created man in their image (Moses 2:26–27).


In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth, Gen. 1:1. Let us make man in our image, Gen. 1:26 (Moses 2:26–27; Abr. 4:26). All things were made by him, John 1:3, 10. By him were all things created that are in heaven, Col. 1:16 (Mosiah 3:8; Hel. 14:12). God made the worlds by his Son, Heb. 1:2. Man was created in the beginning, Mosiah 7:27. I created the heavens and the earth and all things, 3 Ne. 9:15 (Morm. 9:11, 17). All men were created in the beginning after mine own image, Ether 3:15. Jesus Christ created the heavens and the earth, D&C 14:9. He created man, male and female, after his own image, D&C 20:18. Worlds without number have I created, Moses 1:33. By mine Only Begotten I created heaven, Moses 2:1. I, the Lord God, created all things spiritually before they were naturally upon the face of the earth, Moses 3:5. Millions of earths like this would not be a beginning to the number of thy creations, Moses 7:30. The Gods organized and formed the heavens, Abr. 4:1.



 CREATOR. See Create, Creation; Jesus Christ



 CROSS. See also Atone, Atonement; Crucifixion; Golgotha; Jesus Christ; Sacrament


The wooden structure upon which Jesus Christ was crucified (Mark 15:20–26). Many in the world now think of it as a symbol of Christ's crucifixion and atoning sacrifice; however, the Lord has established his own symbols for his crucifixion and sacrifice—the bread and the water of the sacrament (Matt. 26:26–28; D&C 20:40, 75–79). In the scriptures, those who take up their cross are those who love Jesus Christ so much that they deny themselves ungodliness and every worldly lust and keep his commandments (JST, Matt. 16:25–26).


Take up the cross, and follow me, Mark 10:21 (3 Ne. 12:30; D&C 23:6). Jesus endured the cross and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God, Heb. 12:2. He was lifted up upon the cross and slain for the sins of the world, 1 Ne. 11:33.  They who have endured the crosses of the world shall inherit the kingdom of God, 2 Ne. 9:18. My Father sent me that I might be lifted up upon the cross, 3 Ne. 27:14–15. He that will not take up his cross and follow me and keep my commandments, the same shall not be saved, D&C 56:2. Behold the Son of Man lifted up on the cross, Moses 7:55.



 CROWN. See also Eternal Life


A circular ornament worn on the head by rulers. It can be a symbol of celestial power, dominion, and godhood. Those who endure to the end by keeping all of God's commandments will receive a crown of eternal life. (See D&C 20:14; Moses 7:56; JS-M 1:1.)


There is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, 2 Tim. 4:8. Ye shall receive a crown of glory that fades not, 1 Pet. 5:4. The dead who die in the Lord will receive a crown of righteousness, D&C 29:13. They shall receive a crown in the mansions of my Father, D&C 59:2. The Lord prepares Saints to come up unto the crown prepared for them, D&C 78:15. The Lord has promised his Saints a crown of glory at his right hand, D&C 104:7.



 CRUCIFIXION. See also Atone, Atonement; Cross; Golgotha; Jesus Christ


A Roman form of execution, common during New Testament times, in which the person was put to death by tying or nailing his hands and feet to a cross. It was usually done only to slaves and the lowest criminals. Crucifixion was often preceded by scourging or whipping (Mark 15:15). The person being crucified was usually made to carry his own cross to the place of execution (John 19:16–17). His clothing was usually taken by the soldiers who carried out the sentence (Matt. 27:35). The cross was driven into the ground so that the feet of the person were only a foot or two above the ground. The cross was watched by soldiers until the person on the cross died, which sometimes took up to three days (John 19:31–37).


  Jesus Christ was crucified because a group of unbelievers falsely charged him with sedition against Caesar and blasphemy because he said he was the Son of God. A purple robe (John 19:2), a crown of thorns, and other insults were given to Jesus (Matt. 26:67; Mark 14:65).


The wicked will pierce the hands and feet of the Messiah, Ps. 22:11–18. Christ will go as a lamb to the slaughter, Isa. 53:7. Jesus foretold his crucifixion, Matt. 20:18–19. Christ's crucifixion is described, Matt. 27:22–50 (Mark 15:22–37; Luke 23:26–46; John 19:17–30). Nephi saw in vision the crucifixion of the Lamb of God, 1 Ne. 11:33. Nephi told of Christ's sufferings and crucifixion, 1 Ne. 19:9–14. Jacob told of the ministry and crucifixion of the Holy One of Israel, 2 Ne. 6:9. Tempests, earthquakes, fires, and whirlwinds in America attested the crucifixion of Christ in Jerusalem, 3 Ne. 8. I am Jesus who was crucified, D&C 45:51–52. The ministry of Christ among the spirits in prison was limited to the time between his death and resurrection, D&C 138:27.





The ordinary unit of length among the Hebrews—originally the distance from the elbow to the tip of the fingers.



 CUMORAH, HILL. See also Book of Mormon; Moroni, Son of Mormon; Smith, Joseph, Jr.


A small hill located in western New York, United States of America. Here an ancient prophet named Moroni hid the gold plates containing some of the records of the Nephite and Jaredite nations. Joseph Smith was directed to this hill in 1827 by the resurrected Moroni to get these plates and translate a portion of them. This translation is the Book of Mormon.


Nephites gathered at Cumorah, Morm. 6:2–4. Cumorah was in a land of many waters, Morm. 6:4. Mormon hid the records in the Hill Cumorah, Morm. 6:6. All but twenty and four Nephites were slain at Cumorah, Morm. 6:11. We hear glad tidings from Cumorah, D&C 128:20. Joseph Smith took plates from the Hill Cumorah, JS-H 1:42, 50–54, 59.



 CURSE, CURSES. See also Damnation; Profanity


In the scriptures, a curse is the application of divine law that allows or brings judgments and their consequences upon a thing, person, or people primarily because of unrighteousness. Curses are a manifestation of God's divine love and justice. They may be invoked directly by God or pronounced by his authorized servants. Sometimes, the full reasons for curses are known only to God. In addition, a cursed state is experienced by those who willfully disobey God and thereby withdraw themselves from the Spirit of the Lord.


The Lord may remove curses because of the individual's or people's faith in Jesus Christ and obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel (Alma 23:16–18, 3 Ne. 2:14–16; A of F 1:3).


God cursed the serpent for beguiling Adam and Eve, Gen. 3:13–15 (Moses 4:19–21). The ground was cursed for the sake of Adam and Eve, Gen. 3:17–19 (Moses 4:23–25).

The Lord cursed Cain for killing Abel, Gen. 4:11–16 (Moses 5:22–41). The Lord cursed Canaan and his descendants, Gen. 9:25–27 (Moses 7:6–8; Abr. 1:21–27). Israel will be blessed if obedient to God, and cursed if disobedient, Deut. 28:1–68 (Deut. 29:18–28). Gehazi and his descendants were cursed with the leprosy of Naaman, 2 Kgs. 5:20–27. The Lord cursed the ancient nation of Israel for not paying tithes and offerings, Mal. 3:6–10. Jesus cursed a fig tree and it died, Mark 11:11–14, 20–21. Jesus cursed the cities of Chorazin, Bethsaida, and Capernaum, Luke 10:10–15. Because Lamanites would not listen to the Lord, they were separated from the presence of the Lord and cursed, 2 Ne. 5:20–24. All are invited to come unto God, 2 Ne. 26:33. The Lord shall curse those who commit whoredoms, Jacob 2:31–33. The Nephites to receive a greater curse than the Lamanites unless they repent, Jacob 3:3–5. Rebellious people bring curses upon themselves, Alma 3:18–19 (Deut. 11:26–28). Korihor was cursed for leading people away from God, Alma 30:43–60. The Lord cursed Nephite lands and riches because of the people's iniquities, Hel. 13:22–23 (2 Ne. 1:7; Alma 37:31). The Lord cursed the wicked Jaredites, Ether 9:28–35. Christ's atonement removes the curse of Adam from little children, Moro. 8:8–12. Those who turn away from the Lord are cursed, D&C 41:1. The earth will be smitten with a curse unless there is a welding link between fathers and children, D&C 128:18 (Mal. 4:5–6).


 Profanity:  To curse is also to use language that is profane, blasphemous, or contemptuous.


People are not to curse their fathers or mothers, Ex. 21:17 (Matt. 15:4). Do not curse those who rule over you, Ex. 22:28 (Eccl. 10:20). Men and women are not to curse God, Lev. 24:13–16. Peter cursed when he denied knowing Jesus, Matt. 26:69–74. Wicked Nephites cursed God and wanted to die, Morm. 2:14.





In the Old Testament, the king of Persia who fulfilled Isaiah's prophecy (2 Chr. 36:22–23; Isa. 44:28; 45:1) by allowing the Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple, thus partially ending the Babylonian captivity. Isaiah's prophecy was made about 180 years before the king's action.








An ancient city of Syria.


Damascus stands on a rich plain on the edge of the desert and is well watered by the river Barada. It is mentioned frequently in the scriptures (beginning with Gen. 15:2). Paul was on his way to Damascus when the resurrected Lord appeared to him (Acts 9:1–27; 22:5–16; 26:12–20; 2 Cor. 11:32–33).



 DAMNATION. See also Death, Spiritual; Devil; Hell; Sons of Perdition

The state of being stopped in one's progress and denied access to the presence of God and his glory. Damnation exists in varying degrees. All who do not obtain the fulness of celestial exaltation will to some degree be limited in their progress and privileges, and they will be damned to that extent.


Woe unto you hypocrites! ye shall receive the greater damnation, Matt. 23:14. He that shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost is in danger of eternal damnation, Mark 3:29. They that have done evil will come forth unto the resurrection of damnation, John 5:29 (3 Ne. 26:5). He that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, 1 Cor. 11:29 (3 Ne. 18:28–29). He that will not repent, be baptized, and endure to the end must be damned, 2 Ne. 9:24 (Mark 16:16; Ether 4:18; D&C 68:9; 84:74). The wicked would be more miserable to dwell with God than with the damned souls in hell, Morm. 9:4. He that doeth not anything until he is commanded, the same is damned, D&C 58:29. He that receives a fulness of the new and everlasting covenant must abide the law, or he shall be damned, D&C 132:6.



DAN.  See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, a son of Jacob and Bilhah, Rachel's maid (Gen. 30:5–6).


 The tribe of Dan:  For Jacob's blessing on Dan, see Genesis 49:16–18. For Moses' blessing on the tribe of Dan, see Deuteronomy 33:22. After they settled in Canaan, the tribe of Dan received a small but extremely fertile piece of land (Josh. 19:40–48). They had a good deal of difficulty protecting it against the Amorites (Judg. 1:34) and against the Philistines (Judg. 13:2, 25; 18:1). As a result, the Danites moved north of Palestine (Judg. 18), around Laish, and renamed that city Dan. This town is well known as the northern limit of Palestine, which extended "from Dan even to Beer-sheba. "





The main character of the book of Daniel in the Old Testament; a prophet of God and a man of great faith.


Nothing is known about his parents, although he appears to have been of royal descent (Dan. 1:3). He was taken captive to Babylon, where he received the name Belteshazzar (Dan. 1:6–7). Daniel and three other captives refused the king's food for religious reasons (Dan. 1:8–16).


Daniel won the favor of Nebuchadnezzar and Darius by his power to interpret dreams (Dan. 2; 4). He also read and interpreted the handwriting on the wall (Dan. 5). His enemies plotted against him, and he was thrown into a den of lions, but the Lord preserved his life (Dan. 6).


 The book of Daniel:  The book has two divisions: chapters 1–6 are stories about Daniel and his three companions; chapters 7–12 are prophetic visions that Daniel saw. The book teaches the importance of being true to God and illustrates that the Lord blesses the faithful.


A major contribution of the book is the interpretation of King Nebuchadnezzar's dream. In the dream, the kingdom of God in the last days is depicted as a stone that is cut out of a mountain. The stone will roll forth until it fills the whole earth (Dan. 2; see also D&C 65:2).



 DARIUS. See also Babel, Babylon


In the Old Testament, king of the Medes who reigned in Babylon after the death of Belshazzar (Dan. 5:31; 6:9, 25–28; 9:1; 11:1).



 DARKNESS, OUTER. See Death, Spiritual; Devil; Hell; Sons of Perdition



 DARKNESS, SPIRITUAL. See also Wicked, Wickedness


Wickedness or ignorance of spiritual things.


Woe unto them who put darkness for light, Isa. 5:20 (2 Ne. 15:20). Darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people, Isa. 60:2. Jesus will give light to those that sit in darkness, Luke 1:79. The light shines in darkness, and the darkness comprehends it not, John 1:5 (D&C 45:7). Cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light, Rom. 13:12. Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, Eph. 5:8–11. Because ye ask not, ye are not brought into the light but must perish in the dark, 2 Ne. 32:4. Satan spreads the works of darkness, Hel. 6:28–31. The powers of darkness prevail upon the earth, D&C 38:8, 11–12. The whole world groans under darkness and sin, D&C 84:49–54. If your eye be single to my glory, there shall be no darkness in you, D&C 88:67. The works of darkness began to prevail among all the sons of men, Moses 5:55.



 DAVID. See also Bathsheba; Psalm


A king of ancient Israel in the Old Testament.


  David was a son of Jesse of the tribe of Judah. He was a courageous youth who slew a lion, a bear, and the Philistine giant Goliath (1 Sam. 17). David was chosen and anointed to be king of Israel. Like Saul, in his adult life he was guilty of grave crimes, but, unlike Saul, he was capable of true contrition. He was therefore able to find forgiveness, except in the murder of Uriah (D&C 132:39). His life can be divided into four parts: (1) at Bethlehem, where he was a shepherd (1 Sam. 16–17); (2) in the court of King Saul (1 Sam. 18—19:18); (3) as a fugitive (1 Sam. 19:18-2 Sam. 1:27); (4) as king over Judah at Hebron (2 Sam. 2–4), and later as king over all Israel (2 Sam. 5-1 Kgs. 2:11).


  David's sin of adultery with Bathsheba was followed by a series of misfortunes that marred the last twenty years of his life. The nation as a whole was prosperous during his reign, but David himself suffered from the consequences of his sins. There were constant family feuds, which, in the case of Absalom and Adonijah, ended in open rebellion. These incidents are a fulfillment of the pronouncement of Nathan the prophet upon David because of his sin (2 Sam. 12:7–13).


  In spite of these disasters, David's reign was the most brilliant of Israelite history, for (1) he united the tribes into one nation, (2) he secured undisputed possession of the country, (3) he based the government on the true religion so that the will of God was the law of Israel. For these reasons, David's reign was later regarded as the nation's golden age and the type of the more glorious age when the Messiah would come (Isa. 16:5; Jer. 23:5; Ezek. 37:24–28).


  David's life illustrates the need for all persons to endure in righteousness to the end. As a youth, he was said to be a man after the Lord's "own heart" (1 Sam. 13:14); as a man, he spoke by the Spirit and had many revelations. But he paid a heavy price for his disobedience to the commandments of God (D&C 132:39).



 DAY OF THE LORD. See Judgment, the Last; Sabbath Day; Second Coming of Jesus Christ



 DEACON. See also Aaronic Priesthood


A calling in Church service at the time of the Apostle Paul (Philip. 1:1; 1 Tim. 3:8–13) and an office in the Aaronic Priesthood (D&C 20:38, 57–59; 84:30, 111; 107:85).





The salt sea at the southern end of the Jordan Valley. It was also known as the Salt Sea. Its surface is approximately 1300 feet (915 meters) below the Mediterranean Sea. The cities of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Zoar or Bela were near its shores (Gen. 14:2–3).


  In fulfillment of prophecy and as one of the signs of the second coming of the Savior, the waters of the Dead Sea will be healed, and life will flourish there (Ezek. 47:8–9).



 DEAD, SALVATION FOR THE. See Salvation for the Dead



 DEATH, PHYSICAL. See also Fall of Adam and Eve; Mortal, Mortality; Resurrection; Salvation


The separation of the body and the spirit. The Fall brought mortality and death to the earth (2 Ne. 2:22; Moses 6:48). The atonement of Jesus Christ conquered death so that everyone will be resurrected (1 Cor. 15:21–23). Resurrection is a free gift to all people regardless of whether they have done good or evil in this life (Alma 11:42–44). Each person suffers only one physical death since once we are resurrected, our bodies can die no more (Alma 11:45).


All flesh shall perish, and man shall turn again unto dust, Job 34:15. Precious in the sight of the Lord is the death of his Saints, Ps. 116:15. The dust will return to the earth, and the spirit will return to God, Eccl. 12:7.  By man came death, 1 Cor. 15:21. The Savior holds the keys of hell and of death, Rev. 1:18. There shall be no more death, neither sorrow, Rev. 21:4. Death hath passed upon all men, 2 Ne. 9:6, 11 (Alma 12:24). They never did look upon death with terror, Alma 27:28. Alma explained the state of the soul between death and the resurrection, Alma 40:11. Those who die in me shall not taste of death, D&C 42:46. Those who are not appointed unto death shall be healed, D&C 42:48. I will prove you in all things even unto death, D&C 98:14. Unto dust shalt thou return, Moses 4:25. Adam fell, and by his fall came death, Moses 6:48.



 DEATH, SECOND. See Death, Spiritual



 DEATH, SPIRITUAL. See also Damnation; Devil; Fall of Adam and Eve; Hell; Salvation; Sons of Perdition


Separation from God and his influences; to die as to things pertaining to righteousness. Lucifer and a third part of the hosts of heaven suffered a spiritual death when they were cast out of heaven (D&C 29:36–37).


  Spiritual death was introduced into the world by the fall of Adam (Moses 6:48). Mortals with evil thoughts, words, and works are spiritually dead while still alive on earth (1 Tim. 5:6). Through the atonement of Jesus Christ and by obedience to the principles and ordinances of the gospel, men and women can become clean from sin and overcome spiritual death.


  Spiritual death also occurs following the death of the mortal body. Both resurrected beings and the devil and his angels will be judged. Those who have willfully rebelled against the light and truth of the gospel will suffer spiritual death. This death is often called the second death (Alma 12:16; Hel. 14:16–19; D&C 76:36–38).


Evildoers shall be cut off, Ps. 37:9. To be carnally minded is death, Rom. 8:6 (2 Ne. 9:39). Lusts drown men in destruction and perdition, 1 Tim. 6:9. Sin brings forth death, James 1:15. He that overcomes shall not be hurt of the second death, Rev. 2:11. On such the second death has no power, Rev. 20:6, 12–14. The wicked shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death, Rev. 21:8 (D&C 63:17–18). Men are free to choose liberty and eternal life or to choose captivity and death, 2 Ne. 2:27 (2 Ne. 10:23; Alma 29:5; Hel. 14:30–31). God has prepared a way for our escape from death and hell, 2 Ne. 9:10.  Loose yourselves from the pains of hell that you may not suffer the second death, Jacob 3:11. The natural man is an enemy to God, Mosiah 3:19. May the Lord grant unto you repentance so that you may not suffer the second death, Alma 13:30. Alma was encircled about by the everlasting chains of death, Alma 36:18. The wicked die as to things pertaining to righteousness, Alma 40:26 (Alma 12:16). The Fall brought upon all mankind a spiritual death, Alma 42:9 (Hel. 14:16–18). When Adam fell, he became spiritually dead, D&C 29:40–41, 44.





In the Old Testament, a prophetess who judged Israel and encouraged Barak against the Canaanites (Judges 4). The song of Deborah and Barak celebrated Israel's deliverance from bondage (Judges 5).



 DEBT. See also Forgive


As used in the scriptures, money or property owed to another causes the borrower to be in a form of bondage. In another sense, Jesus taught that we should ask the Father to forgive us our debts, or release us from paying the price for our sins—through the atonement of Jesus Christ—after we have forgiven others for their offences against us (Matt. 6:12; 3 Ne. 13:11).


The wicked borrow and pay not again, Ps. 37:21. The borrower is servant to the lender, Prov. 22:7. I forgave thee all that debt: Shouldest not thou also have had compassion? Matt. 18:23–35. Owe no man any thing, but love one another, Rom. 13:8. Ye are eternally indebted to your Heavenly Father, Mosiah 2:21–24, 34. Whosoever borrows from his neighbor should return the thing that he borrows, Mosiah 4:28. Pay the debt, and release thyself from bondage, D&C 19:35. It is forbidden to get in debt to thine enemies, D&C 64:27. Pay all your debts, D&C 104:78. Do not get in debt to build the house of the Lord, D&C 115:13.



 DECEIT, DECEIVE, DECEPTION. See also Guile; Lying


In the scriptures, to deceive is to cause someone to believe something that is not true.


He who has not sworn deceitfully shall ascend into the hill of the Lord, Ps. 24:4. Deliver me from the deceitful, Ps. 43:1. Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil, Isa. 5:20 (2 Ne. 15:20). Let no man deceive himself, 1 Cor. 3:18.  Let no man deceive you with vain words, Eph. 5:6. Evil men shall deceive and be deceived, 2 Tim. 3:13. Satan, who deceived the whole world, was cast out, Rev. 12:9. Satan was bound that he should deceive the nations no more, Rev. 20:1–3. The Lord cannot be deceived, 2 Ne. 9:41. If ye follow the Son, acting no deception before God, ye shall receive the Holy Ghost, 2 Ne. 31:13. Sherem confessed that he was deceived by the power of the devil, Jacob 7:18. The people of King Noah were deceived by flattering words, Mosiah 11:7. The wise have taken the Holy Spirit for their guide, and have not been deceived, D&C 45:57. Wo unto them that are deceivers, D&C 50:6. He became Satan, the father of all lies, to deceive and to blind men, Moses 4:4.



 DEGREES OF GLORY. See also Celestial Glory; Telestial Glory; Terrestrial Glory


Differing kingdoms in heaven. At the final judgment, each person will be assigned to an eternal dwelling place in a specific kingdom of glory, except those who are sons of Perdition.


Jesus said, In my Father's house are many mansions, John 14:2 (Ether 12:32). There is one glory of the sun, and another of the moon, and another of the stars, 1 Cor. 15:40–41. Paul was caught up to the third heaven, 2 Cor. 12:2. There is a place of no glory and everlasting punishment, D&C 76:30–38, 43–45. There are three degrees of glory, D&C 76:50–113; 88:20–32.



 DEITY. See God, Godhead



 DELILAH. See also Philistines


A Philistine woman in the Old Testament who deceived and betrayed Samson (Judg. 16).



 DELIVERER. See also Jesus Christ


Jesus Christ is the Deliverer of mankind because he rescues all from the bondage of death and the repentant from the penalties of sin.


The Lord is my rock and my deliverer, 2 Sam. 22:2 (Ps. 18:2; 144:2). Thou art my help and my deliverer, Ps. 40:17 (Ps. 70:5). The Deliverer shall come out of Zion, Rom. 11:26. The Saints acknowledged the Son of God as their Redeemer and Deliverer, D&C 138:23.



 DESERET. See also Jaredites


In the Book of Mormon, a Jaredite word meaning "honey bee" (Ether 2:3).



 DESPISE. See Hate, Hatred



 DESTROYER. See also Devil


Satan is the destroyer.


The Lord will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses, Ex. 12:23. The destroyer rides upon the waters, D&C 61:19. The watchman could have saved my vineyard from the destroyer, D&C 101:51–54.



 DEUTERONOMY. See also Pentateuch


Means "repetition of the law" and is the fifth book of the Old Testament.


  Deuteronomy contains the three last discourses of Moses, which he delivered in the plains of Moab just before he was translated. The first discourse (chapters 1–4) is introductory. The second discourse (chapters 5–26) consists of two parts: (1) chapters 5–11—the Ten Commandments and a practical explanation of them; and (2) chapters 12–26—a code of laws, which forms the nucleus of the whole book. The third discourse (chapters 27–30) contains a solemn renewal of the covenant between Israel and God and an announcement of the blessings that follow obedience and the curses that follow disobedience. Chapters 31–34 describe the delivery of the law to the Levites, Moses' song and last blessing, and the departure of Moses.



 DEVIL. See also Antichrist; Destroyer; Hell; Lucifer; Sons of Perdition; Spirit–Evil spirits


Satan. The devil is the enemy of righteousness and of those who seek to do the will of God. He is literally a spirit son of God and was at one time an angel in authority in the presence of God (Isa. 14:12; 2 Ne. 2:17). However, he rebelled in the premortal life and persuaded a third part of the spirit children of the Father to rebel with him (D&C 29:36; Moses 4:1–4; Abr. 3:27–28). They were cast out of heaven, were denied the opportunity of obtaining mortal bodies and experiencing mortal life, and will be eternally damned. Since the time the devil was cast out of heaven, he has sought constantly to deceive all men and women and lead them away from the work of God in order to make all mankind as miserable as he is (Rev. 12:9; 2 Ne. 2:27; 9:8–9).


Jesus rebuked the devil, Matt. 17:18. Everlasting fire is prepared for the devil and his angels, Matt. 25:41. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you, James 4:7. The wicked will be brought down into the captivity of the devil, 1 Ne. 14:7.  The devil is the father of all lies, 2 Ne. 2:18 (Moses 4:4). The devil seeks that all men might be miserable like unto himself, 2 Ne. 2:27. If the flesh should rise no more, our spirits must become subject to the devil, 2 Ne. 9:8–9. The devil will rage, pacify, and flatter, 2 Ne. 28:20–23. That which is evil comes from the devil, Omni 1:25 (Alma 5:40; Moro. 7:12, 17). Beware lest contentions arise among you, and ye obey the evil spirit, Mosiah 2:32. If ye are not the sheep of the good shepherd, the devil is your shepherd, Alma 5:38–39. The devil will not support his children, Alma 30:60. Pray continually that ye may not be led away by the temptations of the devil, Alma 34:39 (3 Ne. 18:15, 18). Build your foundation upon the Redeemer that the devil's mighty storm shall have no power over you, Hel. 5:12. The devil is the author of all sin, Hel. 6:26–31. The devil sought to lay a cunning plan, D&C 10:12. It must needs be that the devil tempt the children of men, or they could not be agents, D&C 29:39. Adam became subject to the will of the devil because he yielded unto temptation, D&C 29:40. The sons of perdition will reign with the devil and his angels in eternity, D&C 76:33, 44. The devil will be bound for a thousand years, D&C 88:110 (Rev. 20:2). The wicked one takes away light and truth, D&C 93:39. Satan kept not his first estate, Abr. 3:28.


 The church of the devil:  Every evil and worldly organization on earth that perverts the pure and perfect gospel and fights against the Lamb of God.


The devil founded the great and abominable church, 1 Ne. 13:6 (1 Ne. 14:9). There are only two churches, one of the Lamb of God and one of the devil, 1 Ne. 14:10 (Alma 5:39). Contend against no church, save it be the church of the devil, D&C 18:20. The great and abominable church shall be cast down, D&C 29:21.





Consistent, valiant effort, especially in serving the Lord and obeying his word.


Hearken diligently unto me, Isa. 55:2. God is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him, Heb. 11:6. Giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, 2 Pet. 1:5. Teach the word of God with all diligence, Jacob 1:19. They had searched the scriptures diligently, Alma 17:2. They were willing with all diligence to keep the commandments, 3 Ne. 6:14. Let us labor diligently, Moro. 9:6. Be anxiously engaged in a good cause, D&C 58:27.  Neither be idle but labor with your might, D&C 75:3. Give diligent heed to the words of eternal life, D&C 84:43. Let every man learn his duty, and to act in all diligence, D&C 107:99.



 DISCERNMENT, GIFT OF. See also Gifts of the Spirit


To understand or know something through the power of the Spirit. The gift of discernment is one of the gifts of the Spirit. It includes perceiving the true character of people and the source and meaning of spiritual manifestations.


Man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart, 1 Sam. 16:7. Wo unto them that call evil good, Isa. 5:20 (2 Ne. 15:20). The things of God are spiritually discerned, 1 Cor. 2:14. To some people is given the gift of discerning of spirits, 1 Cor. 12:10. Ammon could discern his thoughts, Alma 18:18, 32. The small voice did pierce them that did hear, 3 Ne. 11:3. That ye may not be deceived, seek the best gifts, D&C 46:8, 23. Church leaders are given power to discern the gifts of the Spirit, D&C 46:27. That body which is filled with light comprehendeth all things, D&C 88:67. Moses beheld the earth, discerning it by the Spirit of God, Moses 1:27.



 DISCIPLE. See also Apostle; Christians; Conversion, Convert; Yoke


A follower of Jesus Christ who lives according to Christ's teachings (D&C 41:5). Disciple is used to describe the Twelve Apostles whom Christ called during his mortal ministry (Matt. 10:1–4). Disciple is also used to describe the twelve men whom Jesus chose to lead his Church among the Nephites and Lamanites (3 Ne. 19:4).


Seal the law among my disciples, Isa. 8:16. If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples, John 8:31. Mormon was a disciple of Jesus Christ, 3 Ne. 5:12–13. Ye are my disciples, 3 Ne. 15:12. Three disciples will not taste of death, 3 Ne. 28:4–10. The voice of warning shall be by the mouths of my disciples, D&C 1:4. My disciples shall stand in holy places, D&C 45:32. Those who do not remember the poor, the needy, the sick and the afflicted are not my disciples, D&C 52:40. Whoso is not willing to lay down his life is not my disciple, D&C 103:27–28.



 DISPENSATION. See also Gospel; Keys of the Priesthood; Priesthood; Restoration of the Gospel


A gospel dispensation is a period of time in which the Lord has at least one authorized servant on the earth who bears the keys of the holy priesthood.


  Adam, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus Christ, Joseph Smith, and others have each started a new gospel dispensation. When the Lord organizes a dispensation, the gospel is revealed anew so that the people of that dispensation do not have to depend on past dispensations for knowledge of the plan of salvation. The dispensation begun by Joseph Smith is known as the "dispensation of the fulness of times. "


The God of heaven set up a kingdom, Dan. 2:44 (D&C 65). In the last days I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh, Acts 2:17 (Joel 2:28). The heaven must receive Christ until the times of restitution of all things, Acts 3:21. In the dispensation of the fulness of times, God will gather together all things in Christ, Eph. 1:10. I will establish my church among them, 3 Ne. 21:22. The Lord committed the keys of his kingdom and a dispensation of the gospel for the last times, D&C 27:13. The keys of this dispensation are committed into your hands, D&C 110:12–16. All keys of past dispensations have been restored in the dispensation of the fulness of times, D&C 128:18–21.



 DISPERSION. See Israel–The scattering of Israel



 DIVORCE. See also Marriage, Marry


The termination of a marriage through the power of civil or ecclesiastical law. According to the New Testament, God permitted divorce under some conditions because of the hardness of the people's hearts; however, as Jesus explained, "from the beginning it was not so" (Matt. 19:3–12). The scriptures counsel against divorce generally and advise husbands and wives to love each other in righteousness (1 Cor. 7:10–12; D&C 42:22).



 DO. See Obedience, Obedient, Obey



 DOCTRINE OF CHRIST. See also Gospel; Plan of Redemption


The principles and teachings of the gospel of Jesus Christ.


My doctrine shall drop as the rain, Deut. 32:2. They that murmured shall learn doctrine, Isa. 29:24. The people were astonished at his doctrine, Matt. 7:28.  My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me, John 7:16. All scripture is profitable for doctrine, 2 Tim. 3:16. This is the doctrine of Christ, and the only and true doctrine of the Father, 2 Ne. 31:21 (2 Ne. 32:6). There shall be no disputations among you concerning the points of my doctrine, 3 Ne. 11:28, 32, 35, 39–40. Satan stirs up the hearts of the people to contention concerning the points of my doctrine, D&C 10:62–63, 67. Teach children the doctrine of repentance, faith in Christ, baptism, and the gift of the Holy Ghost, D&C 68:25. Teach one another the doctrine of the kingdom, D&C 88:77–78. The doctrine of the priesthood shall distil upon thy soul, D&C 121:45.



 DOCTRINE AND COVENANTS. See also Book of Commandments; Canon; Scriptures; Smith, Joseph, Jr.


A collection of latter-day divine revelations and inspired declarations. The Lord gave these to Joseph Smith and several of his successors for the establishment and regulation of the kingdom of God on the earth in the last days. The Doctrine and Covenants is one of the standard works of scripture in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, along with the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and the Pearl of Great Price. The Doctrine and Covenants is unique, however, because it is not a translation of ancient documents; the Lord gave these revelations to his chosen prophets in this modern day in order to restore his kingdom. In the revelations one hears the tender but firm voice of the Lord Jesus Christ (D&C 18:35–36).



  The Prophet Joseph Smith said that the Doctrine and Covenants was the foundation of the Church in the last days and a benefit to the world (D&C 70:heading). The revelations in it initiate the work of preparing the way for the Lord's second coming, in fulfillment of all the words spoken by the prophets since the world began.



 DOVE, SIGN OF THE. See also Holy Ghost


A prearranged sign by which John the Baptist would recognize the Messiah (John 1:32–34). Joseph Smith taught that the sign of the dove was instituted before the creation of the world as a witness for the Holy Ghost; therefore, the devil cannot come in the sign of a dove.


The Spirit of God descended like a dove, Matt. 3:16. After Jesus was baptized, the Holy Ghost came down in the form of a dove, 1 Ne. 11:27. I, John, bear record, and lo, the heavens were opened, and the Holy Ghost descended upon him in the form of a dove, D&C 93:15.



 DREAM. See also Revelation


One way that God reveals his will to men and women on earth. Not all dreams are revelations, however. Inspired dreams are the fruit of faith.


He dreamed, and behold a ladder reached to heaven, Gen. 28:12. Joseph dreamed a dream, Gen. 37:5. The Lord will speak to him in a dream, Num. 12:6. Nebuchadnezzar dreamed dreams, Dan. 2:1–3. Old men shall dream dreams, Joel 2:28 (Acts 2:17). The angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, Matt. 1:20 (Matt. 2:19). Lehi wrote many things he had seen in dreams, 1 Ne. 1:16. Lehi dreamed a dream, 1 Ne. 8.



 DRINK, DRUNK. See Word of Wisdom



 DUTY. See also Obedience, Obedient, Obey


In the scriptures, a task, assignment, or responsibility, often given by the Lord or his servants.


Keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man, Eccl. 12:13. What doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, Micah 6:8. We ought to obey God rather than men, Acts 5:29. They were smitten with afflictions to stir them up in remembrance of their duty, Mosiah 1:17. The duties of the elders, priests, teachers, and deacons are described, D&C 20:38–67. Priesthood holders are to attend to all family duties, D&C 20:47, 51. The duties of members after baptism are described, D&C 20:68–69. My elders should wait for a little season that my people may know more perfectly concerning their duty, D&C 105:10. Let every man learn his duty, D&C 107:99–100.






 EAR. See also Hearken


In the scriptures, the ear is often used as a symbol of a person's ability to hear and understand the things of God.


They have ears, but they hear not, Ps. 115:6. The Lord waketh mine ear to hear, Isa. 50:4–5 (2 Ne. 7:4–5). He that hath ears to hear, let him hear, Matt. 11:15. Their ears are dull of hearing, Matt. 13:15 (Moses 6:27). Eye hath not seen nor ear heard the things which God hath prepared for them that love him, 1 Cor. 2:9 (D&C 76:10). The devil whispers in their ears, 2 Ne. 28:22. Open your ears that ye may hear, Mosiah 2:9 (3 Ne. 11:5).  I was called many times, and I would not hear, Alma 10:6. Give ear to my words, Alma 36:1 (Alma 38:1; D&C 58:1). There is no ear that shall not hear, D&C 1:2. Ears are opened through humility and prayer, D&C 136:32.



 EARTH. See also Create, Creation; World


The planet on which we live, created by God through Jesus Christ to be used by man during his mortal probation. Its final destiny is to become glorified and exalted (D&C 77:1–2; 130:8–9). The earth will become an eternal inheritance of those who have lived worthy of a celestial glory (D&C 88:14–26). They will enjoy the presence of the Father and the Son (D&C 76:62).


 Created for man:  God gave man dominion over the earth, Gen. 1:28 (Moses 2:28). The earth is the Lord's, Ex. 9:29 (Ps. 24:1). The Lord has given the earth to the children of men, Ps. 115:16. I have made the earth and created man upon it, Isa. 45:12. By the power of his word man came upon the earth, Jacob 4:9. The earth shall be given to those who have taken the Holy Spirit for their guide, D&C 45:56–58 (D&C 103:7). Those who have obeyed the gospel are rewarded with the good things of the earth, D&C 59:3. The poor and the meek of the earth shall inherit it, D&C 88:17 (Matt. 5:5; 3 Ne. 12:5). We will make an earth, and we will prove them, Abr. 3:24–25.


 A living entity:  The earth abideth forever, Eccl. 1:4. The sea of glass is the earth in its sanctified, immortal, and eternal state, D&C 77:1. The earth must be sanctified and prepared for the celestial glory, D&C 88:18–19. The earth mourned aloud, Moses 7:48.


 Division of the earth:  Let the waters be gathered together unto one place, Gen. 1:9. In the days of Peleg was the earth divided, Gen. 10:25. After the waters had receded, it became a choice land, Ether 13:2. The earth shall be like it was before it was divided, D&C 133:24.


 Cleansing of the earth:  Rain fell upon the earth for forty days, Gen. 7:4. The earth is reserved unto fire against the day of judgment, 2 Pet. 3:7. After today cometh the burning, D&C 64:24. The earth desires to be cleansed from filthiness, Moses 7:48.


 Final state of the earth:  The earth will be wrapt together as a scroll and pass away, 3 Ne. 26:3 (D&C 29:23). There shall be a new heaven and a new earth, Ether 13:9 (D&C 29:23). The sea of glass is the earth in its sanctified, immortal, and eternal state, D&C 77:1. The earth must be sanctified and prepared for the celestial glory, D&C 88:18–19.  This earth will be made like unto crystal and will be a Urim and Thummim, D&C 130:8–9. For a thousand years the earth shall rest, Moses 7:64. The earth will be renewed, A of F 1:10.



 EASTER. See Jesus Christ; Resurrection





A book in the Old Testament containing reflections on some of the deepest problems of life.


  The book's author, the preacher, writes much of the book from the point of view of those who are without gospel understanding. He writes according to the feelings of the people of the world—that is, those "under the sun" (Eccl. 1:9). Much of the book seems negative and pessimistic (Eccl. 9:5, 10). This is not how the Lord would have us perceive life but rather how the preacher has observed that things appear to unenlightened men on earth. The most spiritual part of the book is in chapters 11 and 12, where the writer concludes that the only thing of lasting value is obedience to God's commandments.



 EDEN. See also Adam; Eve


The home of our first parents, Adam and Eve (Gen. 2:8—3:24; 4:16; 2 Ne. 2:19–25; Moses 3, 4; Abr. 5), designated as a garden, eastward in Eden. Adam and Eve were sent out of Eden after eating of the forbidden fruit and becoming mortal (Moses 4:29). Latter-day revelation confirms the biblical account of the Garden of Eden. It adds the important information that the garden was located on what is now the North American continent (D&C 116; 117:8).





A country in the northeastern corner of Africa. Much of Egypt is barren and desolate. Most of the inhabitants live in the Nile Valley, which stretches some 550 miles (890 kilometers).


  Ancient Egypt was rich and prosperous. Great public works were built, including canals for irrigation; strong cities for defense; and royal monuments, especially pyramid tombs and temples, which are still among the wonders of the world. For a time, the Egyptian government was an imitation of the patriarchal order of the priesthood (Abr. 1:21–27).


Abraham and Joseph were led to Egypt to save their families from famine, Gen. 12:10 (Gen. 37:28). Joseph was sold into Egypt, Gen. 45:4–5 (1 Ne. 5:14–15). Jacob was led to Egypt, Gen. 46:1–7. Moses led the children of Israel out of Egypt, Ex. 3:7–10; 13:14 (Heb. 11:27; 1 Ne. 17:40; Moses 1:25–26). Egypt symbolized evil, Ezek. 29:14–15 (Hosea 9:3–7; Abr. 1:6, 8, 11–12, 23). An angel told Joseph to flee with Mary and Jesus into Egypt, Matt. 2:13 (Hosea 11:1).





The name of both the wife and a daughter of Ham, the son of Noah. In Chaldean, the name signifies Egypt, or that which is forbidden (Abr. 1:23–25).



 ELDER. See also Melchizedek Priesthood; Priesthood


The term elder is used in various ways in the Bible. In the Old Testament it often refers to the older men in a tribe, who were usually entrusted with governmental affairs (Gen. 50:7; Josh. 20:4; Ruth 4:2; Matt. 15:2). Their age and experience made their counsel valuable. Their position was not necessarily a priesthood calling.


  There were also ordained elders in the Melchizedek Priesthood in Old Testament times (Ex. 24:9–11). In the New Testament, elders are mentioned as a priesthood office in the Church (James 5:14–15). Among the Nephites there were also ordained elders in the priesthood (Alma 4:7, 16; Moro. 3:1). In this dispensation, Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were the first elders to be ordained (D&C 20:2–3).


  Elder is now the title given to all holders of the Melchizedek Priesthood. For example, male missionaries are addressed as elders. Also, an Apostle is an elder, and it is proper to speak of members of the Quorum of the Twelve or Quorums of the Seventy by this title (D&C 20:38; 1 Pet. 5:1). The duties of ordained elders in the Church today have been given in latter-day revelation (D&C 20:38–45; 42:44; 46:2; 107:12).


Moses wrote unto all the elders of Israel, Deut. 31:9. Barnabas sent relief to the elders of the church, Acts 11:30. Elders were ordained in every church, Acts 14:23 (Titus 1:5). Call for the elders to pray over the sick, James 5:14. Elders were ordained by the laying on of hands, Alma 6:1. Elders are to bless children, D&C 20:70.  Elders are to conduct meetings by the Holy Spirit, D&C 46:2. Elders are to give an account of their stewardship, D&C 72:5. Elders are to preach the gospel to the nations, D&C 133:8.





The elect are those who love God with all their hearts and live lives that are pleasing to him. Those who live such lives of discipleship will one day be selected by the Lord to be among his chosen children.


If it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect, Matt. 24:24. John rejoiced because the children of the elect lady were true and faithful, 2 Jn. 1. Thy sins are forgiven thee, and thou art an elect lady, D&C 25:3. Mine elect hear my voice and harden not their hearts, D&C 29:7. Even so will I gather mine elect from the four quarters of the earth, D&C 33:6. Scriptures shall be given for the salvation of mine own elect, D&C 35:20–21. Those who magnify priesthood callings become the elect of God, D&C 84:33–34. For the elect's sake, the days of tribulation shall be shortened, JS-M 1:20.



 ELECTION. See also Calling and Election


Based on premortal worthiness, God chose those who would be the seed of Abraham and the house of Israel and become the covenant people (Deut. 32:7–9; Abr. 2:9–11). These people are given special blessings and duties so that they can bless all the nations of the world (Rom. 11:5–7; 1 Pet. 1:2; Alma 13:1–5; D&C 84:99). However, even these chosen ones must be called and elected in this life in order to gain salvation.



 ELI. See also Samuel, Old Testament Prophet


A high priest and judge in the Old Testament when the Lord called Samuel to be a prophet (1 Sam. 3). The Lord rebuked him for tolerating the wickedness of his sons (1 Sam. 2:22–36; 3:13).


 ELIAS. See also Elijah


There are several uses of the name or title Elias in the scriptures:


 Elijah:  Elias is the New Testament (Greek) form of Elijah (Hebrew), as in Matt. 17:3–4, Luke 4:25–26, and James 5:17. In these instances, Elias was the ancient prophet Elijah whose ministry is recorded in 1 and 2 Kings.


 Forerunner:  Elias is also a title for one who is a forerunner. For example, John the Baptist was an Elias because he was sent to prepare the way for Jesus (Matt. 17:12–13).


 Restorer:  The title Elias has also been applied to others who had specific missions to fulfill, such as John the Revelator (D&C 77:14) and Gabriel (Luke 1:11–20; D&C 27:6–7; 110:12).


 A man in Abraham's dispensation:  A prophet called Esaias or Elias who apparently lived in the days of Abraham (D&C 84:11–13; 110:12).



 ELIJAH. See also Elias; Salvation; Seal, Sealing


An Old Testament prophet who returned in the latter days to confer the keys of the sealing power on Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery. In his day, Elijah ministered in the Northern Kingdom of Israel (1 Kgs. 17-2 Kgs. 2). He had great faith in the Lord and is noted for many miracles. He prevented rain for three-and-a-half years. He raised a boy from the dead and called down fire from heaven (1 Kgs. 17–18). The Jewish people still wait for Elijah to return, as Malachi prophesied he would (Mal. 4:5). He remains an invited guest at Jewish passover feasts, where an open door and a vacant seat always await him.


  The Prophet Joseph Smith said that Elijah held the sealing power of the Melchizedek Priesthood and was the last prophet to do so before the time of Jesus Christ. He appeared on the Mount of Transfiguration with Moses and conferred the keys of the priesthood on Peter, James, and John (Matt. 17:3). He appeared again, with Moses and others, on 3 April 1836, in the Kirtland Ohio Temple and conferred the same keys upon Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery (D&C 110:13–16). All of this was in preparation for the second coming of the Lord, as spoken of in Malachi 4:5–6.


  The power of Elijah is the sealing power of the priesthood by which things that are bound or loosed on earth are bound or loosed in heaven (D&C 128:8–18). Chosen servants of the Lord on earth today have this sealing power and perform the saving ordinances of the gospel for the living and the dead (D&C 128:8).


Sealed the heavens and was fed by ravens, 1 Kgs. 17:1–7. Commanded the widow's barrel of meal and cruse of oil not to fail, 1 Kgs. 17:8–16. Raised the widow's son from death, 1 Kgs. 17:17–24. Defeated the priests of Baal, 1 Kgs. 18:21–39. The still small voice spoke to him, 1 Kgs. 19:11–12. Ascended to heaven in a chariot of fire, 2 Kgs. 2:11.  Malachi prophesied of his return in the latter days, Mal. 4:5–6 (3 Ne. 25:5). Appeared in the Kirtland Ohio Temple in 1836, D&C 110:13–16.



 ELISABETH. See also John the Baptist


In the New Testament, the wife of Zacharias, the mother of John the Baptist, and a kinswoman of Mary (Luke 1:5–60).





An Old Testament prophet of the Northern Kingdom of Israel and a trusted adviser of several of that country's kings.


  Elisha had a gentle and affectionate disposition, without that fiery zeal by which his master, Elijah, was distinguished. His notable miracles (2 Kgs. 2–5; 8) testify that he truly received Elijah's power when he succeeded Elijah as prophet (2 Kgs. 2:9–12). For example, he healed the waters of a bitter spring, divided the waters of the Jordan River, multiplied a widow's oil, raised a boy from the dead, cured a man of leprosy, caused an iron ax to float, and struck the Syrians with blindness (2 Kgs. 2–6). His ministry lasted more than fifty years during the reigns of Jehoram, Jehu, Jehoahaz, and Joash.


Received the mantle of Elijah, 2 Kgs. 2:13. Multiplied the widow's oil, 2 Kgs. 4:1–7. Raised the Shunammite woman's son from the dead, 2 Kgs. 4:18–37. Healed Naaman, the Syrian, 2 Kgs. 5:1–14. Blinded the Syrian soldiers, and his servant's eyes were opened, 2 Kgs. 6:8–23.



 ELOHIM. See Father in Heaven; God, Godhead



 EMMANUEL. See Immanuel



 ENDLESS. See also God, Godhead


One of the names of God, indicating his eternal nature (D&C 19:10–12; Moses 1:3; 7:35).



 END OF THE WORLD. See World–End of the World



 ENDOWMENT. See also Temple, House of the Lord


In a general sense, a gift of power from God. Worthy members of the Church can receive a gift of power through ordinances in the temple that gives them the instruction and covenants of the Holy Priesthood that they need in order to attain exaltation. The endowment includes instruction about the plan of salvation.


There you shall be endowed with power from on high, D&C 38:32, 38 (Luke 24:49; D&C 43:16). Build a house, in the which house I design to endow those whom I have chosen, D&C 95:8. I have prepared a great endowment and blessing, D&C 105:12, 18, 33. Many shall rejoice because of the endowment with which my servants have been endowed, D&C 110:9. Glory, honor, and endowment are ordained by the ordinance of my holy house, D&C 124:39. Those called of the Father, as was Aaron, are endowed with keys of the priesthood, D&C 132:59.



 ENDURE. See also Adversity; Patience; Tempt, Temptation


To remain firm in a commitment to be true to the commandments of God despite temptation, opposition, and adversity.


He that endureth to the end shall be saved, Matt. 10:22 (Mark 13:13). They have no root and so endure but for a time, Mark 4:17. Charity endureth all things, 1 Cor. 13:7. After Abraham had patiently endured, he obtained the promise, Heb. 6:15. If they endure unto the end they shall be lifted up at the last day, 1 Ne. 13:37. If ye shall be obedient to the commandments, and endure to the end, ye shall be saved, 1 Ne. 22:31 (Alma 5:13). If ye shall press forward, feasting upon the word of Christ, and endure to the end, ye shall have eternal life, 2 Ne. 31:20 (3 Ne. 15:9; D&C 14:7). Whoso taketh upon him my name, and endureth to the end, shall be saved, 3 Ne. 27:6. Whosoever endureth of my church to the end, him will I establish upon my rock, D&C 10:69. He that endureth in faith shall overcome the world, D&C 63:20, 47. All thrones and dominions shall be set forth upon all who have endured valiantly for the gospel of Jesus Christ, D&C 121:29.



 ENMITY. See also Envy; Love; Vengeance


In the scriptures, antagonism, hostility, and hate.


I will put enmity between thee and the woman, Gen. 3:15 (Moses 4:21). The carnal mind is enmity against God, Rom. 8:7. The friendship of the world is enmity with God, James 4:4. In that day enmity shall cease from before my face, D&C 101:26.



 ENOCH. See also Zion


A prophet who led the people of the city of Zion. His ministry is discussed in both the Old Testament and the Pearl of Great Price. He was the seventh patriarch after Adam. He was the son of Jared and the father of Methuselah (Gen. 5:18–24; Luke 3:37).


  Enoch was a great person and had a more significant ministry than the Bible's brief account of him indicates. The Bible notes that he was translated (Heb. 11:5) but gives no details of his ministry. Jude 1:14 contains a quotation of a prophecy he made. Latter-day revelation explains much more of Enoch, specifically of his preaching, his city called Zion, his visions, and his prophecies (D&C 107:48–57; Moses 6–7). Zion was taken to heaven because of the righteousness of those who lived in it (Moses 7:69).


God revealed himself to Enoch, Moses 6:26–37. Enoch taught the gospel, Moses 6:37–68. Enoch taught the people and established Zion, Moses 7:1–21. Enoch saw the future to the second coming of Christ, Moses 7:23–68.





A Nephite prophet and record keeper in the Book of Mormon who prayed for and received a remission of his sins through his faith in Christ (Enos 1:1–8). The Lord covenanted with Enos to bring forth the Book of Mormon to the Lamanites (Enos 1:15–17).


 The book of Enos:  A book in the Book of Mormon that tells of Enos's prayer to the Lord for personal forgiveness, for his people, and for others. The Lord promised him that the Book of Mormon would be preserved and made available to the Lamanites in a future day. Though the book contains but one chapter, it records the powerful story of a man who sought his God in prayer, lived obedient to God's commands, and before his death rejoiced in his knowledge of the Redeemer.





In the scriptures, a flag or standard around which people gather in a unity of purpose or identity. In ancient times an ensign served as a rallying point for soldiers in battle. The Book of Mormon and the Church of Jesus Christ are symbolic ensigns to all nations of the earth.


He will lift up an ensign to the nations, Isa. 5:26 (2 Ne. 15:26). A root of Jesse shall stand for an ensign, Isa. 11:10 (2 Ne. 21:10; D&C 113:6). Lift up an ensign of peace, D&C 105:39.



 ENVY. See also Covet; Jealous, Jealousy


According to the scriptures, to desire something that belongs to another is wrong.


The patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt, Acts 7:9. Charity envieth not, 1 Cor. 13:4 (Moro. 7:45). Envy comes of pride, 1 Tim. 6:4. Where envy is, there is confusion and every evil work, James 3:16. The Lord commanded men that they should not envy, 2 Ne. 26:32. There was no envy among the people of Nephi, 4 Ne. 1:15–18. The envy and wrath of man have been my common lot all the days of my life, D&C 127:2.



 EPHESIANS, EPISTLE TO. See also Paul; Pauline Epistles


In the New Testament, an epistle written by the Apostle Paul to the Saints in Ephesus. The epistle is of great importance, for it contains Paul's teachings about the Church of Christ.


  Chapter 1 contains the usual salutation. Chapters 2–3 explain the change that occurs in people when they become members of the Church—they become fellow citizens with the Saints, with Gentiles and Jews united in one Church. Chapters 4–6 explain the roles of Apostles and prophets, the need for unity, and the need to put on the whole armor of God.



 EPHRAIM. See also Book of Mormon; Israel; Joseph, Son of Jacob; Manasseh


In the Old Testament, the second son of Joseph and Asenath (Gen. 41:50–52; 46:20). Contrary to the traditional manner, Ephraim received the birthright blessing instead of Manasseh, who was the elder son (Gen. 48:17–20). Ephraim became the father of the tribe of Ephraim.


 The tribe of Ephraim:  Ephraim was given the birthright in Israel (1 Chr. 5:1–2; Jer. 31:9). In the last days their privilege and responsibility is to bear the priesthood, take the message of the restored gospel to the world, and raise an ensign to gather scattered Israel (Isa. 11:12–13; 2 Ne. 21:12–13). The children of Ephraim will crown with glory those from the north countries who return in the last days (D&C 133:26–34).


 The stick of Ephraim or Joseph:  A record of one group from the tribe of Ephraim that was led from Jerusalem to America about 600 B.C. This group's record is called the stick of Ephraim or Joseph, or the Book of Mormon. It and the stick of Judah (the Bible) form a unified testimony of the Lord Jesus Christ, his resurrection, and his divine work among these two segments of the house of Israel.


A branch of Ephraim will be broken off and will write another testament of Christ, JST, Gen. 50:24–26, 30–31. The stick of Judah and the stick of Joseph will become one, Ezek. 37:15–19. The writings of Judah and of Joseph shall grow together, 2 Ne. 3:12. The Lord speaks to many nations, 2 Ne. 29. The keys of the record of the stick of Ephraim were committed to Moroni, D&C 27:5.





The New Testament (Greek) form of the name Isaiah (Luke 4:17). Esaias was also a prophet who lived in the days of Abraham (D&C 76:100; 84:11).



 ESAU. See also Isaac; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, Isaac and Rebekah's elder son and Jacob's twin brother. The two brothers were rivals from their birth (Gen. 25:19–26). Esau's descendants, the Edomites, and Jacob's descendants, the Israelites, became rival nations (Gen. 25:23).


Esau sold his birthright to Jacob, Gen. 25:33 (Heb. 12:16–17). Esau married Hittite wives to the sorrow of his parents, Gen. 26:34–35. Jacob and Esau were reconciled, Gen. 33.



 ESTEEM. See also Honor; Reverence


To regard someone or something as having worth and value, especially in a gospel setting.


He was despised, and we esteemed him not, Isa. 53:3–4. That which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God, Luke 16:15. Let each esteem others better than themselves, Philip. 2:3. The Lord esteems all flesh in one, 1 Ne. 17:35. Every man should esteem his neighbor as himself, Mosiah 27:4 (D&C 38:24–25). In the day of their peace they esteemed lightly my counsel, D&C 101:8.





A woman of great faith and the main character in the book of Esther.


 The book of Esther:  A book in the Old Testament that contains the story of Queen Esther's great courage in saving her people from destruction.


Chapters 1–2 tell how Esther, a Jewish woman and the adopted daughter of a Jewish man named Mordecai, was chosen as queen of Persia because of her beauty. Chapter 3 explains that Haman, chief man at the king's court, hated Mordecai and obtained a decree to put all Jewish people to death. Chapters 4–10 tell how Esther, at great personal risk, revealed her own nationality to the king and obtained a reversal of the decree.



 ETERNAL FATHER. See Father in Heaven; God, Godhead



 ETERNAL LIFE. See also Atone, Atonement; Celestial Glory; Crown; Exaltation; Life


To live forever as families in God's presence (D&C 132:19–20, 24, 55). Eternal life is God's greatest gift to man.


Thou hast the words of eternal life, John 6:68. This is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, John 17:3 (D&C 132:24). Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, 1 Tim. 6:12. People are free to choose liberty and eternal life, 2 Ne. 2:27 (Hel. 14:31). To be spiritually minded is life eternal, 2 Ne. 9:39. Then are ye in the narrow path that leads to eternal life, 2 Ne. 31:17–20. To believe in Christ and endure to the end is life eternal, 2 Ne. 33:4 (3 Ne. 15:9). He that hath eternal life is rich, D&C 6:7 (D&C 11:7). Eternal life is the greatest of all the gifts of God, D&C 14:7 (Rom. 6:23). The righteous will receive peace in this world, and eternal life in the world to come, D&C 59:23. Those who endure to the end shall have a crown of eternal life, D&C 66:12 (D&C 75:5).  All who die without the gospel who would have received it had they lived are heirs of the celestial kingdom, D&C 137:7–9. God's work and glory is to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man, Moses 1:39. God gives eternal life to the obedient, Moses 5:11.



 ETHER. See also Jaredites


The last Jaredite prophet in the Book of Mormon (Ether 12:1–2).


 The book of Ether:  A book in the Book of Mormon that contains portions of the record of the Jaredites. The Jaredites were a group of people who lived in the western hemisphere many centuries before the people of Lehi. The book of Ether was taken from twenty-four plates found by the people of Limhi (Mosiah 8:8–9).


Chapters 1–2 tell how the Jaredites left their home at the time of the Tower of Babel and began their journey to what is now known as the American continent. Chapters 3–6 explain that the brother of Jared saw the premortal Savior and that the Jaredites traveled in eight barges. Chapters 7–11 continue the history of wickedness that dominated much of Jaredite history. Moroni, who edited Ether's record, wrote in chapters 12–13 of wonders done by faith and of Christ and a New Jerusalem to come. Chapters 14–15 tell how the Jaredites became a mighty nation but were destroyed by civil war due to wickedness.



 EVANGELIST. See also Patriarch, Patriarchal; Patriarchal Blessings


One who bears or proclaims the good news of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Joseph Smith taught that an evangelist was a patriarch. Patriarchs are called and ordained under the direction of the Twelve Apostles to give special blessings called patriarchal blessings.


The Lord calls some men to be Apostles, and some prophets, and some evangelists, Eph. 4:11. Do the work of an evangelist, 2 Tim. 4:5. We believe in Apostles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evangelists, A of F 1:6.



 EVE. See also Adam; Eden; Fall of Adam and Eve


The first woman to live on this earth (Gen. 2:21–25; 3:20). She was Adam's wife. In Hebrew the name means "life" and implies that Eve was the first mother on earth (Moses 4:26). She and Adam, the first man, will share eternal glory for their role in making possible the eternal progress of all mankind.


Eve was tempted and partook of the forbidden fruit, Gen. 3 (2 Ne. 2:15–20; Moses 4). Eve recognized the necessity of the Fall and the joys of redemption, Moses 5:11–12. President Joseph F. Smith saw Eve in his vision of the spirit world, D&C 138:39.



 EVERLASTING COVENANT. See Covenant; New and Everlasting Covenant






 EVIL SPEAKING. See also Contention; Gossip; Lying; Rumor


Saying things that are wrong, hurtful, and wicked. Often in scripture such speaking is directed at a person with the specific intent to cause pain.


Keep thy tongue from evil, Ps. 34:13 (1 Pet. 3:10). An ungodly man diggeth up evil, Prov. 16:27. Blessed are ye, when men shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, Matt. 5:11 (3 Ne. 12:11). Out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, Matt. 15:19 (Mark 7:21). Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler, Acts 23:5. Let all evil speaking be put away from you, Eph. 4:31. Speak not evil one of another, James 4:11. See that there is no backbiting, nor evil speaking, D&C 20:54.



 EVIL SPIRITS. See Spirit–Evil spirits



 EXALTATION. See also Atone, Atonement; Celestial Glory; Crown; Eternal Life; Man, Men-Man, potential to become like Heavenly Father


The highest state of happiness and glory in the celestial kingdom.


In thy presence is fulness of joy, Ps. 16:11. They are gods, even the sons of God—wherefore, all things are theirs, D&C 76:58–59. The Saints shall receive their inheritance and be made equal with him, D&C 88:107. These angels did not abide my law; therefore, they remain separately and singly, without exaltation, D&C 132:17. Men and women must marry according to God's law in order to gain exaltation, D&C 132:19–20. Strait is the gate and narrow the way that leadeth unto the exaltation, D&C 132:22–23. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob have entered into their exaltation, D&C 132:29, 37. I seal upon you your exaltation, D&C 132:49.



 EXCOMMUNICATION. See also Apostasy; Rebellion


The process of excluding a person from the Church and taking away all rights and privileges of membership. Church authorities excommunicate a person from the Church only when he has chosen to live in opposition to the Lord's commandments and thus has disqualified himself for further membership in the Church.


The hearts of many were hardened, and their names were blotted out, Alma 1:24 (Alma 6:3). If he repent not he shall not be numbered among my people, 3 Ne. 18:31 (Mosiah 26). Adulterers who do not repent shall be cast out, D&C 42:24. He that sinneth and repenteth not shall be cast out, D&C 42:28. Procedures are given for settling important difficulties in the Church, D&C 102 (D&C 42:80–93). The bishop is appointed to be a judge in Israel, D&C 107:72. Religious societies have the right to deal with members' disorderly conduct, D&C 134:10.



 EXODUS. See also Pentateuch


A book written by Moses in the Old Testament that describes the departure of the Israelites out of Egypt. The early history of Israel as recorded in Exodus can be divided into three parts: (1) the people's slavery to Egypt, (2) their departure from Egypt under Moses' leadership, and (3) their dedication to God's service in their religious life and their political life.


  The first portion, chapters 1–15, explains the oppression of Israel in Egypt; the early history and call of Moses; the Exodus and the institution of the Passover; and the march to the Red Sea, the destruction of Pharaoh's army, and Moses' song of victory.


  The second portion, chapters 15–18, tells of Israel's redemption and the events on the journey from the Red Sea to Sinai; the bitter waters of Marah, the giving of quails and manna, the observance of the Sabbath, the miraculous gift of water at Rephidim, and the battle there with the Amalekites; the arrival of Jethro in the camp and his advice about the civil government of the people.


  The third portion, chapters 19–40, deals with Israel's consecration to God's service during the solemn events at Sinai.  The Lord set the people apart as a kingdom of priests and a holy nation; he gave the Ten Commandments; and he gave instructions about the tabernacle, its furniture, and worship therein.  Then follows the account of the people's sin in worshiping a golden calf, and finally the account of the construction of the tabernacle and provision for its services.





In the scriptures, the eye is often used as a symbol of a person's ability to receive the light of God. Symbolically, a person's eye also shows spiritual condition and an understanding of the things of God.


The commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes, Ps. 19:8. The foolish have eyes and see not, Jer. 5:21 (Mark 8:18). The light of the body is the eye, Matt. 6:22 (Luke 11:34; 3 Ne. 13:22; D&C 88:67). Blessed are your eyes for they see, Matt. 13:16. The eyes of your understanding will be enlightened, Eph. 1:17–18. Wo unto the wise in their own eyes, 2 Ne. 15:21 (Isa. 5:21). They began to fast and to pray that the eyes of the people might be opened, Mosiah 27:22. Satan did blind their eyes, 3 Ne. 2:2. None can have power to bring the Book of Mormon forth except with an eye single to God's glory, Morm. 8:15. By the power of the Spirit our eyes were opened and our understandings enlightened, D&C 76:12. The light is through him who enlighteneth your eyes, D&C 88:11. If your eye be single to my glory, your whole bodies shall be filled with light, D&C 88:67.





A prophet who wrote the book of Ezekiel in the Old Testament. He was a priest of the family of Zadok and one of the Jewish captives carried away by Nebuchadnezzar. He settled with the Jewish exiles in Babylon and prophesied during a period of twenty-two years, from 592 to 570 B.C.


 The book of Ezekiel:  The book of Ezekiel can be separated into four divisions. Chapters 1–3 tell about a vision of God and Ezekiel's call to serve; chapters 4–24 speak of judgments on Jerusalem and why they were given; chapters 25–32 proclaim judgments on the nations; and chapters 33–48 record visions of latter-day Israel.





An Old Testament priest and scribe who brought some of the Jews back to Jerusalem from Babylonian captivity (Ezra 7–10; Neh. 8, 12). In 458 B.C. he obtained permission from Artaxerxes, king of Persia, to take to Jerusalem any Jewish exiles who cared to go (Ezra 7:12–26).


Before Ezra's time, the priests had almost total control over reading the collection of written scriptures called the "law."  Ezra helped make the scriptures available to every Jew. The open reading of "the book of the law" eventually became the center of Jewish national life. Perhaps Ezra's greatest teaching came from his own example of preparing his heart to seek the Lord's law, to obey it, and to teach it to others (Ezra 7:10).


 The book of Ezra:  Chapters 1–6 describe events that happened from sixty to eighty years before Ezra arrived in Jerusalem—the decree of Cyrus in 537 B.C. and the return of the Jews under Zerubbabel. Chapters 7–10 show how Ezra went to Jerusalem. He, with his company, fasted and prayed for protection. At Jerusalem they found many Jewish people who had gone to Jerusalem earlier under Zerubbabel and had married women out of the covenant and thus defiled themselves. Ezra prayed for them and placed them under covenant to divorce those wives. The later history of Ezra is found in the book of Nehemiah.






 FAITH. See also Belief, Believe; Hope; Jesus Christ; Trust


Confidence in something or someone. As most often used in the scriptures, faith is confidence and trust in Jesus Christ that lead a person to obey him. Faith must be centered in Jesus Christ in order for it to lead a person to salvation. Latter-day Saints also have faith in God the Father, the Holy Ghost, priesthood power, and other important aspects of the restored gospel.


Faith includes a hope for things which are not seen, but which are true (Heb. 11:1; Alma 32:21; Ether 12:6). Faith is kindled by hearing the gospel taught by authorized administrators sent by God (Rom. 10:14–17). Miracles do not produce faith, but strong faith is developed by obedience to the gospel of Jesus Christ. In other words, faith comes by righteousness (Alma 32:40–43; Ether 12:4, 6, 12; D&C 63:9–12).


True faith brings miracles, visions, dreams, healings, and all the gifts of God that he gives to his Saints. By faith one obtains a remission of sins and eventually is able to dwell in God's presence. A lack of faith leads one to despair, which comes because of iniquity (Moro. 10:22).


The just shall live by faith, Hab. 2:4. Thy faith hath made thee whole, Matt. 9:22 (Mark 5:34; Luke 7:50). According to your faith be it unto you, Matt. 9:29.  If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, nothing shall be impossible unto you, Matt. 17:20 (Luke 17:6). I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not, Luke 22:32. Faith in Christ's name hath made this man strong, Acts 3:16. Faith cometh by hearing the word of God, Rom. 10:17. If Christ is not risen your faith is also vain, 1 Cor. 15:14. Faith worketh by love, Gal. 5:6. By grace are ye saved through faith, Eph. 2:8 (2 Ne. 25:23). Take the shield of faith, Eph. 6:16 (D&C 27:17). I have finished my course, I have kept the faith, 2 Tim. 4:7. Faith is the substance of things hoped for, Heb. 11:1. Without faith it is impossible to please him, Heb. 11:6. Faith, if it hath not works, is dead, James 2:17–18, 22. I will go and do the things which the Lord hath commanded, 1 Ne. 3:7. The Lord is able to do all things for the children of men, if they exercise faith in him, 1 Ne. 7:12. The pointers in the Liahona worked according to faith, 1 Ne. 16:28. Repent, and be baptized in his name, having perfect faith in the Holy One, 2 Ne. 9:23. Christ works mighty miracles among the children of men according to their faith, 2 Ne. 26:13 (Ether 12:12; Moro. 7:27–29, 34–38). Enos's sins were forgiven because of his faith in Christ, Enos 1:3–8. Salvation cometh to none such except it be through faith on the Lord Jesus Christ, Mosiah 3:12. Hearts are changed through faith on his name, Mosiah 5:7. The prayers of God's servants are answered according to their faith, Mosiah 27:14. Give us strength according to our faith in Christ, Alma 14:26. Call on God's name in faith, Alma 22:16. Faith is not to have a perfect knowledge of things, Alma 32:21 (Ether 12:6). As it beginneth to swell even so nourish it by your faith, Alma 33:23 (Alma 32:28). Their preservation was ascribed to the miraculous power of God because of their exceeding faith, Alma 57:25–27. As many as should look upon the Son of God with faith might live, Hel. 8:15. I see that your faith is sufficient that I should heal you, 3 Ne. 17:8. Faith is things which are hoped for and not seen, Ether 12:6. All they who wrought miracles wrought them by faith, Ether 12:12–18. If they have faith in me, then will I make weak things become strong unto them, Ether 12:27–28, 37. Mormon taught about faith, hope, and charity, Moro. 7. Whatsoever thing ye shall ask the Father in my name, which is good, in faith believing that ye shall receive, behold, it shall be done unto you, Moro. 7:26. They who have faith in Christ will cleave unto every good thing, Moro. 7:28. If ye shall ask, having faith in Christ, he will manifest the truth, Moro. 10:4. Without faith ye can do nothing; therefore ask in faith, D&C 8:10. It should be granted unto them according to their faith in their prayers, D&C 10:47, 52. All men must endure in faith on his name to the end, D&C 20:25, 29. Justification through the grace of Christ is just and true, D&C 20:30. The Spirit shall be given unto you by the prayer of faith, D&C 42:14. Faith cometh not by signs, but signs follow those that believe, D&C 63:9–12. Parents are to teach children faith in Christ, D&C 68:25. Seek learning, even by study and also by faith, D&C 88:118. Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is the first principle of the gospel, A of F 1:4.



 FALL OF ADAM AND EVE. See also Adam; Atone, Atonement; Death, Physical; Death, Spiritual; Eve; Jesus Christ; Mortal, Mortality; Natural Man; Plan of Redemption; Redeem, Redeemed, Redemption


The process by which mankind became mortal on this earth. When Adam and Eve ate of the forbidden fruit, they became mortal, that is, subject to sin and death. Adam became the "first flesh" upon the earth (Moses 3:7). Latter-day revelation makes clear that the Fall is a blessing and that Adam and Eve should be honored as the first parents of all mankind.


The Fall was a necessary step in man's progress. Because God knew that the Fall would occur, he had planned in the premortal life for a Savior. Jesus Christ came in the meridian of time to atone for the fall of Adam and also for man's individual sins on condition of man's repentance.


In the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die, Gen. 2:17 (Moses 3:17). She took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, Gen. 3:6 (Moses 4:12). As in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive, 1 Cor. 15:22. All mankind were in a lost and in a fallen state, 1 Ne. 10:6. The way is prepared from the fall of man, 2 Ne. 2:4. After Adam and Eve had partaken of the forbidden fruit, they were driven out of the Garden of Eden, 2 Ne. 2:19. Adam fell that men might be, 2 Ne. 2:15–26. The natural man is an enemy to God, and has been from the fall of Adam, Mosiah 3:19. Aaron taught Lamoni's father about the Fall, Alma 22:12–14. There must be an atonement made or else all mankind are fallen and lost, Alma 34:9. Our first parents were cut off both temporally and spiritually from the presence of the Lord, Alma 42:2–15 (Hel. 14:16). Because of the Fall our natures have become evil, Ether 3:2. By the transgression of these holy laws man became fallen man, D&C 20:20 (D&C 29:34–44).  As thou hast fallen thou mayest be redeemed, Moses 5:9–12. By reason of transgression cometh the Fall, Moses 6:59. Men will be punished for their own sins, A of F 1:2.



 FAMILY. See also Child, Children; Father, Mortal; Marriage, Marry; Mother


As used in the scriptures, a family consists of a husband and wife, children, and sometimes other relatives living in the same house or under one family head. A family can also be a single parent with children, a husband and wife without children, or even a single person living alone.


 General:  In thee shall all families of the earth be blessed, Gen. 12:3 (Gen. 28:14; Abr. 2:11). I will be the God of all the families of Israel, Jer. 31:1. The whole family in heaven and earth is named of the Father, Eph. 3:14–15. Adam and Eve brought forth the family of all the earth, 2 Ne. 2:20. Thy glory shall be a continuation of the seeds forever, D&C 132:19. I will give him crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds, D&C 132:55. The sealing of the children to the parents is part of the great work of the fulness of times, D&C 138:48. Male and female created I them, and said unto them: Be fruitful, and multiply, Moses 2:27–28. It is not good that the man should be alone, Moses 3:18. Adam and Eve labored together, Moses 5:1.


 Parents' responsibilities:  Abraham will command his children, and they shall keep the way of the Lord, Gen. 18:17–19. Thou shalt teach these words diligently unto thy children, Deut. 6:7 (Deut. 11:19). He who loves his son chastens him, Prov. 13:24 (Prov. 23:13). Train up a child in the way he should go, Prov. 22:6. Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest, Eccl. 9:9. All thy children shall be taught of the Lord, Isa. 54:13 (3 Ne. 22:13). Bring them up in the nurture of the Lord, Eph. 6:1–4 (Enos 1:1). If any provide not for his own, he hath denied the faith, 1 Tim. 5:8. He did exhort them with all the feeling of a tender parent, 1 Ne. 8:37. We talk of Christ that our children may know to what source they may look, 2 Ne. 25:26. Their husbands and their wives love their children, Jacob 3:7. Teach them to love one another and to serve one another, Mosiah 4:14–15. Ye shall defend your families even unto bloodshed, Alma 43:47. Pray in your families that your wives and your children may be blessed, 3 Ne. 18:21. Parents are to teach the gospel to their children, D&C 68:25. Every man is obliged to provide for his own family, D&C 75:28. All children have claim upon their parents, D&C 83:4. Bring up your children in light and truth, D&C 93:40. Set in order your own house, D&C 93:43–44, 50. Priesthood bearers should influence others only by love unfeigned, D&C 121:41. Adam and Eve made all things known unto their children, Moses 5:12.


 Child's responsibilities:  Honor thy father and thy mother, Ex. 20:12. My son, hear the instruction of thy father, Prov. 1:8 (Prov. 13:1; 23:22). Jesus was subject to his parents, Luke 2:51. Jesus did the will of his Father, John 6:38 (3 Ne. 27:13). Obey your parents in the Lord, Eph. 6:1 (Col. 3:20). If the children repent, thine indignation shall be turned away, D&C 98:45–48. Eve's faithful daughters worshiped the true and living God, D&C 138:38–39.


 Eternal family:  The Doctrine and Covenants sets forth the eternal nature of the marriage relationship and the family. Celestial marriage and a continuation of the family unit enable husbands and wives to become gods (D&C 132:15–20).



 FAMILY HISTORY. See Genealogy; Salvation for the Dead



 FAST, FASTING. See also Alms, Almsgiving; Offering; Poor; Welfare


To voluntarily refrain from eating or drinking for the purpose of drawing closer to the Lord and requesting his blessings. When individuals and groups fast, they should also pray to understand God's will and to develop greater spiritual strength. Fasting has always been practiced by true believers.


  In the Church today, one Sabbath day each month is set aside for the purpose of fasting. During this time, Church members go without food and water for twenty-four hours. They then contribute to the Church the money that they would have spent on food for those meals. This money is called a fast offering. The Church uses the fast offerings to assist the poor and needy.


We fasted and besought our God, Ezra 8:21–23, 31. I fasted and prayed before the God of heaven, Neh. 1:4. Fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink for three days, Esther 4:16. I humbled my soul with fasting, Ps. 35:13. Is not this the fast that I have chosen? Isa. 58:3–12. I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer, with fasting, Dan. 9:3. Turn ye to me with all your heart, and with fasting, Joel 2:12. Nineveh believed God, and proclaimed a fast, Jonah 3:5. Jesus fasted for forty days, Matt. 4:2 (Ex. 34:28; 1 Kgs. 19:8; Luke 4:1–2). Appear not unto men to fast, Matt. 6:18 (3 Ne. 13:16). This kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting, Matt. 17:21. Continue in fasting and praying, Omni 1:26 (4 Ne. 1:12). They began to fast, and to pray to the Lord their God, Mosiah 27:22. I have fasted and prayed many days that I might know these things, Alma 5:46. The children of God joined in fasting and mighty prayer, Alma 6:6. The sons of Mosiah had given themselves to much prayer and fasting, Alma 17:3, 9. A time of fasting and prayer followed the death of many Nephites, Alma 28:5–6. They did fast much and pray much, Alma 45:1 (Hel. 3:35). Let thy food be prepared with singleness of heart that thy fasting may be perfect, D&C 59:13–14. Ye shall continue in prayer and fasting, D&C 88:76.



 FATHER, MORTAL. See also Family; Parents; Patriarch, Patriarchal; Patriarchal Blessings


A sacred title referring to a man who has begotten or legally adopted a child.


Honor thy father and thy mother, Ex. 20:12 (Deut. 5:16; Matt. 19:19; Mosiah 13:20). A father will correct a son in whom he delights, Prov. 3:12. Fathers, provoke not your children to wrath, Eph. 6:1–4. I was taught somewhat in all the learning of my father, 1 Ne. 1:1. My father was a just man—for he taught me, Enos 1:1. Alma prayed for his son, Mosiah 27:14. Alma gave commandments to his sons, Alma 36–42. Helaman named his sons after their forebears, Hel. 5:5–12. Mormon was always mindful of his son in his prayers, Moro. 8:2–3. Great things may be required at the hand of fathers, D&C 29:48. Every man is obliged to provide for his own family, D&C 75:28. He commanded  me to go to my father, JS-H 1:49.



 FATHER IN HEAVEN. See also God, Godhead


The Father of the spirits of all mankind (Ps. 82:6; Matt. 5:48; John 10:34; Rom. 8:16–17; Gal. 4:7; 1 Jn. 3:2). Jesus is his Only Begotten Son in the flesh. Man has been commanded to obey and give reverence to the Father and to pray to him in Jesus' name.


If ye forgive men, your Heavenly Father will also forgive you, Matt. 6:14 (Matt. 18:35; 3 Ne. 13:14). Your Heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things, Matt. 6:26–33 (3 Ne. 13:26–33).  How much more shall your Heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? Luke 11:11–13. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, Eph. 1:3. Ye are eternally indebted to your Heavenly Father, Mosiah 2:34. Christ glorified the name of the Father, Ether 12:8. The Saints should bear witness of their persecutions before the Father comes forth from his hiding place, D&C 123:1–3, 6. We experienced great and glorious blessings from our Heavenly Father, JS-H 1:73.





The site of the farm owned by Peter Whitmer, Sr., where many revelations were given to the Prophet Joseph Smith, Jr. Here the Church was organized on 6 April 1830 and the voice of the Lord was heard (D&C 128:20).



 FEAR. See also Courage, Courageous; Faith; Reverence


Fear can have two meanings: (1) to fear God is to feel reverence and awe for him and to obey his commandments; (2) to fear man, mortal dangers, pain, and evil is to be afraid of such things and to dread them.


 Fear of God:  Surely the fear of God is not in this place, Gen. 20:11. Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, Deut. 6:13 (Josh. 24:14; 1 Sam. 12:24). Serve the Lord with fear, Ps. 2:11. Fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, Ps. 111:10. Fear the Lord and depart from evil, Prov. 3:7. It shall be well with them that fear God, Eccl. 8:12. Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, Philip. 2:12. Fear God, and give glory to him, Rev. 14:7 (D&C 88:104). Prophets stirred up the people continually to keep them in the fear of the Lord, Enos 1:23. Alma and the sons of Mosiah fell to the earth, for the fear of the Lord came upon them, Alma 36:7. Work out your salvation with fear and trembling, Morm. 9:27. They who do not fear me, I will disturb and cause to tremble, D&C 10:56. He that feareth me shall be looking for the signs of the coming of the Son of Man, D&C 45:39.


 Fear of man:  Fear not, for I am with thee, Gen. 26:24 (Isa. 41:10). The Lord is with us: fear them not, Num. 14:9. Fear not: for they that be with us are more, 2 Kgs. 6:16. I will not fear what flesh can do, Ps. 56:4. Fear not the reproach of men, Isa. 51:7 (2 Ne. 8:7). God hath not given us the spirit of fear, 2 Tim. 1:7. Perfect love casteth out fear, 1 Jn. 4:18 (Moro. 8:16). The sons of Helaman did not fear death, Alma 56:46–48.  The fear of death fills the breasts of the wicked, Morm. 6:7. Fear not what man can do, Moro. 8:16. You should not have feared man more than God, D&C 3:7 (D&C 30:1, 11; 122:9). Fear not to do good, D&C 6:33. Whosoever belongeth to my church need not fear, D&C 10:55. If ye are prepared ye shall not fear, D&C 38:30. Strip yourselves from fear, D&C 67:10. Be of good cheer, and do not fear, for I the Lord am with you, D&C 68:6. Fear not thine enemies, D&C 136:17.



 FEEL. See also Holy Ghost


To sense the promptings of the Spirit.


Ye were past feeling, that ye could not feel his words, 1 Ne. 17:45. When you feel these swelling motions, ye will begin to say that this is a good seed, Alma 32:28. You shall feel that it is right, D&C 9:8. All people who shall enter the Lord's house may feel thy power, D&C 109:13.



 FELLOWSHIP. See also Love; Unity


For Latter-day Saints, fellowship includes offering friendly companionship, serving, uplifting, and strengthening others.


Love thy neighbor as thyself, Lev. 19:18 (Matt. 19:19; D&C 59:6). When thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren, Luke 22:32. Ye are my disciples if ye have love one to another, John 13:35. Feed my sheep, John 21:15–17. They prayed that we would take upon us the fellowship of the ministering to the Saints, 2 Cor. 8:1–5. Our fellowship is with the Father, and with his Son, 1 Jn. 1:3. The Nephites and Lamanites did fellowship one with another, Hel. 6:3. Let every man esteem his brother as himself, D&C 38:24–25. If ye are not one ye are not mine, D&C 38:27. I receive you to fellowship to be your friend and brother, D&C 88:133.



 FIELD. See also Vineyard of the Lord; World


In scripture, an open area of land used for cultivation or pasture. It often symbolizes the world and its peoples.


The field is the world, Matt. 13:38. The kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field, Matt. 13:44. I beheld a large and spacious field, 1 Ne. 8:9, 20. The field was ripe, Alma 26:5. The field is white already to harvest, D&C 4:4 (D&C 6:3; 11:3; 12:3; 14:3; 31:4; 33:3, 7). The field was the world, D&C 86:1–2. I will liken these kingdoms unto a man having a field, D&C 88:51.



 FILTH, FILTHINESS. See also Clean and Unclean; Sin; Ungodly; Unrighteous, Unrighteousness; Wicked, Wickedness


Spiritual uncleanness because of willful disobedience to God.


The Lord shall wash away the filth of the daughters of Zion, Isa. 4:4 (2 Ne. 14:4). The kingdom of God is not filthy, 1 Ne. 15:34 (Alma 7:21). They who are filthy shall be filthy still, 2 Ne. 9:16 (Morm. 9:14). How will you feel, if ye shall stand before the bar of God, having your garments stained with filthiness? Alma 5:22. They must remain filthy still, D&C 88:35. When shall I rest, and be cleansed from filthiness? Moses 7:48.



 FIRE. See also Baptism, Baptize; Earth–Cleansing of the earth; Hell; Holy Ghost


A symbol for cleansing, purifying, or sanctifying. Fire can also serve as a symbol of God's presence.


Thy God is a consuming fire, Deut. 4:24. The Lord makes his ministers a flaming fire, Ps. 104:4. The Lord of hosts will visit them with the flame of devouring fire, Isa. 29:6 (2 Ne. 27:2). The Lord will come with fire, Isa. 66:15. He is like a refiner's fire, Mal. 3:2 (3 Ne. 24:2; D&C 128:24). He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire, Matt. 3:11 (Luke 3:16). The righteous will be preserved by fire, 1 Ne. 22:17. The wicked will be destroyed by fire, 2 Ne. 30:10. Nephi explained how we receive the baptism of fire and the Holy Ghost, 2 Ne. 31:13–14 (3 Ne. 9:20; 12:1; 19:13; Ether 12:14; D&C 33:11). Thou shalt declare remission of sins by baptism, and by fire, D&C 19:31. The great and abominable church shall be cast down by devouring fire, D&C 29:21. The earth shall pass away so as by fire, D&C 43:32. The presence of the Lord shall be as the melting fire, D&C 133:41. Adam was baptized with fire and the Holy Ghost, Moses 6:66.



 FIRSTBORN. See also Birthright; Jesus Christ


In the time of the ancient patriarchs, the firstborn son received the birthright (Gen. 43:33) and thus inherited the leadership of the family upon the death of the father. The firstborn had to be worthy to assume this responsibility (1 Chr. 5:1–2) and could lose his birthright by unrighteousness.


  Under the law of Moses, the firstborn son was regarded as belonging to God. The firstborn received a double portion of his father's possessions (Deut. 21:17). After his father's death, he was responsible for the care of his mother and sisters.


  The male firstborn of animals also belonged to God. Clean animals were used for sacrifices, while unclean animals might be redeemed or sold or put to death (Ex. 13:2, 11–13; 34:19–20; Lev. 27:11–13, 26–27).


  The firstborn symbolized Jesus Christ and his earthly ministry, reminding the people that the great Messiah would come (Moses 5:4–8; 6:63).


  Jesus was the firstborn of the spirit children of our Heavenly Father, the Only Begotten of the Father in the flesh, and the first to rise from the dead in the resurrection (Col. 1:13–18). Faithful Saints become members of the Church of the Firstborn in eternity (D&C 93:21–22).


The firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me, Ex. 22:29. I hallowed unto me all the firstborn in Israel, Num. 3:13. He might be the firstborn among many brethren, Rom. 8:29. He bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, Heb. 1:6. They are they who are the Church of the Firstborn, D&C 76:54, 94. It was conferred upon me from the fathers, even the right of the firstborn, Abr. 1:3.





The first crops gathered in a season. In Old Testament times, they were offered to the Lord (Lev. 23:9–20). Those who accept the gospel and endure to the end in faithfulness are in a symbolic way the firstfruits, for they belong to God.


Those who follow the Lamb wherever he goes are the firstfruits unto God, Rev. 14:4. They who shall first descend with Christ are the firstfruits, D&C 88:98.


 FIRST PRESIDENCY. See also Keys of the Priesthood; President; Revelation


The President of the Church and his Counselors. They are a quorum of three high priests and preside over the whole Church. The First Presidency holds all the keys of the priesthood.


The keys of the kingdom always belong to the Presidency of the High Priesthood, D&C 81:2. The Presidency of the High Priesthood has the right to officiate in all offices, D&C 107:9, 22.  Whosoever receiveth me receiveth the First Presidency, D&C 112:20, 30. The First Presidency is to receive oracles [revelations] for the whole Church, D&C 124:126.



 FIRST PRINCIPLES OF THE GOSPEL. See Baptism, Baptize; Faith; Holy Ghost; Repent, Repentance



 FIRST VISION. See also Restoration of the Gospel; Smith, Joseph, Jr.


The appearance of God the Father and his Son Jesus Christ to the Prophet Joseph Smith in a grove of trees.


  In the spring of 1820, Joseph Smith, Jr., was in his fifteenth year. He lived with his family in the township of Palmyra, New York. A short distance west of the family home was a grove of large trees. Joseph went to this spot to pray to God to learn which church was right. He had been impressed while reading the Bible that he must seek that answer from God (James 1:5–6). In answer to his prayer, the Father and the Son appeared to him and told him to join none of the churches then on the earth, for they were all wrong (JS-H 1:15–20). This sacred experience began a series of events that would bring about the restoration of the gospel and Christ's true Church.



 FLESH. See also Body; Carnal; Mortal, Mortality; Natural Man


Flesh has several meanings: (1) the soft tissue that makes up the bodies of mankind, animals, fowls, or fish; (2) mortality; or (3) the physical or carnal nature of man.


 Body tissue:  Animals shall be meat for you, Gen. 9:3. Animals should not be killed needlessly, JST, Gen. 9:10–11 (D&C 49:21). Animals and fowl are for man to eat and use as clothing, D&C 49:18–19 (D&C 59:16–20). We should eat meat sparingly, D&C 89:12–15.


 Mortality:  Jesus is the only one begotten of the Father into mortality, John 1:14 (Mosiah 15:1–3). Adam became the first flesh, Moses 3:7.


 Carnal nature of man:  Cursed be the man that makes flesh his arm, Jer. 17:5. The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak, Mark 14:38. The lust of the flesh is not of the Father, 1 Jn. 2:16. Nephi was sorrowful because of his flesh and iniquities, 2 Ne. 4:17–18, 34. Do not reconcile yourselves to the devil and the flesh, 2 Ne. 10:24.



 FLOOD AT NOAH'S TIME. See also Ark; Noah, Bible Patriarch; Rainbow


During Noah's time the earth was completely covered with water. This was the baptism of the earth and symbolized a cleansing (1 Pet. 3:20–21).


God will bring a flood of waters upon the earth to destroy all flesh, Gen. 6:17 (Moses 7:34, 43, 50–52; 8:17, 30). The waters of the flood were upon the earth, Gen. 7:10. God set a bow in the cloud as a token of the covenant, Gen. 9:9–17. After the waters had receded, the land of America became a choice land, Ether 13:2. The wicked shall perish in the flood, Moses 7:38; 8:24.



 FORBIDDEN FRUIT. See Eden; Fall of Adam and Eve



 FOREORDINATION. See also Premortal Life


God's premortal ordination of his valiant spirit children to fulfill certain missions during their mortal lives.


God set the bounds of the people, Deut. 32:8. Before I formed thee in the belly I ordained thee a prophet, Jer. 1:5. God determined the times before appointed, Acts 17:26. For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate, Rom. 8:28–30. He has chosen us in him before the foundation of the world, Eph. 1:3–4. Jesus Christ was foreordained to be the Redeemer, 1 Pet. 1:19–20 (Rev. 13:8). They were called and prepared from the foundation of the world, Alma 13:1–9. I observed the noble and great ones who were chosen in the beginning, D&C 138:55–56. My Beloved Son was chosen from the beginning, Moses 4:2. Abraham was chosen before he was born, Abr. 3:23.



 FORGIVE. See also Atone, Atonement; Confess, Confession; Remission of Sins; Repent, Repentance


As used in the scriptures, to forgive generally means one of two things: (1) When God forgives men, he cancels or sets aside a required punishment for sin. Through the atonement of Christ, forgiveness of sins is available to all who repent, except those guilty of murder or the unpardonable sin against the Holy Ghost. (2) As people forgive each other, they treat one another with Christlike love and have no bad feelings toward those who have offended them (Matt. 5:43–45; 6:12–15; Luke 17:3–4; 1 Ne. 7:19–21).


The Lord is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, Num. 14:18. Though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow, Isa. 1:18. Forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors, Matt. 6:12 (Luke 11:4; 3 Ne. 13:11). The Son of man has power to forgive sins, Matt. 9:6 (Matt. 18:35; Mark 2:10; Luke 5:20–24). How oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Matt. 18:21–22 (D&C 98:40). He that blasphemes against the Holy Ghost hath never forgiveness, Mark 3:29 (Alma 39:6). If thy brother trespass against thee and repent, forgive him, Luke 17:3. Father forgive them, for they know not what they do, Luke 23:34. Pray for forgiveness, 1 Ne. 7:21. Apply the atoning blood of Christ that we may receive forgiveness of our sins, Mosiah 4:2. If he confess his sins before thee and me, and repent, him shall ye forgive, Mosiah 26:29–31. He that repents and does the commandments shall be forgiven, D&C 1:32. Thrust in your sickle, and your sins are forgiven, D&C 31:5 (D&C 84:61). He who has repented of his sins is forgiven, and I, the Lord, remember them no more, D&C 58:42. I will forgive whom I will forgive, but of you it is required to forgive all men, D&C 64:10. Inasmuch as you have forgiven one another your trespasses, even so I, the Lord, forgive you, D&C 82:1. Whom I love I also chasten that their sins may be forgiven, D&C 95:1. I have forgiven thee thy transgression, Moses 6:53.



 FORNICATION. See also Adultery; Chastity; Sensual, Sensuality


Unlawful sexual intercourse between two people not married to each other. In the scriptures it is also occasionally used as a symbol for apostasy.


Do not force me, for no such thing ought to be done, 2 Sam. 13:12. Abstain from fornication, Acts 15:20. The body is not for fornication, but for the Lord, 1 Cor. 6:13–18. To avoid fornication, let every man have his own wife, 1 Cor. 7:2–3. This is the will of God, that ye should abstain from fornication, 1 Thes. 4:3. Jacob warned the people of Nephi against fornication, Jacob 3:12. Ye are ripening, because of your murders and fornication, for destruction, Hel. 8:26. Fornicators must repent in order to join the Church, D&C 42:74–78.



 FREE, FREEDOM. See also Agency; Captivity; Liberty


The power or ability to make personal choices without compulsion. In a spiritual sense, a person who repents and obeys God's will is free from the bondage of sin through the atonement of Jesus Christ (Mosiah 5:8).


The truth shall make you free, John 8:32. Those who become free from sin receive eternal life, Rom. 6:19–23. A righteous branch of the house of Israel shall be brought out of captivity unto freedom, 2 Ne. 3:5. They cried unto the Lord for their freedom, Alma 43:48–50. Moroni did joy in the freedom of his country, Alma 48:11. The Spirit of God is the spirit of freedom, Alma 61:15. Follow me, and you shall be a free people, D&C 38:22.



 FREE AGENCY. See Agency






 GABRIEL. See also Angels; Mary, Mother of Jesus; Noah, Bible Patriarch


An angel sent to Daniel (Dan. 8:16; 9:21), Zacharias (Luke 1:11–19; D&C 27:7), Mary (Luke 1:26–38), and others (D&C 128:21). The Prophet Joseph Smith indicated that Gabriel is the Old Testament prophet Noah.



 GAD, SON OF JACOB. See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, a son of Jacob and Zilpah (Genesis 30:10–11). His descendants became a tribe of Israel.


 The tribe of Gad:  For Jacob's blessing on his son Gad, see Gen. 49:19. For Moses' blessing on the tribe of Gad, see Deuteronomy 33:20–21. According to these blessings, Gad's descendants were to be a warlike race. The lands allotted to them in the land of Canaan were east of the Jordan River and contained good pasture land with abundant water.



 GAD THE SEER. See also Scriptures–Lost scriptures


A prophet and faithful friend and adviser of David in the Old Testament (1 Sam. 22:5; 2 Sam. 24:11–19). He wrote a book of the acts of David, which has become lost scripture (1 Chr. 29:29).



 GADIANTON ROBBERS. See also Secret Combinations


In the Book of Mormon, a band of robbers founded by a wicked Nephite named Gadianton. Their organization was based on secrecy and satanic oaths.


Gadianton caused the destruction of the Nephite nation, Hel. 2:12–13. The devil gave secret oaths and covenants to Gadianton, Hel. 6:16–32. Secret combinations caused the destruction of the Jaredite nation, Ether 8:15–26.



 GALATIANS, EPISTLE TO. See also Paul; Pauline Epistles


A book in the New Testament. It was originally a letter that the Apostle Paul wrote to the Saints living throughout Galatia. The theme of this letter is that true freedom can be found only in living the gospel of Jesus Christ. If the Saints adopted the teachings of Jewish Christians who insisted on observing the Mosaic law, they would limit or destroy the freedom they had found in Christ. In the epistle Paul established his own position as an Apostle, explained the doctrine of righteousness by faith, and affirmed the value of a spiritual religion.


  In chapters 1 and 2, Paul expressed regret at the news he had received of apostasy among the Galatians and clarified his position among the Apostles. Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the doctrines of faith and works. Chapters 5 and 6 contain a sermon on the practical results of the doctrine of faith.





In ancient and modern times, the most northerly district of Israel west of the Jordan River and the Sea of Galilee. Galilee is about sixty miles (ninety-seven kilometers) long by thirty miles (forty-eight kilometers) wide. Anciently, it contained some of the best land and the busiest towns of Israel. Important highways leading to Damascus, Egypt, and eastern Israel passed through Galilee. Its excellent climate and fertile soil produced large crops of olives, wheat, barley, and grapes. Fisheries by the Sea of Galilee provided a large export trade and were a great source of wealth. The Savior spent much of his time in Galilee.


A great light shall arise in Galilee, Isa. 9:1–3 (2 Ne. 19:1–3). Jesus went all about Galilee preaching, teaching, and healing, Matt. 4:23. After Jesus was resurrected, he appeared in Galilee, Mark 14:28 (John 21:1–14). Jesus' fame spread throughout Galilee, Luke 4:14. Jesus began his miracles in Cana of Galilee, John 2:11.


 The Sea of Galilee:  The Sea of Galilee is located in northern Israel. It was also called the Sea of Chinnereth in the Old Testament and the Lake of Gennesaret or Tiberias in the New Testament. Jesus taught several sermons there (Matt. 13:2). The sea is pear-shaped, 12.5 miles (20 kilometers) long and 7.5 miles (12 kilometers) wide at its greatest width. It lies 680 feet (207 meters) below sea level, which often causes the surrounding air to be quite hot. Cold air rushing down from the hills and meeting the hot air above the water often produces sudden storms (Luke 8:22–24).



 GAMALIEL. See also Pharisees


A well-known Pharisee in the New Testament who knew and taught the Jewish law. The Apostle Paul was one of his students (Acts 22:3). He was very influential in the Sanhedrin (Acts 5:34–40).









 GATHERING OF ISRAEL. See Israel–The gathering of Israel



 GENEALOGY. See also Baptism, Baptize-Baptism for the Dead; Book of Remembrance; Family; Ordinances–Vicarious ordinances; Salvation; Salvation for the Dead


A record tracing the line of descent in a family. Where priesthood offices or certain blessings were restricted to a particular family, genealogies in the scriptures were very important (Gen. 5; 10; 25; 46; 1 Chr. 1–9; Ezra 2:61–62; Neh. 7:63–64; Matt. 1:1–17; Luke 3:23–38; 1 Ne. 3:1–4; 5:14–19; Jarom 1:1–2). In the restored Church today, members of the Church continue to trace their family lines of descent, in part to properly identify deceased ancestors so they can perform saving ordinances in their ancestors' behalf. These ordinances are valid for those deceased persons who accept the gospel of Jesus Christ in the spirit world (D&C 127, 128).



 GENERAL AUTHORITIES. See Apostle; First Presidency; Presiding Bishop; Seventy



 GENESIS. See also Pentateuch


A Greek word meaning "origin" or "beginning."  The book of Genesis is the first book of the Old Testament and was written by the prophet Moses. It gives an account of many beginnings, such as the creation of the earth, the placing of animals and man on the earth, the fall of Adam and Eve, the revelation of the gospel to Adam, the beginning of tribes and races, the origin of various languages at Babel, and the beginning of the Abrahamic family leading to the establishment of the house of Israel. Joseph's role as a preserver of Israel is emphasized in Genesis.


  Latter-day revelation verifies and clarifies the record of Genesis (1 Ne. 5; Ether 1; Moses 1–8; Abr. 1–5).


  In the book of Genesis, chapters 1–4 relate the creation of the world and the development of the family of Adam. Chapters 5–10 record the history of Noah. Chapters 11–20 tell of Abraham and his family up to the time of Isaac. Chapters 21–35 follow Isaac's family. Chapter 36 tells of Esau and his family. Chapters 37–50 tell of Jacob's family and give the account of Joseph being sold into Egypt and his role in saving the house of Israel.





As used in the scriptures, Gentiles has several meanings. Sometimes it designates people of non-Israelite lineage, sometimes people of non-Jewish lineage, and sometimes nations that are without the gospel, even though there may be some Israelite blood among the people. This latter usage is especially characteristic of the word as used in the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants.


Israelites were not to marry non-Israelites (Gentiles), Deut. 7:1–3. The Lord would come to be a light of the Gentiles, Isa. 42:6. Peter was commanded to take the gospel to the Gentiles, Acts 10:9–48. God also granted repentance to the Gentiles, Acts 11:18. We are baptized into one church, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, 1 Cor. 12:13. The Gentiles should be fellowheirs in Christ by the gospel, Eph. 3:6. The Book of Mormon was written to the Gentiles, Title page of the Book of Mormon (Morm. 3:17). A man among the Gentiles went forth upon the waters, 1 Ne. 13:12.  Other books came from the Gentiles, 1 Ne. 13:39. The fulness of the gospel shall come to the Gentiles, 1 Ne. 15:13 (3 Ne. 16:7; D&C 20:9). This land shall be a land of liberty to the Gentiles, 2 Ne. 10:11. The Gentiles are a likeness of a wild olive tree, Jacob 5. The gospel is to come forth in the times of the Gentiles, D&C 45:28 (D&C 19:27). The word will go forth unto the ends of the earth, unto the Gentiles first, and then unto the Jews, D&C 90:8–10. The Seventy are to be special witnesses to the Gentiles, D&C 107:25. Send forth the elders of my church to call upon all nations, first upon the Gentiles, and then upon the Jews, D&C 133:8.



 GETHSEMANE. See also Atone, Atonement; Olives, Mount of


A garden spoken of in the New Testament as being near the Mount of Olives. In Aramaic, the word gethsemane means "olive press."  Jesus went to the garden on the night that Judas betrayed him. There he prayed and suffered in Gethsemane for the sins of mankind (Matt. 26:36, 39; Mark 14:32; John 18:1; Alma 21:9; D&C 19:15–19).





A faithful Nephite leader.


Was a strong man and an enemy to King Noah, Mosiah 19:4–8. Counseled with King Limhi, Mosiah 20:17–22. Proposed a plan for escaping from Lamanite bondage, Mosiah 22:3–9. Was killed by Nehor, Alma 1:8–10.





A leader who delivered Israel from the Midianites (Judg. 6:11–40; 7–8).



 GIFT. See also Gift of the Holy Ghost; Gifts of the Spirit


God gives man many blessings and gifts.


There are many spiritual gifts, 1 Cor. 12:4–10. Seek earnestly the best gifts, 1 Cor. 12:31. Every perfect gift is from God, James 1:17. The power of the Holy Ghost is the gift of God, 1 Ne. 10:17. Those who say there are no gifts do not know the gospel of Christ, Morm. 9:7–8. Every good gift comes from Christ, Moro. 10:8–18. Eternal life is the greatest of all the gifts of God, D&C 14:7 (1 Ne. 15:36). Gifts are given to those who love the Lord, D&C 46:8–11. All have not every gift given unto them, D&C 46:11–29.



 GIFT OF THE HOLY GHOST. See also Gift; Gifts of the Spirit; God, Godhead; Holy Ghost


It is the right of every worthy baptized member of the Church to have the constant influence of the Holy Ghost. Following a person's baptism into the true Church of Jesus Christ, he receives the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands from one who has the proper authority (Acts 8:12–25; Moro. 2:1–3; D&C 39:23). Receiving the gift of the Holy Ghost is often spoken of as a baptism by fire (Matt. 3:11; D&C 19:31).


Men are commanded to repent, be baptized, and receive the gift of the Holy Ghost, Acts 2:38. Peter and John conferred the gift of the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, Acts 8:14–22. The Holy Ghost is given by the laying on of hands, Acts 19:2–6. The remission of sins comes by fire and by the Holy Ghost, 2 Ne. 31:17. We believe in the laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost, A of F 1:4.





Special spiritual blessings given by the Lord to worthy individuals for their own benefit and for them to use in blessing others. For a description of the gifts of the Spirit, study Doctrine and Covenants 46:11–33; 1 Corinthians 12:1–12; Moroni 10:8–18.


Covet earnestly the best gifts, 1 Cor. 12:31 (1 Cor. 14:1). The Nephites were given many gifts of the Spirit, Alma 9:21. Wo to him who says the Lord no longer works by gifts or by the power of the Holy Ghost, 3 Ne. 29:6. God gives gifts to the faithful, Morm. 9:7. Gifts come by the Spirit of Christ, Moro. 10:17. There are many gifts and to every man is given a gift by the Spirit, D&C 46:11. Church leaders are given power to discern the gifts of the Spirit, D&C 46:27. The President of the Church has all the gifts of God, D&C 107:92.



 GLORY. See also Degrees of Glory; Light, Light of Christ; Truth


In the scriptures, glory often refers to God's light and truth. It may also refer to praise or honor and to a certain condition of eternal life or to the glory of God.


Holy is the Lord of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory, Isa. 6:3 (2 Ne. 16:3). We are changed into the same image from glory to glory, 2 Cor. 3:18. He will raise me up to dwell with him in glory, Alma 36:28. The glories received in the resurrection will differ according to righteousness, D&C 76:50–119. The glory of God is intelligence, D&C 93:36. The glory of God is to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man, Moses 1:39. I saw two Personages, whose brightness and glory defy all description, JS-H 1:17.



 GOD, GODHEAD. See also Father in Heaven; Holy Ghost; Jesus Christ; Lord


There are three separate persons in the Godhead: God, the Eternal Father; his Son, Jesus Christ; and the Holy Ghost. We believe in each of them (A of F 1:1). From latter-day revelation we learn that the Father and the Son have tangible bodies of flesh and bone and that the Holy Ghost is a personage of spirit, without flesh and bone (D&C 130:22–23). These three persons are one in perfect unity and harmony of purpose and doctrine (John 17:21–23; 2 Ne. 31:21; 3 Ne. 11:27, 36).


 God the Father:  It is generally the Father, or Elohim, who is referred to by the title God. He is called the Father because he is the father of our spirits (Mal. 2:10; Num. 16:22; 27:16; Matt. 6:9; Eph. 4:6; Heb. 12:9). God the Father is the supreme ruler of the universe. He is all powerful (Gen. 18:14; Alma 26:35; D&C  19:1–3), all knowing (Matt. 6:8; 2 Ne. 2:24), and everywhere present through his Spirit (Ps. 139:7–12; D&C 88:7–13, 41). Mankind has a special relationship to God that sets man apart from all other created things: men and women are God's spirit children (Ps. 82:6; 1 Jn. 3:1–3; D&C 20:17–18).


There are few recorded instances of God the Father appearing to or speaking to man. The scriptures say that he spoke to Adam and Eve (Moses 4:14–31) and introduced Jesus Christ on several occasions (Matt. 3:17; 17:5; John 12:28–29; 3 Ne. 11:3–7). He appeared to Stephen (Acts 7:55–56) and Joseph Smith (JS-H 1:17). Later he appeared to both Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon (D&C 76:20, 23). To those who love God and purify themselves before him, God sometimes grants the privilege of seeing and knowing for themselves that he is God (Matt. 5:8; 3 Ne. 12:8; D&C 76:116–118; 93:1).


My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Mark 15:34. These men are the servants of the most high God, Acts 16:17. We are the offspring of God, Acts 17:28–29. Thou shalt offer thy sacraments unto the Most High, D&C 59:10–12. Enoch beheld the spirits that God had created, Moses 6:36. Man of Holiness is his name, Moses 6:57.


 God the Son:  The God known as Jehovah is the Son, Jesus Christ (Isa. 12:2; 43:11; 49:26; 1 Cor. 10:1–4; 1 Tim. 1:1; Rev. 1:8; 2 Ne. 22:2). Jesus works under the direction of the Father and is in complete harmony with him. All mankind are his brothers and sisters, for he is the eldest of the spirit children of Elohim. Some scripture references refer to him by the word God. For example, the scripture says that "God created the heaven and the earth" (Gen. 1:1), but it was actually Jesus who was the Creator under the direction of God the Father (John 1:1–3, 10, 14; Heb. 1:1–2).


The Lord identified himself as I AM, Ex. 3:13–16. I am the Lord [Jehovah], and beside me there is no savior, Isa. 43:11 (Isa. 45:23). I am the light of the world, John 8:12. Before Abraham was, I am, John 8:58. The Lord shall minister among men in a tabernacle of clay, Mosiah 3:5–10. Abinadi explained how Christ is the Father and the Son, Mosiah 15:1–4 (Ether 3:14). The Lord appeared to the brother of Jared, Ether 3. Listen to the words of Christ your Lord and your God, Moro. 8:8. Jehovah is the judge of the quick and the dead, Moro. 10:34. Jesus appeared to Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon, D&C 76:20, 23. The Lord Jehovah appeared in the Kirtland Temple, D&C 110:1–4. Jehovah spoke to Abraham, Abr. 1:16–19. Jesus appeared to Joseph Smith, JS-H 1:17.


 God the Holy Ghost:  The Holy Ghost is also a God and is called the Holy Spirit, the Spirit, and the Spirit of God, among other similar names and titles. With the aid of the Holy Ghost, man can know the will of God the Father and know that Jesus is the Christ (1 Cor. 12:3).


The Holy Ghost will teach you what you should say, Luke 12:12. The Holy Ghost is the Comforter, John 14:26 (John 16:7–15). Jesus gave commandments to the Apostles through the Holy Ghost, Acts 1:2. The Holy Ghost bears witness of God and Christ, Acts 5:29–32 (1 Cor. 12:3). The Holy Ghost also is a witness to us, Heb. 10:10–17. By the power of the Holy Ghost you may know the truth of all things, Moro. 10:5. The Holy Ghost is the spirit of revelation, D&C 8:2–3 (D&C 68:4).



 GODHOOD. See Eternal Life; Exaltation; Man, Men-Man, potential to become like Heavenly Father



 GOG. See also Magog; Second Coming of Jesus Christ


A king of Magog. Ezekiel prophesied that Gog would invade Israel at the time of the Lord's second coming (Ezek. 38–39). Another battle, called the battle of Gog and Magog, will occur at the end of the Millennium (Rev. 20:7–9; D&C 88:111–116).



 GOLD PLATES. See also Book of Mormon; Plates


A record written on plates of gold. It tells the story of two great civilizations on the American continents. Joseph Smith translated and published a portion of these plates. This translation is called the Book of Mormon. (For more information, see "Introduction" and "Testimony of the Prophet Joseph Smith" in the front of the Book of Mormon.)



 GOLGOTHA. See also Crucifixion; Jesus Christ


Golgotha means "a skull" in the Aramaic language. It is the name of the place where Christ was crucified (Matt. 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17). The Latin name for this place is Calvary (Luke 23:33).



 GOLIATH. See also David


In the Old Testament, a Philistine giant who challenged the Israelite armies. David accepted his challenge and killed him with the Lord's help (1 Sam. 17).



 GOMORRAH. See also Sodom


In the Old Testament, a wicked city that was destroyed by the Lord (Gen. 19:12–29).



 GOOD SHEPHERD. See also Jesus Christ


Jesus Christ is the Good Shepherd. Symbolically, his followers are like sheep whom Jesus watches over.


The Lord is my shepherd, Ps. 23:1. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd, Isa. 40:11. So will I seek out my sheep, Ezek. 34:12. I am the good shepherd, John 10:14–15. Jesus is that great shepherd of the sheep, Heb. 13:20. He numbereth his sheep and they know him, 1 Ne. 22:25. The good shepherd calls you in his name, which is Christ, Alma 5:38, 60. There shall be one fold, and one shepherd, 3 Ne. 15:21 (John 10:16).



 GOSPEL. See also Dispensation; Doctrine of Christ; Plan of Redemption


God's plan of salvation, made possible through the atonement of Jesus Christ. The gospel includes the eternal truths or laws, covenants, and ordinances needed for mankind to enter back into the presence of God. God restored the fulness of the gospel to the earth in the nineteenth century through the Prophet Joseph Smith.


Go ye into all the world and preach the gospel, Mark 16:15. The plain and precious parts of the gospel of the Lamb have been kept back, 1 Ne. 13:32. This is my gospel, 3 Ne. 27:13–21 (D&C 39:6). The Book of Mormon contains the fulness of the gospel, D&C 20:8–9 (D&C 42:12). This is the gospel, D&C 76:40–43. The Melchizedek Priesthood administers the gospel, D&C 84:19. Every man will hear the fulness of the gospel in his own tongue, D&C 90:11. The Son preached the gospel to the spirits of the dead, D&C 138:18–21, 28–37. The gospel was preached from the beginning, Moses 5:58. The first principles and ordinances of the gospel are described, A of F 1:4.



 GOSPEL, RESTORATION OF. See Restoration of the Gospel



 GOSPELS. See also John, Son of Zebedee; Luke; Mark; Matthew


The four records or testimonies of Jesus' mortal life and the events pertaining to his ministry contained in the first four books of the New Testament. Written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, they are recorded witnesses of Christ's life. The book of 3 Nephi in the Book of Mormon is similar in many ways to these four New Testament Gospels.


The books of the New Testament were originally written in Greek. The Greek word for gospel means "good news."  The good news is that Jesus Christ has made an atonement that will redeem all mankind from death and reward each individual according to his works (John 3:16; Rom. 5:10–11; 2 Ne. 9:26; Alma 34:9; D&C 76:69).


 Harmony of the Gospels:  The teachings of the Savior in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John can be compared with each other and with latter-day revelation in the following way:








Genealogies of Jesus

            Matt. 1:2–17                                                             Luke 3:23–38


Birth of John the Baptist

                                                                                           Luke 1:5–25, 57–58


Birth of Jesus

            Matt. 2:1–15                                                             Luke 2:6–7                                                   1 Ne 11:18–20;

                                                                                                                                                               2 Ne 17:14;

                                                                                                                                                               Mosiah 3:5–8;

                                                                                                                                                               Alma 7:10;

                                                                                                                                                               Hel 14:5–12;

                                                                                                                                                               3 Ne 1:4–22


Simeon's and Anna's prophecies

                                                                                           Luke 2:25–39


Visit to the temple


                                                                                           Luke 2:41–50


Beginning of John 's ministry

            Matt. 3:1, 5–6                     Mark 1:4                          Luke 3:1–3                    John 1:6–14


Baptism of Jesus

            Matt. 3:13–17                     Mark 1:9–11                     Luke 3:21–22                 John 1:32–34            1 Ne 10:7–10;

                                                                                                                                                               2 Ne 31:4–21


Temptations of Jesus

            Matt. 4:1–11                                                             Luke 4:1–13


John the Baptist's testimony

                                                                                                                               John 1:15–36            D&C 93:6–18, 26


Marriage feast at Cana (Jesus' first miracle)

                                                                                                                               John 2:1–11


First cleansing of the temple

                                                                                                                               John 2:14–17


Meeting with Nicodemus

                                                                                                                               John 3:1–10


Samaritan woman at the well

                                                                                                                               John 4:1–42


Jesus rejected at Nazareth

            Matt. 4:13–16                                                           Luke 4:16–30


Fishermen called to be fishers of men

            Matt. 4:18–22                     Mark 1:16–20


Miraculous filling of fishnets

                                                                                           Luke 5:1–11


Raising of Jairus's daughter

            Matt. 9:18–19, 23–26          Mark 5:21–24, 35–43        Luke 8:41–42, 49–56


Healing of woman with issue of blood

            Matt. 9:20–22                     Mark 5:25–34                   Luke 8:43–48


The calling of the Twelve

            Matt. 10:1–42                     Mark 3:13–19;                  Luke 6:12–16;                                               1 Ne 13:24–26, 39–41;

                                                     Mark 6:7–13                     Luke 9:1–2;                                                  D&C 95:4

                                                                                           Luke 12:2–12, 49–53


Raising of widow's son

                                                                                           Luke 7:11–15


Anointing of Christ's feet

                                                                                           Luke 7:36–50                 John 12:2–8


Stilling of the storm

                                                     Mark 4:36–41                   Luke 8:22–25


The calling of the Seventy

                                                                                           Luke 10:1                                                     D&C 107:25, 34, 93–97


Casting of legion of devils into swine

                                                     Mark 5:1–20


The Sermon on the Mount

            Matt. 5–7                                                                  Luke 6:17–49                                                3 Ne 12–14



The parables of Jesus are short stories that compare an ordinary object or event to a truth.  Jesus often used them to teach spiritual truths.



            Matt. 13:3–9, 18–23            Mark 4:3–9, 14–20            Luke 8:4–8, 11–15



            Matt. 13:24–30, 36–43        Mark 4:26–29                                                                                      D&C 86:1–7


   Mustard seed:

            Matt. 13:31–32                   Mark 4:30–32                   Luke 13:18–19



            Matt. 13:33                                                               Luke 13:20–21


   Treasure in the field:

            Matt. 13:44


   Pearl of great price:

            Matt. 13:45–46


   Fisherman's net:

            Matt. 13:47–50



            Matt. 13:51–52


   Lost sheep:

            Matt. 18:12–14                                                          Luke 15:1–7


   Lost Coin:

                                                                                           Luke 15:8–10


   Prodigal son:

                                                                                           Luke 15:11–32


   Unmerciful servant:

            Matt. 18:23–35


   Good Samaritan:

                                                                                           Luke 10:25–37


   Unjust steward:

                                                                                           Luke 16:1–8


   Lazarus and the rich man:

                                                                                           Luke 16:14–15, 19–31


   Unjust judge:

                                                                                           Luke 18:1–8


   Good Shepherd:

                                                                                                                               John 10:1–21            3 Ne 15:17–24


   Laborers in vineyard:

            Matt. 20:1–16                     Mark 10:31



                                                                                           Luke 19:11–27


   Two sons:

            Matt. 21:28–32


   Wicked husbandman:

            Matt. 21:33–46                   Mark 12:1–12                   Luke 20:9–19


   Wedding of king's son:

            Matt. 22:1–14                                                           Luke 14:7–24


   Ten virgins:

            Matt. 25:1–13                                                           Luke 12:35–36                                              D&C 45:56–59



            Matt. 25:14–30


   Sheep, goats:

            Matt. 25:31–46


Feeding the five thousand

            Matt. 14:16–21                   Mark 6:33–44                   Luke 9:11–17                 John 6:5–14


Jesus walked on the water

            Matt. 14:22–23                   Mark 6:45–52                                                       John 6:15–21


Peter's testimony of Christ

            Matt. 16:13–16                   Mark 8:27–29                   Luke 9:18–20


Peter promised keys of kingdom

            Matt. 16:19


Bread of Life sermon

                                                                                                                               John 6:22–71


Healing of blind man on the Sabbath

                                                                                                                               John 9:1–41


Transfiguration; priesthood keys committed

            Matt. 17:1–13                     Mark 9:2–13                     Luke 9:28–36                                                D&C 63:20–21;

                                                                                                                                                               D&C 110:11–13


Blessing of children

            Matt. 19:13–15                   Mark 10:13–16                 Luke 18:15–17


Lord's prayer

            Matt. 6:5–15                                                             Luke 11:1–4


Lazarus restored

                                                                                                                               John 11:1–45


Triumphal entry

            Matt. 21:6–11                     Mark 11:7–11                   Luke 19:35–38               John 12:12–18


Moneychangers cast out of temple

            Matt. 21:12–16                   Mark 11:15–19                 Luke 19:45–48


Widow's mite

                                                     Mark 12:41–44                 Luke 21:1–4


Discourse on the Second Coming

            Matt. 24:1–51                     Mark 13:1–37                   Luke 12:37–48                                              D&C 45:16–60;

                                                                                           Luke 17:20–37;                                             JS-M 1:1–55

                                                                                           Luke 21:5–38


Healing of ten lepers

                                                                                           Luke 17:12–14


Jesus' last Passover; sacrament instituted; instructions to the Twelve; washing of disciples' feet

            Matt. 26:14–32                   Mark 14:10–27                 Luke 22:1–20                 John 13–17


Jesus' suffering in Gethsemane

            Matt. 26:36–46                   Mark 14:32–42                 Luke 22:39–46                                              2 Ne 9:21–22;

                                                                                                                                                               Mosiah 3:5–12;

                                                                                                                                                               D&C 19:1–24


Jesus is the vine

                                                                                                                               John 15:1–8


Judas's betrayal

            Matt. 26:47–50                   Mark 14:43–46                 Luke 22:47–48               John 18:2–3


Hearing before Caiaphas

            Matt. 26:57                        Mark 14:53                      Luke 22:54, 66–71         John 18:24, 28


Hearing before Pilate

            Matt. 27:2, 11–14               Mark 15:1–5                     Luke 23:1–6                  John 18:28–38


Hearing before Herod

                                                                                           Luke 23:7–10


Jesus scourged and mocked

            Matt. 27:27–31                   Mark 15:15–20                                                     John 19:1–12


The Crucifixion

            Matt. 27:35–44                   Mark 15:24–33                 Luke 23:32–43               John 19:18–22          Hel 14:20–27;

                                                                                                                                                               3 Ne 8:5–22; 10:9


The Resurrection

            Matt. 28:2–8                       Mark 16:5–8                     Luke 24:4–8


Jesus' appearance to disciples

                                                     Mark 16:14                      Luke 24:13–32, 36–51    John 20:19–23


Jesus' appearance to Thomas

                                                                                                                               John 20:24–25


The Ascension

                                                     Mark 16:19–20                 Luke 24:50–53




GOSSIP. See also Evil Speaking; Rumor


To share personal facts or information about another person without that person's approval.


Every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof, Matt. 12:36. Saints are admonished not to be tattlers and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not, 1 Tim. 5:11–14. Thou shalt not speak evil of thy neighbor, D&C 42:27. Strengthen your brethren in all your conversation, D&C 108:7.



 GOVERNMENT. See also Constitution


When Jesus Christ returns, he will establish a government of righteousness.


The government shall be upon his shoulder, Isa. 9:6 (2 Ne. 19:6). Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, Matt. 22:21 (D&C 63:26). Be subject to the higher powers, Rom. 13:1. Pray for kings and all in authority, 1 Tim. 2:1–2. Be subject to principalities and powers and obey magistrates, Titus 3:1. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake, 1 Pet. 2:13–14. Jesus Christ shall be the ultimate governor of the earth, Rev. 11:15. Have just men to be your kings, Mosiah 23:8. Do your business by the vote of the people, Mosiah 29:26. Christ will be our ruler when he comes, D&C 41:4. He that keeps God's laws has no need to break the laws of the land, D&C 58:21. When the wicked rule, the people mourn, D&C 98:9–10. Governments are instituted of God for the benefit of mankind, D&C 134:1–5. Men are bound to sustain and uphold governments, D&C 134:5. We believe in being subject to kings, presidents, rulers, and magistrates, A of F 1:12.



 GRACE. See also Atone, Atonement; Jesus Christ; Merciful, Mercy; Salvation


The enabling power from God that allows men and women to obtain blessings in this life and to gain eternal life and exaltation after they have exercised faith, repented, and given their best effort to keep the commandments. Such divine help or strength is given through the mercy and love of God. Every mortal person needs divine grace because of Adam's fall and also because of man's weaknesses.


Grace and truth came by Jesus Christ, John 1:17. Through the grace of Christ, we shall be saved, Acts 15:11 (Rom. 3:23–24; D&C 138:14). We have access by faith to his grace, Rom. 5:2. By grace ye are saved through faith, Eph. 2:8. The grace of God brings salvation, Titus 2:11. Come boldly unto the throne of grace, Heb. 4:16. God gives grace to the humble, 1 Pet. 5:5.  No one can dwell in the presence of God but through the merits, mercy, and grace of the Holy Messiah, 2 Ne. 2:8. It is only in and through the grace of God that men are saved, 2 Ne. 10:24. We are saved by grace, after all we can do, 2 Ne. 25:23. It is by grace that we have power to do these things, Jacob 4:7. Men might be restored unto grace for grace, according to their works, Hel. 12:24. My grace is sufficient for the meek and all that humble themselves, Ether 12:26–27. Moroni prayed that the Gentiles be given grace that they might have charity, Ether 12:36, 41. By the grace of God ye are perfect in Christ, Moro. 10:32–33. Jesus received grace for grace, D&C 93:12–13, 20.



 GRATITUDE. See Thankful, Thanks, Thanksgiving



 GRAVE. See also Resurrection


The burial place of the mortal body. Because of the Atonement, everyone will be resurrected from the grave.


After Christ's resurrection, the graves were opened and many bodies arose, Matt. 27:52–53 (3 Ne. 23:9–13). O grave, where is thy victory? 1 Cor. 15:55. The grave must deliver up its dead, 2 Ne. 9:11–13. They who have slept in the grave shall come forth, D&C 88:97–98. A baptismal font is a symbol of the grave, D&C 128:12–13.



 GREAT AND ABOMINABLE CHURCH. See Devil–The church of the devil



 GUILE. See also Deceit, Deceive, Deception


In the scriptures, guile is deceitful cunning.


Blessed is the man in whose spirit there is no guile, Ps. 32:2 (Ps. 34:13; 1 Pet. 2:1). Nathanael was an Israelite in whom there was no guile, John 1:47 (D&C 41:9–11). Pure knowledge enlarges the soul without guile, D&C 121:42.



 GUILT. See also Repent, Repentance


The condition of having done wrong, or the feelings of regret and sorrow that should accompany sin.


He hath sinned and is guilty, Lev. 6:1–6. Whosoever shall partake of the sacrament unworthily is guilty of the body and blood of Jesus, 1 Cor. 11:27. The guilty take the truth to be hard, 1 Ne. 16:2.  We shall have a perfect knowledge of all our guilt, 2 Ne. 9:14. My guilt was swept away, Enos 1:6. There was a punishment affixed, which brought remorse of conscience, Alma 42:18. Let your sins trouble you, with that trouble which shall bring you down unto repentance, Alma 42:29. Some of you are guilty before me, but I will be merciful, D&C 38:14. The Son of God has atoned for original guilt, Moses 6:54.








An Old Testament prophet in Judah who spoke of the sinfulness of the people possibly during the reign of Jehoiachin (c. 600 B.C.).


 The book of Habakkuk:  Chapter 1 is a discussion between the Lord and his prophet, similar to those in Jeremiah 12 and D&C 121. Habakkuk was troubled that the wicked seem to prosper. In chapter 2 the Lord counseled Habakkuk to be patient—the just must learn to live by faith. Chapter 3 records Habakkuk's prayer in which he acknowledged God's justice.



 HAGAR. See also Abraham; Ishmael, Son of Abraham


In the Old Testament, the Egyptian handmaid of Sarah. She became a wife of Abraham and the mother of Ishmael (Gen. 16:1–16; 25:12; D&C 132:34, 65). The Lord promised Hagar that a great nation would descend from her son (Gen. 21:9–21).





An Old Testament prophet who prophesied in approximately 520 B.C. in Jerusalem, soon after the Jewish people returned from their exile in Babylonia (Ezra 5:1; 6:14). He spoke of rebuilding the Lord's temple in Jerusalem and reproved the people because it had not been finished. He also wrote of the millennial temple and reign of the Savior.


 The book of Haggai:  In chapter 1 the Lord rebuked the people for living in their finished houses while the temple remained unbuilt. Chapter 2 records Haggai's prophecy that the Lord will give peace in his temple.





A Nephite ship builder in the Book of Mormon (Alma 63:5–7).



 HAM. See also Noah, Bible Patriarch


In the Old Testament, the third son of Noah (Gen. 5:32; 6:10; Moses 8:12, 27).


Noah, his sons, and their families entered the ark, Gen. 7:13. Canaan, Ham's son, was cursed, Gen. 9:18–25. The government of Ham was patriarchal and was blessed as to things of the earth and wisdom but not as to the priesthood, Abr. 1:21–27. Ham's wife, Egyptus, was a descendant of Cain, the sons of their daughter Egyptus settled in Egypt, Abr. 1:23, 25 (Ps. 105:23; 106:21–22).



 HANDS, LAYING ON OF. See also Administration to the Sick; Gift of the Holy Ghost; Ordain, Ordination; Setting Apart


The act of placing one's hands on a person's head as part of a priesthood ordinance. Many priesthood ordinances are performed by the laying on of hands, such as ordinations, blessings, administering to the sick, confirming Church membership, and conferring the Holy Ghost.


Moses laid his hands upon the head of Joshua, as the Lord commanded, Num. 27:18, 22–23 (Deut. 34:9). Jesus laid his hands upon a few sick folk, and healed them, Mark 6:5 (Morm. 9:24). The Apostles laid their hands on the seven who would assist them, Acts 6:5–6. The Holy Ghost was given by the laying on of hands, Acts 8:14–17. Ananias laid his hands on Saul and restored his sight, Acts 9:12, 17–18. Paul laid his hands on him and healed him, Acts 28:8. Paul taught the doctrine of baptism and the laying on of hands, Heb. 6:2. Alma ordained priests and elders by the laying on of hands, Alma 6:1. Jesus gave his disciples the power to confer the Holy Ghost by the laying on of hands, 3 Ne. 18:36–37. Upon whom ye shall lay your hands, ye shall give the Holy Ghost, Moro. 2:2.  Elders are to lay their hands upon children for a blessing, D&C 20:70. They shall receive the Holy Ghost by the laying on of the hands, D&C 35:6 (A of F 1:4). Elders shall lay hands upon the sick, D&C 42:44 (D&C 66:9). Children are to receive the laying on of hands after baptism, D&C 68:27. The priesthood is received by the laying on of hands, D&C 84:6–16.



 HANNAH. See also Samuel, Old Testament Prophet


The mother of Samuel, an Old Testament prophet. The Lord gave Samuel to Hannah in answer to her prayers (1 Sam. 1:11, 20–28). Hannah dedicated Samuel to the Lord. Her song of thanksgiving may be compared with that of Mary, the mother of Jesus (1 Sam. 2:1–10; Luke 1:46–55).






 HARRIS, MARTIN. See also Witnesses of the Book of Mormon


One of the Three Witnesses to the divine origin and truthfulness of the Book of Mormon. He financially helped Joseph Smith and the Church. The Lord asked Martin Harris to sell his property and give his funds to pay for the publication of the Book of Mormon (D&C 19:26–27, 34–35); to be an example unto the Church (D&C 58:35); and to help pay the costs of the ministry (D&C 104:26).


  Martin Harris was excommunicated from the Church but later returned to full membership. To the end of his life he bore witness that he saw the angel Moroni and the gold plates from which Joseph Smith translated the Book of Mormon.





The scriptures sometimes use the word harvest figuratively to refer to bringing people into the Church, which is the kingdom of God on the earth, or to a time of judgment, such as the second coming of Jesus Christ.


The harvest is past, the summer is ended, and we are not saved, Jer. 8:20 (D&C 56:16). The harvest is great, but the laborers are few, Matt. 9:37. The harvest is the end of the world, Matt. 13:39. Whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap, Gal. 6:7–9 (D&C 6:33). The field is white already to harvest, D&C 4:4. The harvest is ended and your souls are not saved, D&C 45:2. The time of harvest is come, and my word must be fulfilled, D&C 101:64.



 HATE, HATRED. See also Love; Enmity; Vengeance


Hate is a strong dislike for someone or for something.


I, God. visit the iniquity of the fathers upon the children of them that hate me, Ex. 20:5. These six things doth the Lord hate, Prov. 6:16. A foolish man despiseth his mother, Prov. 15:20. He is despised and rejected of men, Isa. 53:3. Do good to them that hate you, Matt. 5:44. Either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other, Matt. 6:24. Ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake, Matt. 10:22. Every one that doeth evil hateth the light, John 3:20. Let no man despise thy youth, 1 Tim. 4:12. Because they are rich, they despise the poor, 2 Ne. 9:30. Despise not the revelations of God, Jacob 4:8. They had an eternal hatred against us, Jacob 7:24. Men set at naught the counsels of God, and despise his words, D&C 3:7. I was hated and persecuted for saying that I had seen a vision, JS-H 1:25.



 HEAL, HEALINGS. See also Administration to the Sick; Anoint


To make well or healthy again, both physically and spiritually. The scriptures contain many examples of miraculous healings by the Lord and his servants.


I am the Lord that heals thee, Ex. 15:26. Naaman dipped himself in the Jordan River seven times and was healed, 2 Kgs. 5:1–14.  With his stripes we are healed, Isa. 53:5 (Mosiah 14:3). The Sun of righteousness shall arise with healing in his wings, Mal. 4:2. Jesus healed all manner of sickness, Matt. 4:23 (Matt. 9:35). He gave them power to heal all manner of sickness, Matt. 10:1. He hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, Luke 4:18. They were healed by the power of the Lamb of God, 1 Ne. 11:31. If thou believest in the redemption of Christ, thou canst be healed, Alma 15:8. He did heal them every one, 3 Ne. 17:9. He that hath faith in me to be healed shall be healed, D&C 42:48. In my name they shall heal the sick, D&C 84:68. We believe in the gift of healings, A of F 1:7.



 HEALTH. See Word of Wisdom



 HEARKEN. See also Ear; Obedience, Obedient, Obey


To hear and obey the voice or teachings of the Lord.


The Lord will raise a prophet like himself, and ye shall hearken to him, Deut. 18:15. To hearken is better than the fat of the rams of sacrifice, 1 Sam. 15:20–23. We have not hearkened unto the Lord's servants, the prophets, Dan. 9:6. The righteous who hearken unto the words of the prophets shall not perish, 2 Ne. 26:8. If you will not hearken to the voice of the good shepherd, you are not his sheep, Alma 5:38 (Hel. 7:18). Hearken, O ye people of my church, D&C 1:1. Those who hearken to the voice of the Spirit are enlightened and come to the Father, D&C 84:46–47. They were slow to hearken to the Lord; therefore, he is slow to hearken to their prayers, D&C 101:7–9. Those who do not hearken to the commandments are chastened, D&C 103:4 (Moses 4:4).



 HEART. See also Born Again, Born of God; Broken Heart


A symbol of the mind and will of man and the figurative source of all emotions and feelings.


Love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, Deut. 6:5 (Deut. 6:3–7; Matt. 22:37; Luke 10:27; D&C 59:5). The Lord sought a man after his own heart, 1 Sam. 13:14. Man looketh on the outward appearance, but the Lord looketh on the heart, 1 Sam. 16:7. He that has clean hands and a pure heart will ascend to the hill of the Lord and be blessed, Ps. 24:3–5 (2 Ne. 25:16). As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he, Prov. 23:7. Elijah will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers, Mal. 4:5–6 (Luke 1:17; D&C 2:2; 110:14–15; 138:47; JS-H 1:39).  Blessed are the pure in heart, Matt. 5:8 (3 Ne. 12:8). A man speaks from the good or evil in his heart, Luke 6:45. Follow the Son with full purpose of heart, 2 Ne. 31:13. Have you been spiritually born of God and experienced a mighty change in your heart? Alma 5:14. Offer for a sacrifice unto the Lord a broken heart and a contrite spirit, 3 Ne. 9:20 (3 Ne. 12:19; Ether 4:15; Moro. 6:2). I will tell you in your mind and in your heart by the Holy Ghost, D&C 8:2.



 HEAVEN. See also Celestial Glory; Kingdom of God or Kingdom of Heaven; Paradise


The term heaven has two basic meanings in the scriptures. (1) It is the place where God lives and the future home of the Saints (Gen. 28:12; Ps. 11:4; Matt. 6:9). (2) It is the expanse around the earth (Gen. 1:1, 17; Ex. 24:10). Heaven is clearly not paradise, which is the temporary place for the faithful spirits of those who have lived and died on this earth. Jesus visited paradise after his death on the cross, but on the third day, he informed Mary that he had not yet been to the Father (Luke 23:39–44; John 20:17; D&C 138:11–37).


I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, Ps. 8:3. By the word of the Lord were the heavens made, Ps. 33:6. How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer! Isa. 14:12 (2 Ne. 24:12). The heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll, Isa. 34:4. I create new heavens and a new earth, Isa. 65:17. God will open the windows of heaven, Mal. 3:10. Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name, Matt. 6:9 (3 Ne. 13:9). Paul was caught up to the third heaven, 2 Cor. 12:2. There was silence in heaven, Rev. 8:1 (D&C 88:95–98). If they hold out faithful to the end they are received into heaven, Mosiah 2:41. Ye may be the children of your Father who is in heaven, 3 Ne. 12:45. I shall come in the clouds of heaven, D&C 45:16. Elijah was taken to heaven without tasting death, D&C 110:13. The rights of the priesthood are connected with the powers of heaven, D&C 121:36. There are two kinds of beings in heaven, D&C 129:1. Zion was taken up into heaven, Moses 7:23.



 HEAVENLY FATHER. See Father in Heaven; God, Godhead



 HEBREW. See also Israel


A Semitic language spoken by the children of Israel.


  Hebrew was spoken by the Israelites until their return from Babylonian captivity, at which time Aramaic became the language of everyday conversation. During the time of Jesus, Hebrew was the language of the learned, of the law, and of religious literature.



 HEBREWS, EPISTLE TO. See also Paul; Pauline Epistles


A book in the New Testament. Paul wrote this letter to Jewish members of the Church to persuade them that significant aspects of the law of Moses had been fulfilled in Christ and that the higher gospel law of Christ had replaced it. When Paul returned to Jerusalem at the end of his third mission (about A.D. 60), he found that many Jewish members of the Church were still committed to the law of Moses (Acts 21:20). This was at least ten years after a conference of the Church at Jerusalem had determined that certain ordinances of the law of Moses were not necessary for the salvation of gentile Christians. Apparently, soon thereafter Paul wrote to the Hebrews to show them by their own scripture and by sound reason why they should no longer practice the law of Moses.


  Chapters 1 and 2 explain that Jesus is greater than the angels. Chapters 3–7 compare Jesus to Moses and to the law of Moses and testify that he is greater than both. They also teach that the Melchizedek Priesthood is greater than the Aaronic. Chapters 8–9 describe how the Mosaic ordinances prepared people for Christ's ministry and how Christ is the mediator of the new covenant (Alma 37:38–45; D&C 84:21–24). Chapter 10 is an exhortation to diligence and faithfulness. Chapter 11 is a discourse on faith. Chapter 12 gives admonitions and greetings. Chapter 13 relates the honorable nature of marriage and the importance of obedience.





An ancient city of Judah, twenty miles (thirty-two kilometers) south of Jerusalem. It was the burying place of Abraham and his family (Gen. 49:29–32). It was David's capital during the early part of his reign (2 Sam. 5:3–5).





A person entitled to inherit physical or spiritual gifts. In the scriptures, the righteous are promised that they will become heirs to all that God has.


Abraham desired an heir, Gen. 15:2–5. Abraham became an heir of the world through the righteousness of faith, Rom. 4:13. We are the children of God, and if children, then heirs, heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ, Rom. 8:16–17 (D&C 84:38). Thou art a son, an heir of God through Christ, Gal. 4:7. God hath appointed his Son an heir of all things, Heb. 1:2. Those who look forward to a remission of their sins are heirs of the kingdom of God, Mosiah 15:11. The people became children of Christ and heirs of the kingdom of God, 4 Ne. 1:17. Those who died without a knowledge of the gospel may become heirs of the celestial kingdom, D&C 137:7–8. The dead who repent are heirs of salvation, D&C 138:59. Abraham became a rightful heir by his righteousness, Abr. 1:2.



 HELAMAN, SON OF ALMA. See also Alma, Son of Alma; Anti-Nephi-Lehies; Helaman, Sons of


In the Book of Mormon, the oldest son of Alma, son of Alma (Alma 31:7). Helaman was a prophet and a military leader.


Alma entrusted his son Helaman with the records of his people and with the plates of the Jaredites, Alma 37:1–2, 21. Alma commanded Helaman to continue writing the history of his people, Alma 45–62. Helaman reestablished the Church, Alma 45:22–23. Two thousand young Ammonite warriors desired Helaman to be their leader, Alma 53:19, 22. Helaman and his stripling Ammonites battled the Lamanites and were preserved by faith, Alma 57:19–27.





A prophet and record keeper in the Book of Mormon who taught the Nephite people. He was the grandson of Alma the Younger and father of the Nephi who was given power over all the elements (Hel. 5–10). With his son Nephi, Helaman wrote the book of Helaman.


 The book of Helaman:   Chapters 1–2 describe a time of great political trouble. Chapters 3–4 record that Helaman and Moronihah, chief captain of the Nephite armies, were able finally to achieve peace for a time. However, in spite of the leadership of these good men, the people grew increasingly wicked. In chapters 5–6 Nephi gave up the judgment seat, as his grandfather Alma had done, to teach the people. For a time the people repented. In chapters 6–12, however, the Nephite nation became wicked. The final chapters, 13–16, contain the extraordinary account of a prophet called Samuel the Lamanite who foretold the birth and crucifixion of the Savior and the signs that would mark those events.



 HELAMAN, SON OF KING BENJAMIN. See also Benjamin, Father of Mosiah


In the Book of Mormon, one of three sons of King Benjamin (Mosiah 1:2–8).



 HELAMAN, SONS OF. See also Anti-Nephi-Lehies; Helaman, Son of Alma


In the Book of Mormon, sons of converted Lamanites known as Ammonites who became warriors under Helaman's charge (Alma 53:16–22).


Helaman considered them worthy to be called his sons, Alma 56:10. Their mothers had taught them not to doubt the Lord's ability to deliver them, Alma 56:47. They defeated the Lamanites and were preserved by their faith such that none were slain, Alma 56:52–54, 56; 57:26.



 HELL. See also Damnation; Death, Spiritual; Devil; Sons of Perdition


Latter-day revelation speaks of hell in at least two senses. First, it is the temporary abode in the spirit world for those who were disobedient in mortality. In this sense, hell has an end. The spirits there will be taught the gospel, and sometime following their repentance they will be resurrected to a degree of glory of which they are worthy. Those who will not repent, but are nevertheless not sons of perdition, will remain in hell throughout the Millennium. After these thousand years of torment, they will be resurrected to a telestial glory (D&C 76:81–86; 88:100–101).


  Second, it is the permanent location of those who are not redeemed by the atonement of Jesus Christ. In this sense, hell is permanent. It is for those who are found "filthy still" (D&C 88:35, 102). This is the place where Satan, his angels, and the sons of perdition—those who have denied the Son after the Father has revealed him—will dwell eternally (D&C 76:43–46).


  The scriptures sometimes refer to hell as outer darkness.


David's soul shall not be left in hell, Ps. 16:10 (Ps. 86:13). Go into hell, into that fire that never shall be quenched, Mark 9:43 (Mosiah 2:38). The rich man in hell lifts up his eyes, being in torment, Luke 16:22–23 (D&C 104:18). Death and hell delivered up the dead, Rev. 20:13. There is a place prepared, yea, even that awful hell, 1 Ne. 15:35. The will of the flesh giveth the spirit of the devil power to bring us down to hell, 2 Ne. 2:29.  Christ prepared the way for our deliverance from death and hell, 2 Ne. 9:10–12. Those who remain filthy go into everlasting torment, 2 Ne. 9:16. The devil cheateth their souls and leadeth them away carefully down to hell, 2 Ne. 28:21. Jesus hath redeemed my soul from hell, 2 Ne. 33:6. Loose yourselves from the pains of hell, Jacob 3:11. To be taken captive by the devil and led by his will to destruction are the chains of hell, Alma 12:11. The wicked are cast into outer darkness until the time of their resurrection, Alma 40:13–14. The filthy would be more miserable to dwell with God than to dwell in hell, Morm. 9:4. The punishment which is given from my hand is endless punishment, D&C 19:10–12. Hell is a place prepared for the devil and his angels, D&C 29:37–38. Those who acknowledge God are delivered from death and the chains of hell, D&C 138:23.





A family of rulers in Judea near the time of Jesus Christ. They were important figures in many New Testament events.





Sister of Herod Agrippa in the New Testament. She was married to her uncle, Herod Philip, by whom she had a daughter, Salome. She and Salome conspired to behead John the Baptist (Matt. 14:3–11).





A righteous king of the nation of Judah in the Old Testament. He reigned for twenty-nine years, during the time that Isaiah was the prophet in Judah (2 Kgs. 18–20; 2 Chr. 29–32; Isa. 36–39). Isaiah assisted him in reforming both church and state. He suppressed idolatry and reinstated the temple services. Hezekiah's life was extended fifteen years through prayer and faith (2 Kgs. 20:1–7). The early part of his reign was prosperous, but his rebellion against the king of Assyria (2 Kgs. 18:7) resulted in two Assyrian invasions: the first is described in Isaiah 10:24–32, the second in 2 Kings 18:13-19:7. In the second invasion, Jerusalem was saved by an angel of the Lord (2 Kgs. 19:35).





A council of twelve high priests.


In the early days of the restored Church, the term high council referred to two different governing bodies: (1) the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of the Church (D&C 107:33, 38); and (2) the high council serving within each of the stakes (D&C 102; 107:36).



 HIGH PRIEST. See also Aaronic Priesthood; Melchizedek Priesthood


An office in the priesthood. The scriptures speak of "high priest" in two senses: (1) an office in the Melchizedek Priesthood; and (2) under the law of Moses, the presiding officer of the Aaronic Priesthood.


  The first sense applies to Jesus Christ as the great High Priest. Adam and all the patriarchs were also high priests. Today, three presiding high priests form the Presidency of the Church and preside over all other priesthood holders and Church members. Additional worthy men are ordained high priests as appropriate throughout the Church today. High priests may be called, set apart, and ordained as bishops (D&C 68:19; 107:69–71).


  In the second sense, under the law of Moses, the presiding officer of the Aaronic Priesthood was called the high priest. The office was hereditary and came through the firstborn among the family of Aaron, Aaron himself being the first high priest of the Aaronic order (Ex. 28; 29; Lev. 8; D&C 84:18).


Melchizedek was a priest of the most high God, Gen. 14:18 (Alma 13:14). High priests were called and prepared from the foundation of the world, Alma 13:1–10. High priests administer in spiritual things, D&C 107:10, 12, 17.



 HIGH PRIESTHOOD. See Melchizedek Priesthood



 HIMNI. See also Mosiah, Son of Benjamin; Mosiah, Sons of


In the Book of Mormon, a son of King Mosiah. Himni went with his brothers to preach to the Lamanites (Mosiah 27:8–11, 34–37; 28:1–9).



 HOLINESS. See also Holy; Pure, Purity; Sanctification


Spiritual and moral perfection. Holiness indicates purity of a person's heart and intent.


The members are to manifest that they are worthy of the Church by walking in holiness before the Lord, D&C 20:69. The Lord's house is a place of holiness, D&C 109:13. Man of Holiness is God's name, Moses 6:57 (Moses 7:35).



 HOLY. See also Holiness; Pure, Purity; Sanctification


Sacred, having a godly character, or spiritually and morally pure. The opposite of holy is common or profane.


Ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation, Ex. 19:5–6 (1 Pet. 2:9). The Lord commanded Israel: Be holy, for I am holy, Lev. 11:44–45. Those with clean hands and a pure heart shall stand in his holy place, Ps. 24:3–4. Teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, Ezek. 44:23. God hath called us with a holy calling, 2 Tim. 1:8–9. From a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, 2 Tim. 3:15. Holy men of God spake as moved upon by the Holy Ghost, 2 Pet. 1:21. All men are to be judged according to the truth and holiness which is in God, 2 Ne. 2:10. The natural man becomes a Saint through the atonement of Christ, Mosiah 3:19.  Walk after the holy order of God, Alma 7:22 (Alma 13:11–12). Three disciples were sanctified in the flesh and were made holy, 3 Ne. 28:1–9, 36–39. Trifle not with sacred things, D&C 6:12. You cannot write that which is sacred save it be given you from me, D&C 9:9. Ye shall bind yourselves to act in all holiness, D&C 43:9. My disciples shall stand in holy places, D&C 45:32. That which cometh from above is sacred, D&C 63:64. Little children are holy, D&C 74:7. Consecrate that spot and it shall be made holy, D&C 124:44. The Lord will gather his elect unto a holy city, Moses 7:62.



 HOLY GHOST. See also Baptism, Baptize; Comforter; Dove, Sign of the; Gift of the Holy Ghost; God, Godhead; Holy Spirit of Promise; Inspiration, Inspire; Revelation; Unpardonable Sin


The third member of the Godhead (1 Jn. 5:7; D&C 20:28). He is a personage of Spirit, not having a body of flesh and bones (D&C 130:22). The Holy Ghost is often referred to as the Spirit, or the Spirit of God.


  The Holy Ghost performs several vital roles in the plan of salvation. (1) He bears witness of the Father and the Son (1 Cor. 12:3; 3 Ne. 28:11; Ether 12:41). (2) He reveals the truth of all things (John 14:26; 16:13; Moro. 10:5; D&C 39:6). (3) He sanctifies those who have repented and become baptized (John 3:5; 3 Ne. 27:20; Moses 6:64–68). (4) He is the Holy Spirit of Promise (D&C 76:50–53; 132:7, 18–19, 26).


  The power of the Holy Ghost can come upon a person before baptism and witness that the gospel is true. But the right to have the constant companionship of the Holy Ghost, whenever one is worthy, is a gift that can be received only by the laying on of hands by a Melchizedek Priesthood holder after authorized baptism into the true Church of Jesus Christ.


  Jesus taught that all sins could be forgiven except blasphemy against the Holy Ghost (Matt. 12:31–32; Mark 3:28–29; Luke 12:10; Heb. 6:4–8; D&C 76:34–35).


The Spirit causes men to walk in God's statutes, Ezek. 36:27. The Apostles were commissioned to baptize in the name of the Father, Son, and the Holy Ghost, Matt. 28:19. The Holy Ghost shall teach you all things, John 14:26. Holy men spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost, 2 Pet. 1:21. Nephi was led by the Spirit, 1 Ne. 4:6. The mysteries of God shall be unfolded unto them by the power of the Holy Ghost, 1 Ne. 10:17–19. The Holy Ghost shows all things that you should do, 2 Ne. 32:5.  By the power of the Holy Ghost ye may know the truth of all things, Moro. 10:5. The Holy Ghost will tell you in your mind and in your heart, D&C 8:2. The Spirit leadeth to do good, D&C 11:12. The Holy Ghost knoweth all things, D&C 35:19. The Holy Ghost teaches the peaceable things of the kingdom, D&C 36:2 (D&C 39:6). If ye receive not the Spirit, ye shall not teach, D&C 42:14. The Holy Ghost beareth record of the Father and the Son, D&C 42:17 (1 Cor. 12:3; 3 Ne. 11:32, 35–36). To some it is given by the Holy Ghost to know that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, D&C 46:13. Whatsoever they shall speak when moved upon by the Holy Ghost shall be scripture, D&C 68:4. The Holy Ghost shall be shed forth in bearing record unto all things ye shall say, D&C 100:8. The Holy Ghost shall be thy constant companion, D&C 121:45–46.



 HOLY OF HOLIES. See also Tabernacle; Temple, House of the Lord


The most sacred room in the tabernacle of Moses and later in the temple. The Holy of Holies is also called the "most holy place" (Ex. 26:33–34).



 HOLY ONE OF ISRAEL. See Jesus Christ



 HOLY SPIRIT OF PROMISE. See also Holy Ghost


The Holy Ghost is the Holy Spirit of Promise (Acts 2:33). He confirms as acceptable to God the righteous acts, ordinances, and covenants of men. The Holy Spirit of Promise witnesses to the Father that the saving ordinances have been performed properly and that the covenants associated with them have been kept.


They who are sealed by the Holy Spirit of Promise receive all that the Father has, D&C 76:51–60 (Eph. 1:13–14). All covenants and performances must be sealed by the Holy Spirit of Promise to have force after this life, D&C 132:7, 18–19, 26.



 HOME. See also Family


The home should be the center of gospel and family activities.


A man shall be free at home to cheer up his wife, Deut. 24:5. He sent him away to his house, Mark 8:26. Let children learn to show piety at home, 1 Tim. 5:4. Be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, Titus 2:5. Go to your homes and ponder the things I have said, 3 Ne. 17:2–3.  I did urge them to fight for their wives, and their children, and their houses, and their homes, Morm. 2:23. Fathers are commanded to be diligent and concerned at home, D&C 93:43–44, 48–50.



 HOMOSEXUALITY. See also Adultery; Sensual, Sensuality


Sexual association of individuals of the same gender. God forbids sexual activity of this kind.


Bring them out unto us, that we may know them, Gen. 19:1–11 (Moses 5:51–53). Thou shalt not lie with mankind; it is an abomination, Lev. 18:22 (Lev. 20:13). There shall be no sodomite of the sons of Israel, Deut. 23:17. They declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not, Isa. 3:9 (2 Ne. 13:9). Men burned in their lust one toward another, Rom. 1:27. Abusers of themselves with mankind will not inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Cor. 6:9–10. The law is not made for a righteous man, but for them that defile themselves with mankind, 1 Tim. 1:9–10. Those who go after strange flesh are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire, Jude 1:7.



 HONEST, HONESTY. See also Integrity


To be sincere, truthful, and without deceit.


They that deal truly are the Lord's delight, Prov. 12:22. Pay that which thou hast vowed, Eccl. 5:4–5. We have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty, 2 Cor. 4:1–2. Have your conversation honest, 1 Pet. 2:12. Wo unto the liar, for he shall be thrust down to hell, 2 Ne. 9:34. The Spirit speaketh the truth and lieth not, Jacob 4:13. Whosoever borroweth of his neighbor should return the thing that he borroweth, Mosiah 4:28 (D&C 136:25). See that you deal justly, judge righteously, and do good, Alma 41:14. Let every man deal honestly, D&C 51:9. All who know their hearts are honest are accepted of me, D&C 97:8. Honest, wise, and good men should be sought for political offices, D&C 98:4–10. Diligently search to return that which thy neighbor has lost, D&C 136:26. We believe in being honest, A of F 1:13.



 HONOR. See also Esteem; Reverence


As usually used in the scriptures, to show respect and reverence to someone or something.


Honor thy father and thy mother, Ex. 20:12 (1 Ne. 17:55; Mosiah 13:20). Honor the Lord with thy substance, Prov. 3:9. If any man serve me, him will my Father honor, John 12:26. Husbands should give honor to their wives, 1 Pet. 3:7. With their lips only do they honor the Lord, 2 Ne. 27:25 (Isa. 29:13). I seek not for the honor of the world, Alma 60:36. The devil rebelled against me, saying, Give me thine honor, which is my power, D&C 29:36. The faithful shall be crowned with honor, D&C 75:5 (D&C 124:55). The Lord delights to honor those who serve him, D&C 76:5. They are not chosen because they aspire to the honors of men, D&C 121:34–35. We believe in honoring and sustaining the law, A of F 1:12 (D&C 134:6).



 HOPE. See also Faith


The confident expectation of and longing for the promised blessings of righteousness. The scriptures often speak of hope as anticipation of eternal life through faith in Jesus Christ.


Blessed is the man whose hope the Lord is, Jer. 17:7. The Lord will be the hope of his people, Joel 3:16. We have hope through patience and the scriptures, Rom. 15:4. God hath begotten us unto a lively hope in the resurrection of Christ, 1 Pet. 1:3. Every man that hath this hope purifieth himself, 1 Jn. 3:2–3. Ye must press forward, having a perfect brightness of hope, 2 Ne. 31:20. See that ye have faith, hope, and charity, Alma 7:24 (1 Cor. 13:13; Moro. 10:20). I wish that ye would hearken unto my words, having a hope that ye shall receive eternal life, Alma 13:27–29. If ye have faith, ye hope for things which are not seen, which are true, Alma 32:21 (Heb. 11:1). Hope comes of faith and maketh an anchor to the soul, Ether 12:4 (Heb. 6:17–19). Man must hope or he cannot receive an inheritance, Ether 12:32. Mormon spoke concerning faith, hope, and charity, Moro. 7:1. Ye shall hope through the atonement of Jesus Christ to be raised to eternal life, Moro. 7:40–43. The Holy Ghost fills you with hope, Moro. 8:26 (Rom. 15:13). They departed mortal life, firm in the hope of a glorious resurrection, D&C 138:14.





A word from Hebrew that means "please save us" and is used in praise and supplication.


At the Feast of Tabernacles, which celebrated the Lord's deliverance of Israel into the promised land, people chanted the words of Psalm 118 and waved palm branches. At the Lord's triumphal entry into Jerusalem, the multitudes cried "Hosanna" and spread palm branches for Jesus to ride upon, thus demonstrating their understanding that Jesus was the same Lord who had delivered Israel anciently (Ps. 118:25–26; Matt. 21:9, 15; Mark 11:9–10; John 12:13). These people recognized Christ as the long-awaited Messiah. The word Hosanna has become a celebration of the Messiah in all ages (1 Ne. 11:6; 3 Ne. 11:14–17). The hosanna shout was included in the dedication of the Kirtland Temple (D&C 109:79) and is now a part of the dedication of modern temples.





An Old Testament prophet who prophesied in the northern kingdom of Israel during the latter part of the reign of Jeroboam II. He lived during a time of national decline and ruin, the result of the sin of Israel.


 The book of Hosea: The book's basic theme is the love of God for his people. All his chastisements were inflicted in love, and Israel's restoration shall be due to his love (Hosea 2:19; 14:4). In contrast, Hosea shows Israel's treachery and infidelity. Yet God is able to look forward to Israel's final redemption (Hosea 11:12-14:9).






 HOUSE OF THE LORD. See Temple, House of the Lord



 HUMBLE, HUMILITY. See also Broken Heart; Meek, Meekness; Poor; Pride; Weakness


To make meek and teachable, or the condition of being meek and teachable. Humility includes recognizing our dependence upon God and desiring to submit to his will.


God led thee forty years in the wilderness to humble thee, Deut. 8:2. I humbled my soul with fasting, Ps. 35:13. Better is a poor and wise child than an old and foolish king, Eccl. 4:13. The Lord dwells with him that is humble, Isa. 57:15. Whosoever shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven, Matt. 18:4. He that shall humble himself shall be exalted, Matt. 23:12 (Luke 14:11; 18:14). Jesus humbled himself and became obedient unto death, Philip. 2:8 (Luke 22:42; 23:46). God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble, 1 Pet. 5:5–6 (2 Ne. 9:42). Humble yourselves in the depths of humility, Mosiah 4:11 (2 Ne. 9:42; 3 Ne. 12:2).  Have ye been sufficiently humble? Alma 5:27–28. The more humble part of the people became stronger in their humility, Hel. 3:33–35. I give unto men weakness that they may be humble, Ether 12:27. Humility is a qualification for baptism, D&C 20:37. Humble yourselves before me and you shall see me and know that I am, D&C 67:10. Be thou humble and the Lord shall give thee answer to thy prayers, D&C 112:10. Let him that is ignorant learn wisdom by humbling himself, D&C 136:32. The Spirit is sent forth to enlighten the humble, D&C 136:33.



 HUSBAND. See Family; Marriage, Marry





A member of the first Quorum of the Twelve Apostles called in this dispensation (D&C 68:1–3; 75:13; 102:3; 124:128–129). He performed many missions for the Church, including dedicating the Holy Land in 1841 for the return of the Jewish people.



 HYMN. See also Music; Sing


A song of praise to God.


A hymn was sung by the Twelve Apostles before the Lord retired to Gethsemane, Matt. 26:30. The Lord called Emma Smith to make a selection of sacred hymns, D&C 25:11. The song of the righteous is a prayer unto me, and shall be answered with a blessing upon their heads, D&C 25:12. Praise the Lord with singing and with music, D&C 136:28.






 I AM. See also Jehovah; Jesus Christ


One of the names of the Lord Jesus Christ.


God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM, Ex. 3:14–15. I am the Lord, Ex. 6:2–3. Before Abraham was, I am, John 8:56–59. Listen to the voice of Jesus Christ the Great I Am, D&C 29:1 (D&C 38:1; 39:1).





Inactive and uninvolved in righteous works.


If any would not work, neither should he eat, 2 Thes. 3:10. They did become an idle people, full of mischief, 2 Ne. 5:24. Refrain from idleness, Alma 38:12. He that is idle shall not eat the bread of the laborer, D&C 42:42. Wo unto you who will not labor with your own hands, D&C 56:17. Be anxiously engaged in a good cause, D&C 58:27. Cease to be idle, D&C 88:124.





The worship of idols or an excessive attachment or devotion to anything.


Thou shalt have no other gods before me, Ex. 20:3 (Mosiah 12:35; 13:12–13). If thou walk after other gods, ye shall surely perish, Deut. 8:19. Stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry, 1 Sam. 15:23. Thou hast discovered thyself to another than me, Isa. 57:8. Thou hast praised the gods of silver and gold, Dan. 5:23. Ye cannot serve God and mammon, Matt. 6:24. Covetousness is idolatry, Col. 3:5. Children, keep yourselves from idols, 1 Jn. 5:21. Wo unto those that worship idols, 2 Ne. 9:37. The idolatry of the people of Nephi brought upon them their wars and destructions, Alma 50:21. Every man walketh after the image of his own god, D&C 1:16. Let them labor with their own hands that there be no idolatry, D&C 52:39. Abraham's father was led away by idolatry, Abr. 1:27.



 IMMANUEL. See also Jesus Christ


One of the names for Jesus Christ. It comes from words in Hebrew that mean "God with us. "


  Immanuel is a name-title given as a sign of God's deliverance (Isa. 7:14). Isaiah's reference to Immanuel is specifically identified by Matthew as a prophecy of Jesus' birth into mortality (Matt. 1:18–25). The name also appears in latter-day scripture (2 Ne. 17:14; 2 Ne. 18:8; D&C 128:22).



 IMMERSION. See Baptism, Baptize-Baptism by Immersion



 IMMORALITY. See Chastity; Sexual Immorality; Wicked, Wickedness; Sensual, Sensuality



 IMMORTAL, IMMORTALITY. See also Atone, Atonement; Jesus Christ; Mortal, Mortality; Resurrection; Salvation


The condition of living forever in a resurrected state, not subject to physical death.


He is risen, Mark 16:6. Even so in Christ shall all be made alive, 1 Cor. 15:22. Death is swallowed up when this mortal shall put on immortality,  1 Cor. 15:53–54. Christ hath abolished death and brought immortality, 2 Tim. 1:10.  Immortality is the restoring of the spirit to the body, 2 Ne. 9:13. Spirits united with their bodies become immortal, never to die again, Alma 11:45. The faithful will be crowned with immortality and eternal life, D&C 75:5. The earth will be sanctified and immortal, D&C 77:1 (D&C 130:9). God's work and glory is to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man, Moses 1:39.



 INFANT BAPTISM. See also Account, Accountable, Accountability; Baptism, Baptize-Baptism not for infants; Child, Children; Salvation–Salvation of children


The unnecessary practice of baptizing babies and children who are under the age of accountability, which is eight years old. The Lord condemns infant baptism (Moro. 8:10–21). Children are born innocent and without sin. Satan has no power to tempt children until they begin to become accountable (D&C 29:46–47) so they have no need to repent or be baptized. Children should be baptized at the age of eight (D&C 68:25–27).





Blameless or sinless.


Before the fall, Adam and Eve were in a state of innocence, 2 Ne. 2:23. The blood of the innocent shall stand as a witness, Alma 14:11. Every spirit of man was innocent in the beginning, D&C 93:38. The innocent are not to be condemned with the unjust, D&C 104:7. Joseph and Hyrum Smith were innocent of any crime, D&C 135:6–7. Children are whole from the foundation of the earth, Moses 6:54.



 INSPIRATION, INSPIRE. See also Holy Ghost; Revelation


Divine guidance given to man by God. Inspiration often comes by the Spirit in a variety of ways to the mind or heart of a person.


After the fire came a still small voice, 1 Kgs. 19:12. The Holy Ghost will teach you all things and bring all things to your remembrance, John 14:26. The Spirit of truth will guide you into all truth, John 16:13. I was led by the Spirit, not knowing beforehand the things which I should do, 1 Ne. 4:6. The voice of the Lord came into my mind, Enos 1:10. Everything which inviteth and enticeth to do good is inspired of God, Moro. 7:13–16. Did I not speak peace to your mind? D&C 6:23. I will tell you in your mind and in your heart, D&C 8:2.  My Spirit shall enlighten your mind, which shall fill your soul with joy, D&C 11:13. It shall be given thee in the very moment what thou shalt speak or write, D&C 24:6 (D&C 84:85). The still small voice whispers through and pierces all things, D&C 85:6.



 INTEGRITY. See also Honest, Honesty; Righteous, Righteousness


Righteousness, honesty, and sincerity.


Till I die I will not remove mine integrity from me, Job 27:5. The just man walks in his integrity, Prov. 20:7. They were men who were true at all times in whatsoever thing they were entrusted, Alma 53:20. The Lord loved Hyrum Smith because of the integrity of his heart, D&C 124:15.



 INTELLIGENCE, INTELLIGENCES. See also Light, Light of Christ; Spirit; Truth


Intelligence has several meanings, three of which are: (1) It is the light of truth which gives life and light to all things in the universe. It has always existed. (2) The word intelligences may also refer to spirit children of God. (3) The scriptures also may speak of intelligence as referring to the spirit element that existed before we were begotten as spirit children.


Intelligence cleaveth unto intelligence, D&C 88:40. Intelligence was not created or made, D&C 93:29. All intelligence is independent in that sphere in which God has placed it, D&C 93:30. The glory of God is intelligence, D&C 93:36–37. Intelligence acquired in this life rises with us in the resurrection, D&C 130:18–19. The Lord rules over all the intelligences, Abr. 3:21. The Lord showed Abraham the intelligences that were organized before the world was, Abr. 3:22.



 ISAAC. See also Abraham


An Old Testament patriarch. His birth to Abraham and Sarah in their old age was a miracle (Gen. 15:4–6; 17:15–21; 21:1–8). Abraham's willingness to offer Isaac was a similitude of God and his Only Begotten Son (Jacob 4:5). Isaac was heir to the promises of the Abrahamic covenant (Gen. 21:9–12; 1 Ne. 17:40; D&C 27:10).


Isaac was born, Gen. 21:1–7. Was to be sacrificed on mount Moriah, Gen. 22:1–19 (D&C 101:4). Was married, Gen. 24. Dealt with his sons, Gen. 27:1—28:9. Has received exaltation with Abraham and Jacob, D&C 132:37 (Matt. 8:11).





A prophet of the Old Testament who prophesied from 740–701 B.C. As King Hezekiah's chief adviser, Isaiah had great religious and political influence.


Jesus quoted Isaiah more frequently than he quoted any other prophet. Isaiah is also quoted frequently by Peter, John, and Paul in the New Testament. The Book of Mormon and the Doctrine and Covenants contain more quotes from Isaiah than from any other prophet and provide much help in interpreting Isaiah. Nephi taught his people from the writings of Isaiah (2 Ne. 12–24; Isa. 2–14). The Lord told the Nephites that "great are the words of Isaiah" and that all things Isaiah prophesied would be fulfilled (3 Ne. 23:1–3).


 The book of Isaiah:  A book in the Old Testament. Many of Isaiah's prophecies deal with the coming of the Redeemer, both in his earthly ministry (Isa. 9:6) and as the Great King at the last day (Isa. 63). He also prophesied much about Israel's future.


Chapter 1 is a prologue to the rest of the book. Isaiah 7:14; 9:6–7; 11:1–5; 53:1–12; and 61:1–3 foreshadow the mission of the Savior. Chapters 2, 11, 12, and 35 deal with events in the latter days, when the gospel will be restored, Israel will be gathered, and the thirsty land will blossom as the rose. Chapter 29 contains a prophecy of the coming forth of the Book of Mormon (2 Ne. 27). Chapters 40–46 proclaim the superiority of Jehovah as the true God over the idol gods of the pagan worshipers. The remaining chapters, 47–66, deal with events in the final restoration of Israel and the establishment of Zion, with the Lord dwelling among his people.



 ISHMAEL, FATHER-IN-LAW OF NEPHI. See also Lehi, Father of Nephi


A man in the Book of Mormon who, with his family, joined Lehi's family in their journey to the promised land.


Nephi and his brothers returned to Jerusalem and persuaded Ishmael and his family to accompany Lehi and his family to the promised land, 1 Ne. 7:2–5. The two families intermarried, 1 Ne. 16:7. Ishmael died in the wilderness, 1 Ne. 16:34.



 ISHMAEL, SON OF ABRAHAM. See also Abraham; Hagar


In the Old Testament, a son of Abraham and Hagar, Sarah's Egyptian handmaid (Gen. 16:11–16). The Lord promised both Abraham and Hagar that Ishmael would become the father of a great nation (Gen. 21:8–21).


The covenant came through Isaac rather than Ishmael, Gen. 17:19–21 (Gal. 4:22—5:1). God blessed Ishmael that he would be fruitful, Gen. 17:20. Ishmael helped bury Abraham, Gen. 25:8–9. Ishmael's twelve sons were named, Gen. 25:12–16. Ishmael died, Gen. 25:17–18. Esau took Ishmael's daughter, Mahalath, to be his wife, Gen. 28:9.



 ISRAEL. See also Abraham–Seed of Abraham; Adoption; Jacob, Son of Isaac


The Lord gave the name Israel to Jacob, the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham in the Old Testament (Gen. 32:28; 35:10). The name Israel can refer to Jacob himself, his descendants, or to the kingdom those descendants once possessed in Old Testament times (2 Sam. 1:24; 23:3). After Moses led the children of Israel out of Egyptian bondage (Ex. 3–14), they were ruled over by judges for over three hundred years. Beginning with King Saul, kings ruled over united Israel until the death of Solomon, when ten tribes revolted from Rehoboam to form a separate nation. After the kingdom of Israel was divided, the northern tribes, as the larger part, kept the name Israel, while the southern kingdom was called Judah. The land of Canaan is also called Israel today. In another sense, Israel means a true believer in Christ (Rom. 10:1; 11:7; Gal. 6:16; Eph. 2:12).


 The twelve tribes of Israel: Abraham's grandson Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel, had twelve sons. Their descendants have become known as the twelve tribes of Israel or the children of Israel. These are the twelve tribes: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun (the sons of Jacob and Leah); Dan and Naphtali (the sons of Jacob and Bilhah); Gad and Asher (the sons of Jacob and Zilpah); Joseph and Benjamin (the sons of Jacob and Rachel) (Gen. 29:32—30:24; 35:16–18).


Jacob gave each tribal leader a blessing before his death (Gen. 49:1–28). For further information, see the name of each son of Jacob.


Reuben, the firstborn son of Jacob's first wife, Leah, lost his birthright blessing and double portion of inheritance because of immorality (Gen. 49:3–4). The birthright then went to Joseph, who was the firstborn son of Jacob's second wife, Rachel (1 Chr. 5:1–2). Levi, whose tribe the Lord had chosen to serve as his priesthood ministers, did not receive an inheritance because of their special calling to minister among all the tribes. This allowed Joseph's double portion to be shared by Joseph's sons, Ephraim and Manasseh (1 Chr. 5:1; Jer. 31:9), who were counted as separate tribes of Israel (JST, Gen. 48:5–6).


Members of the tribe of Judah were to be the rulers until the Messiah came (Gen. 49:10; JST, Gen. 50:24). In the last days the tribe of Ephraim has the privilege of carrying the message of the restoration of the gospel to the world and gathering scattered Israel (Deut. 33:13–17). The time will come when through the gospel of Jesus Christ, Ephraim will have a leadership role in uniting all the tribes of Israel (Isa. 11:12–13; D&C 133:26–34).


 The scattering of Israel:  The Lord scattered and afflicted the twelve tribes of Israel because of their unrighteousness and rebellion. However, the Lord also used this scattering of his chosen people among the nations of the world to bless those nations.


I will scatter you among the heathen, Lev. 26:33. The Lord shall scatter thee among all people, Deut. 28:25, 37, 64. I will deliver them to be removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, Jer. 29:18–19. I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, Amos 9:9 (Zech. 10:9). Jesus was sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel, Matt. 15:24. I have other sheep which are not of this fold, John 10:16. Israel shall be scattered upon all the face of the earth, 1 Ne. 22:3–8. Jacob sets forth Zenos's allegory of the tame and wild olive trees, Jacob 5–6. The work of the Father will commence among the dispersed tribes, 3 Ne. 21:26.


 The gathering of Israel:  The house of Israel shall be gathered together in the last days before the coming of Christ (A of F 1:10). The Lord gathers his people Israel when they accept him and keep his commandments.


He will lift up an ensign and they shall come, Isa. 5:26. With great mercies will I gather thee, Isa. 54:7. Israel and Judah are to be gathered to their lands, Jer. 30:3. The Lord shall gather the house of Israel from the people among whom they are scattered, Ezek. 28:25.  In the dispensation of the fulness of times he will gather in one all things in Christ, Eph. 1:10. After Israel is scattered, they will be gathered, 1 Ne. 15:12–17. The Lord will gather in all people of the house of Israel, 1 Ne. 19:16 (3 Ne. 16:5). They shall be brought out of darkness and know that the Lord is their Savior, 1 Ne. 22:12. God gathers and numbers his children, 1 Ne. 22:25. The nations of the Gentiles shall carry Israel forth to the lands of their inheritance, 2 Ne. 10:8 (3 Ne. 16:4). My people and my word shall be gathered as one, 2 Ne. 29:13–14. The elders are called to gather the elect, D&C 29:7 (D&C 39:11). I will gather mine elect, D&C 33:6. Gather so that I may give you my law and that you may be endowed, D&C 38:31–33. I will recover my people, who are of the house of Israel, D&C 39:11. The Saints shall come forth, D&C 45:46. Moses delivered the keys of the gathering, D&C 110:11. Righteousness and truth will sweep the earth and gather out the Lord's elect, Moses 7:62. The gathering is compared to the gathering of eagles to a carcass, JS-M 1:27.


 The ten lost tribes of Israel:  The ten tribes of Israel made up the northern kingdom of Israel and were carried away captive into Assyria in 721 B.C. At that time they went to the "north countries" and became lost to the knowledge of others. In the last days they will return.


I will say to the north, Give up, Isa. 43:6. These shall come from the north, Isa. 49:12 (1 Ne. 21:12). Judah and Israel shall come together out of the land of the north, Jer. 3:18. The Lord liveth who brought up the children of Israel from the land of the north, Jer. 16:14–16. I will bring them from the north country, Jer. 31:8. The Nephites and the Jews shall have the words of the lost tribes of Israel, 2 Ne. 29:12–13. I go to show myself unto the lost tribes of Israel, 3 Ne. 17:4. When the gospel is preached to the remnant of the house of Israel, the lost tribes will be gathered home to the land of their inheritance, 3 Ne. 21:26–29. Moses committed the keys of the gathering of Israel to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, D&C 110:11. They who are in the north countries shall come in remembrance before the Lord, D&C 133:26–32. We believe in the literal gathering of Israel, A of F 1:10.



 ISSACHAR. See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


A son of Jacob and Leah in the Old Testament (Gen. 30:17–18; 35:23; 46:13). His descendants became one of the twelve tribes of Israel.


 The tribe of Issachar:  Jacob's blessing to Issachar is found in Genesis 49:14–15. After settling in Canaan, the tribe received some of the richest land of Palestine, including the plain of Esdraelon. Within Issachar's borders were several important places in Jewish history, for example, Carmel, Megiddo, Dothan, Gilboa, Jezreel, Tabor, and Nazareth (Josh. 19:17–23).






 JACKSON COUNTY, MISSOURI (USA). See also New Jerusalem


The gathering place of the Saints in the last days; that is, the center place where they will establish the New Jerusalem (D&C 57–58; 82; 101:69–71; 105:28).



 JACOB, SON OF ISAAC. See also Esau; Isaac; Israel


An Old Testament patriarch and prophet; the younger of the twin sons of Isaac and Rebekah (Gen. 25:19–26). Jacob obtained the birthright over his brother Esau. This was due to Jacob's worthiness and marrying in the covenant, while Esau despised his birthright and married outside the covenant (Gen. 25:30–34; 26:34–35; 27; 28:6–9; Heb. 12:16).


Rebekah learned from the Lord that Esau would serve Jacob, Gen. 25:23. Purchased the birthright from Esau, Gen. 25:29–34. Dreamed of a ladder to heaven, Gen. 28. Married Leah and Rachel, Gen. 29:1–30. Had twelve sons and one daughter, Gen. 29:31—30:24; 35:16–20. Married Bilhah and Zilpah, Gen. 30:3–4, 9. Name was changed to Israel, Gen. 32:28. Saw God face to face, Gen. 32:30. Favored Joseph, Gen. 37:3. Went to Egypt with his family, Gen. 46:1–7. Blessed his sons and their posterity, Gen. 49. Died, Gen. 49:33. Kept the commandments and is today exalted upon a throne in heaven, in company with Abraham and Isaac, D&C 132:37.



 JACOB, SON OF LEHI. See also Lehi, Father of Nephi


A prophet in the Book of Mormon and author of several sermons in the books of 2 Nephi and Jacob (2 Ne. 6–11; Jacob 1–7).


 The book of Jacob:  The third book in the Book of Mormon. Chapter 1 tells that Nephi transferred the records to Jacob and then consecrated Jacob and his brother Joseph to be priests and teachers to the people. Chapters 2–4 are sermons admonishing the people to be morally clean. Jacob also taught of the coming of a redeeming Messiah, and he gave reasons why some in Israel would not accept him at his coming.  Chapters 5–6 contain Jacob's testimony and a prophetic allegory on the history and mission of the people of Israel. Chapter 7 contains an account of a learned rebel named Sherem, who was overpowered by the divine testimony of Jacob.





In the New Testament, a brother of the Lord (Gal. 1:19) and of Joses, Simon, Judas, and some sisters (Matt. 13:55–56; Mark 6:3; Jude 1:1). He was also known as James the Just and occupied an important position in the Church in Jerusalem (Acts 12:17; 15:13; 1 Cor. 15:7; Gal. 2:9–12). He probably wrote the epistle of James.


 The epistle of James:  A book in the New Testament. Originally it was a letter addressed to the twelve tribes of Israel scattered abroad and was probably written from Jerusalem. The epistle contains some clearly stated items about practical religion, including the important advice in chapter 1 that if a person lacks wisdom, he should ask God for help (James 1:5–6; JS-H 1:9–20). Chapter 2 deals with faith and works. Chapters 3–4 speak of the need to control the tongue and admonish the Saints not to speak evil of one another. Chapter 5 encourages the Saints to have patience and to call for the elders for a blessing when sick; it also teaches of the blessings of helping to convert others.





One of the Twelve Apostles chosen by Jesus during his mortal ministry (Matt. 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13).





One of the Twelve Apostles chosen by Jesus during his mortal ministry. He was the brother of John. He was one of three Apostles chosen to be with Jesus on certain special occasions: at the raising of the daughter of Jairus (Mark 5:37), at the Transfiguration (Matt. 17:1; Mark 9:2; Luke 9:28), and at Gethsemane (Matt. 26:37; Mark 14:33). With Peter and John, he restored the Melchizedek Priesthood to the earth by ordaining Joseph Smith (D&C 27:12; 128:20; JS-H 1:72).



 JAPHETH. See also Noah, Bible Patriarch


The eldest son of Noah, an Old Testament prophet (Moses 8:12).


Noah begat Japheth, Gen. 5:32 (Gen. 6:10; Moses 8:12). Japheth and his wife entered Noah's ark, Gen. 7:13.  Japheth came out of the ark, Gen. 9:18. God shall enlarge Japheth, Gen. 9:27.



 JARED. See also Jared, Brother of; Jaredites


A Book of Mormon leader who, with his brother, led a colony of people from the Tower of Babel to a promised land in the western hemisphere (Ether 1:33—2:1).


Jared asked his brother to pray that the Lord not confound the language of their families and friends, Ether 1:34–37. Journeyed to the sea and dwelt there for four years, Ether 2:13. Sailed to the promised land, Ether 6:4–12.



 JARED, BROTHER OF. See also Jared; Jaredites


A Book of Mormon prophet. He and his brother founded the Jaredite nation when they led a colony of people from the Tower of Babel to a promised land in the western hemisphere (Ether 1–6). He was a man of such great faith that he spoke with the Lord face to face (D&C 17:1). His story is recorded in the book of Ether.


The brother of Jared was a large and mighty man, and highly favored of the Lord, Ether 1:34. Because of his faith, the brother of Jared saw the finger of the Lord, Ether 3:6–9 (Ether 12:20). Christ showed his spirit body to the brother of Jared, Ether 3:13–20. There never were greater things made manifest than those which were made manifest to the brother of Jared, Ether 4:4. The brother of Jared warned his people against a monarchy, Ether 6:22–23. The Lord showed all things to the brother of Jared, Ether 12:21. The brother of Jared was mighty in writing, Ether 12:24. Through faith the brother of Jared moved mount Zerin, Ether 12:30.



 JAREDITES. See also Book of Mormon; Jared; Jared, Brother of


People in the Book of Mormon who were descendants of Jared, his brother, and their friends (Ether 1:33–41). They were led by God from the Tower of Babel to the Americas, a promised land (Ether 1:42–43; 2–3; 6:1–18). Although their nation had at one time millions of people, they were all destroyed by civil war brought on by wickedness (Ether 14–15).





In the Book of Mormon, a son of Enos and a great_grandson of Lehi. He kept the Nephites' records for sixty years, 420–361 B.C. (Enos 1:25; Jarom 1:13).  He was a faithful man who chose to not write very much in the historical record (Jarom 1:2).


 The book of Jarom: There are only fifteen verses in this book in the Book of Mormon. Jarom recorded that the Nephites continued to live the law of Moses and look forward to the coming of Christ. They were led by kings who were mighty men of faith. They prospered as they heeded their prophets, priests, and teachers.





As used in the scriptures, the word jealous has two meanings: (1) to be fervent and to have sensitive and deep feelings about someone or something, and (2) to be envious of someone or suspicious that another will gain some advantage.


 To have fervent feelings:  I the Lord am a jealous God, Ex. 20:5 (Deut. 5:9; 6:15; Mosiah 11:22). I will be jealous for my holy name, Ezek. 39:25. I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion, Zech. 1:14.


 To be envious or suspicious:  Jealousy is the rage of a man, Prov. 6:32–35. Akish began to be jealous of his son, Ether 9:7. Strip yourselves from jealousies and fears, D&C 67:10.





In the Old Testament, a faithful king of Judah (1 Kgs. 15:24; 22).



 JEHOVAH. See also I AM; Jesus Christ


The covenant or proper name of the God of Israel. It denotes "the eternal I AM" (Ex. 3:14; John 8:58). Jehovah is the premortal Jesus Christ and came to earth as a son of Mary (Mosiah 3:8; 15:1; 3 Ne. 15:1–5). Usually, when the word Lord appears in the Old Testament, it means Jehovah.


 Jehovah is Christ:  Jehovah was known to the ancient prophets (Ex. 6:3; Abr. 1:16). The Apostle Paul taught that Christ was the Jehovah of the Old Testament (Ex. 17:6; 1 Cor. 10:1–4). The brother of Jared in the Book of Mormon saw the premortal Christ and worshiped him (Ether 3:13–15). Moroni also called Christ Jehovah (Moro. 10:34). At the Kirtland Temple, Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery saw the resurrected Jehovah (D&C 110:3–4).



 JEREMIAH. See also Lamentations


An Old Testament prophet who was born to a priestly family and prophesied in Judah from 626–586 B.C. He lived near the time of other great prophets: Lehi, Ezekiel, Hosea, and Daniel.


Jeremiah was ordained to be a prophet in the premortal life (Jer. 1:4–5). During his approximately forty years as prophet he taught against idolatry and immorality among the Jewish people (Jer. 3:1–5; 7:8–10). He had to face continuous opposition and insult (Jer. 20:2; 36:18–19; 38:4). After the fall of Jerusalem, the Jews who escaped into Egypt took Jeremiah with them (Jer. 43:5–6), where, according to tradition, they stoned him to death.


 The book of Jeremiah:  Chapters 1–6 contain prophecies given during the reign of Josiah. Chapters 7–20 are prophecies during the time of Jehoiakim. Chapters 21–38 deal with the reign of Zedekiah. Chapters 39–44 contain prophecies and describe historical events after the fall of Jerusalem. Chapter 45 contains a promise to Baruch, his scribe, that Baruch's life would be preserved. Finally, chapters 46–51 are prophecies against foreign nations. Chapter 52 is a historical conclusion. Some of Jeremiah's prophecies were contained in the brass plates of Laban secured by Nephi (1 Ne. 5:10–13). Jeremiah is also mentioned two other times in the Book of Mormon (1 Ne. 7:14; Hel. 8:20).


The book of Jeremiah also includes an acknowledgment of man's premortal existence and Jeremiah's foreordination (Jer. 1:4–5); a prophecy of the return of Israel from their scattered condition, gathering one of a city and two of a family to Zion, a pleasant land where Israel and Judah could dwell in safety and peace (Jer. 3:12–19); and a prophecy of the Lord gathering Israel from the north countries by sending many "fishers" and "hunters" to find them (Jer. 16:14–21). This event of the latter days will be larger in proportion than even Moses' bringing of Israel out of Egypt (Jer. 16:13–15; 23:8).





A walled city in the Jordan valley, 800 feet (245 meters) below sea level. Jericho is near the place where the Israelites crossed the river when they first entered the promised land (Josh. 2:1–3; 3:16; 6).


The Israelites fought a battle at Jericho, Josh. 6:1–20. Joshua placed a curse upon Jericho, Josh. 6:26 (1 Kgs. 16:34). Jericho was within the territory assigned to Benjamin, Josh. 18:11–12, 21. The Lord visited Jericho on his last journey to Jerusalem, Mark 10:46 (Luke 18:35; 19:1).





In the Old Testament, Jeroboam was the first king of the northern part of divided Israel. He was a member of the tribe of Ephraim. The wicked Jeroboam led a revolt against the house of Judah and the family of David.


Jeroboam set up idols for the people in Dan and Bethel to worship, 1 Kgs. 12:28–29. Ahijah rebuked Jeroboam, 1 Kgs. 14:6–16. Jeroboam was remembered for having brought a terrible sin to Israel, 1 Kgs. 15:34 (1 Kgs. 12:30).



 JERUBBAAL. See also Gideon (Old Testament)


A name given to Gideon in the Old Testament after he destroyed the altar of Baal (Judg. 6:32; 7:1; 9; 1 Sam. 12:11).




A city located in modern Israel. It is the most significant city in biblical history. Some of the most sacred spots for Christians, Jews, and Muslims are in this city and are visited regularly by many faithful believers. It is often referred to as the holy city.


Once known as Salem (Gen. 14:18; Ps. 76:2), Jerusalem was a Jebusite city until it was captured by David (Josh. 10:1; 15:8; 2 Sam. 5:6–7), who made it his capital. Until then it had served mostly as a mountain fortress, about 2600 feet (800 meters) above sea level. It is surrounded by deep valleys on all sides except the north.


During King David's reign in Jerusalem, he occupied a wooden palace. However, during the reign of Solomon, the people did many things to beautify the city, including building the king's palace and the temple.


After the kingdoms of Israel and Judah divided, Jerusalem remained the capital of Judah. It was often attacked by invading armies (1 Kgs. 14:25; 2 Kgs. 14:13; 16:5; 18–19; 24:10; 25). Under Hezekiah, Jerusalem became the center of religious worship, but was partly destroyed in 320 B.C., 168 B.C., and 65 B.C. Herod rebuilt the walls and the temple, but in A.D. 70 the Romans entirely destroyed it.


Melchizedek was king of Salem, Gen. 14:18 (Heb. 7:2). Isaiah called for Jerusalem to put on her beautiful garments, Isa. 52:1. The word of the Lord was to come from Jerusalem, Micah 4:2. Christ lamented over the fate of Jerusalem, Matt. 23:37–39 (Luke 13:34). Jerusalem is the city of the living God, Heb. 12:22. Jerusalem was to be destroyed if it would not repent, 1 Ne. 1:4, 13, 18 (2 Ne. 1:4; Hel. 8:20). Jerusalem to be inhabited again after destruction, 3 Ne. 20:46. Jerusalem to be built up again, Ether 13:5. Christ warned the Latter-day Saints as he warned the people of Jerusalem, D&C 5:20. Those of Judah to flee to Jerusalem, D&C 133:13. The Lord will speak from Jerusalem, D&C 133:21.



 JERUSALEM, NEW. See New Jerusalem; Zion



 JESSE. See also David


In the Old Testament, the father of David and ancestor of Christ and all the kings of Judah.


Ruth's son, Obed, was Jesse's father, Ruth 4:17, 22. Jesse's ancestors recounted back to Judah, 1 Chr. 2:5–12 (Matt. 1:5–6).



 JESUS CHRIST. See also Advocate; Alpha and Omega; Anointed One; Ascension; Atone, Atonement; Beginning; Begotten; Blood; Bread of Life; Bridegroom; Comforter; Conscience; Cornerstone; Create, Creation; Cross; Crucifixion; Deliverer; Endless; Faith; Fall of Adam and Eve; Firstborn; God, Godhead; Golgotha; Good Shepherd; Gospels; Grace; I AM; Immanuel; Jehovah; Lamb of God; Light, Light of Christ; Living Water; Lord; Mary, Mother of Jesus; Mediator; Messiah; Plan of Redemption; Redeem, Redeemed, Redemption; Redeemer; Remission of Sins; Repent, Repentance; Resurrection; Rock; Sacrament; Sacrifice; Savior; Second Coming of Jesus Christ; Sermon on the Mount; Serpent, Brazen; Son of Man; Transfiguration–Transfiguration of Christ; Way



Christ (a Greek word) and Messiah (a Hebrew word) mean "the anointed."  Jesus Christ is the Firstborn of the Father in the spirit (Heb. 1:6; D&C 93:21). He is the Only Begotten of the Father in the flesh (John 1:14; 3:16). He is Jehovah (D&C 110:3–4) and was foreordained to his great calling before the creation of the world. Under the direction of the Father, Jesus created the earth and everything on it (John 1:3, 14; Moses 1:31–33). He was born to Mary at Bethlehem, lived a sinless life, and made a perfect atonement for the sins of all mankind by shedding of his blood and giving his life on the cross (Matt. 2:1; 1 Ne. 11:13–33; 3 Ne. 27:13–16; D&C 76:40–42). He rose from the dead, thus assuring the eventual resurrection of all mankind. Through Jesus' atonement and resurrection, those who repent of their sins and obey God's commandments can live eternally with Jesus and the Father (2 Ne. 9:10–12; 21–22; D&C 76:50–53, 62).


Jesus Christ is the greatest being to be born on this earth. His life is the perfect example of how all mankind should live. All prayers, blessings, and priesthood ordinances should be done in his name. He is the Lord of lords, King of kings, the Creator, the Savior, and the God of the whole earth.


Jesus Christ will come again in power and glory to reign on the earth during the Millennium. At the last day, he will judge all mankind (Alma 11:40–41; JS-M 1).


 Summary of his life (in sequence of events): Jesus' birth and mission were foretold, Luke 1:26–38 (Isa. 7:14; 9:6–7; 1 Ne. 11). Was born, Luke 2:1–7 (Matt. 1:18–25). Was circumcised, Luke 2:21. Was presented in the temple, Luke 2:22–38. Was visited by the wise men, Matt. 2:1–12. Joseph and Mary fled with him to Egypt, Matt. 2:13–18. Was brought to Nazareth, Matt. 2:19–23. Visited the temple at age twelve, Luke 2:41–50. Had brothers and sisters, Matt. 13:55–56 (Mark 6:3). Was baptized, Matt. 3:13–17 (Mark 1:9–11; Luke 3:21–22). Was tempted by the devil, Matt. 4:1–11 (Mark 1:12–13; Luke 4:1–13). Called his disciples, Matt. 4:18–22 (Matt. 9:9; Mark 1:16–20; 2:13–14; Luke 5:1–11, 27–28; 6:12–16; John 1:35–51). Commissioned the Twelve, Matt. 10:1–4 (Mark 3:13–19; Luke 6:12–16). Gave the Sermon on the Mount, Matt. 5–7. Foretold his own death and resurrection, Matt. 16:21 (Matt. 17:22–23; 20:17–19; Mark 8:31; 9:30–32; 10:32–34; Luke 9:22; 18:31–34). Was transfigured, Matt. 17:1–9 (Mark 9:2–8; Luke 9:28–36). Sent forth the seventy, Luke 10:1–20. Made his triumphal entry into Jerusalem, Matt. 21:1–11 (Mark 11:1–11; Luke 19:29–40; John 12:12–15). Instituted the sacrament, Matt. 26:26–29 (Mark 14:22–25; Luke 22:19–20). Suffered and prayed in Gethsemane, Matt. 26:36–46 (Mark 14:32–42; Luke 22:39–46). Was betrayed, arrested, and forsaken, Matt. 26:47–56 (Mark 14:43–53; Luke 22:47–54; John 18:2–13). Was crucified, Matt. 27:31–54 (Mark 15:20–41; Luke 23:26–28, 32–49; John 19:16–30). Was resurrected, Matt. 28:1–8 (Mark 16:1–8; Luke 24:1–12; John 20:1–10). Appeared after his resurrection, Matt. 28:9–20 (Mark 16:9–18; Luke 24:13–48; John 20:11–31; Acts 1:3–8; 1 Cor. 15:5–8).  Ascended to heaven, Mark 16:19–20 (Luke 24:51–53; Acts 1:9–12). Appeared to the Nephites, 3 Ne. 11:1–17 (3 Ne. 11–26). Appeared to Joseph Smith, JS-H 1:15–20.


 Authority:  The government shall be upon his shoulder, Isa. 9:6 (2 Ne. 19:6). Jesus taught as one having authority, Matt. 7:28–29 (Mark 1:22). The Son of Man hath power on earth to forgive sins, Matt. 9:6. Jesus commanded the unclean spirits with authority and they obeyed him, Mark 1:27 (Luke 4:33–36). Jesus ordained twelve to have power, Mark 3:14–15. Jesus' word was with power, Luke 4:32. The Father hath committed all judgment unto the Son, John 5:22, 27. God anointed Jesus with the Holy Ghost and with power, Acts 10:38. Christ was foreordained before the foundation of the world, 1 Pet. 1:20 (Ether 3:14). Christ has the keys of hell and of death, Rev. 1:18. All men become subject unto Christ, 2 Ne. 9:5. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is the Father of heaven and earth, the Creator of all things from the beginning, Hel. 14:12. Christ came by the will of the Father to do his will, D&C 19:24. Jesus received a fulness of the glory of the Father, and he received all power, D&C 93:3–4, 16–17 (John 3:35–36).


 Example of Jesus Christ:  I have given you an example, John 13:15. I am the way, the truth, and the life, John 14:6. Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps, 1 Pet. 2:21. Unless a man follow the example of the Son of the living God, he cannot be saved, 2 Ne. 31:16. I would that ye should be perfect even as I, 3 Ne. 12:48. This shall ye always observe to do, even as I have done, 3 Ne. 18:6. I have set an example for you, 3 Ne. 18:16. The works which ye have seen me do that shall ye also do, 3 Ne. 27:21, 27. True followers of Jesus Christ shall be like him, Moro. 7:48.


 Glory of Jesus Christ:  The glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle, Ex. 40:34–38. The whole earth is full of his glory, Isa. 6:3 (2 Ne. 16:3). The glory of the Lord is risen upon thee, Isa. 60:1–2. The Son of Man shall come in the glory of his Father, Matt. 16:27. Glorify thou me with the glory which I had with thee before the world was, John 17:5. The Holy One of Israel must reign in great glory, 1 Ne. 22:24. We had a hope of his glory, Jacob 4:4. The Son of God cometh in his glory, Alma 5:50. He did expound all things, from the beginning until he should come in his glory, 3 Ne. 26:3. Mine Apostles shall stand clothed in glory even as I am, D&C 29:12 (D&C 45:44). We beheld the glory of the Son, on the right hand of the Father, D&C 76:19–23. John saw and bore record of the fulness of my glory, D&C 93:6 (John 1:14).  His countenance shone above the brightness of the sun, D&C 110:3. His glory was upon me, and I beheld his face, Moses 1:1–11. This is my work and my glory, Moses 1:39.


 Head of the Church:  Christ is the head of the Church, Eph. 5:23 (Eph. 1:22; 4:15). He is the head of the body, the Church, Col. 1:18. This is my Church, Mosiah 26:22 (Mosiah 27:13). Christ was the author and the finisher of their faith, Moro. 6:1–4. This Church have I established, D&C 33:5 (3 Ne. 27:3–8).


 Judge:  He shall judge the world in righteousness, Ps. 9:8 (3 Ne. 27:16). He cometh to judge the earth, Ps. 96:13. God shall judge the righteous and the wicked, Eccl. 3:17. He shall judge among the nations, Isa. 2:4 (Micah 4:3; 2 Ne. 12:4). With righteousness will he judge the poor, Isa. 11:2–4. The Father hath committed all judgment unto the Son, John 5:22. If I judge, my judgment is true, John 8:16. He was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick and dead, Acts 10:42 (2 Tim. 4:1). God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, Rom. 2:16. We shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ, Rom. 14:10 (2 Cor. 5:10; Alma 12:12; Morm. 3:20; 7:6; Ether 12:38; D&C 135:5). All men come unto God to be judged of him according to the truth and holiness which is in him, 2 Ne. 2:10. Stand before God to be judged according to deeds, Alma 5:15 (Alma 12:15; 33:22; 3 Ne. 27:14). God and Christ are the judge of all, D&C 76:68.


 Millennial reign of Christ:  The government shall be upon his shoulder, Isa. 9:6 (2 Ne. 19:6). I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord, Zech. 2:10–12 (Zech. 14:9). God shall give unto Jesus the throne of his father David, Luke 1:30–33. Christ shall reign for ever and ever, Rev. 11:15. The Saints shall reign with Christ a thousand years, Rev. 20:4 (D&C 76:63). Because of the righteousness of the people, Satan will have no power, 1 Ne. 22:26 (Rev. 20:1–3). I will dwell in righteousness with men on earth a thousand years, D&C 29:11 (D&C 43:29–30). Be subject to the powers that be, until he reigns whose right it is to reign, D&C 58:22 (1 Cor. 15:25). Christ will reign personally upon the earth, A of F 1:10 (Isa. 32:1).


 Postmortal appearances of Christ:  When Jesus was risen, he appeared first to Mary, Mark 16:9 (John 20:11–18). Jesus walked and talked with two of the disciples on the road to Emmaus, Luke 24:13–34. Jesus appeared to the Apostles, who felt his hands and feet, Luke 24:36–43 (John 20:19–20). Jesus appeared to Thomas, John 20:24–29. Jesus appeared to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias, John 21:1–14.  Jesus ministered for forty days after his resurrection, Acts 1:2–3. Stephen saw Jesus standing on the right hand of God, Acts 7:55–56. Jesus appeared to Saul, Acts 9:1–8 (JST, Acts 9:7; Acts 26:9–17). Christ was seen by more than 500 people, 1 Cor. 15:3–8. Jesus Christ showed himself to the people of Nephi, 3 Ne. 11:1–17. 2500 people saw and heard Jesus, 3 Ne. 17:16–25. Mormon was visited by the Lord, Morm. 1:15. Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon saw Jesus, D&C 76:22–23. Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery saw the Lord in the Kirtland Temple, D&C 110:1–4. Joseph Smith saw Jesus on the right hand of God, JS-H 1:15–17.


 Premortal existence of Christ:  The Lord appeared unto Abram, Gen. 12:7 (Gen. 17:1; 18:1; Abr. 2:6–8). The Lord spoke unto Moses face to face, Ex. 33:11 (Deut. 34:10; Moses 1:1–2). I saw the Lord standing upon the altar, Amos 9:1. In the beginning, the Word was with God. And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, John 1:1, 14 (1 Jn. 1:1–3). Before Abraham was, I am, John 8:58. Glorify thou me with the glory which I had with thee before the world was, John 17:5. Isaiah verily saw my Redeemer as I and my brother Jacob have seen him, 2 Ne. 11:2–3. On the morrow come I into the world, 3 Ne. 1:12–14. Christ was before the world began, 3 Ne. 26:5 (John 6:62). As I appear unto thee will I appear unto my people in the flesh, Ether 3:14–17. Enoch saw the Lord and walked with him, D&C 107:48–49. My Beloved Son, which was my Beloved and Chosen from the beginning, Moses 4:2. The Lord said: Whom shall I send? And one answered like unto the Son of Man: Here am I, send me, Abr. 3:27.


 Prophecies about the birth and death of Jesus Christ:  A virgin shall conceive and bear a son, Isa. 7:14 (1 Ne. 11:13–20). Out of Bethlehem shall come forth a ruler in Israel, Micah 5:2. Samuel the Lamanite prophesied a day, a night, and a day of light; a new star; and other signs, Hel. 14:2–6. Samuel the Lamanite prophesied darkness, thunderings and lightnings, and shaking of the earth, Hel. 14:20–27. The signs of Jesus' birth were fulfilled, 3 Ne. 1:15–21. The signs of Jesus' death were fulfilled, 3 Ne. 8:5–23.


 Taking the name of Jesus Christ upon us:  There is no other name whereby we must be saved, Acts 4:12 (2 Ne. 31:21). The Apostles rejoiced that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for his name, Acts 5:38–42. This is his commandment, That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, 1 Jn. 3:23. Witness that ye are willing to take upon you the name of Christ by baptism, 2 Ne. 31:13. I would that ye should take upon you the name of Christ, Mosiah 5:6–12 (Mosiah 1:11).  Whosoever was desirous to take upon them the name of Christ did join the Church of God, Mosiah 25:23. All those who were true believers in Christ took upon them the name of Christ, Alma 46:15. The gate of heaven is open to those who will believe on the name of Jesus Christ, Hel. 3:28. Blessed is he who is found faithful unto my name at the last day, Ether 4:19. They are willing to take upon them the name of the Son, Moro. 4:3 (D&C 20:77). Take upon you the name of Christ, D&C 18:21–25.


 Testimony borne of Jesus Christ:  Paul testified that Jesus is the Christ, Acts 18:5. Even the evil spirits testified that they knew Jesus, Acts 19:15. No man can say that Jesus is the Lord except by the Holy Ghost, 1 Cor. 12:3. Every knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, Philip. 2:10–11. We talk of Christ, we rejoice in Christ, we preach of Christ, we prophesy of Christ, 2 Ne. 25:26. The Book of Mormon is to convince the Jew and Gentile that Jesus is the Christ, 2 Ne. 26:12 (Book of Mormon title page). The prophets and the scriptures testify of Christ, Jacob 7:11, 19. Seek this Jesus of whom the prophets and apostles have written, Ether 12:41. We saw him and heard the voice bearing record that he is the Only Begotten, D&C 76:20–24. This is eternal lives—to know God and Jesus Christ, D&C 132:24. We believe in God the Eternal Father, and in His Son, Jesus Christ, A of F 1:1. We believe that Christ will reign personally upon the earth, A of F 1:10.


 Types or symbols of Christ:  Abel offered the firstlings of his flock, Gen. 4:4 (Moses 5:20). Take thine only son Isaac, and offer him for an offering, Gen. 22:1–13 (Jacob 4:5). The Lord commanded the children of Israel to sacrifice lambs without blemish, Ex. 12:5, 21, 46 (Num. 9:12; John 1:29; 19:33; 1 Pet. 1:19; Rev. 5:6). This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat, Ex. 16:2–15 (John 6:51). Smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people might drink, Ex. 17:6 (John 4:6–14; 1 Cor. 10:1–4). The goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities, Lev. 16:20–22 (Isa. 53:11; Mosiah 14:11; 15:6–9). Moses lifted up a serpent of brass to save those who look at it, Num. 21:8–9 (John 3:14–15; Alma 33:19; Hel. 8:14–15). Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days, Jonah 1:17 (Matt. 12:40). This thing is a similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten of the Father, Moses 5:4–8.



 JETHRO. See also Moses


An Old Testament prince and priest of Midian who gave Moses a home after Moses fled from Egypt.  He is also called Reuel (Ex. 2:18). Moses later married Jethro's daughter Zipporah (Ex. 3:1; 4:18; 18:1–12). Jethro taught Moses to delegate (Ex. 18:13–27). Moses received the Melchizedek Priesthood from Jethro (D&C 84:6–7).



 JEWS. See also Israel; Judah


Jews can be either (1) descendants of Judah, one of the twelve sons of Jacob, (2) people of the ancient southern kingdom of Judah, or (3) people who practice the religion, life_styles, and traditions of Judaism but may or may not be Jewish by birth. It has become customary to use the word Jew to refer to all the descendants of Jacob, but this is a mistake. It should be limited to those of the kingdom of Judah or, more especially today, those of the tribe of Judah and his associates.


The sceptre shall not depart from Judah until Shiloh come, Gen. 49:10. The gospel of Christ is the power of God unto salvation, to the Jew first, Rom. 1:16. A prophet would the Lord raise up among the Jews—even a Messiah, 1 Ne. 10:4. When the book proceeded out of the mouth of the Jew, the things were plain and pure, 1 Ne. 14:23. The Jews shall be scattered among all nations, 2 Ne. 25:15. The Jews are mine ancient covenant people, 2 Ne. 29:4. Jews which are scattered shall begin to believe in Christ, 2 Ne. 30:7. Jews will reject the stone upon which they might build, Jacob 4:14–16. The Jews shall have other witness that Jesus was the very Christ, Morm. 3:20–21. Two prophets are to be raised up to the Jewish nation in the last days, D&C 77:15. Call upon all nations, first upon the Gentiles, and then upon the Jews, D&C 133:8. In those days shall be great tribulation on the Jews, JS-M 1:18.



 JEZEBEL. See also Ahab


A wicked woman in the Old Testament from the land of Phoenicia. She was the wife of Ahab (1 Kgs. 16:30–31), a king of Israel who reigned while Elijah was prophet.


  Jezebel's marriage to Ahab, more than any other single event, caused the downfall of the northern kingdom of Israel; Jezebel introduced into Israel the worst forms of idol worship from her land in place of the worship of Jehovah (1 Kgs. 18:13, 19).


  Jezebel killed many of God's prophets, 1 Kgs. 18:4. Jezebel tried to kill Elijah, 1 Kgs. 19:1–3. Jezebel's wickedness ended with her terrible death, 2 Kgs. 9:30–37.





In the Old Testament, a righteous man who suffered tremendous affliction yet remained faithful to his belief in God. His story is told in the book of Job.


 The book of Job: Although the book is about Job's suffering, it does not entirely answer the question of why Job (or any other person) might suffer pain and the loss of his family and goods. The book clarifies that having afflictions does not necessarily mean that a person has sinned. The Lord may use affliction for experience, discipline, and instruction as well as for punishment (D&C 122).


The book can be divided into four parts. Chapters 1–2 are a prologue to the story. Chapters 3–31 relate a series of discussions between Job and three friends. Chapters 32–37 contain the speeches of Elihu, a fourth friend, who condemns Job for reasons other than the reasons of the first three friends. Chapters 38–42 conclude the book with a reassurance to Job that his course in life was a good one from the beginning.


The book of Job teaches that if a person has a correct knowledge of God and is living a life that is acceptable to God, he will be better able to endure the trials that come upon him. Job's unfailing faith is characterized by such exclamations as, "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him" (Job 13:15). Job is also mentioned in Ezekiel 14:14; James 5:11; Doctrine and Covenants 121:10.





A prophet in the land of Judah in the Old Testament. The date of his life is uncertain—he may have lived sometime between the reign of Joash, before 850 B.C., and the return of the tribe of Judah from captivity in Babylon.


 The book of Joel: The book centers on a prophecy that Joel made after the land of Judah was smitten with a severe drought and with locusts (Joel 1:4–20). Joel assured the people that through repentance they would again receive the blessings of God (Joel 2:12–14).


Chapter 1 is a call for a solemn assembly in the house of the Lord. Chapter 2 tells of war and desolation to precede the Millennium. Chapter 3 speaks of the latter days and affirms that all nations shall be at war but that eventually the Lord will dwell in Zion.


Peter quoted Joel's prophecy of the outpouring of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost (Joel 2:28–32; Acts 2:16–21). The angel Moroni also quoted this same passage to Joseph Smith (JS-H 1:41).



 JOHN, SON OF ZEBEDEE. See also Apostle; Gospels; Melchizedek Priesthood; Revelation of John; Translated Beings


One of the Twelve Apostles in the New Testament, a son of Zebedee, and a brother of James. In his early life he was a fisherman (Mark 1:17–20). He is probably the unnamed disciple of John the Baptist mentioned in John 1:40. Later he received a call to be a disciple of Jesus Christ (Matt. 4:21–22; Luke 5:1–11). He wrote the Gospel of John, three epistles, and the book of Revelation. He was one of three who were with the Lord at the raising of Jairus's daughter (Mark 5:35–42), at the Mount of Transfiguration (Matt. 17:1–9), and in Gethsemane (Matt. 26:36–46). In his own writings he refers to himself as the disciple whom Jesus loved (John 13:23; 21:20) and as the "other disciple" (John 20:2–8). Jesus also called him and his brother Boanerges, "sons of thunder" (Mark 3:17). There are frequent references to him in the accounts of the crucifixion and resurrection (Luke 22:8; John 18:15; 19:26–27; 20:2–8; 21:1–2). John was later banished to Patmos, where he wrote the book of Revelation (Rev. 1:9).


  John is mentioned frequently in latter-day revelation (1 Ne. 14:18–27; 3 Ne. 28:6; Ether 4:16; D&C 7; 27:12; 61:14; 77; 88:141). These passages confirm the biblical record of John and also provide insight into his greatness and the importance of the work the Lord has given him to do on the earth in New Testament times and in the last days. The latter-day scriptures clarify that John did not die but was allowed to remain on the earth as a ministering servant until the time of the Lord's second coming (John 21:20–23; 3 Ne. 28:6–7; D&C 7).


 The epistles of John:  Although the writer of these three epistles does not mention himself by name, the language so strongly resembles that of John the Apostle that he is assumed to have written all three.


  1 John 1 admonishes the Saints to gain fellowship with God. Chapter 2 emphasizes that the Saints know God by obedience and instructs them to love not the world. Chapter 3 calls all to become the children of God and to love one another. Chapter 4 explains that God is love and dwells in those who love him. Chapter 5 explains that Saints are born of God through belief in Christ.


  2 John is similar to 1 John. In it John rejoices because of the faithfulness of the children of "the elect lady." 


  3 John commends a person called Gaius for his faithfulness and help to those who love the truth.


 The Gospel of John:  In this New Testament book, John the Apostle testified that (1) Jesus is the Christ or Messiah, and (2) Jesus is the Son of God (John 20:31). The scenes from Jesus' life that he describes are carefully selected and arranged with this object in view. The book begins with a statement of Christ's status in the premortal existence: he was with God, he was God, and he was the creator of all things. He was born in the flesh as the Only Begotten Son of the Father. John traces the course of Jesus' ministry, greatly emphasizing his divinity and his resurrection from the dead. He clearly affirms that Jesus is the Son of God, attested to by miracles, by witnesses, by the prophets, and by Christ's own voice. John teaches by contrasting light and darkness, truth and error, good and evil, God and the devil. Perhaps in no other record is the holiness of Jesus and the faithlessness of the Jewish rulers so plainly declared.


  John wrote mainly of Christ's ministry in Judea, especially the last week of his mortal ministry, whereas Matthew, Mark, and Luke wrote mainly of his ministry in Galilee. Several items from this Gospel have been clarified by latter-day revelation (D&C 7 and D&C 88:138–141).


For a chapter synopsis, see Gospels.


 The book of Revelation:  See Revelation of John



 JOHN THE BAPTIST. See also Aaronic Priesthood; Elias


The son of Zacharias and Elisabeth in the New Testament. John was sent to prepare the people to receive the Messiah (John 1:19–27). He held the keys of the Aaronic Priesthood and baptized Jesus Christ.


Isaiah and others prophesied of John's mission, Isa. 40:3 (Mal. 3:1; 1 Ne. 10:7–10; 2 Ne. 31:4). Was put in prison and beheaded, Matt. 14:3–12 (Mark 6:17–29). Gabriel announced John's birth and ministry to Zacharias, Luke 1:5–25. Jesus taught that John the Baptist was a great prophet, Luke 7:24–28. Recognized Jesus as the Son of God, John 1:29–34. John's disciples became Jesus' disciples, John 1:25–29, 35–42 (Acts 1:21–22).  Did no miracle, John 10:41. As a resurrected being, was sent to ordain Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery to the Aaronic Priesthood, D&C 13 (D&C 27:7–8; JS-H 1:68–72). Was ordained by an angel when he was eight days old, D&C 84:28.



 JONAH. See also Nineveh


An Old Testament prophet who was called by the Lord to preach repentance to the city of Nineveh (Jonah 1:1–2).


 The book of Jonah:  A book in the Old Testament that tells of an experience in Jonah's life. Jonah probably did not write the book himself. The major idea of the book of Jonah is that Jehovah reigns everywhere and does not confine his love to a single nation or people.


  In chapter 1, the Lord called Jonah to preach to Nineveh. Instead of doing as the Lord had commanded, Jonah fled by boat and was swallowed by a large fish. In chapter 2, Jonah prayed to the Lord, and the fish vomited Jonah out onto dry ground. Chapter 3 records that Jonah went to Nineveh and prophesied of its downfall. However, the people repented. In chapter 4, the Lord rebuked Jonah for being angry that the Lord saved the people.


  Jesus taught that Jonah's being swallowed by the fish served as a foreshadowing of Jesus' own death and resurrection (Matt. 12:39–40; 16:4; Luke 11:29–30).



 JONATHAN. See also David; Saul, King of Israel


In the Old Testament, a son of Saul, king of Israel. Jonathan was a close friend of David (1 Sam. 13–23, 31).





The Jordan River runs from the sea of Galilee to the Dead Sea. The river is one hundred miles (160 kilometers) long and is formed by the union of several springs flowing from Mount Hermon. It is the most important river in Israel.


  Two important events connected with this river are the Lord's parting of the river for the crossing of Israel (Josh. 3:14–17), and the baptism of Jesus Christ (Matt. 3:13–17; 1 Ne. 10:9).



 JOSEPH, HUSBAND OF MARY. See also Jesus Christ; Mary, Mother of Jesus


Husband of Mary, mother of Jesus. Joseph was a descendant of David (Matt. 1:1–16; Luke 3:23–38) and lived in Nazareth.  He was espoused to Mary. Just before their marriage, Mary received a visit from the angel Gabriel, who  announced that Mary had been chosen to be the mother of the Savior (Luke 1:26–35). Joseph also received revelation of this divine birth (Matt. 1:20–25).


  Mary was Jesus' only earthly parent because God the Father was Jesus' father. But the Jews thought of Joseph as Jesus' father, and Jesus treated him as such (Luke 2:48, 51). Warned by heavenly dreams, Joseph preserved the infant Jesus' life by fleeing to Egypt (Matt. 2:13–14). After Herod died, an angel instructed Joseph to take the Christ child back to Israel (Matt. 2:19–23).



 JOSEPH, SON OF JACOB. See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, the firstborn son of Jacob and Rachel (Gen. 30:22–24; 37:3).


  Joseph obtained the birthright in Israel because Reuben, the firstborn son of Jacob's first wife, lost the privilege by transgression (1 Chr. 5:1–2). Because he was worthy, Joseph, as the firstborn son of Jacob's second wife, was next in line for the blessing. Joseph also received a blessing from his father shortly before Jacob died (Gen. 49:22–26).


  Joseph was a man of great character, an individual "discreet and wise" (Gen. 41:39). His rejection of Potiphar's wife is an example of faith, chastity, and personal integrity (Gen. 39:7–12). In Egypt, when Joseph revealed his true identity to his brothers, he thanked instead of blamed them for how they had treated him. He believed their actions had helped to accomplish God's divine will (Gen. 45:4–15).


  Latter-day revelation reveals the larger mission of the family of Joseph in the last days (2 Ne. 3:3–24; 3 Ne. 20:25–27; JST, Gen. 50).


Jacob loved Joseph very much and gave him a coat of many colors, Gen. 37:3. Because of jealousy Joseph's brothers grew to hate him and plotted to kill him, but instead sold him to merchants, who were on their way to Egypt, Gen. 37:5–36. In Egypt, the Lord prospered Joseph and he became ruler of Potiphar's house, Gen. 39:1–4. Potiphar's wife lied, saying that Joseph attempted to seduce her; Joseph was wrongly condemned and put into prison, Gen. 39:7–20. Joseph interpreted the dreams of Pharaoh's chief butler and baker, Gen. 40. Pharaoh began to favor Joseph because Joseph had interpreted one of Pharaoh's dreams; he made Joseph a ruler over Egypt, Gen. 41:14–45.  Ephraim and Manasseh were born, Gen. 41:50–52. Joseph was reunited with his father and brothers, Gen. 45–46. Joseph died in Egypt at the age of 110 years, Gen. 50:22–26.



 JOSEPH, STICK OF. See Book of Mormon; Ephraim–The stick of Ephraim or Joseph





Joseph of Arimathaea was a member of the Sanhedrin, a disciple of Christ, and a rich and faithful Israelite who took no part in the condemnation of our Lord. After the crucifixion, Joseph had the Savior's body wrapped in a clean linen cloth and laid him in Joseph's own cavelike tomb (Matt. 27:57–60; Mark 15:43–46; Luke 23:50–53; John 19:38–42).



 JOSEPH SMITH, JR. See Smith, Joseph, Jr.



 JOSEPH SMITH TRANSLATION (JST). See also Smith, Joseph, Jr.


A revision or translation of the King James Version of the Bible in English, which the Prophet Joseph Smith began in June 1830. He was commanded by God to make the translation and regarded it as part of his calling as a prophet.


  Although Joseph completed most of the translation by July 1833, he continued until his death in 1844 to make modifications while preparing a manuscript for publication. Though he published some parts of the translation during his lifetime, it is possible that he would have made additional changes had he lived to publish the entire work. The Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints published the first edition of Joseph Smith's inspired translation in 1867. They have published several editions since that time.


  The Prophet learned many things during the translation process. Several sections of the Doctrine and Covenants were received because of his translation work (such as D&C 76,77, 91, and 132). Also, the Lord gave Joseph specific instructions for the translation, which were recorded in the Doctrine and Covenants (D&C 37:1; 45:60–61; 76:15–18; 90:13; 91; 94:10; 104:58; 124:89). The book of Moses and Joseph Smith–Matthew, now included in the Pearl of Great Price, were taken directly from the Joseph Smith Translation.


  The Joseph Smith Translation has restored some of the plain and precious things that have been lost from the Bible (1 Ne. 13). Although it is not the official Bible of the Church, this translation does offer many interesting insights and is very valuable in understanding the Bible. It is also a witness for the divine calling and ministry of the Prophet Joseph Smith.



 JOSHUA. See also Jericho


An Old Testament prophet and leader, and the successor of Moses. He was born in Egypt before the children of Israel escaped (Num. 14:26–31). He and Caleb were among the twelve spies sent to Canaan. They alone gave a good report of the land (Num. 13:8, 17—14:10). He died at the age of 110 (Josh. 24:29). Joshua was a great example of a devout prophet_warrior.


 The book of Joshua:  This book is named after Joshua because he was the principal figure in it and not because he was the author. According to Jewish tradition, Jeremiah wrote the book of Joshua, drawing from earlier records. Chapters 1–12 describe the conquest of Canaan; Chapters 13–24 tell of the tribes of Israel dividing up the land and of Joshua's final counsels.


  Two notable verses in the book of Joshua are the Lord's command to him to meditate on the scriptures (Josh. 1:8) and Joshua's call to the people to be faithful to the Lord (Josh. 24:15).





A righteous king of Judah from 641–610 B.C. (2 Kgs. 22–24; 2 Chr. 34–35). During his reign, the book of the law was found in the house of the Lord (2 Kgs. 22:8–13).



 JOY. See also Obedience, Obedient, Obey


A condition of great happiness coming from righteous living. The purpose of mortal life is for all people to have joy (2 Ne. 2:22–25). A full joy will come only through Jesus Christ (John 15:11; D&C 93:33–34; 101:36).


The meek also shall increase their joy in the Lord, Isa. 29:19 (2 Ne. 27:30). I bring you good tidings of great joy, Luke 2:10. Your joy no man taketh away from you, John 16:22. The fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, Gal. 5:22.

The fruit thereof filled my soul with exceedingly great joy, 1 Ne. 8:12. Men are that they might have joy, 2 Ne. 2:25. The joy of the righteous shall be full forever, 2 Ne. 9:18. They may dwell with God in a state of neverending happiness, Mosiah 2:41.  I will give up all that I possess that I may receive this great joy, Alma 22:15. Perhaps I may be an instrument in the hands of God to bring some soul to repentance, and this is my joy, Alma 29:9. What joy, and what marvelous light I beheld, Alma 36:20. My Spirit shall fill your soul with joy, D&C 11:13. How great shall be your joy with him in the kingdom of my Father, D&C 18:15–16. In this world your joy is not full, but in me your joy is full, D&C 101:36. In this life I shall have joy, Moses 5:10–11.



 JUDAH. See also Bible; Israel; Jews


In the Old Testament, the fourth son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:35; 37:26–27; 43:3, 8; 44:16; 49:8). Jacob blessed Judah that he would be a natural leader among the sons of Jacob and that Shiloh (Jesus Christ) would be his descendant (Gen. 49:10).


 The tribe of Judah:  The tribe of Judah took the lead after the settlement in Canaan. Its chief rival was the tribe of Ephraim. Moses blessed the tribe of Judah (Deut. 33:7). After the reign of Solomon, the tribe of Judah became the kingdom of Judah.


 The kingdom of Judah: In the reign of Rehoboam the dominions of Solomon were broken up into two separate kingdoms, mainly because of the jealousy between the tribes of Ephraim and Judah. The southern kingdom, or kingdom of Judah, included the tribe of Judah and the greater part of Benjamin. Jerusalem was its capital. On the whole it remained more faithful to the worship of Jehovah than did the northern kingdom. Judah was less exposed to attack from the north and east, and the supreme power remained in the hands of the family of David until the Babylonian captivity. The kingdom of Judah managed to exist for 135 years after the downfall of the more populous and more powerful kingdom of Israel.


 The stick of Judah: This refers to the Bible as a record of the house of Judah (Ezek. 37:15–19). In the last days, when the various branches of the house of Israel are gathered, their sacred records will also be gathered together. These scriptural records complement one another and form a unified testimony that Jesus is the Christ, the God of Israel and the God of the whole earth (2 Ne. 3; 29; JST, Gen. 50:24–36).





In the New Testament, one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ (Luke 6:13–16). He was probably also known as Lebbaeus Thaddaeus (Matt. 10:2–4).





One of Jesus' Twelve Apostles in the New Testament (Matt. 10:4; Mark 14:10; John 6:71; 12:4). His surname meant "man of Kerioth."  He was from the tribe of Judah and was the only Apostle who was not a Galilean. Judas betrayed the Lord.


Received thirty pieces of silver for delivering Christ to one of the chief priests, Matt. 26:14–16 (Zech. 11:12–13). Betrayed the Lord with a kiss, Matt. 26:47–50 (Mark 14:43–45; Luke 22:47–48; John 18:2–5). Hanged himself, Matt. 27:5. Satan entered into Judas, Luke 22:3 (John 13:2, 26–30). David spoke of Judas's betrayal of Jesus, Acts 1:16 (Ps. 41:9).





In the New Testament, one of Jesus' brothers and probable author of the epistle of Jude (Matt. 13:55; Jude 1:1).


 The epistle of Jude:  This book consists of a letter from Jude to certain Saints who were weakening in the faith. They were being weakened by those among them who professed to be Christians but who were practicing immoral pagan worship and claiming to be exempt from obeying the moral law. Jude wished to awaken the Saints to a sense of their spiritual danger and to encourage them to remain faithful.


  Some notable passages in Jude are verse 6, which recounts the war in heaven and the casting out of Lucifer and his angels from that premortal state (Abr. 3:26–28), and verses 14–15, which cite a prophecy made by Enoch.



 JUDGE, JUDGMENT. See also Condemn, Condemnation; Jesus Christ–Judge; Judgment, The Last


To evaluate behavior in relation to the principles of the gospel; to decide; to discern good from evil.


Moses sat to judge the people, Ex. 18:13. In righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbor, Lev. 19:15. Judge not, that ye be not judged, Matt. 7:1 (JST, Matt. 7:1–2; Luke 6:37; 3 Ne. 14:1).  As many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law, Rom. 2:12. The Saints shall judge the world, 1 Cor. 6:2–3. The Son of the everlasting God was judged of the world, 1 Ne. 11:32. The Twelve Apostles of the Lamb shall judge the twelve tribes of Israel, 1 Ne. 12:9 (D&C 29:12). Death, hell, the devil, and all that have been seized therewith must be judged, 2 Ne. 28:23 (1 Ne. 15:33). If ye judge the man who putteth up his petition to you for substance, how much more just will be your condemnation for withholding your substance, Mosiah 4:22. Men shall be judged according to their works, Alma 41:3. Judge righteously, and you shall have justice restored unto you again, Alma 41:14. Out of the books which shall be written shall the world be judged, 3 Ne. 27:23–26 (Rev. 20:12). The remnant of this people shall be judged by the twelve whom Jesus chose in this land, Morm. 3:18–20. Mormon explained the way to judge good from evil, Moro. 7:14–18. Put your trust in that Spirit which leadeth to judge righteously, D&C 11:12. Ye ought to say in your hearts—let God judge between me and thee, D&C 64:11. The Lord's Church will judge the nations, D&C 64:37–38. The Son visited the spirits in prison that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, D&C 76:73 (1 Pet. 4:6). A bishop shall be a common judge, D&C 107:72–74. The Lord will judge all men according to their works, according to the desire of their hearts, D&C 137:9.





A book in the Old Testament. The book of Judges deals with the Israelites from the death of Joshua to the birth of Samuel.


  Chapters 1–3 are a preface to the entire book of Judges. They explain that because the Israelites did not drive out their enemies (Judg. 1:16–35), the Israelites must suffer the consequences: loss of faith, marriages with nonbelievers, and idolatry. Chapters 3–5 relate the experiences of Deborah and Barak, who delivered Israel from the Canaanites. Chapters 6–8 are the faith-promoting experiences of Gideon, whom the Lord blessed to deliver Israel from the Midianites. In chapters 9–12, several different men serve as judges in Israel, mostly in apostasy and under oppression. Chapters 13–16 tell of the rise and fall of the last judge, Samson. The final chapters, 17–21, can be described as an appendix that reveals the depths of Israel's sins.



 JUDGMENT, THE LAST. See also Condemn, Condemnation; Jesus Christ–Judge; Judge, Judgment


The final judgment that will occur after the resurrection. God, through Jesus Christ, will judge each person to determine the eternal glory he will receive. This judgment will be based on each person's obedience to God's commands, including his acceptance of the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ.


The Father hath committed all judgment unto the Son, John 5:22. We shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ, Rom. 14:10. The dead were judged out of those things which were written, Rev. 20:12 (D&C 128:6–7). For all thy doings thou shalt be brought into judgment, 1 Ne. 10:20. The Twelve Apostles and the twelve Nephite disciples will judge Israel, 1 Ne. 12:9 (D&C 29:12). All must appear before the judgment seat of the Holy One, 2 Ne. 9:15. Prepare your souls for that glorious day, 2 Ne. 9:46. Can ye imagine yourselves before the tribunal of God? Alma 5:17–25. Jesus Christ shall stand to judge the world, 3 Ne. 27:16. The Lord shall come down with a curse to judgment on the ungodly, D&C 133:2.



 JUSTICE. See also Atone, Atonement; Mercy, Merciful


The unfailing consequence of blessings for righteous thoughts and acts, and punishment for unrepented sin. Justice is an eternal law that requires a penalty each time a law of God is broken (Alma 42:13–24). The sinner must pay the penalty if he does not repent (Mosiah 2:38–39; D&C 19:17). If he does repent, the Savior pays the penalty through the Atonement, invoking mercy (Alma 34:16).


The soul that sinneth shall die, Ezek. 18:4. What doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly? Micah 6:8. Jesus will be just and forgive our sins, 1 John 1:9. The justice of God did divide the wicked from the righteous, 1 Ne. 15:30. The Atonement satisfies the demands of his justice, 2 Ne. 9:26. All mankind is fallen and is in the grasp of justice, Alma 42:14. The Atonement appeases the demands of justice, Alma 42:15. Do ye suppose that mercy can rob justice? Alma 42:25. The justice of God hangs over you except you repent, Alma 54:6. Justice and judgment are the penalty that is affixed to my law, D&C 82:4. Justice continues in its course and claims its own, D&C 88:40. None shall be exempted from the justice and the laws of God, D&C 107:84.



 JUSTIFICATION, JUSTIFY. See also Atone, Atonement; Sanctification


To be pardoned from punishment for sin and declared guiltless. A person is justified by the Savior's grace through faith in him. This faith is shown by repentance and obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel. Jesus Christ's atonement enables mankind to repent and be justified or pardoned from punishment they otherwise would receive.


In the Lord shall all Israel be justified, Isa. 45:25. Not the hearers but the doers of the law shall be justified, Rom. 2:13. Man is justified through the blood of Christ, Rom. 5:1–2, 9. Ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, 1 Cor. 6:11. Being justified by his grace, we shall be made heirs, Titus 3:7. Was not Abraham our father justified by works? James 2:21. By works a man is justified, and not by faith only, James 2:14–26. By the law no flesh is justified, 2 Ne. 2:5. My righteous servant shall justify many, for he shall bear their iniquities, Mosiah 14:11 (Isa. 53:11). Could ye say that your garments have been cleansed through Christ? Alma 5:27. Justification through the grace of Jesus Christ is true, D&C 20:30–31 (D&C 88:39). By the Spirit ye are justified, Moses 6:60.






 KEYS OF THE PRIESTHOOD. See also Dispensation; First Presidency; Priesthood


Keys are the rights of presidency, or the power given to man by God to direct, control, and govern God's priesthood on earth. Priesthood holders called to positions of presidency receive keys from those in authority over them. Priesthood holders use the priesthood only within the limits outlined by those who hold the keys. The President of the Church holds all priesthood keys (D&C 107:65–67, 91–92; 132:7).


Peter received the keys of the kingdom, Matt. 16:19. Michael (Adam) received the keys of salvation under the direction of Jesus Christ, D&C 78:16. The keys of the kingdom belong always to the First Presidency, D&C 81:2. The Melchizedek Priesthood holds the key of the mysteries of the knowledge of God, D&C 84:19. Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery received keys concerning the gathering of Israel, the gospel of Abraham, and the sealing powers, D&C 110:11–16. Special keys are held by the Twelve Apostles, D&C 112:16. The First Presidency and the Twelve hold the keys of the dispensation of the fulness of times, D&C 112:30–34.  Officers in the priesthood hold keys, D&C 124:123. He who has keys can obtain knowledge, D&C 128:11. The Aaronic Priesthood holds the keys of the ministering of angels and of the gospel of repentance and baptism, JS-H 1:69 (D&C 13).



 KILL. See Capital Punishment; Murder



 KIMBALL, SPENCER W. See also Official Declaration–2


The twelfth President of the Church since it was founded in 1830. Spencer W. Kimball served as President from December 1973 to November 1985. He was born in 1895 and died in 1985 at the age of ninety.


In June 1978, the First Presidency announced that a revelation had been received by President Kimball extending priesthood and temple blessings to all worthy male members, D&C OD-2.



 KINGDOM OF GOD OR KINGDOM OF HEAVEN. See also Celestial Glory; Church of Jesus Christ


The kingdom of God on earth is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (D&C 65). The purpose of the Church is to prepare its members to live forever in the celestial kingdom or kingdom of heaven. However, the scriptures sometimes call the Church the kingdom of heaven, meaning that the Church is the kingdom of heaven on earth.


  The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the kingdom of God on the earth, but it is at present limited to an ecclesiastical kingdom. During the Millennium, the kingdom of God will be both political and ecclesiastical.


The Lord is King for ever and ever, Ps. 10:16 (Ps. 11:4). The God of heaven shall set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed, Dan. 2:44 (D&C 138:44). Repent ye for the kingdom of heaven is at hand, Matt. 3:2 (Matt. 4:17). Thy kingdom come, thy will be done on earth, Matt. 6:10. Seek ye first the kingdom of God, Matt. 6:33 (3 Ne. 13:33). I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom, Matt. 16:19. Come, inherit the kingdom prepared for you, Matt. 25:34. When I partake of the sacrament with you in my Father's kingdom, Matt. 26:26–29. Ye shall see all the prophets in the kingdom of God, Luke 13:28. The unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Cor. 6:9. Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Cor. 15:50. Before ye seek for riches seek ye for the kingdom of God, Jacob 2:18. No unclean thing can inherit the kingdom of heaven, Alma 11:37.  You may rest with them in the kingdom of my Father, D&C 15:6. Unto you the kingdom or the keys of the Church have been given, D&C 42:69 (D&C 65:2). May the kingdom of God go forth that the kingdom of heaven may come, D&C 65:5–6. The keys of this kingdom shall never be taken from you, D&C 90:3. Whoso receiveth you as a little child, receiveth my kingdom, D&C 99:3. Thus shall my Church be called in the last days, even The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, D&C 115:4. The heavens were opened and I beheld the celestial kingdom of God, D&C 137:1–4.





In the Book of Mormon, a group who wanted to overthrow the government of the Nephites (Alma 51:1–8).



 KINGS. See also Chronology


Two books in the Old Testament. These books narrate the history of Israel from the rebellion of Adonijah, the fourth son of King David (about 1015 B.C.), to the final captivity of Judah (about 586 B.C.). They include the whole history of the northern kingdom (the ten tribes of Israel) from the separation until the Assyrians took them captive into the north countries.


 First Kings:  Chapter 1 describes the final days of King David's life. Chapters 2–11 record Solomon's life. Chapters 12–16 tell of Solomon's immediate successors, Rehoboam and Jeroboam. Jeroboam caused the division of the kingdom of Israel. Other kings are also mentioned. Chapters 17–21 record parts of the ministry of Elijah as he admonished Ahab, king of Israel. Chapter 22 records a war against Syria in which Ahab and Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, join forces. The prophet Micaiah prophesies against the kings.


 Second Kings:  Chapter 1—2:11 continues the life of Elijah, including Elijah's rise to heaven in a chariot of fire. Chapters 2–9 relate Elisha's ministry of faith and great power. Chapter 10 tells of Jehu, the king, and how he destroyed the house of Ahab and the priests of Baal. Chapters 11–13 record the righteous reign of Jehoash and the death of Elisha. Chapters 14–17 tell of various kings who reigned in Israel and Judah, often in wickedness. Chapter 15 records the Assyrian capture of the ten tribes of Israel. Chapters 18–20 record the righteous life of Hezekiah, the king of Judah, and the prophet Isaiah. Chapters 21–23 tell of the kings Manasseh and Josiah. According to tradition, Manasseh was responsible for the martyrdom of Isaiah.  Josiah was a righteous king who reestablished the law among the Jews. Chapters 24–25 record the Babylonian captivity.





The first temple built by the Church in modern times. The Saints built it in Kirtland, Ohio (United States of America), according to the Lord's command (D&C 94:3–9). One purpose was to provide a place where worthy Church members could receive spiritual power, authority, and enlightenment (D&C 109; 110). It was dedicated on 27 March 1836; the dedicatory prayer was given to the Prophet Joseph Smith by revelation (D&C 109). The Lord gave several important revelations and restored needed priesthood keys in this temple (D&C 110; 137). It was not used for the full temple ordinances given in temples today.



 KISHKUMEN. See also Gadianton Robbers


In the Book of Mormon, a leader of a group of wicked men later known as the Gadianton robbers (Hel. 1:9–12; 2).



 KNOWLEDGE. See also Truth; Understanding; Wisdom


Understanding and comprehension, especially of truth as taught or confirmed by the Spirit.


The Lord is a God of knowledge, 1 Sam. 2:3. The Lord is perfect in knowledge, Job 37:16. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge, Prov. 1:7. He that has knowledge restrains his words, Prov. 17:27. The earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, Isa. 11:9 (2 Ne. 21:9; 30:15). Ye have taken away the key of knowledge, Luke 11:52. The love of Christ passes knowledge, Eph. 3:19. Add to your faith virtue, and to virtue knowledge, 2 Pet. 1:5. Nephi had a great knowledge of the goodness of God, 1 Ne. 1:1. They shall come to the knowledge of their Redeemer, 2 Ne. 6:11. The righteous shall have a perfect knowledge of their righteousness, 2 Ne. 9:14. The Spirit gives knowledge, Alma 18:35. Your knowledge is perfect in that thing, Alma 32:34. The Lamanites shall be brought to the true knowledge of their Redeemer, Hel. 15:13. Ye may know with a perfect knowledge it is of God, Moro. 7:15–17. The Saints shall find great treasures of knowledge, D&C 89:19. Pure knowledge greatly enlarges the soul, D&C 121:42. He who has the keys of the holy priesthood has no difficulty in obtaining a knowledge of facts, D&C 128:11.  If a person gains knowledge in this life, he has an advantage in the world to come, D&C 130:19. It is impossible to be saved in ignorance, D&C 131:6.





The star nearest the throne of God (Abr. 3:2–3, 9).


Abraham saw Kolob and the stars, Abr. 3:2–18. The Lord's time is reckoned according to the time of Kolob, Abr. 3:4, 9 (Abr. 5:13).



 KORIHOR. See also Antichrist


An antichrist in the Book of Mormon who demanded a sign as proof of God's power; the Lord caused Korihor to become dumb (Alma 30:6–60).








In the Old Testament, a brother of Rebekah and the father of Leah and Rachel, Jacob's wives (Gen. 24:29–60; 27:43–44; 28:1–5; 29:4–29; 30:25–42; 31:1–55).





In the Book of Mormon, the man who kept the brass plates in Jerusalem at the time of Lehi's family. Laban robbed and tried to kill Nephi and his brothers (1 Ne. 3:1–27). The Spirit led Nephi to slay Laban in order to get the plates (1 Ne. 4:1–26).



 LAMAN. See also Lamanites; Lehi, Father of Nephi


In the Book of Mormon, the oldest son of Lehi and Sariah and the oldest brother of Nephi (1 Ne. 2:5). Laman generally chose to do evil instead of good.


Laman murmured against his father, 1 Ne. 2:11–12. Rebelled against his righteous brother Nephi, 1 Ne. 7:6 (1 Ne. 3:28–29). Did not partake of the fruit of tree of life in Lehi's vision, 1 Ne. 8:35–36. A curse came upon Laman and his followers, 2 Ne. 5:21 (Alma 3:7).



 LAMANITES. See also Book of Mormon; Laman; Nephites


A group of people in the Book of Mormon, many of whom were descendants of Laman, the eldest son of Lehi. They felt they had been wronged by Nephi and his descendants (Mosiah 10:11–17).  As a result, they rebelled against the Nephites and often rejected the teachings of the gospel. However, shortly before the birth of Jesus Christ, the Lamanites accepted the gospel and were more righteous than the Nephites (Hel. 6:34–36). Two hundred years after Christ visited the Americas, both the Lamanites and the Nephites became wicked and began to wage war against each other. Around 400 A.D., the Lamanites completely destroyed the Nephite nation.


The Lamanites overcame the seed of Nephi, 1 Ne. 12:19–20. The Lamanites hated the Nephites, 2 Ne. 5:14. The Lamanites shall be a scourge to the Nephites, 2 Ne. 5:25. The Book of Mormon will restore to the Lamanites a knowledge of their forefathers and of the gospel of Jesus Christ, 2 Ne. 30:3–6 (Title page of the Book of Mormon). The Lamanites are a remnant of the Jews, D&C 19:27. The Lamanites shall blossom as the rose before the Lord's coming, D&C 49:24.



 LAMB OF GOD. See also Atone, Atonement; Jesus Christ; Passover


A name for the Savior that refers to Jesus as the sacrificial offering given in our behalf.


He is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, Isa. 53:7 (Mosiah 14:7). Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world, John 1:29 (Alma 7:14). Ye were redeemed with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish, 1 Pet. 1:18–20. Worthy is the Lamb that was slain, Rev. 5:12. We overcome Satan by the blood of the Lamb, Rev. 12:11. These are made white in the blood of the Lamb, because of their faith in him, 1 Ne. 12:11. The Lamb of God is the Son of the Eternal Father, and the Savior of the world, 1 Ne. 13:40 (1 Ne. 11:21). Cry mightily unto the Father in the name of Jesus, that perhaps ye may be cleansed by the blood of the Lamb, Morm. 9:6 (Rev. 7:14; Alma 34:36). The Son of Man is the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world, Moses 7:47.




A book in the Old Testament, written by Jeremiah. It is a collection of poems or songs of grief because of the fall of Jerusalem and the Israelite nation. The book was written after the fall of the city about 586 B.C.



 LAMONI. See also Ammon, Son of Mosiah


In the Book of Mormon, a Lamanite king who was converted by the Spirit of the Lord and the inspired labors and teachings of Ammon (Alma 17–19).





Words, written or spoken, put together in specific patterns in order to communicate information, thoughts, and ideas. How we use language shows how we feel toward God and other people. At the second coming of Jesus Christ the Lord will give to all mankind a pure language (Zeph. 3:8–9).


The whole earth was of one language, Gen. 11:1. The Lord did confound the language of all the earth, Gen. 11:4–9. Every man heard them speak in his own language, Acts 2:1–6. The Lord speaketh unto men according to their language, 2 Ne. 31:3 (D&C 1:24). Benjamin taught his sons the language of his fathers, that they might become men of understanding, Mosiah 1:2–5. He whose language is meek and edifieth is of God if he obey mine ordinances, D&C 52:16. Become acquainted with languages, tongues, and people, D&C 90:15. Adam and his children had a language which was pure and undefiled, Moses 6:5–6, 46. God gave Enoch great power of language, Moses 7:13.



 LAST DAYS, LATTER DAYS. See also Second Coming of Jesus Christ; Signs of the Times


The time in which we now live. The days (or dispensation of time) just before the second coming of the Lord.


I tell you what shall befall you in the last days, Gen. 49:1. The Redeemer shall stand at the latter day upon the earth, Job 19:25. In the last days, the Lord's house shall be established, Isa. 2:2. In the last days perilous times shall come, 2 Tim. 3:1–7. Latter-day scoffers shall deny the Second Coming, 2 Pet. 3:3–7. I prophesy unto you concerning the last days, 2 Ne. 26:14–30. Thus shall my church be called in the last days, even The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, D&C 115:4. Christ will come in the last days, Moses 7:60.



 LAST SUPPER. See also Passover; Sacrament


According to the New Testament, the last meal that Jesus ate before his arrest and crucifixion (Luke 22:14–18). He and his Twelve Apostles ate this meal during the Passover (Matt. 26:17–30; Mark 14:12–18; Luke 22:7–13).


The Savior blessed bread and wine and gave it to the Apostles, Matt. 26:26–29 (Mark 14:22–25; Luke 22:7–20). Jesus washed the feet of the Apostles, John 13. Judas was named as Jesus' betrayer, John 13:21–26 (Matt. 26:20–25).



 LAW. See also Bless, Blessed, Blessing; Commandments of God; Law of Moses; Obedience, Obedient, Obey


The commandments or rules of God upon which all blessings and punishments are based both in heaven and on earth. Those who obey the laws of God receive the promised blessings. The Prophet Joseph Smith taught that people should also obey, honor, and sustain the laws of the land (A of F 1:12).


  The law of Moses was a preparatory law to bring men and women to Christ. It was a law of restrictions, prescriptions, and ordinances. Today the law of Christ, which fulfilled the law of Moses, is the fulness of the gospel or "the perfect law of liberty" (James 1:25).


God gave commandments to Adam, Gen. 1:28; 2:16–17. God gave laws to Noah, Gen. 9:1. The law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul, Ps. 19:7. The Lord is our lawgiver, Isa. 33:22. There is one lawgiver, James 4:12. Where there is no law, there is no punishment, 2 Ne. 9:25. There is a law given, Alma 42:17–22. Men will be judged according to law, Alma 42:23. Christ is the law, 3 Ne. 15:9. All laws are spiritual, D&C 29:34. Joseph Smith received the law of the Church by revelation, D&C 42. He who keeps God's law has no need to break the laws of the land, D&C 58:21. The light of Christ is the law by which all things are governed, D&C 88:7–13. He hath given a law to all things, D&C 88:42–43. People should observe the law of the land, D&C 98:4–5. When we obtain a blessing from God, it is by obedience to law, D&C 130:20–21. The Church declared its beliefs concerning civil laws, D&C 134. Mankind is saved by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the gospel, A of F 1:3.



 LAW OF MOSES. See also Aaronic Priesthood; Clean and Unclean; Law; Moses


God gave laws through Moses to the house of Israel to replace the higher law that they had failed to obey (Ex. 34;JST, Ex. 34:1–2; JST, Deut. 10:2). The law of Moses consisted of many principles, rules, ceremonies, rituals, and symbols to remind the people of their duties and responsibilities.  It included a law of moral, ethical, religious, and physical commandments and performances—including sacrifices (Lev. 1–7)-that were intended to remind them of God and their duty towards him (Mosiah 13:30). Faith, repentance, baptism in water, and remission of sins were part of the law, as were the Ten Commandments and many other commandments of high ethical and moral value. Much of the ceremonial law was fulfilled at the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, which ended sacrifice by the shedding of blood (Alma 34:13–14). The law was administered under the Aaronic Priesthood and was a preparatory gospel to bring its adherents to Christ.


I will give unto them the law as at the first, but it shall be after the law of a carnal commandment, JST, Ex. 34:1–2. The law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, Gal. 3:19–24. We keep the law of Moses and look forward with steadfastness unto Christ, 2 Ne. 25:24–30. Salvation does not come by the law of Moses alone, Mosiah 12:27—13:32. In me is the law of Moses fulfilled, 3 Ne. 9:17. The law which was given unto Moses hath an end in me, 3 Ne. 15:1–10. Because of disobedience, the Lord took Moses and the Holy Priesthood from the children of Israel, leaving the law of carnal commandments, D&C 84:23–27.



 LAYING ON OF HANDS. See Hands, Laying On of



 LAZARUS. See also Martha; Mary of Bethany


In the New Testament, the brother of Martha and Mary. Jesus raised him from the dead (John 11:1–44; 12:1–2, 9–11). This is not the same Lazarus as the beggar in a parable that Jesus taught (Luke 16:19–31).



 LEAH. See also Jacob, Son of Isaac; Laban, Brother of Rebekah


In the Old Testament, the eldest daughter of Laban and one of Jacob's wives (Gen. 29). Leah became the mother of six sons and one daughter (Gen. 29:31–35; 30:17–21).





In the Book of Mormon, a Hebrew prophet who led his family and followers from Jerusalem to a promised land in the western hemisphere about 600 B.C. Lehi was the first prophet among his people in the Book of Mormon.


  Lehi fled Jerusalem with his family at the command of the Lord (1 Ne. 2:1–4). He was a descendant of Joseph, who was sold into Egypt (1 Ne. 5:14). The Lord gave him a vision of the tree of life (1 Ne. 8:2–35).  Lehi and his sons built a boat and sailed to the western hemisphere (1 Ne. 17–18). He and his descendants became established in a new land (1 Ne. 18:23–25). Before he died, Lehi blessed his sons and taught them of Christ and the coming forth of the Book of Mormon in the latter-days (2 Ne. 1–3, 4:1–12).


 The book of Lehi:  Joseph Smith began with the book of Lehi when he was translating the Book of Mormon. It was a record that Mormon had abridged from the plates of Lehi. After he had 116 pages of manuscript that he had translated from this book, Joseph gave the manuscript to Martin Harris, who had briefly served as Joseph's scribe in the translation of the Book of Mormon. The pages were then lost. Joseph did not retranslate the book of Lehi to replace the lost manuscript but instead translated other related accounts from the gold plates (see the introductions to D&C 3, 10). These other accounts now are the first six books of the Book of Mormon.





In the Book of Mormon, a Nephite military commander (Alma 43:35–53; 49:16–17; 52:27–36; 53:2; 61:15–21).



 LEHI, NEPHITE MISSIONARY. See also Helaman, Son of Helaman


In the Book of Mormon, a son of Helaman, who was the son of Helaman. Lehi was a great missionary (Hel. 3:21; 4:14).


Was named Lehi to be reminded of his forefather, Hel. 5:4–6. With Nephi, made many converts, was imprisoned, was encircled by fire, and spoke with angels, Hel. 5:14–48. Received many revelations daily, Hel. 11:23.



 LEMUEL. See also Laman; Lamanites; Lehi, Father of Nephi


In the Book of Mormon, the second son of Lehi and one of Nephi's older brothers. He joined with Laman to oppose Nephi.


Lehi admonished Lemuel to be steadfast, like a valley, 1 Ne. 2:10. Became angry with Nephi and hearkened unto Laman, 1 Ne. 3:28. Lemuelites were included among the Lamanites, Jacob 1:13–14 (Alma 47:35).





A contagious disease spoken of often in the Old and New Testaments. Many notable people in the Bible were at some time afflicted with it, including Moses (Ex. 4:6–7), his sister Miriam (Num. 12:10), Naaman (2 Kgs. 5), and King Uzziah (2 Chr. 26:19–21).


Jesus cured leprosy in several people, Matt. 8:2–4 (Mark 1:40–45; Luke 5:12–15; 3 Ne. 17:7–9). Jesus cured ten lepers, Luke 17:11–19.



 LEVI. See also Israel; Jacob, Son of Isaac


In the Old Testament, the third son of Jacob and Leah (Gen. 29:34; 35:23). Levi became the father of one of the tribes of Israel.


 The tribe of Levi:  Jacob blessed Levi and his descendants (Gen. 49:5–7). Descendants of Levi ministered in the sanctuaries of Israel (Num. 1:47–54). Aaron was a Levite, and his descendants were priests (Ex. 6:16–20; 28:1–4; 29). The Levites assisted the priests, the sons of Aaron (Num. 3:5–10; 1 Kgs. 8:4). They sometimes acted as musicians (1 Chr. 15:16; Neh. 11:22); slaughtered sacrifices (2 Chr. 29:34; Ezra 6:20); and generally assisted in the temple (Neh. 11:16). The Levites were dedicated to the service of the Lord to execute the ordinances for the children of Israel. The Levites were themselves offered on behalf of the children of Israel (Num. 8:11–22); they thus became God's peculiar property, given to him in place of the firstborn (Num. 8:16). They were not consecrated but were cleansed for their office (Num. 8:7–16). They had no land inheritance in Canaan (Num. 18:23–24), but they received the tithe (Num. 18:21), forty-eight cities (Num. 35:6), and a right to receive the alms of the people at feast times (Deut. 12:18–19; 14:27–29).



 LEVITICAL PRIESTHOOD. See Aaronic Priesthood



 LEVITICUS. See also Pentateuch


A book in the Old Testament that tells of the priestly duties in Israel. It emphasizes the holiness of God and the code by which his people could live to become holy. Its object is to teach the moral precepts and religious truths of the law of Moses by means of ritual. Moses wrote the book of Leviticus.


  Chapters 1–7 explain the sacrificial ordinances. Chapters 8–10 describe the ritual observed in the consecration of priests. Chapter 11 explains what may or may not be eaten and what is clean or unclean. Chapter 12 discusses women after childbirth. Chapters 13–15 are laws relating to ceremonial uncleanness. Chapter 16 contains the ritual to be observed on the Day of Atonement. Chapters 17–26 contain a code of laws dealing with religious and social observances. Chapter 27 explains that the Lord commanded Israel to consecrate their crops, flocks, and herds to the Lord.





In the Book of Mormon, a brass ball with two pointers that gave directions—as a compass—and also spiritual instruction to Lehi and his followers when they were righteous. The Lord provided the Liahona and gave instructions through it.


Lehi found a brass ball with two spindles that pointed the way that Lehi and his family should go, 1 Ne. 16:10. The ball worked according to faith and diligence, 1 Ne. 16:28–29 (Alma 37:40). Benjamin gave the ball to Mosiah, Mosiah 1:16. The ball or director was called the Liahona, Alma 37:38. The Liahona was compared to the word of Christ, Alma 37:43–45. The Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon are to see the director given to Lehi, D&C 17:1.



 LIBERTY. See also Agency; Captivity; Free, Freedom


The state or condition of being able to act and think freely. Obedience to gospel principles frees a person from the spiritual bondage of sin (John 8:31–36).


I will walk at liberty: for I seek thy precepts, Ps. 119:45. Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty, 2 Cor. 3:17. Stand fast in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, Gal. 5:1 (D&C 88:86). Men are free to choose liberty and eternal life, 2 Ne. 2:27. This land shall be a land of liberty, 2 Ne. 10:11. Moroni planted the standard of liberty among the Nephites, Alma 46:36. The Lord and his servants declare liberty to the captive spirits, D&C 138:18, 31, 42.



 LIBERTY JAIL, MISSOURI (USA). See also Smith, Joseph, Jr.


A small jail in which the Prophet Joseph Smith and others were unjustly imprisoned from November 1838 to April 1839.  While in these difficult conditions, Joseph received certain revelations, gave prophecies, and was inspired to write an important letter to the Saints, excerpts of which are contained in Doctrine and Covenants 121–123.



 LIFE. See also Eternal Life; Light, Light of Christ


Temporal and spiritual existence made possible by the power of God.


I have set before thee this day life and good, Deut. 30:15–20. Thou wilt shew me the path of life, Ps. 16:11. He that followeth after righteousness findeth life, Prov. 21:21. He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it, Matt. 10:39 (Matt. 16:25; Mark 8:35; Luke 9:24; 17:33). The Son of Man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them, Luke 9:56. In him was life, and the life was the light of men, John 1:4. He that believeth on him that sent me is passed from death unto life, John 5:24. I am the way, the truth, and the life, John 14:6. If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are most miserable, 1 Cor. 15:19–22. Godliness has promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come, 1 Tim. 4:8. Our children may look forward to that life which is in Christ, 2 Ne. 25:23–27. This life is the time for men to prepare to meet God, Alma 34:32 (Alma 12:24). I am the light and the life of the world, 3 Ne. 9:18 (Mosiah 16:9; 3 Ne. 11:11; Ether 4:12). Blessed are they who are faithful, whether in life or in death, D&C 50:5. This is eternal lives—to know God and Jesus Christ, D&C 132:24. This is my work and my glory-to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man, Moses 1:39.



 LIGHT, LIGHT OF CHRIST. See also Conscience; Holy Ghost; Intelligence, Intelligences; Jesus Christ; Truth

Divine energy, power, or influence that proceeds from God through Christ and gives life and light to all things. It is the law by which all things are governed in heaven and on earth (D&C 88:6–13). It also helps people understand gospel truths and helps to put them on that gospel path which leads to salvation (John 3:19–21; 12:46; Alma 26:15; 32:35; D&C 93:28–29, 31–32, 40, 42).


  The light of Christ should not be confused with the Holy Ghost. The light of Christ is not a person. It is an influence that comes from God and prepares a person to receive the Holy Ghost. It is an influence for good in the lives of all people (John 1:9; D&C 84:46–47).


  One manifestation of the light of Christ is conscience, which helps a person choose between right and wrong (Moro. 7:16). As people learn more about the gospel, their consciences become more sensitive (Moro. 7:12–19). People who hearken to the light of Christ are led to the gospel of Jesus Christ (D&C 84:46–48).


The Lord is my light, Ps. 27:1. Let us walk in the light of the Lord, Isa. 2:5 (2 Ne. 12:5). The Lord shall be an everlasting light, Isa. 60:19. The true Light lighteth every man that cometh into the world, John 1:4–9 (John 3:19; D&C 6:21; 34:1–3). I am the light of the world, John 8:12 (John 9:5; D&C 11:28). Whatsoever is light, is good, Alma 32:35. Christ is the life and the light of the world, Alma 38:9 (3 Ne. 9:18; 11:11; Ether 4:12). The Spirit of Christ is given to every man that he may know good from evil, Moro. 7:15–19. That which is of God is light, and groweth brighter and brighter until the perfect day, D&C 50:24. The Spirit giveth light to every man, D&C 84:45–48 (D&C 93:1–2). He that keepeth his commandments receiveth light and truth, D&C 93:27–28. Light and truth forsake that evil one, D&C 93:37.



 LIGHT-MINDEDNESS. See also Evil Speaking


To treat lightly sacred things (D&C 84:54).


The Saints are not to have idle thoughts, nor an excess of laughter, D&C 88:69. Cease from all your pride and light-mindedness, D&C 88:121.



 LIMHI. See also Noah, Son of Zeniff


In the Book of Mormon, a righteous king of the Nephites in the land of Nephi; he was a son of King Noah (Mosiah 7:7–9). King Limhi entered into a covenant to serve God (Mosiah 21:32). He led his people out of Lamanite bondage and returned to Zarahemla (Mosiah 22).



 LIVING WATER. See also Jesus Christ


A symbol of the Lord Jesus Christ and his teachings. As water is essential to sustain physical life, the Savior and his teachings (living water) are essential for eternal life.


With joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation, Isa. 12:3. They have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, Jer. 2:13. Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst, John 4:6–15. If any man thirst, let him come into me, and drink, John 7:37.  The rod of iron led to the fountain of living waters, 1 Ne. 11:25. Partake of the waters of life freely, D&C 10:66. My commandments shall be a well of living water, D&C 63:23.



 LORD. See also God, Godhead; Jesus Christ


A title of deep respect and honor for God the Father and the Savior Jesus Christ. The title refers to their positions as supreme, loving masters over their creations.


Nothing is too hard for the Lord, Gen. 18:14. The Lord spoke to Moses face to face, Ex. 33:11. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, Deut. 6:5 (Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30). As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord, Josh. 24:15. The Lord is my shepherd, Ps. 23:1. The Lord is strong and mighty, mighty in battle, Ps. 24:8. The Lord Jehovah is my strength, Isa. 12:2 (2 Ne. 22:2). I the Lord am thy Savior and thy Redeemer, Isa. 60:16. Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, Matt. 4:10 (Luke 4:8). How great things the Lord hath done, Mark 5:19. There is one Lord Jesus Christ, 1 Cor. 8:6. There is one Lord, one faith, one baptism, Eph. 4:5. The Lord himself shall descend from heaven, 1 Thes. 4:16. I will go and do the things which the Lord hath commanded, 1 Ne. 3:7. The Lord shall judge the poor with righteousness, 2 Ne. 30:9. The Lord God, the God of Abraham, did deliver the Israelites out of bondage, Alma 29:11. Nothing can save the people except repentance and faith on the Lord, Hel. 13:6 (Mosiah 3:12). Listen to the words of Jesus Christ, your Lord, D&C 15:1. Seek the face of the Lord always, D&C 101:38. The Lord shall be red in his apparel at the Second Coming, D&C 133:48 (Isa. 63:1–4). Abraham talked with the Lord face to face, Abr. 3:11. We believe that the first principle of the gospel is faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, A of F 1:4.



 LORD OF HOSTS. See also Jesus Christ


Another name for Jesus Christ. He reigns over the hosts of heaven and earth and leads the righteous against evil (D&C 29:9; 121:23).


The Lord of Hosts is the King of glory, Ps. 24:10. The God of Israel is the Lord of Hosts, 1 Ne. 20:2. My Spirit shall not always strive with man, saith the Lord of Hosts, D&C 1:33.



 LORD'S DAY. See Sabbath Day



 LORD'S HOUSE. See Temple, House of the Lord


 LORD'S PRAYER. See also Prayer


A prayer offered by the Savior for his disciples which serves as a pattern for all prayer (Matt. 6:9–13; 3 Ne. 13:9–13).



 LORD'S SUPPER. See Sacrament



 LOST BOOKS OF SCRIPTURE. See Scriptures–Lost scriptures



 LOST TRIBES. See Israel–The ten lost tribes of Israel



 LOT. See also Abraham


In the Old Testament, the son of Haran and nephew of Abraham (Gen. 11:27, 31; Abr. 2:4). Haran died because of the famine in Ur (Abr. 2:1). Lot left Ur with Abraham and Sarah and traveled with them to Canaan (Gen. 12:4–5). Lot chose to live in Sodom. The Lord sent messengers to warn Lot to flee from Sodom before the Lord destroyed it because of the wickedness of the people (Gen. 13:8–13; 19:1, 13, 15); however, Lot's wife looked backward at the destruction and became a pillar of salt (Gen. 19:26). The New Testament contains references to Lot (Luke 17:29; 2 Pet. 2:6–7). His life after his separation from Abraham is described in Genesis 13, 14, and 19.





A way of selecting or eliminating several options of a choice, often done by choosing one slip of paper or piece of wood from among several. This is called casting lots.


They parted his garments, casting lots, Matt. 27:35 (Ps. 22:18; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:24). They gave forth their lots, and the lot fell upon Matthias, Acts 1:23–26. We cast lots—who of us should go in unto the house of Laban, 1 Ne. 3:11.



 LOVE. See also Charity; Compassion; Enmity


Deep devotion and affection. Love for God includes devotion, adoration, reverence, tenderness, mercy, forgiveness, compassion, grace, service, gratitude, kindness. The greatest example of God's love for his children is found in the infinite atonement of Jesus Christ.


Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself, Lev. 19:18 (Matt. 5:43–44; Matt. 22:37–40; Rom. 13:9; Gal. 5:14; James 2:8; Mosiah 23:15; D&C 59:6).  Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, Deut. 6:5 (Moro. 10:32; D&C 59:5). The Lord your God proveth you, to know whether ye love the Lord your God, Deut. 13:3. Whom the Lord loveth he correcteth, Prov. 3:12. A friend loveth at all times, Prov. 17:17. God so loved the world, that he gave his Only Begotten Son, John 3:16 (D&C 138:3). Love one another; as I have loved you, John 13:34 (John 15:12, 17; Moses 7:33). If ye love me, keep my commandments, John 14:15 (D&C 42:29). Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends, John 15:13. Peter, lovest thou me more than these?  Feed my sheep, John 21:15–17. Nothing shall separate us from the love of God in Christ, Rom. 8:35–39. Eye hath not seen the things which God hath prepared for them that love him, 1 Cor. 2:9. By love serve one another, Gal. 5:13. Husbands, love your wives, Eph. 5:25 (Col. 3:19). Love not the world, 1 Jn. 2:15. God is love, 1 Jn. 4:8. We love him, because he first loved us, 1 Jn. 4:19. Christ suffereth because of his loving kindness towards men, 1 Ne. 19:9. Press forward with a love of God and of all men, 2 Ne. 31:20. Ye will teach your children to love and serve one another, Mosiah 4:15. If ye have felt to sing the song of redeeming love, can ye feel so now? Alma 5:26. Be led by the Holy Spirit, becoming patient, full of love, Alma 13:28. Bridle all your passions, that ye may be filled with love, Alma 38:12. There was no contention because of the love of God which did dwell in the hearts of the people, 4 Ne. 1:15. Everything which inviteth to love God is inspired of God, Moro. 7:13–16. Charity is the pure love of Christ, Moro. 7:47. Perfect love casteth out fear, Moro. 8:16 (1 Jn. 4:18). Love qualifies men for God's work, D&C 4:5 (D&C 12:8). Sanctification comes to all those who love and serve God, D&C 20:31. If thou lovest me, serve me and keep my commandments, D&C 42:29 (John 14:15). Show an increase of love to those whom you correct or reprove, D&C 121:43. Men loved Satan more than God, Moses 5:13, 18, 28.



 LUCIFER. See also Antichrist; Destroyer; Devil; Hell; Sons of Perdition


The name means the Shining One or Lightbearer. He is also known as the Son of the Morning. Lucifer was a spirit son of Heavenly Father and led the rebellion in the premortal life. The name Lucifer appears only once in the Bible (Isa. 14:12). Latter-day revelation gives more detail on Lucifer's fall (D&C 76:25–29).


Lucifer fell in the premortal existence, Isa. 14:12 (Luke 10:18; 2 Ne. 24:12). After his fall he became Satan and the devil, D&C 76:25–29 (Moses 4:1–4).



 LUKE. See also Acts of the Apostles; Gospels


The author of the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts in the New Testament and a missionary companion of Paul. He was born to Greek parents and practiced medicine (Col. 4:14). Luke was well educated. He identified himself as a companion to the Apostle Paul when he joined Paul at Troas (Acts 16:10–11). Luke was also with Paul at Philippi on Paul's last journey to Jerusalem (Acts 20:6), and the two were together until their arrival in Rome. Luke was also with Paul during his second Roman imprisonment (2 Tim. 4:11). Tradition says he died a martyr.


 The Gospel of Luke:  An account that Luke wrote of Jesus Christ and his mortal ministry. The book of Acts of the Apostles is a continuation of the Gospel of Luke. Luke left a well-written account of Jesus' ministry, presenting Jesus as the Savior of both Jews and Gentiles.

He wrote much about Jesus' teachings and his doings. In Luke we get the only accounts of the visits of Gabriel to Zacharias and Mary (Luke 1); the visit of the shepherds to the baby Jesus (Luke 2:8–18); Jesus at the temple at age twelve (Luke 2:41–52); the seventy charged and sent (Luke 10:1–24); Jesus sweating blood (Luke 22:44); Jesus' discussion with the thief on the cross (Luke 23:39–43); and Jesus eating fish and honey after his resurrection (Luke 24:42–43).


For a chapter synopsis, see Gospels.



 LUST. See also Sensual, Sensuality


To have an inappropriately strong desire for something.


Lust not after her beauty in thine heart, Prov. 6:25. Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery, Matt. 5:28 (3 Ne. 12:28). Men burned in their lust one toward another, Rom. 1:27. After their own lusts they shall heap to themselves teachers, 2 Tim. 4:3–4. Laban saw our property and did lust after it, 1 Ne. 3:25. Go no more after the lusts of your eyes, Alma 39:3–4, 9. He that looketh upon a woman to lust after her shall deny the faith, D&C 42:23. Cease from all your lustful desires, D&C 88:121.



 LYING. See also Deceit, Deceive, Deception; Evil Speaking; Honest, Honesty


Any communication of falsehood or untruth for the purpose of deception.


Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie, Lev. 19:11. I hate and abhor lying, Ps. 119:163. Lying lips are abomination to the Lord, Prov. 12:22. They are my people that will not lie, Isa. 63:8. The devil is a liar and the father of lies, John 8:44 (2 Ne. 2:18; Ether 8:25; Moses 4:4). Thou hast not lied unto men, but unto God, Acts 5:4 (Alma 12:3). If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar, 1 Jn. 4:20. All liars have part in the second death, Rev. 21:8 (D&C 63:17). Wo unto the liar, for he shall be thrust down to hell, 2 Ne. 9:34. Many will teach false doctrine, saying: lie a little and there is no harm in it, 2 Ne. 28:8–9 (D&C 10:25). Do ye imagine you can lie unto the Lord? Alma 5:17. Thou art a God of truth and canst not lie, Ether 3:12 (Num. 23:19; 1 Sam. 15:29; Titus 1:2; Heb. 6:18; Enos 1:6). He that lieth and will not repent shall be cast out, D&C 42:21. Liars inherit telestial glory, D&C 76:81, 103–106. We believe in being honest, A of F 1:13.






 MAGOG. See also Gog; Second Coming of Jesus Christ


In the Bible, a land and people near the Black Sea. Their king, Gog, shall lead the armies of Magog in a last great battle before the second coming of Christ (Ezek. 38:2; 39:6). The scriptures speak of another great battle of Gog and Magog at the end of the Millennium between the forces of God and the forces of evil (Rev. 20:7–9; D&C 88:111–116).





An Old Testament prophet who wrote and prophesied at approximately 430 B.C.


 The book of Malachi:  The book or prophecy of Malachi is the last book in the Old Testament. It seems to follow four major themes: (1) the sins of Israel—Malachi 1:6–2:17; 3:8–9; (2) the judgments to come upon Israel because of their disobedience—Malachi 1:14; 2:2–3, 12; 3:5; (3) the promises for obedience—Malachi 3:10–12, 16–18; 4:2–3; and (4) prophecies pertaining to Israel—Malachi 3:1–5; 4:1, 5–6 (D&C 2; 128:17; JS-H 1:37–39).


In his prophecy, Malachi wrote of John the Baptist (Mal. 3:1; Matt. 11:10), the law of tithing (Mal. 3:7–12), the second coming of the Lord (Mal. 4:5), and the return of Elijah (Mal. 4:5–6; D&C 2; 128:17; JS-H 1:37–39). The Savior quoted all of Malachi chapters 3 and 4 to the Nephites (3 Ne. 24–25).



 MAMMON. See also Money


An Aramaic word meaning "riches" (Matt. 6:24; Luke 16:9; D&C 82:22).



 MAN, MEN. See also God, Godhead; Sons and Daughters of God; Spirit; Spirit Creation


Refers to all mankind, both male and female. All men and women are the literal, spiritual offspring of a Heavenly Father. When they are born into mortality, they receive physical, mortal bodies. These bodies were created in God's image (Gen. 1:26–27). Men and women who are faithful in receiving the necessary ordinances, keeping their covenants, and obeying God's commands will enter into their exaltation and become as God.


God created man in his own image, Gen. 1:27 (Mosiah 7:27; D&C 20:17–18). What is man, that thou art mindful of him? Ps. 8:4–5. Cursed is the man that trusteth in man and maketh flesh his arm, Jer. 17:5 (2 Ne. 4:34;  28:26, 31). When I became a man, I put away childish things, 1 Cor. 13:11. Men are that they might have joy, 2 Ne. 2:25. The natural man is an enemy to God, Mosiah 3:19. What manner of men ought ye to be? 3 Ne. 27:27. The works of man are frustrated, not the works of God, D&C 3:3. You should not fear man more than God, D&C 3:7 (D&C 30:11; 122:9). All things are made for the benefit and the use of man, D&C 59:18. I know that man is nothing, Moses 1:10. God's work and glory is to bring to pass the immortality and eternal life of man, Moses 1:39.


 Man, a spirit child of Heavenly Father:  They fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, Num. 16:22 (Num. 27:16). Ye are the children of the Lord your God, Deut. 14:1. Ye are gods and all of you are children of the Most High, Ps. 82:6. Ye are the sons of the living God, Hosea 1:10. Have we not all one Father?  Hath not one God created us? Mal. 2:10. We are the offspring of God, Acts 17:29. The Spirit itself beareth witness that we are the children of God, Rom. 8:16. Be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, Heb. 12:9. The spirits of all men are taken home to that God who gave them life, Alma 40:11. The inhabitants of the worlds are begotten sons and daughters of God, D&C 76:24. Man was in the beginning with the Father, D&C 93:23, 29. God created all men spiritually, before they were upon the face of the earth, Moses 3:5–7. I am God; I made the world, and men before they were in the flesh, Moses 6:51.


 Man, potential to become like Heavenly Father:  Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father, Matt. 5:48 (3 Ne. 12:48). Is it not written in your law that ye are gods? John 10:34 (D&C 76:58). We may become heirs of God and joint heirs with Christ, Rom. 8:17. Thou art a son, and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ, Gal. 4:7. When he shall appear, we shall be like him, 1 Jn. 3:2. To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me on my throne, Rev. 3:21. To them have I given to become the sons of God, 3 Ne. 9:17. Those who inherit the celestial kingdom are gods, even the sons of God, D&C 76:50, 58. Then shall they be gods, because they have all power, D&C 132:20.



 MAN OF HOLINESS. See also Father in Heaven; God, Godhead; Son of Man


Another name for God the Father (Moses 6:57).



 MANASSEH. See also Ephraim; Israel; Joseph, Son of Jacob


In the Old Testament, the oldest son of Asenath and Joseph who was sold into Egypt (Gen. 41:50–51). He and his brother Ephraim were grandsons of Jacob (Israel) but were adopted and blessed by him as if they were his own sons (Gen. 48:1–20).


 The tribe of Manasseh:  Manasseh's descendants were numbered among the tribes of Israel (Num. 1:34–35; Josh. 13:29–31). Moses' blessing of the tribe of Joseph, which was given also to Ephraim and Manasseh, is recorded in Deuteronomy 33:13–17. Their assigned land was partly west of the Jordan and next to Ephraim's. They also had colonies east of the Jordan in the rich pastureland of Bashan and Gilead. In the last days, the tribe of Manasseh will assist the tribe of Ephraim in gathering scattered Israel (Deut. 33:13–17). The Book of Mormon prophet Lehi was a descendant of Manasseh (Alma 10:3).



 MANIFESTO. See also Marriage, Marry–Plural marriage; Woodruff, Wilford


An official declaration by President Wilford Woodruff in 1890 clearly stating that the Church and its members submitted to the law of the land and no longer entered into plural marriage (D&C OD-1). President Woodruff issued the Manifesto following a vision and revelation from God.



 MANNA. See also Bread of Life; Exodus


A fine, flake-like food substance with the taste of honey wafers (Ex. 16:14–31) or of fresh oil (Num. 11:8). The Lord provided it to feed the children of Israel during their forty years in the wilderness (Ex. 16:4–5, 14–30, 35; Josh. 5:12; 1 Ne. 17:28).


The children of Israel called it manna (or man-hu in Hebrew)-which meant "What is it? " -because they did not know what it was (Ex. 16:15). It was also called "angels' food" and "bread from heaven" (Ps. 78:24–25; John 6:31). It was a symbol for Christ, who would be the Bread of Life (John 6:31–35).



 MARK. See also Gospels


In the New Testament, John Mark was the son of Mary, who lived in Jerusalem (Acts 12:12); he may also have been the cousin (or nephew) of Barnabas (Col. 4:10). He went with Paul and Barnabas from Jerusalem on their first missionary journey, and left them at Perga (Acts 12:25; 13:5, 13). Later he accompanied Barnabas to Cyprus (Acts 15:37–39). He was with Paul at Rome (Col. 4:10; Philem. 1:24); and he was with Peter at Babylon (probably at Rome) (1 Pet. 5:13). Finally, he was with Timothy at Ephesus (2 Tim. 4:11).


 The Gospel of Mark:  The second book in the New Testament. Mark's gospel was possibly written under Peter's direction. His object is to describe the Lord as the Son of God living and acting among men. Mark describes, with energy and humility, the impression Jesus made upon bystanders. Tradition states that after Peter's death, Mark visited Egypt, organized the Church in Alexandria, and died by martyrdom.


For a chapter synopsis, see Gospels.



 MARRIAGE, MARRY. See also Divorce; Family


A lawful covenant or contract between a man and a woman that makes them husband and wife. God ordained marriage (D&C 49:15).


It is not good that man should be alone, Gen. 2:18 (Moses 3:18). A man shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh, Gen. 2:24 (Matt. 19:5; Abr. 5:18). What God has joined together, let not man put asunder, Matt. 19:6 (Mark 10:9). In the latter days some shall depart from  the faith, forbidding to marry, 1 Tim. 4:1–3. Marriage is honorable, Heb. 13:4.  The Lord commanded Lehi's sons to marry the daughters of Ishmael, 1 Ne. 7:1, 5 (1 Ne. 16:7–8). God created Adam and Eve to be man and wife, Moses 3:7, 18, 21–25.


 New and everlasting covenant of marriage:  Marriage performed under the law of the gospel and the holy priesthood is for mortal life and for eternity. Worthy men and women thus sealed in the temple in marriage may continue as husband and wife throughout eternity.


Jesus taught the law of marriage, Luke 20:27–36. Neither is the man without the woman in the Lord, 1 Cor. 11:11. Husband and wife are heirs together of the grace of life, 1 Pet. 3:7. Whatsoever you shall seal on earth shall be sealed in heaven, Hel. 10:7 (Matt. 16:19). To obtain the highest degree of the celestial kingdom, a man must enter into the new and everlasting covenant of marriage, D&C 131:1–4. If a man marry a wife not by me, their covenant and marriage is not of force when they are dead, D&C 132:15. If a man marry a wife by my word and by the new and everlasting covenant, and it is sealed by the Holy Spirit of Promise, it shall be of full force when they are out of the world, D&C 132:19.


 Interfaith marriage:  Marriage between a man and a woman of different religious beliefs and practices.


You shall not take a wife for my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, Gen. 24:3. If Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, what good shall my life do me? Gen. 27:46 (Gen. 28:1–2). Israel shall not marry the Canaanites, Deut. 7:3–4. Israel intermarried with the Canaanites, worshiped false gods, and was cursed, Judg. 3:1–8. Solomon's wives turned his heart to the worship of false gods, 1 Kgs. 11:1–6. We would not give our daughters unto the people of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons, Neh. 10:30. Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers, 2 Cor. 6:14. The Lord set a mark on the Lamanites so that the Nephites might not mix and believe in incorrect traditions, Alma 3:6–10. If a man marry a wife not by me, their covenant and marriage is not of force when they are dead, D&C 132:15. The sons of men took them wives even as they chose, Moses 8:13–15.


 Plural marriage:  The marriage of a husband to two or more living wives. It is lawful for a man to have only one wife, unless the Lord commands otherwise by revelation (Jacob 2:27–30). By revelation, plural marriage was practiced in Old Testament times and in the early days of the restored Church by the direction of the prophet who held the priesthood keys (D&C 132:34–40, 45).  It is no longer practiced in the Church (D&C OD-1); today, having more than one wife is incompatible with membership in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.


Sarai gave Hagar to Abram as his wife, Gen. 16:1–11. Jacob received Leah and Rachel and their handmaidens as wives, Gen. 29:21–28 (Gen. 30:4, 9, 26). If a man take another wife, he shall not diminish the first wife's possessions, Ex. 21:10. David and his two wives went up to Hebron, 2 Sam. 2:1–2. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob did that which they were commanded in receiving plural wives, D&C 132:37. David and Solomon did not sin in anything except those things which they did not receive from the Lord, D&C 132:38–39.





The first President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles after the restoration of the Church in 1830. He held the keys to the kingdom as pertained to the Twelve (D&C 112:16) and, in 1838, was commanded by revelation to publish the Lord's word (D&C 118:2). Section 31 of the Doctrine and Covenants is directed to him. Marsh was excommunicated from the Church in 1839 but was rebaptized in July 1857.



 MARTHA. See also Lazarus; Mary of Bethany


The sister of Lazarus and Mary in the New Testament (Luke 10:38–42; John 11:1–46; 12:2).





A person who gives his life rather than forsake Christ, the gospel, or his righteous beliefs or principles.


All the righteous blood from Abel to Zacharias will testify against the wicked, Matt. 23:35 (Luke 11:50). Whosoever shall lose his life for Christ's sake and the gospel's shall save it, Mark 8:35 (D&C 98:13). And they stoned Stephen, Acts 7:59 (Acts 22:20). Where a testament is there must be the death of the testator, Heb. 9:16–17. Abinadi fell, having suffered death by fire, Mosiah 17:20. Converted Ammonihahites were thrown into the fire, Alma 14:8–11. Many were slain because they testified of these things, 3 Ne. 10:15. Whoso layeth down his life in my cause shall find life eternal, D&C 98:13–14. Joseph Smith and Hyrum Smith were martyrs to the restoration of the gospel, D&C 135. Joseph Smith sealed his testimony with his blood, D&C 136:39.



 MARY, MOTHER OF JESUS. See also Jesus Christ; Joseph, Husband of Mary


In the New Testament, a virgin chosen by God the Father to be the mother of His Son in the flesh. After Jesus' birth, Mary had other children (Mark 6:3).


She was betrothed to Joseph, Matt. 1:18 (Luke 1:27). Joseph was told not to divorce Mary or release her from the betrothal, Matt. 1:18–25. The wise men visited Mary, Matt. 2:11. Mary and Joseph fled with the child Jesus to Egypt, Matt. 2:13–14. After Herod's death, the family returned to Nazareth, Matt. 2:19–23. The angel Gabriel visited her, Luke 1:26–38. She visited Elisabeth, her cousin, Luke 1:36, 40–45. Mary gave a psalm of praise to the Lord, Luke 1:46–55. Mary went to Bethlehem with Joseph, Luke 2:4–5. Mary gave birth to Jesus and laid him in a manger, Luke 2:7. The shepherds went to Bethlehem to visit the Christ child, Luke 2:16–20. Mary and Joseph took Jesus to the temple in Jerusalem, Luke 2:21–38. Mary and Joseph took Jesus to the Passover, Luke 2:41–52. Mary was at the wedding at Cana, John 2:2–5. The Savior, while on the cross, asked John to care for his mother, John 19:25–27. Mary was with the Apostles after Christ was taken up into heaven, Acts 1:14. Mary was a virgin, most beautiful and fair above all other virgins, 1 Ne. 11:13–20. Christ's mother was to be called Mary, Mosiah 3:8. Mary would be a virgin, a precious and chosen vessel, Alma 7:10.



 MARY, MOTHER OF MARK. See also Mark


In the New Testament, the mother of John Mark, who wrote the Gospel of Mark (Acts 12:12).





A woman in the New Testament who became a devoted disciple of Jesus Christ. Magdalene refers to Magdala, the place from which this Mary came. It is located on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee.


She was near the cross, Matt. 27:56 (Mark 15:40; John 19:25). She was at Christ's burial, Matt. 27:61 (Mark 15:47). She was at the tomb in the morning of the resurrection, Matt. 28:1 (Mark 16:1; Luke 24:10; John 20:1, 11). Jesus appeared first to her after his resurrection, Mark 16:9 (John 20:14–18). Seven devils went out of her, Luke 8:2.



 MARY OF BETHANY. See also Lazarus; Martha


In the New Testament, the sister of Lazarus and Martha.


Mary sat and listened at Jesus' feet, Luke 10:39, 42. Mary and her sister Martha sent for Jesus, John 11:1–45. She anointed Jesus' feet with ointment, John 12:3–8.



 MATTHEW. See also Gospels


An Apostle of Jesus Christ and the author of the first book in the New Testament. Matthew, a Jew who was a tax collector for the Romans at Capernaum, was probably in the service of Herod Antipas. He was known before his conversion as Levi, son of Alphaeus (Mark 2:14). Soon after his call to become Jesus' disciple, he gave a feast at which the Lord was present (Matt. 9:9–13; Mark 2:14–17; Luke 5:27–32). Matthew probably had a wide knowledge of the Old Testament scriptures and was able to see the detailed fulfillment of prophecy in the Lord's life. Of the Apostle's later life little is known. One tradition asserts that he died a martyr's death.


 The Gospel of Matthew:  The first book in the New Testament. Matthew's Gospel was probably written initially for the use of Jews in Palestine. It uses many quotations from the Old Testament. Matthew's chief object was to show that Jesus was the Messiah of whom the Old Testament prophets spoke. He also emphasized that Jesus is the King and Judge of men.


For a chapter synopsis, see Gospels.



 MATTHIAS. See also Apostle—Selection of Apostles


The person chosen to replace Judas Iscariot as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (Acts 1:15–26). He was a disciple throughout the whole of Jesus' mortal ministry (Acts 1:21–22).



 MEDIATOR. See also Atone, Atonement; Jesus Christ


An intercessor or intermediary. Jesus Christ is the mediator between God and man. His atonement made possible a way for people to repent of their sins and become reconciled to God.


No man cometh unto the Father except by Jesus Christ, John 14:6. There is one mediator between God and men, 1 Tim. 2:5.  Christ is the mediator of a better covenant, Heb. 8:6 (Heb. 9:15; 12:24; D&C 107:19). The Holy Messiah shall make intercession for all the children of men, 2 Ne. 2:9 (Isa. 53:12; Mosiah 14:12). Ye should look to the great Mediator, 2 Ne. 2:27–28. We are made perfect through Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, D&C 76:69.



 MEDITATE. See Ponder



 MEEK, MEEKNESS. See also Broken Heart; Humble, Humility; Patience


Godfearing, righteous, humble, teachable, and patient under suffering. The meek are willing to follow gospel teachings.


Moses was very meek, Num. 12:3. The meek shall inherit the earth, Ps. 37:11 (Matt. 5:5; 3 Ne. 12:5; D&C 88:17). Seek ye the Lord, all ye meek; seek righteousness, seek meekness, Zeph. 2:3 (1 Tim. 6:11). Learn of me for I am meek and lowly in heart, Matt. 11:29. Meekness is a fruit of the Spirit, Gal. 5:22–23. The servant of the Lord must be gentle, apt to teach, patient, in meekness instructing those that oppose, 2 Tim. 2:24–25. A meek and quiet spirit is of great price in the sight of God, 1 Pet. 3:4. Put off the natural man and become meek, Mosiah 3:19 (Alma 13:27–28). God commanded Helaman to teach the people to be meek, Alma 37:33. The Lord's grace is sufficient for the meek, Ether 12:26. You have faith in Christ because of your meekness, Moro. 7:39. None is acceptable before God except the meek and lowly of heart, Moro. 7:44. The remission of sins bringeth meekness, and because of meekness cometh the visitation of the Holy Ghost, Moro. 8:26. Walk in the meekness of my Spirit, D&C 19:23. Govern your house in meekness, D&C 31:9. Power and influence of the priesthood can be maintained by gentleness and meekness, D&C 121:41.



 MELCHIZEDEK. See also Melchizedek Priesthood; Salem


A great Old Testament high priest, prophet, and leader who lived after the flood and during the time of Abraham. He was called the king of Salem (Jerusalem), king of peace, king of righteousness (which is the Hebrew meaning of Melchizedek), and priest of the most high God.


Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek, Gen. 14:18–20. Melchizedek's people wrought righteousness, and obtained heaven, JST, Gen. 14:25–40. Christ was a high priest after the order of Melchizedek, Heb. 5:6. Melchizedek was King of Salem, priest of the most high God, Heb. 7:1–3. None were greater than Melchizedek, Alma 13:14–19. Abraham received the priesthood from Melchizedek, D&C 84:14. In respect for the Lord's name, the ancient Church called the higher priesthood the Melchizedek Priesthood, D&C 107:1–4.



 MELCHIZEDEK PRIESTHOOD. See also Elder; Melchizedek; Priesthood


The Melchizedek Priesthood is the higher or greater priesthood; the Aaronic Priesthood is the lesser priesthood. The Melchizedek Priesthood includes the keys of the spiritual blessings of the Church. Through the ordinances of the higher priesthood, the power of godliness is made manifest to men (D&C 84:18–25; 107:18–21).


  God first revealed this higher priesthood to Adam. The patriarchs and prophets in every dispensation had this authority (D&C 84:6–17). It was first called the Holy Priesthood, after the Order of the Son of God. It later became known as the Melchizedek Priesthood (D&C 107:2–4).


  When the children of Israel failed to live up to the privileges and covenants of the Melchizedek Priesthood, the Lord took away the higher law and gave them a lesser priesthood and a lesser law (D&C 84:23–26). These were called the Aaronic Priesthood and the law of Moses. When Jesus came to the earth, he restored the Melchizedek Priesthood to the Jews and began to build up the Church among them. However, the priesthood and the Church were lost again through apostasy. They were later restored through Joseph Smith, Jr. (D&C 27:12–13; 128:20; JS-H 1:73).


  Within the Melchizedek Priesthood are the offices of elder, high priest, patriarch, seventy, and Apostle (D&C 107). The Melchizedek Priesthood will always be a part of the kingdom of God upon the earth.


  The President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the president of the high or Melchizedek Priesthood, and he holds all the keys that pertain to the kingdom of God on the earth. The calling of President is held by only one man at a time, and he is the only person on the earth authorized to exercise all priesthood keys (D&C 107:64–67; D&C 132:7).


Christ shall be a priest forever after the order of Melchizedek, Ps. 110:4 (Heb. 5:6, 10; 7:11). The Melchizedek Priesthood administers the gospel, Heb. 7 (D&C 84:18–25). Melchizedek exercised mighty faith and received the office of the high priesthood, Alma 13:18. The Melchizedek Priesthood was conferred on Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery, D&C 27:12–13 (JS-H 1:72).  This priesthood received by oath and covenant, D&C 84:33–42. There are two divisions or grand heads, the Melchizedek and the Aaronic priesthoods, D&C 107:6. The Melchizedek Priesthood holds the rights to administer all spiritual blessings, D&C 107:8–18. Moses, Elias, and Elijah gave Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery priesthood keys, D&C 110:11–16. I now give unto you the officers belonging to my priesthood, that ye may hold the keys thereof, D&C 124:123.



 MEN. See Man, Men



 MERCIFUL, MERCY. See also Atone, Atonement; Forgive; Grace; Jesus Christ; Justice


The spirit of compassion, tenderness, and forgiveness. Mercy is one of the attributes of God. Jesus Christ offers mercy to us through his atoning sacrifice.


The Lord is merciful and gracious, Ex. 34:6 (Deut. 4:31). His mercy endureth for ever, 1 Chr. 16:34. Goodness and mercy shall follow me, Ps. 23:6. He that has mercy on the poor is happy, Prov. 14:21. I desired mercy and not sacrifice, Hosea 6:6. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy, Matt. 5:7 (3 Ne. 12:7). Woe unto hypocrites who pay tithes and omit the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith, Matt. 23:23. Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful, Luke 6:36. Not by our works of righteousness, but according to his mercy he saved us, Titus 3:5. The tender mercies of the Lord are over all, 1 Ne. 1:20. Mercy hath no claim on the unrepentant, Mosiah 2:38–39. God is merciful unto all who believe on his name, Alma 32:22. Mercy can satisfy the demands of justice, Alma 34:16. Do you suppose that mercy can rob justice?  Alma 42:25 (Alma 42:13–25). Little children are alive in Christ because of his mercy, Moro. 8:19–20 (D&C 29:46). Jesus Christ's arm of mercy hath atoned for your sins, D&C 29:1. By virtue of the blood I spilt, have I pleaded before the Father for those who believe in my name, D&C 38:4. They who have kept the covenant shall obtain mercy, D&C 54:6. I, the Lord, forgive sins, and am merciful unto those who confess their sins with humble hearts, D&C 61:2. I, the Lord, show mercy unto all the meek, D&C 97:2. And who receiveth you as a little child, receiveth my kingdom, for they shall obtain mercy, D&C 99:3. Mercy shall go before thy face, Moses 7:31.



 MESHACH. See also Daniel


In the Old Testament, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego were three Israelite youths who, along with Daniel, were brought into the palace of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. Meshach's Hebrew name was Mishael. The four young men refused to defile themselves by partaking of the king's meat and wine (Dan. 1). Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego were thrown into a fiery furnace by the king and preserved by the Son of God (Dan. 3).



 MESSIAH. See also Anointed One; Jesus Christ


A form of an Aramaic and Hebrew word meaning "the anointed."  In the New Testament Jesus is called the Christ, which is the Greek equivalent of Messiah. It means the anointed Prophet, Priest, King, and Deliverer whose coming the Jews were eagerly expecting.


  Many Jews were looking only for a deliverer from the Roman power and for a greater national prosperity; thus, when the Messiah came, the leaders and many others rejected him. Only the humble and faithful were able to see in Jesus of Nazareth the true Christ (Isa. 53; Matt. 16:16; John 4:25–26).


The Messiah shall have the Spirit, preach the gospel, and proclaim liberty, Isa. 61:1–3 (Luke 4:18–21). We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ, John 1:41 (John 4:25–26). God raised up among the Jews a Messiah, or, in other words, a Savior, 1 Ne. 10:4. The Son of God was the Messiah who should come, 1 Ne. 10:17. Redemption cometh in and through the holy Messiah, 2 Ne. 2:6. The Messiah cometh in the fulness of time, 2 Ne. 2:26. The Messiah shall rise from  the dead, 2 Ne. 25:14. In the name of Messiah I confer the Priesthood of Aaron, D&C 13:1. The Lord said, I am Messiah, the King of Zion, Moses 7:53.



 METHUSELAH. See also Enoch


A son of Enoch in the Old Testament. Methuselah lived 969 years (Gen. 5:21–27; Luke 3:37; Moses 8:7). He was a righteous prophet who was left on the earth when the city of Enoch was taken to heaven. He remained on earth to provide a posterity through which Noah would come (Moses 8:3–4).





An Old Testament prophet. He was a native of Moresheth Gath, in the plain country of Judah, and prophesied while Hezekiah was king (Micah 1:1–2).


 The book of Micah:  Micah is the only book in the Old Testament to name Bethlehem as the place where the Messiah would be born (Micah 5:2). In the book the Lord counseled with his people and recounted his past goodness to them; he required from them justice, mercy, and humility (Micah 6:8).



 MICHAEL. See also Adam; Archangel


The name by which Adam was known in the premortal life. He is called the Archangel. In Hebrew the name means "Who is like God. "


Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help Daniel, Dan. 10:13, 21 (D&C 78:16). In the last days shall Michael stand up, the great prince, Dan. 12:1. Michael the archangel contended with the devil, Jude 1:9. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, Rev. 12:7 (Dan. 7). Michael is Adam, D&C 27:11 (D&C 107:53–57; 128:21). Michael, the Lord's archangel, shall sound his trump, D&C 29:26. Michael will gather his armies and fight Satan, D&C 88:112–115. The voice of Michael was heard detecting the devil, D&C 128:20.



 MILLENNIUM. See also Hell; Second Coming of Jesus Christ


The thousand-year period of peace that will begin when Christ returns to reign personally on the earth (A of F 1:10).


People will not lift up sword, neither learn war any more, Isa. 2:4 (2 Ne. 12:4; Micah 4:3). Land that was desolate is become like the garden of Eden, Ezek. 36:35. They lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years, Rev. 20:4. Because of righteousness, Satan has no power, 1 Ne. 22:26. I will dwell in righteousness on earth a thousand years, D&C 29:11. When the thousand years are ended, I will spare the earth for a little season, D&C 29:22. The great Millennium shall come, D&C 43:30. Children of the righteous will grow up without sin, D&C 45:58. Children shall grow up until they become old; men shall be changed in the twinkling of an eye, D&C 63:51. In the beginning of the seventh thousand years, the Lord will sanctify the earth, D&C 77:12. They live not again until the thousand years are ended, D&C 88:101.  Satan shall be bound for a thousand years, D&C 88:110. The Millennium is described, D&C 101:23–34. For a thousand years the earth shall rest, Moses 7:64.





Mental faculties; conscious powers of thought.


Serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind, 1 Chr. 28:9. Love the Lord thy God with all thy mind, Matt. 22:37. To be carnally minded is death; to be spiritually minded is life eternal, 2 Ne. 9:39. The voice of the Lord came into my mind, Enos 1:10. The word had a more powerful effect upon the minds of the people than the sword, Alma 31:5. I will tell you in your mind, D&C 8:2. Study it out in your mind, D&C 9:8. Let the solemnities of eternity rest upon your minds, D&C 43:34. Your minds in times past have been darkened, D&C 84:54. Retire to thy bed early, arise early that your bodies and minds may be invigorated, D&C 88:124. Satan knew not the mind of God, Moses 4:6. The Lord called his people Zion, because they were of one heart and one mind, Moses 7:18.



 MINISTER. See also Priesthood; Service


To do the work of the Lord on the earth. God's chosen servants must be called of God in order to minister in his work. When true ministers do the Lord's will, they represent the Lord in their official duties and act as his agents (D&C 64:29), thus conducting the work necessary for the salvation of mankind. The Lord has given Apostles, prophets, evangelists, high priests, seventies, elders, bishops, priests, teachers, deacons, helps, and governments for the perfecting of the Saints, for the work of the ministry (Eph. 4:11–16; 1 Cor. 12:12–28; D&C 20; 107).


The Lord hath chosen him to minister in the name of the Lord, Deut. 18:5. Men shall call you the Ministers of our God, Isa. 61:6. The Son of Man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, Matt. 20:26–28. I have appeared to make thee a minister and a witness, Acts 26:16–18. God is not unrighteous to forget your labor of love in that ye have ministered to the Saints, Heb. 6:10. If any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth, 1 Pet. 4:10–11. They taught, and did minister one to another, 3 Ne. 26:19. It is the duty of the Twelve to ordain evangelical ministers, D&C 107:39–40. A high priest may be set apart unto the ministering of temporal things, D&C 107:71–72.  These seventy are to be traveling ministers, D&C 107:93–97. Elders are ordained to be standing ministers to my church, D&C 124:137.






 MIRACLE. See also Faith; Signs


An extraordinary event caused by the power of God. Miracles are an important element in the work of Jesus Christ. They include healings, restoring the dead to life, and resurrection. Miracles are a part of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Faith is necessary in order for miracles to be manifested (Mark 6:5–6; Morm. 9:10–20; Ether 12:12).


When Pharaoh shall speak, Shew a miracle, Ex. 7:9. No man which shall do a miracle in my name can lightly speak evil of me, Mark 9:39. Cana was the place where Jesus performed his first miracle, John 2:11. I am a God of miracles, 2 Ne. 27:23. The power of God works miracles, Alma 23:6. Christ could show greater miracles to those on the American continent because they had great faith, 3 Ne. 19:35. God has not ceased to be a God of miracles, Morm. 9:15. Require not miracles, except the Lord shall command you, D&C 24:13–14. To some is given the gift of working miracles, D&C 46:21 (Moro. 10:12).



 MIRIAM. See also Moses


In the Old Testament, the sister of Moses (Num. 26:59).


Watched over the ark made of bulrushes, Ex. 2:1–8. Led the women with tabrets, Ex. 15:20–21. Murmured against Moses and was smitten with leprosy, then healed, Num. 12:1–15 (Deut. 24:9).



 MISSIONARY WORK. See also Gospel; Preach


To share the gospel of Jesus Christ by word and by example.


How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that publisheth salvation, Isa. 52:7. I will both search my sheep and seek them out, Ezek. 34:11. Preach the gospel to every creature, Mark 16:15 (Morm. 9:22). The fields are white already to harvest, John 4:35. And how shall they preach, except they be sent, Rom. 10:15. Teach them the word of God with all diligence, Jacob 1:19. The Lord grants unto all nations to teach his word, Alma 29:8. The gospel might be proclaimed by the weak and the simple, D&C 1:23.  A marvelous work is about to come forth, D&C 4:1. If you labor all your days and bring one soul unto me, how great shall be your joy, D&C 18:15. Mine elect hear my voice and harden not their hearts, D&C 29:7. Go forth preaching my gospel, two by two, D&C 42:6. The sound must go forth from this place, D&C 58:64. Open your mouths in proclaiming my gospel, D&C 71:1. Proclaim truth according to the revelations and commandments, D&C 75:4. Every man who has been warned should warn his neighbor, D&C 88:81 (D&C 38:40–41). The Lord will provide for the families of those who preach the gospel, D&C 118:3. The servants of God shall go forth, D&C 133:38. Faithful elders, when they depart from mortal life, continue their labors, D&C 138:57.



 MISSOURI. See New Jerusalem



 MOAB. See also Lot


A land in Old Testament times located east of the Dead Sea. The Moabites were descendants of Lot and were related to the Israelites. They spoke a language similar to Hebrew. There was constant warfare between the Moabites and the Israelites (Judg. 3:12–30; 11:17; 2 Sam. 8:2; 2 Kgs. 3:6–27; 2 Chr. 20:1–25; Isa. 15).



 MODESTY. See also Humble, Humility


Behavior or appearance that is humble, moderate, and decent. A modest person avoids excesses and pretensions.


God made coats of skins, and clothed Adam and Eve, Gen. 3:21 (Moses 4:27). Women adorn themselves in modest apparel, 1 Tim. 2:9. Be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, Titus 2:5. Many are lifted up in pride because of the costliness of their apparel, Jacob 2:13. Let all thy garments be plain, D&C 42:40. We believe in being chaste and virtuous, A of F 1:13.



 MONEY. See also Alms, Almsgiving; Riches; Tithes, Tithing; Worldliness


Coins, paper, certificates, or something people use as payment for goods or services. It is sometimes a symbol of materialism.


Ye shall be redeemed without money, Isa. 52:3. The Twelve were told to take nothing for their journey, no scrip, no bread, no money, Mark 6:8. Peter told Simon the sorcerer that his money would perish with him, Acts 8:20. The love of money is the root of all evil, 1 Tim. 6:10.  Do not spend money for that which is of no worth, 2 Ne. 9:50–51 (Isa. 55:1–2; 2 Ne. 26:25–27). If they labor for money, they shall perish, 2 Ne. 26:31. Before you seek for riches, seek the kingdom of God, Jacob 2:18–19. Churches shall say that for your money you shall be forgiven of your sins, Morm. 8:32, 37. He who gives his money for the cause of Zion shall in nowise lose his reward, D&C 84:89–90.



 MORALITY. See Adultery; Chastity; Fornication; Sexual Immorality



 MORMON, BOOK OF. See Book of Mormon



 MORMON, NEPHITE PROPHET. See also Book of Mormon


A Nephite prophet, military general, and record keeper in the Book of Mormon. Mormon lived about 311–385 A.D. (Morm. 1:2, 6; 6:5–6; 8:2–3). He was a military leader for most of his life, beginning at age fifteen (Morm. 2:1–2; 3:8–12; 5:1; 8:2–3). Ammaron instructed Mormon to prepare himself to take charge of the records and record keeping (Morm.